For the Republic of the Philippines, the Korean War became a reality of blood and bone on 19 September 1950 when the first Filipino soldier set foot on the South Korean port city of Pusan. This man and the more than 7,000 other Filipino soldiers who followed him belonged to the PHILIPPINE EXPEDITIONARY FORCE TO KOREAor PEFTOK.
"Five Battalion Combat Teams (BCTs) of the Philippine Army served in Korea from 1950 to 1955 as part of PEFTOK. The first BCT arrived in September 1950 while the last left Korea in May 1955. All five BCTs served under the United Nations Command (UNC), the military arm of the United Nationsduring the conflict. The men of PEFTOK fought bravely to uphold the UN Charter and preserve South Korea’s freedom against the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) and the People’s Republic of China (PROC)." http://www.oocities.com/peftok/index.html
Inspired by Art Villasanta's PEFTOK (The
Philippine Expeditionary Force To Korea 1950-1955) historical website.
Specifically, my image of what a Filipino from the 10th
Battalion Combat Team (Motorized) went thru from when he
shipped out from the Philippines through the Battle
of Yultong which pitted
British, Filipino, American, Puerto Rican and Belgian UN
forces against the massed Communist Chinese who had the
surrounded the British Gloucestershire (or Gloster)
Arrival and First Actions
Originally equipped with Sherman and
Chaffee tanks, the men arrived in Korea with no tanks
and were re-organized into a heavy weapons
Image1 depicts a Filipino soldier as he
first arrives in Pusan, Sept.1950, equipped more the
tropical weather of the Philippines, not the cold climes
Getting some additional clothing, helmet, and a weapon, he finally heads out for battle (image2).
The 10th BCT crossed the 38th Parallel in Oct. 1950 and were involved with actions against North Korean battalions that month thru Nov.1950. (image3)
The Philippine Islands was among the first UN countries to send its forces to fight in Korea.
Throughout the war it contributed five 1,500-man Battalion Combat Teams (BCTs), which together constituted the Regimental Combat Team promised by the Philippine government to the United Nations in August 1950. Collectively known as the "Philippine Expeditionary Force to Korea or PEFTOK," these BCTs served in Korea from September 1950 to May 1955.
These BCTs, which were reinforced infantry battalions, generally consisted of three rifle companies backed by an artillery battery. The exception was the 10th BCT (Motorized), whose Reconnaissance Company was equipped with M24 Chaffee light tanks. The PEFTOK battalions were mainly attached to American divisions such as the US 25th Infantry, 3rd Infantry, 45th Infantry and the 1st Cavalry Division.
10th Battalion Combat Team (Motorized) Sep 50-Sep 51
20th Battalion Combat Team Apr 51-Apr 52
19th Battalion Combat Team Apr 52-Mar 53
14th Battalion Combat Team Mar 53-Apr 54
2nd Battalion Combat Team Apr 54-May 55
Casualties 92 KIA 356 WIA
Five BCTs served in Korea. Only the 10th was designated a Motorized battalion. The Americans promised, but did not deliver, its Sherman tanks. Instead, its Recon Company received the Chaffees.