Uw Olkola and Uw Oykangand Alphabetical Search Index
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Uw Olkola and Uw Oykangand Alphabetical Search Index

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  • abal (Olk), Shallow
  • abal (Oyk)
    • abal, Tick
    • abal (fish cl): uy abal, freshwater sole, Brachirus selheimi
  • abalab, Armpit [= Uw Olkola amur in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • aban (Olk), Gather, pick up, catch, touch, take (RR-class verb, root /aba-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • abanhdh, Mouth [= Uw Olkola ew and ewa in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
    • abanhdh, Rim of dilly bag
    • abanhdh ebmbebmbol, Mouth of dilly bag
    • abanhdh ew eden, Lip
  • abar, Eye [= Uw Olkola ele and el in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • abarringgal (tree cl): ug abarringgal (Olk), uk abarringgal (Oyk), eucalypt sp., Eucalyptus ferruginea?
  • abijar (meat cl): inh abijar (Olk), dollarbird, Eurystomus orientalis
  • abilab (fish cl): uy abilab (Olk), bony bream, Nematalosa erebi
  • abim (Olk)
    • abim, Devil, Ghost, Kwinkan
    • abim arrken, Ghost of a man
    • abim unyjal, Ghost of a woman
  • abin (Olk), Touch, catch, hold, take (RR-class verb, root /abi-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • abindal, Knee [= Uw Olkola ugngg eka in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • abm
    • abm (Oyk), Man, person, generic classifier for all human beings (root: /abma/; ergative/locative: abma-l)
    • abm agajarr (Olk), Grave
    • abm agam (Oyk), Bushranger
    • abm akam (Olk), Bushranger
    • abm ing (Olk, Oyk), Ghost sp.
    • abm unhdhol (Olk), Poison cousin
  • abmangg
    • abmangg amban (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Grave
  • abmanhdhor (Olk), Cousin
  • abmb
    • abmb (water cl): og abmb (Oyk), Swamp
    • ok abmb angalang, Mirage [= ar uland in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • abmba
    • abmba (water cl): ok abmba (Olk), Swamp
    • ebmal abmba (Olk), Footprint
  • abmbalamb (meat cl): inh abmbalamb (Olk, Oyk), masked plover, Vanellus miles
  • abmberamb (fish cl): uy abmberamb (Olk, Oyk), river stingray, Dasyatis fluviorum
  • abmbin
    • abmbin (Olk, Oyk), Fine-weave bag
    • abmbin arrbma (Olk), Yam strainer
    • abmbin errbm (Oyk), Yam strainer
    • abmbin olbmor (Olk, Oyk), Ass of dilly bag
  • abmbun (grass cl): ugan abmbun (Olk), ukan abmbun(Oyk), kangaroo grass, Themeda quadrivalvis [scientific identification subject to confirmation]
  • abmbur
    • abmbur (land cl): arrgi abmbur (Olk), Dust
  • abmewarr (Olk, Oyk), Cheeky
  • abmidh (Olk)
    • abmidh (Olk), Grandparent [parallel]
    • abmidh onbor (Olk), Grandmother [parallel]
    • abmidh uway (Olk), Grandfather [parallel]
  • abmindarr (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk])
    • abmindarr, Grandparent [parallel]
    • abmindarr onpor, Grandmother [parallel]
    • abmindarr uway, Grandfather [parallel]
  • abmingarr (Oyk)
    • abmingarr (Oyk), Grandparent [parallel]
    • abmingarr onpor (Oyk), Grandmother [parallel]
    • abmingarr uway (Oyk), Grandfather [parallel]
  • abmor (meat cl): inh abmor, sugar glider, Petaurus breviceps [= inh arug in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • abu (Olk)
  • abub (Olk)
    • abub, Breast
    • abub uchil (Olk), Nipple
    • abub ulbmul (Olk), Nipple
  • abum (Olk)
    • abum, Breast
    • abum (Olk), Breast milk, Milk
    • abum ichan, suck breast (verb)
    • abum olgng (Olk), Breast milk, Milk
    • abum um, suck breast (verb)
  • abur (Oyk)
  • ach (Oyk)
  • acha (Olk)
    • acha (Olk), Mud
    • acha (water cl): ok acha (Olk), Muddy water, Brackish water
  • acharrm (Olk), Mud
  • acharrm (tree cl): ug acharrm, Planchonia careya [= Uw Olkola ug aypam in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • achi (Olk)
    • el achi (Olk), (1) Eyebrow; (2) Eyelash
  • achidh (Olk)
    • achidh (Olk), Grantparent [cross]
    • achidh onbor (Olk), Grandmother [cross]
    • achidh uway (Olk), Grandfather [cross]
  • achimb (Oyk)
    • achimb (meat cl): inh achimb, wangu, Varanus timorensis
    • achimb alh anychir, Seven sisters constellation
  • achin (Oyk)
  • achiyam (Olk)
  • achuj (Olk)
    • achuj, Leaf
    • achuj (food cl): egng achuj, (1) Tea leaves; (2) Edible root sp.
