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bone awl, chisel or gouge

inh odnd
inh odndo
minha thumpa
in Uw Oykangand
in Uw Olkola
in Pakanh


Bone awl, Kowanyama Land and Natural Resources Management Office, March 26 1996 [PH]. Braced with sugarbag wax.


Bone awl, Kowanyama Land and Natural Resources Management Office, March 16 1997 [PH]. Braced with sugarbag wax. The Australian 50 cent coin, roughly 32 mm in diameter, allows for an estimation of size.


Bone awl, Kowanyama Land and Natural Resources Management Office, March 16 1997 [PH]. Braced with sugarbag wax. The Australian 50 cent coin, roughly 32 mm in diameter, allows for an estimation of size.


Bone awl, Kowanyama Land and Natural Resources Management Office, March 16 1997 [PH]. Braced with sugarbag wax. The Australian 50 cent coin, roughly 32 mm in diameter, allows for an estimation of size.


Bone awl, Kowanyama Land and Natural Resources Management Office, March 16 1997 [PH]. Braced with sugarbag wax. The Australian 50 cent coin, roughly 32 mm in diameter, allows for an estimation of size.


Bone awl, Kowanyama Land and Natural Resources Management Office, March 16 1997 [PH]. The Australian 50 cent coin, roughly 32 mm in diameter, allows for an estimation of size.


Bone awl, Kowanyama Land and Natural Resources Management Office, March 16 1997 [PH]. Braced with sugarbag wax. The Australian 50 cent coin, roughly 32 mm in diameter, allows for an estimation of size.


Bone awl, Kowanyama Land and Natural Resources Management Office, March 16 1997 [PH]. The Australian 50 cent coin, roughly 32 mm in diameter, allows for an estimation of size.


Bone awl, Kowanyama Land and Natural Resources Management Office, March 16 1997 [PH]. Braced with sugarbag wax. The Australian 50 cent coin, roughly 32 mm in diameter, allows for an estimation of size.


Bone awl, Kowanyama Land and Natural Resources Management Office, March 16 1997 [PH]. The Australian 50 cent coin, roughly 32 mm in diameter, allows for an estimation of size.


Bone awl, Kowanyama Land and Natural Resources Management Office, March 16 1997 [PH]. Braced with sugarbag wax. The Australian 50 cent coin, roughly 32 mm in diameter, allows for an estimation of size.

These bone implements are made from the long bones of the upper and lower limbs of an emu or wallaby. The bone is split and the broken end sharpened to form a gouge or awl shaped end. The bone is often buttressed with sugarbag wax (see also the page on wax), as shown in several of the accompanying images.

These tools are important in material culture industry. For example, one made from the relatively large femur, tibia and humerus bones can be used as a gouge and chisel for gross tasks such making a softwood shield or digging out the interior of a coolamon. Finer implements made from the smaller radius and cubitus bones can be used as a fine scraper or awl.

e-mail: Philip Hamilton.
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