DISCLAIMER
the content of these galleries is a private property
neither the text nor the pictures may be republished, nor used for any purpose, without the author's permission


A REFERENCE TABLE OF
~~ INDICES ~~
OF COURT CARDS AND ACES


I wish to thank Christian Carey and Remigiusz Paduch for kindly helping me with the names of Estonian and Polish cards, respectively.



In standard decks, aces and courts usually feature traditional English indices: A, K, Q and J. But since in other languages the same cards are given different names, indices of local decks often differ from the usual ones.
This is a list of indices from several countries (full names are given, when known).
(standard)A
Ace
K
King
Q
Queen
J
Jack
BELGIUMA
Aas - As
H - R
Heer - Roi
V - D
Vrouw - Dame
B - V
Boer - Valet
DENMARKE
Es
K
Konge
D
Dame
Kn
Knaegt
ESTONIAÄ
Äss
K
Kuningas
E
Emand
S
Sõdur
FRANCEA
As
R
Roi
D
Dame
V
Valet
GERMANYA
As
K
König
D
Dame
B
Bube
GREECE [1]A
ˇˇˇ
B
ˇˇˇ
K
ˇˇˇ
Q
ˇˇˇ
ICELANDA
As
K
Köngur
D
Drottning
G
Gosi
NETHERLANDSA
Aas
H
Heer
V
Vrouw
B
Boer
POLANDA
As
K
Król
D
Dama
W
Walet
PORTUGALA
Ás
R
Rei
D
Dama
V
Valete
RUSSIA [2]T
Tuz
K
Korol

Dama
B
Valet
SWEDENE
Ess
K
Kung
D
Dam
Kn
Knekt
[1] - Indices are in Greek letters
[2] - Indices are in cyrillic letters

In Switzerland, indices can be either German, French or English.
In other countries, standard decks feature English indices, although the ace and the courts are given local names.


Most decks have either two or four indices.

the Poker and Bridge types
In the first case, they appear in the upper left and lower right corner, often called Poker type (in this game players look at their cards one by one, sliding them from left to right).

In the second case, each corner will have an index, the so-called Bridge type (because in this game players hold several cards at a time, and find quite useful to tell values from both sides).

This is not really a strict scheme, so packs designed for playing Poker may sometimes have four indices, and packs with two indices may be used for other games, as well.

International decks with no indices at all are rather uncommon; instead, this happens very often in regional patterns, many of which only show pips (suit symbols) and court illustrations, without any further notation.


back to

Introduction
INTRODUCTION
AND HISTORY

Picture Gallery Index
PICTURE
GALLERIES
Multi-language Glossary
MULTI-LANGUAGE
GLOSSARY
the Fool and the Joker
THE FOOL &
THE JOKER
Regional Games
REGIONAL
GAMES
Playing Card Links
PLAYING CARD
LINKS






1