  • achul (tree cl): uk achul (Oyk), (1) Alstonia actinophylla; (2) turpentine tree, Canarium australianum [= Uw Oykangand uk idhul and Uw Olkola ug ithul in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • achun (Olk), Tail
  • adanyj (fish cl): uy adanyj (Olk), Crayfish
  • adhal (fish cl): uy adhal (Oyk), Hephaestus carbo
  • adhamb (Oyk), Bundle
  • adhan, Mud [= Uw Olkola acha in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • adhan (Olk), (1) Bite, eat; (2) Tie, tie up (RR-class verb, root /adha-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • adhang, Eye [= Uw Oykangand el in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • adhanggar (food cl): egng adhanggar (Olk), blackberry tree, Vitex glabrata
  • adhar
    • eg adhar, Bald [= Uw Oykangand eg onhthorrng in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • adhar (tree cl): uk adhar (Oyk), Darwin stringybark or messmate, Eucalyptus tetrodonta
  • adharr (Olk), Wart
  • adharradh (Olk)
    • adharradh, Rough
    • adharradh (tree cl): ug adharradh, Ant sp.
  • adharrwadharr (Olk), Rough
  • adhen (Oyk), 1st person singular possessive pronoun ("my, mine, belonging to me")
  • adherrawal (frog cl): ednbal adherrawal (Oyk), giant tree frog, Litoria infrafrenata
  • adhing (fish cl): uy adhing, freshwater land crab, Holthuisana spp. [= Uw Oykangand uy alay in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • adhir, (1) Beard; (2) Moustache; (3) Chin [= Uw Oykangand ew agom in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • adhun (Oyk), 1st person singular accusative pronoun ("me")
  • adhur (meat cl): inh adhur (Olk), Australian pelican, Pelecanus conspicillatus
  • adirrji, Back [= Uw Olkola adub in Uw Ilbmbanhdiy]
  • adn (Oyk)
    • adn (Oyk), Shit, excrement, generic classifier for midsection body parts (root: /adna/; ergative/locative: adna-l)
    • egng adn (Oyk), Brood
    • odel adn (Olk), Throat, Back of mouth
    • otel adn (Oyk), Throat, Back of mouth
    • inh adn alhungand (Olk), sacred ibis or "white ibis," Threskiornis aethiopica
    • adn alyar (Olk, Oyk), Earthworm
    • adn arrgi ewa (Olk), Anus
    • adn eb (Oyk), Bum, Buttocks
    • adn egan (Olk), Anus
    • adn egan (Olk), Ass of dilly bag
    • adn elkor (Olk), Stomach, Guts
    • adn epa (Olk), Bum, Buttocks
    • adn er (Olk, Oyk), Groin
    • adn errgar (Olk), Bum, Buttocks
    • adn errk ew (Oyk), Anus
    • adn errkar (Oyk), Bum, Buttocks
    • adn igun (Oyk), Go to toilet [igun, RR-class verb]
    • adn ikun (Olk), Go to toilet [ikun, RR-class verb]
    • adn inanh, Go to toilet [inanh, L-class verb]
    • adn iti (Olk), Bone behind sexual organs
    • adn od (Oyk), Tail bone, Lower back
    • ebmal adn od (Oyk), Heel
    • adn od elghay (Oyk), Tailbone
    • adn olba (Olk), Diarrhoea
    • adn olph (Oyk), Diarrhoea
    • adn orrmon (Olk), Bum, Buttocks
    • adn ot elgnggel (Olk), Tailbone
    • adn oto (Olk), Tail bone, Lower back
    • ebmal adn ota (Olk), Heel
    • adn ubman (Olk, Oyk), Lap, Thigh
    • adn umb (Oyk), Bum, Buttocks
    • adn upa (Olk), Bum, Buttocks
  • adn.g (fish cl): uy adn.g (Oyk), Crab, Scylla serrata
  • adn.gu (fish cl): uy adn.gu (Olk), Crab, Scylla serrata
  • adna (Olk)
    • adna (Olk), Shit, Faeces, Excrement
    • ebmal adna (Olk), Heel
    • egng adna (Olk), Brood
  • adnan (Olk), Raw
  • adnand (Olk)
    • adnand (Olk), Stomach, Guts
    • adnand amadh (Olk), Large intestine
    • adnand and (Olk), Small intestine
    • adnand anggunyan (Olk, Oyk), Small intestine
