That it is the Aikido?
Aikido is a Japanese martial art,
created in the decade of 1920 by the Great Teacher Morihei Ueshiba.
In Aikido trains KI, that is the
universal principle of the creation, through its technical repertoire that
includes projections, immobilizations and atemis (blows to key points), in
addition to fall and to receive the technique practices ukemi. The Aikido looks
for to reconcile this universal Ki with the Ki (life breath) of each person.
Aikido literally means "AI=armonia-KI=energia-DO=camino". The Aikido is the Budo
(joint of Japanese martial arts) purer, since it unifies the body, the mind and
the spirit. The Budo, that will pronounce in case single, does not depend on the
technique, but on the heart of the medical instructor. The objective of the
Aikido is to express the gentility of the heart through the spirit of the Budo.
The goal of the training of Aikido is not to perfect steps or technical, if not
to improvise, with the laws of the nature, the diverse situations that appear
and as a result of the training an excellent physical training conditions and
mental is obtained. The movements in the nature are right, efficient and smooth,
conserving his center it signs and stable. The movements of Aikido maintain this
center signs and stable making emphasis in circular movements. And as well as
the nature, although smooth and stable, the techniques of Aikido are
tremendously effective and powerful. This causes that the practice of Aikido is
propitious for men and women of all the ages. The Maxima quality of the Aikido
is that it takes the theory to the practice. The Aikido constitutes in its
practice an integral system of self-defense, physical activity, and spiritual or
internal development. In addition one practices in a tranquillity atmosphere
that favors to the reflection and the unification of the mind, body and soul. On
the aspect of self-defense, the techniques of the Aikido are based on the
assumptions of the manifold and varied forms in which it is possible to be
attacked and it trains in addition like conserving the mental clarity to apply
developing them the sense of entrance (irimi) and distance (maai). With forms it
is entered but actually for the application from the Aikido to a real situation,
it is discovered that the sense of physical aggression is trained until
controlling the instinct, because if a technique becomes of uncontrolled or
visceral form this will not have the wished effect that he is the one to control
As physical activity (the Aikido
is not a sport if not a martial art) is excellent because it adapts to the
conditions of individual age, sex, rate or faculties. When initiating each class
is made a set of strechings, falls altogether with the breathing that allow to
warm up, to make flexible and to coordinate the movements of the body (Aiki
taiso). Weights do not become, there is no competition against anybody (but the
victory of one same one looks for) so that the correct execution of a technique
does not have answer on the part of the other, improves the agility and the
speed of the body, is used the force in rational form in conjunction with the
breathing and increases to the physical training conditions by the practical
constant of the falls and its incorporation. The joints become flexible and
resistant, activates the sanguineous circulation, the respiratory capacity, and
the muscular system neuro offers fast and immediate answers but because this in
a mental but relaxed state.
And as spiritual or internal
development the Aikido offers a good perspective of the true form to be each
person and contributes to its development. Simultaneously of which it offers
greater understanding, tolerance and understanding of the world that surrounds
to us. The important thing of these qualities is that in most of the cases they
do not remain in dojo if not that extend to the outside in the personal scope,
professional, scholastic, etc. System of Graduation the uniform of Aikido of
training or "Keiko gi" consists of a resistant dress coat and trousers
When arriving at the Shodan in
Aikido a called skirt will be used trousers "hakama" black color that was used
in the antiquity by samuráis. In the scope of the martial arts it means the
transmission of the spirit of the Teacher or the art and the serious commitment
to follow the study of the Route.
Hakama tied well to the waist
helps aikidoka to fix a slight tension to the abdomen, already mantenerce
centered in seika tandem, with all the advantages that it tolerates, besides to
hold of way, much more safe all the uniform
The Aikido, being a martial art
that comes from the art of the arms, for his practices uses bokken or wood sword,
jo or cane of wood and as much or the wood knife. These help to develop the
technique of Aikido and to give perspective of distance and effectiveness him at
the time of their application.
Place of Training
The place of training or Dojo
(place to practice the route) is made up by a hall closed with superposed or
fixed long cushions or "tatamis" for the execution the technique, that mainly is
based on falls or ukemis. This dojo must have a small enclosure in addition to a
photography of the founder (Or Sensei Morihei Ueshiba) to the bottom of this.
As in everything it is important
to actually follow certain norms of behavior of Aikido, next some rules were
enunciated that would be due to follow in most of the dojos.
The norms of dojo according to the
Founder Morihei Ueshiba are:
1. This dojo works of a strict way
and following the rules traditional. It is the place destined to receive the
education of the founder of the Aikido. It is to have of all the students to
honor and to follow this education.
2. Each student must contribute to
the creation of a positive atmosphere, of harmony and respect.
