Allworth, E. Tatars of the Crimea. Their Struggle for Survival. (ed.) New York, 1987.
The deportation of Crimean Tatars, their struggle to maintain their ethnic unity, the case of Mustafa Cemilev, and related official documents. Two chapters deal with Ismail Gaspirali.
Allworth, E. Muslim Communities Reemerge. Historical Perspectives on (ed.) Nationality, Politics, and Opposition in the Former Soviet Union and Yugoslavia. Durham and London, 1994. (Original German edition, Die Muslime in der Sowjetunion und in Jugoslawien, Identitat-Politik-Widerstand. Koeln, 1989.)
Allworth, E. "Tatar Literature." In: Encyclopedia of World Literature in the 20th Century, Vol. 4. New York, 1981.
A brief general survey of literary works produced by Tatar authors of the Volga region and Crimea.
Akiner, S. Islamic Peoples of the Soviet Union. London, 1983.
A useful handbook on the history, demography, language, and religion of Islamic people living in Russia, Siberia, Central Asia, and Transcaucasia. Chapter 3 includes valuable information on Volga, Crimean, and Siberian Tatars.
Benningsen, A. "Tatars," Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups. Ed. by Stephan Thernstrom. London, 1980.
Bennigsen, A.& Muslims of the Soviet Empire. A Guide. Wimbush, S.E. London, 1985.
The first part covers the history of Islam in Russia and Central Asia, and Islamic practices in Soviet Union. The second part is a handbook on various ethnic groups of Islamic faith. Chapter 9 deals with Tatars.
Bennigsen, A.& Islam in the Soviet Union. New York, 1967. Lemercier, Q.
Bennigsen Broxup, M. "Tatarstan and the Tatars." In: The nationalities question in the post-Soviet states (ed. Smith, G.). London, 1996, pp. 75-93.
After a brief historical survey, this chapter looks at the recent changes in Tatarstan, up to the February 1994 treaty and the response to it.
Bukharaev R. The Tatars in the Alien. Kazan, 1993.
This short booklet was written to explain to western friends who the Tatars really are. He quotes extensively from mediaeval western sources.
Comrie, B. The Languages of the Soviet Union. Cambridge, 1981.
Tatar is one of the 130 languages spoken in the former Soviet Union. Chapter 2 deals with Turkic languages.
Devletshin, T. Cultural Life in the Tatar Autonomous Republic. New York, 1953.
Fisher, A.W. Crimean Tatars. Stanford, 1978.
The best source in English on the history of Crimean Tatars. It covers the Crimean Khanate, annexation by Russia, subsequent Russian administrations, deportation and the struggle for rehabilitation. Useful bibliography.
Fisher, A.W. The Russian Annexation of the Crimea, 1772-1783. Cambridge, 1970.
A scholarly work based on Russian and Ottoman documents and other sources, describing the political events that led to the annexation of Crimea.
Hale'n, H. A Bibliographical Survey of the Publishing Activities of the Turkic Minority in Finland. Helsinki, 1979.
Hostler, C.W. The Turks of Central Asia. Westport, CT, 1993. (Revised edition of Turkism and the Soviets, 1957.)
Here the word "Turks" is used in a broader sense to designate those populations who speak Turkic languages. The first half of the work consists of a handbook on Turkic people. The second half deals with the Pan-Turkist movement in the Ottoman Empire and Russia. Useful bibliography.
Ishboldin, V. Essays on Tatar History. New Delhi, 1953.
Jalil M. Selected Poems. Moscow, 1981. (Russian/English)
A brief biographical sketch and poems of this communist Tatar poet who was executed by the Germans during the Second World war for partisan activities.
Karpat, K.H. Ottoman Population, 1830-1914. Demographic and Social Characteristics. Madison, 1985.
Part of the book deals with the migration of Crimean Tatars to the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century.
Kirimli, H.S. National Movements and National Identity among the Crimean Tatars (1905-1916). Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin--Madison, 1990.
Landau, J.M. Pan-Turkism: From Irredentism to Cooperation. London,1995.
The first chapter shows the influence of Kazan and Crimean Tatars in the development of Pan-Turkism before the First World War. It also usefully distinguishes between Turkism and Pan-Turkism. The last chapter reviews the activities of the Turkish government in the Turkic world since the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Lazzerini, E.J. "Ethnicity and the Uses of History: The Case of the Volga Tatars and Jaddism," Central Asian Survey (November 1982): 61-69.
Lazzerini, E.J. "Ismail Bey Gasprinskii and Muslim Modernism in Russia, 1876- 1914." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Washington, 1973.
Lederer G. "Islam in Lithuania," Central Asian Survey 14(3):425-448, 1995.
This article both describes the movement of Tatars to medieval Lithuania and discusses the activities and perceptions of Tatars within the boundaries of the modern state of Lithuania.
Rorlich, A. "Acculturation in Tatarstan: The case of the Sabantui Festival" SR 2 (1982):316-22.
Rorlich, A. "One or More Tatar Nations?" IN: Muslim Communities Reemerge, edited by E. Allworth. Durham, 1994. (pp. 61-79).
Rorlich, A. The Volga Tatars. A Profile in National Resilience. Stanford. 1986.
One of the best sources in English on Volga Tatars. It covers the early history, how the Tatars settled in the Bulghar State, the Volga Tatars in the Russian Empire, and the Soviet State.
Sheehy, A. Crimean Tatars and Volga Germans. London, 1971.
Spuler, B. The Muslim World. The Mongol Period. Leiden, 1960.
Spuler, B. History of the Mongols based on Eastern and Western Accounts of the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries. Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1972.
Wilson, A. The Crimean Tatars. A Situation Report on the Crimean Tatars for International Alert. Cambridge, 1994.
Zenkovsky, S. Pan-Turkism and Islam in Russia. Cambridge, MA, 1960.
An excellent account of the Pan-Turkist movement in the early 20th century and the formation of Soviet republics with Turkic populations. Useful bibliography.