    • adnand ibmbin (Olk, Oyk), Large intestine
  • adnant (Oyk)
    • adnant (Oyk), Stomach, Guts
    • adnant amay (Oyk), Large intestine
    • adnant ant (Oyk), Small intestine
  • adnban (tree cl): ug adnban (Olk), uk adnban (Oyk), (1) Brush fish trap; (2) Windbreak [= Uw Olkola ug urrgan and Uw Oykangand uk urrkan in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • adnboy (meat cl): inh adnboy (Olk, Oyk), sulfur-crested cockatoo or white cockatoo, Cacatua galerita
  • adnd (Oyk)
    • ugng adnd (Oyk), Dry season
  • adndag (grass cl): ugan adndag (Olk), ukan adndag (Oyk), plume sorghum, Sorghum plumosum [scientific identification subject to confirmation]
  • adndal (Olk)
    • inh ogan adndal (Olk), Thunder spirit
  • adndan (tree cl): uk adndan (Oyk), ug adndan (Olk), Brachychiton diversifolius
  • adndangg (Olk, Oyk)
    • adndangg, Feather
    • ubmbal adndangg, Wing (of a bird)
    • inh ubmbal adndangg, Wing (of a bird)
  • adndand (Oyk), Rock
  • adndanyj (food cl): egng adndanyj (Oyk, Olk), white bush apple, Syzygium eucalyptoides bleeseri
  • adndar (Oyk), Sand
  • adndir (tree cl): ug adndir (Olk), Excoecaria parvifolia
  • adndorrbmbor (Olk, Oyk), Ankle
  • adndur (Olk, Oyk)
    • adndur (Olk, Oyk), Ear
    • adndur algnggan (Olk, Oyk), Earlobe
    • adndur elbmal (Olk), Earlobe
    • adndur engin (Olk), Ear wax
    • adndur oyogol (Olk, Oyk), Earwax
  • adnduriy (Olk, Oyk) [adndur, ear, plus ergative/locative ending -iy]
    • adnduriy ambenh, Think [ambenh, L-class verb]
  • Adnhalwil (language cl): Uw Adnhalwil (Olk, Oyk), Yirrk Thangedl language and people
  • adnhan (Olk, Oyk), Hard
  • adnhongor (tree cl): ug adnhongor (Olk), uk adnhongor (Oyk), hardwood, Hakea pendaculatum
  • adnim (Olk, Oyk), Down from up there
  • adniy (Olk, Oyk), Up, up there
  • Adnokon (language cl): Uw Adnokon (Olk, Oyk), Yirr Yorront language and people
  • adnungg (Olk, Oyk), Hips, Lower back
  • ador (tree cl): uk ador (Oyk), (1) Bush table; (2) Tree fork
  • adowangg (meat cl): inh adowangg (Olk), Australian bustard or "plain turkey," Ardeotis kori
  • agadh (Olk), Younger brother
  • agajarr (Olk)
    • abm agajarr (Olk), Grave
  • agal (Olk)
    • agal (Olk), Calf
    • agal elkor (Olk), Calf
  • agalaw, Woomera [= Uw Oykangand odhaw in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • agamb (Olk, Oyk)
    • ug agamb (Olk, Oyk), Lophopetalum lactifluus
  • agar (food cl): egng agar (Olk), Pouteria sericea
  • agen (food cl): egng agen (Olk), Tea
  • aghar (food cl): egng aghar (Oyk), Pouteria sericea
  • agngan (water cl): og agngan (Oyk), ok agngan (Olk), (1) Soak, Well; (2) Well water; (3) Water reservoir in tree fork
  • agngar (Olk, Oyk)
    • agngar (Olk, Oyk), (1) Devil, Ghost, Kwinkan; (2) White man
    • agngar (tree cl): uk agngar(Oyk), Witchetty grub
    • agngar arrarranyjing (Oyk), Red-legged devil
    • agngar ek alhungand (Olk), Red-legged devil
    • agngar ek alhuy (Olk), Red-legged devil
    • agngar odnd elbmben (Olk), Red-legged devil
    • agngar umbunggu (Olk), Musgrave Kwinkan
  • agngaram
  • agngarrg (Olk)
    • agngarrg (land cl): arrg agngarrg (Olk), Clearing, Open space
    • ek agngarrg (Olk), Bald
  • agnggamb (Olk, Oyk), Grave
  • agnggong, Shit, Faeces, Excrement [= Uw Oykangand adn in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • agnggoy (meat cl): inh agnggoy (Olk, Oyk), little red flying-fox, Pteropus scapulatus
  • agngi (Olk)
    • ek agngi (Olk), Grey hair
  • agngujar (food cl): egng agngujar (Olk, Oyk), ???