3. The cleaning constitutes a
gratitude act and respect, each medical instructor must participate in the
cleaning of dojo as well as dedicate to the purification of its heart and its
4. Without the direct
authorization of the teacher, dojo does not have to be used for other aims that
are not the predicted classes.
5. It is left to discretion of
sensei the acceptance of students in dojo. The technique is not bought. The
monthly payment guarantees to the students a place to practice and it is not but
that one of the means to demonstrate its gratitude by education that receive.
The quotas will have precise to be satisfied.
6. You respect to the Founder and
its education as it is transmitted by your Sensei. You respect dojo, the
instruments of work and respetaos mutually.
Rules of the Medical instructor
1. It is necessary you respect
education, the philosophy of the Founder and the way in which the Sensei
2. Each medical instructor morally
commits itself to never use a technique of Aikido to make damage to others or to
express his ego. The Aikido is not a creation but destruction technique. It is a
tool that leads to the development of a better society through the development
of a better society through the development of the character of the individual.
3. This prohibited to resolve
personal conflicts on tatami. The Aikido is not a street fight. Stays in tatami
to extend and to purify your aggressive reactions, to adopt the spirit of
samurai through the discovery of the own social responsibility.
4. It must not have competition
spirit on tatami. The objective of the Aikido is not to fight and to defeat the
enemy but to fight and to defeat to the own aggressive instincts. The force of
the Aikido does not reside in the muscular power but in the flexibility, the
communication, the same control of one and modestia.
5. Any class of insolencia will
not be tolerated. We must be conscious of our limits.
6. Each student has different
physical capacities and different reasons to practice Aikido, all deserve
respect. The true Aiki is the correct and flexible application of the
appropriate technique in any circumstance that appears. It is your
responsibility not to cause damage some. It has to protect itself to the
companion and one same one.
7. You accept the advice of sensei
and try to apply them the best thing sincerely than podais. Answers are not
8. All the medical instructors
study principles such. He must not have discords in the group, all the
inhabitants of dojo form a great family. The secret of the Aikido is the harmony,
if podeis not to respect these rules will be impossible to you to study Aikido
in this dojo.
It labels of the Dojo (King Shiki)
It is the set of norms of courtesy
and behavior, labels ceremonial, that is precise to observe in dojo, including
all the aspects of the relations between professor and student.
1) one is due to salute when
entering and when leaving tatami. 2) Saludar always in direction of shomen, kami
za and to the picture of the Founder. 3) Respetar all the instruments of work.
Gi must be conserved clean and in good state. The arms must be in their place
while they are not used. 4) not to use gi or arms that do not belong to you. 5)
Efectuar heating exercises minutes before initiating the class. To seat in seiza,
all in the same line and position of meditation. These few minutes allow that
your mind is freed of the problems of the day and is prepared for the study. 6)
the class begins and finishes with a ceremony. The puntualidad to participate in
her is essential, but if the delay is inevitable, you must wait for seated next
to tatami until sensei signals for incorporarte to the class. 7) the correct
form to seat on tatami is the seiza position. In case of having an injury in the
knee, you can sentarte with the crossed legs. You never stretch the legs and you
do not lean against the wall or a column. You must be kind to react at any
moment. 8) you do not leave tatami during the training to less of lesionarte or
having malaise. 9) When sensei demonstrates a technique, you must remain seated
in seiza and to observe with attention. After the demonstration, to greet the
teacher, next to a companion and soon to begin to work. 10) At the moment that
announces the aim of the technique, to stop the movement immediately which you
are carrying out, to greet your companion and to meet with the other medical
instructors seated in line. 11) not to remain of foot, without working, on
tatami. If it is necessary, to wait for its turn seated in seiza. 12) If by one
or another reason is absolutely necessary to do a question to sensei, to
approach him, never you call it, to greet it with respect and to hope to that he
is available. (a foot greeting is sufficient in this case). 13) When the teacher
demonstrates a movement in individual, to put themselves of knees and to observe
with attention. To greet it when he has finished. When it corrects some medical
instructor, you can stop your practice and watch. To seat in seiza and to salute
in the same way. 14) Respetar to the medical instructors of greater graduation.
To never discuss with regard to the techniques. 15) These here for entrenarte,
do not stop to impose your ideas to others. 16) If you know the movement and you
work with which it does not know it, you can guide it. But you do not try to
correct your companion if you do not have the level of yudansha. 17) less
possible Hablar. The Aikido is experience. 18) you do not remain idle on tatami
before or after the class. The reserved space this for students who wish to work.
Dojo has other spaces to develop social activities. 19) the ground will have to
sweep every day before the class and when this one finishes. It is
responsibility of all to maintain dojo clean. 20) During the classes it is
prohibited to eat, to inside drink, to smoke and to chew chicle and outside
tatami. At any moment it is prohibited to develop these activities within
tatami. 21) he is not advisable to take jewels during the training. 22) you do
not take spirits while you have position gi.