How can I write in Tatar using the Latin alphabet?

From a post by Alik Gilmullin <>.

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  Alik Gilmullin                            
  Artificial Intelligence Lab               
  Kazan State University                    
  Kazan, Tatarstan                          
Dear tatarophiler!

As is well known the Latin alphabet contains 26 letters, but in Tatar Language there are at least 32 phonemes. So, there is problem of precise and unique representation of the Tatar words on our computers. It is necessary for correct understanding, search operations and, finally, for the future of the Tatar Language. We offer this agreement.

 Tatar e-mail alphabet 

------------------------------ Tatar phonemes Examples and its average appearance in (if it's Tatar texts (%) necessary) ------------------------------- A 0.113 E 0.072 *ni (mother) N 0.070 E 0.068 *t (dog), b*r (one) I 0.066 bal*k (fish) R 0.064 L 0.063 K 0.056 T 0.050 I 0.042 k*tap (book), *ke (two) Y 0.033 ma* (oil) G 0.030 M 0.028 B 0.028 D 0.028 S 0.027 U 0.025 Sh 0.018 ko* (bird), bi* (fife) Z 0.016 C 0.015 ki* (evening) P 0.015 Ng 0.013 ta* (dawn) U? 0.011 k*l (like), but not "kul"(arm) O? 0.011 k*l (ashes), but not "kol"(slave) O 0.010 W 0.007 X? 0.006 *at (letter) May be X=H ? J? 0.005 *ey (summer) F 0.003 H 0.003 *em (and) V 0.002 *okzal (railway station) J ~ 0.001 *urnal (journal)

P.S. The last two letters appear mostly in Russian loan words.
P.P.S. Of course, this is only average texts statistics prepared by our group working on Tatar computer linguistics.

So, we have following problems:

- - Four vowels (E,I,U,O) and at least one consonant (in our case J) used twice.
- - Two phonemes (Sh,Ng) consist of two Latin letters.

There are a few ways to solve vowels problem = = "kol (ashes) - kol (slave) problem":

- - koel - kul (like in Germany)
- - kol' - kol (make use of the sinharmony phenomena of Tatar by sign ')
- - kol - qol (like in Yangalif,1929)
- - kol - kol (no difference, recognition by context)

and of course

- - special drivers with required letters (we have it)
- - UNICODE project (in the near future as we hope)

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Copyright (c) 1996 by Iskender Agi.
October 16, 1996 at 12:10 PM