  • agom (Oyk)
    • ew agom, (1) Beard; (2) Moustache; (3) Chin
    • ew agom ekan, Shave [ekan, L-class verb]
  • agondel (meat cl): inh agondel (Oyk), Gould's sand goanna, Varanus gouldii
  • agonyj (tree cl): uk agonyj (Oyk), Hibiscus, Hibiscus tiliaceus
  • agum, Neck [= Uw Olkola odel in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • aj (Oyk)
    • aj, Mud (root: /aja/; ergative/locative: aja-manhdh)
    • ow aj, Sneeze (noun)
    • ow aj ednenh, Sneeze (verb; past: ow aj ednel)
  • ajan (Olk), (1) Capmari oven; (2) Grave
  • ajarram (tree cl): uk ajarram, Planchonia careya [= Uw Oykangand uk aybam in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ajen (Olk), Hitting, killing (RR-class verb, root /aje-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/) [= arrin in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ajigam (meat cl): inh ajigam (Olk, Oyk), red-winged parrot, Aprosmictus erythropterus
  • ajilw (meat cl): inh ajilw (Olk), yellow-billed spoonbill, Platalea flavipes
  • ajimb (meat cl): inh ajimb (Olk), spotted tree monitor or "wangu," Varanus timorensis
  • ajimb alh anyjir (Olk), Seven sisters constellation
  • ajin (Olk)
  • ajin (Olk), Set fire, cook, burn (RR-class verb, root /aji-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/). Example sentences: ebmal athen ajirr, I burned my foot. inh alhul ajil, Put the minya on the fire (i.e. to cook).
  • ajinarr (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Father
  • ajindarr (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk])
    • ajindarr, Grantmother [cross]
    • ajindarr uway, Grandfather [cross]
  • ajingaji (Olk)
  • ajingarr (Oyk)
    • ajingarr, Grantmother [cross]
    • ajingarr uway, Grandfather [cross]
  • ajirinhal (Olk), section term
  • ajirram (meat cl): inh ajirram (Olk), emu, Dromaius novaehollandiae
  • ajny (Oyk), Vomit
  • ajnyar (Olk, Oyk), Wet
  • ajnyi (Olk)
    • ajnyi, Vomit
    • uthibar ajnyi, Vomit
  • ajnyj (Oyk)
    • ajnyj (Oyk), (1) Sickness, pain, fever; (2) Sick (root: /ajnyja/; ergative/locative: ajnyja-manhdh)
    • ajnyj ambenh (Olk, Oyk), Be sick [ambenh, L-class verb]
    • ajnyj ednenh (Olk, Oyk), Feel crook [ednenh, L-class verb]
    • ajnyj ilg (Oyk), Sick
    • ajnyj onhdhegan (Olk), Vomit [unhdhegan, RR-class verb]
    • ajnyj uphin (Oyk), Vomit [uphin, RR-class verb]
    • eg ajnyj (Oyk), Grey hair
    • orol ajnyj (Olk), Diarrhoea
  • ajnyja (Olk)
    • ug ajnyja (Olk),
  • ajnyji (Olk)
    • ajnyji, Sickness, Pain, Fever
    • ek ajnyji, Grey hair
  • ajnyjum (Olk)
    • ajnyjum, Many
    • ajnyjum-ag, Many times
  • ajumij, Bad [= Uw Olkola egnggo and Uw Oykangand egngg in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ajun (Oyk), Tail
  • akabakab (meat cl): inh akabakab (Olk), spotted nightjar, Caprimulgus argus
  • akal (Oyk), Calf
  • akalab, Woomera [= Uw Olkola ujnyjimb and othab in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • akamar (food cl): egng akamar (Olk), (1) sugarbag wax; (2) Particularly, sugarbag wax after squeezing it
  • akandar (food cl): egng akandar, Typhonium angustilobium [= Uw Olkola egng alwar in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • akangarr (Oyk), Younger brother
  • akanyj (food cl): egng akanyj (Olk), date palm, Livistona sp.
  • akaranggal (Oyk), Shield
  • akarnyjarr (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Younger brother
  • akem (food cl): egng akem (Oyk), Cartonema spicata
  • akom (Olk)
    • ew akom, (1) Beard, Moustache; (2) Chin
  • akondel (meat cl): inh akondel (Olk) [21 KB .wav file], Gould's sand goanna, Varanus gouldii
  • akul (food cl): egng akul (Oyk), Ampelocissus acetosa
  • akulunyjang (Olk)
    • ujnyjan akulunyjang (Olk), Chest sash
  • akum, (1) Nape; (2) Neck [= Uw Oykangand otel in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • al (Olk)
    • al elgal, Cheek
    • al elgnggel, Jaw
  • alab (spear cl): alg alab (Olk) [17 KB .wav file], (1) Spear rod; (2) Spear rod tree, Cordia myxa
  • aladh (Olk)
    • aladh (Olk), Uncle
    • aladh athamay (Olk), Father-in-Law
  • alag (Olk, Oyk), Right hand
  • alagun, Arm [= Uw Oykangand ubmbal in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
    • alagun orrol (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Elbow
  • alajim (tree cl): uk alajim (Oyk), ???
  • alajin (tree cl): uk alajin (Oyk), ???
  • alakun, Arm [= Uw Olkola ubmbal in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • alal (Oyk)
    • alal (Oyk), Testicle
    • odh alal (Oyk), Testicle
    • olbel alal (Olk), Melaleuca sp.
    • olphel alal (Oyk), Melaleuca sp.
  • alamapal (Olk, Oyk), ?
  • alandarr (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Uncle
  • alangarr (Oyk), Uncle
  • alaw (spear cl): alk alaw (Oyk), (1) Spear rod; (2) Spear rod tree, Cordia myxa
  • alay (fish cl): uy alay (Olk, Oyk), freshwater land crab, Holthuisana spp.
  • alayjim (tree cl): ug alayjim (Olk), ???
  • alayjin (tree cl): ug alayjin (Olk), ???
  • albang (tree cl): ug albang (Olk), uk albang (Oyk), Asteromyrtus symphocarpa
  • albar (Oyk), End of wet season
  • alber (meat cl): inh alber (Oyk), northern quoll or "native cat," Dasyurus hallucatus
  • alba (Olk)
  • albalbar (Olk), Crooked
  • albalbur (food cl): egng albalbur (Olk), slender yellow-flowered waterlily sp., Nymphoides hydrocharoides
  • albalg (tree cl): ug albalg (Olk), Melaleuca sp.
  • alban (tree cl): ug alban (Olk), Erythroxylum ellipticum
  • albar (Olk)
    • olbel albar (Olk), Melaleuca dealbata
  • albaymal (meat cl): inh albaymal (Olk), ???
  • albm (Olk)
    • arrg albm (Olk), Crevice, Cave
  • Albmadnim (language cl): Uw Albmadnim (Olk, Oyk), Koko Bera language and people
  • albmalbmanyj (Olk, Oyk), Hairy
  • albman (Olk, Oyk)
    • albman (Olk, Oyk), Hair
    • albman (meat cl): inh albman (Olk, Oyk), Fur
    • eg albman (Oyk), Hair of head
    • ek albman (Olk), Hair of head
    • el albman (Olk), Eyebrow, eyelash
    • elmor albman (Oyk), Pubic hair
    • enggar albman (Olk), Body hair
    • enmor albman (Olk), Pubic hair
    • ew albman (Olk, Oyk), Beard, Moustache
    • eg albman onemon (Oyk), Curly hair
    • ek albman onemon (Olk), Curly hair
  • albmb (meat cl): inh albmb (Oyk), common brushtail possum, Trichosurus vulpecula (root: /albmbi/; ergative/locative: inh albmbi-l)
  • albmbarr (fish cl): uy albmbarr (Olk, Oyk), eastern rainbowfish, Melanotaenia splendida
  • albmbey (food cl): egng albmbey (Olk, Oyk), Planchonella pohimaniana
  • albmbiwar (meat cl): inh albmbiwar (Olk, Oyk), robust ctenotus, Ctenotus robustus
  • albmbur (water cl): og albmbur (Oyk), ok albmbur (Olk), Splash, Ripples in water
  • albmoj (meat cl): inh albmoj (Oyk), butcherbird, Cracticus spp.
  • albmuj (meat cl): inh albmuj (Oyk), butcherbird, Cracticus spp.
  • albmul (Olk, Oyk), Freshwater clam, clam shell
  • albudh (meat classifire): inh albudh (Olk), pheasant coucal or "stormbird," Centropus phasianinus
  • albur (Olk, Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg])
  • alenggel, Water [= Uw Oykangand og in Uw Oykangand]
  • alga (Olk)
  • algal (Olk), Shooting star
  • algal (Oyk), Straight
  • algan (Olk), Shout, call out, sing out (RR-class verb, root /alga-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • algaramb (meat cl): inh algaramb (Olk), Bandicoot sp.
  • alghamban (Oyk), Capmari oven
  • algharr (Oyk), Bad
  • alghay (Oyk)
    • egng alghay (Oyk), Seed
    • errk alghay (Oyk), Rock
    • alghay urrkan (Oyk), Stone fish trap
  • algigar (Olk), Water beetle
  • alginman (Oyk), Tying, tying up (L-class verb, root /alginma-/, past /-l/, imperative /-y/) [= athan (second meaning) in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • algng (Oyk)
    • algng (Oyk), Tooth
    • algng elgngga (Olk), Toothache
    • algng errgar (Olk, Oyk), Wallaby jawbone engraver
    • algng ijam (Oyk), Toothache
    • algng odong (Oyk), Toothless
    • algng otong (Olk), Toothless
    • algng oyogol (Olk, Oyk), Gums of teeth
    • eg algng (Oyk), Head
    • olem algng (Olk, Oyk), Hand axe
    • ubiw algng ilg (Oyk), shark
    • upib anduji (Olk), shark
  • algnga (Olk)
    • algnga (Olk), Tooth
    • ek algnga (Olk), Head
  • algngan (Olk)
  • algngay (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Dog
  • algngg (Olk, Oyk)
    • algngg, Coolamon
    • algngg upudh, Coolamon sp.
    • algngg athan, Coolamon sp.
  • algngga (Olk), Messmate bark humpy
  • algnggan (Olk, Oyk)
    • adndur algnggan, Earlobe
  • algnggar (Olk, Oyk)
    • algnggar, (1) Messmate tree bark, used in building a humpy; (2) Fly humpy; (3) Long humpy
  • algumbilam (meat cl): inh algumbilam (Olk) [19 KB .wav file], Australian scrub turkey, Alectura lathami
  • alh (Oyk)
    • alh, Fire, firewood, wood, generic classifier anything to do with fire (root: /alhu/; ergative/locative: alhu-l)
    • alh anychir, Smokefire, Smoke
    • achimb alh anychir, Seven sisters constellation
    • ajimb alh anyjir (Olk), Seven sisters constellation
    • alh edhal (Olk), Light from fire, Flame, Torch
    • alh egal (Olk), Firestick
    • alh elgnggath, Kindling
    • alh errkon (Olk), Smokefire, Smoke
    • alh errwodh (Olk), Kindling
    • alh errwoy, Kindling
    • alh iganigan (Olk), Spark
    • alh imarranggal (Olk, Oyk), Light from fire, Flame, Torch
    • alh ingkaningkan, Spark
    • alh odnd (Oyk, Olk), Fire carrying stick
    • alh ub, Firewood
    • alh ug ojel (Olk), Firestick
    • alh unychang, Hot coals
    • alh unyjang (Olk), Hot coals
  • alhu (Olk), Fire, Firewood, Wood
  • alhungand (Olk)
  • alhuj (Olk), Hot, Heat, Hot weather
  • alhuy (Oyk)
    • alhuy (Oyk), Hot, heat, hot weather
    • agngar eg alhuy (Oyk), Red-legged devil
  • alidhan (Olk), Hearing, understanding (RR-class verb, root /alidha-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • alim (meat cl): inh alim (Olk, Oyk), galah, Cacatua roseicapilla
  • alin (Olk, Oyk)
    • alin (Olk, Oyk), Rainbow colours
    • og alin (Oyk), Water pocket
    • ok alin (Olk), Water pocket
  • alinh (Olk, Oyk), 1st person dual exclusive nominative pronoun ("he and I, she and I")
  • alinhan (Olk, Oyk), 1st person dual exclusive accusative pronoun ("him and me, her and me")
  • alinhang (Olk, Oyk), 1st person dual exclusive possessive pronoun ("his and my/mine, her/hers and my/mine")
  • aling (Olk, Oyk), 1st person dual inclusive possessive pronoun ("your/yours and my/mine")
  • alingan (Olk, Oyk), 1st person dual inclusive accusative pronoun ("you and me")
  • aliy (Olk, Oyk), 1st person dual inclusive nominative pronoun ("you and I")
  • aliyan (Oyk), Hearing, understanding (RR-class verb, root /aliya-/, reduplicated root /aliyiya-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • alk (Oyk)
  • alkaj (food cl): egng alkaj (Olk), Small yam sp. with long leaves
  • alkal (Oyk), Shooting star
  • alkal (Olk), Straight
  • alkanh (Oyk), Shout, call out, sing out (RR-class verb, root /alka-/, reduplicated root /alkalka-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • alkaramb (meat cl): inh alkaramb (Oyk), Bandicoot sp.
  • alko (food cl): egng alko (Olk) [18 KB .wav file], Sugarbag (generic)
  • alkog (Olk), Uncle
  • alkudhar (Olk), Neck
  • alkukam (meat cl): inh alkukam (Oyk), black bittern, Ixobrychus flavicollis
  • alkulg (Olk, Oyk), Shoulder
  • almalang (Olk, Oyk), Shell
  • almalm, Ear [= Uw Oykangand adndur in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • Almbadnim (language cl): Uw Almbadnim abar (Olk), Uw Almbadnim aphar (Oyk), Kurrtjar language and people
  • almbarrgan (food cl): egng almbarrgan (Olk, Oyk), Triglochin sp.
  • almbindal (grass cl): ugan almbindal (Olk), sugar grass, Heteropogon triticeus [scientific identification subject to confirmation]
  • alminy (tree cl): ug alminy (Olk), uk alminy (Oyk), Mitrephora froggattii
  • almul (Olk)
    • idn almul (Olk), Clitoris
    • inh almul (Oyk), Phalacrocorax carbo
  • alngedhaj (fish cl): uy alngedhaj (Olk), bull shark, Carcharhinus leucas
  • alngethay (fish cl): uy alngethay (Oyk), bull shark, Carcharhinus leucas
  • alnggab (Oyk)
    • ebmal alnggab (Oyk), Footprint
  • alnggur (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Skin
  • alngul (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg])
    • alngul (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Hand, Finger
    • alngul amboj (Olk), Little Finger
    • alngul anggunyan ebmborrng (Olk), Middle Finger
    • alngul uthumbuk (Olk), Third Finger
  • alomanhdh, From the east, case form of alomiy, East [= awand, From the east, case form of awar, East, in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • alomiy, East [= awar, East, in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • alonh (Olk, Oyk), Woomera shell sp.
  • alonhdh (tree cl): ug alonhdh (Olk), uk alonhdh (Oyk), broad-leaved beefwood, Grevillea striata
  • aloy (meat cl): inh aloy (Oyk), black-necked stork or "jabiru," Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus
  • alper (meat cl): inh alper (Olk), northern quoll or "native cat," Dasyurus hallucatus
  • alphagar (food cl): egng alphagar (Oyk), Flour
  • alphalk (tree cl): uk alphalk (Oyk), tree sp.
  • alphalphur (food cl): egng alphalphur (Oyk), slender yellow-flowered waterlily sp., Nymphoides hydrocharoides
  • alphan (tree cl): uk alphan (Oyk), Erythroxylum ellipticum
  • alphar (Oyk)
    • ew alphar (Oyk), Chin
    • olphel alphar (Oyk), Melaleuca dealbata
  • alphaymal (meat cl): inh alphaymal (Oyk), ?
  • alphur (Oyk), Shell pendant sp.
  • alphurin (Oyk), Sweating (L-class verb, root /alphuri-/, past /-l/, imperative /-y/)
  • alphuriy (Oyk), Sweat
  • alphuy (meat cl): inh alphuy (Oyk), stormbird, Centropus phasianinus
  • alum (meat cl): inh alum (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), emu, Dromaius novaehollandiae
  • alunh (Olk), Woomera shell sp.
  • alwangar (meat cl): inh alwangar (Olk, Oyk), magpie goose, Anseranas semipalmata
  • alwar (food cl): egng alwar (Olk, Oyk), Typhonium angustilobium [in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy egng akandar]
  • alwir (water cl): og alwir (Oyk), ok alwir (Olk), (1) Whirlpool; (2) Soak, Well, Well water
  • alwun (Olk, Oyk), Cooking stones
  • alwur (Olk, Oyk), Cheeky
    • alwur obmbay, Cheeky
  • alyan (grass cl): ugan alyan (Olk), ukan alyan (Oyk), panic grass, Panicum trachyrhachis [scientific identification subject to confirmation]
  • alyar (shit cl): adn alyar (Olk, Oyk), Earthworm
  • alyul (water cl): ok alyul (Olk), Dew
  • amadh (Olk)
    • amadh (Olk), (1) Big, thick; (2) Mother
    • adnand amadh (Olk), Large intestine
    • ebmal amadh (Olk), Big toe
    • onbar amadh (Olk), Face
    • uyam amadh (Olk), (1) Thumb; (2) Index Finger
    • amadh ebmbol (Olk), Pounding board
  • amal (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Right hand
  • amamar (meat cl): inh amamar (Olk, Oyk), Burton's snake-lizard or "legless lizard," Liasis burtonis
  • amandarr (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Mother
  • amangarr (Oyk)
    • amangarr, Mother
    • uyam amangarr, Thumb
  • amanggel (Olk), section term
  • amanyin (meat cl): inh amanyin (Olk), cuckoo-shrike or "messengerbird", Coracina spp.
  • amay (Oyk)
    • amay, Big, thick
    • adnant amay, Large intestine
    • ebmal amay, Big toe
    • ud amay, horse
    • uyam amay, Thumb
  • amba (Olk), Naked
  • ambambuj (Olk), Small, thin
  • amban (Olk, Oyk), Causing (RR-class verb, root /amba-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/). Note: This verb is used as a causitiviser or transitiviser with intransitive verb roots. An example is the verb "bring" (trans) (elkenh amban in Uw Oykangand and elgenh amban in Uw Olkola) which is composed of the verb root "come" (elke- in Uw Oykangand, elge- in Uw Olkola) and amban. This gives the meaning of "cause to come," or "bring." In these compound structures the first verb root always has the non-finite augment (-n for RR-class verbs and -nh for L-class verbs).
  • abmangg amban (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Grave
  • ambanant (Oyk), Private parts
  • ambangalang (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Mirage
  • ambaranhdhal (tree cl): ug ambaranhdhal (Olk), Melaleuca sp.
  • ambay (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Food, vegetable food
  • ambenh (Olk, Oyk), Becoming, being (L-class verb, root /ambe-/, reduplicated root /ambambe-/, past /-l/, Uw Oykangand imperative /-y/, Uw Olkola imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
    • adnduriy ambenh, Thinking
    • ajnyj ambenh, Being sick
    • egngg ambenh, Getting no good
    • ekok embenh, Lying, telling lies
    • el umuny ambenh, Winking
    • el umunyumuny ambenh, Winking
    • elend ambenh, Waking up
    • ew anangg ambenh, Opening one's mouth
    • umurr ambenh, Cooling down, Letting it cool down
  • ambeny, Vagina [= idn in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ambenyen (Olk), Taste (RR-class verb, root /ambenye-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • ambilamb (Oyk), Lungs f
  • ambin (Olk), Tasting (L-class verb, root /ambi-/, past /-l/, imperative /-y/, northern Uw Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • ambinyen (Olk), Taste (RR-class verb, root /ambinye-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • amboch (Oyk)
    • amboch (Oyk), (1) Small, thin; (2) Half (root: /ambocho/; ergative/locative: ambocho-manhdh) [in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy orromorr]
    • uyam amboch (Oyk), Little Finger
  • amboj (Olk)
    • amboj (Olk), (1) Small, thin; (2) Half [in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy orromorr]
    • alngul amboj (Olk), Little Finger
  • ambol (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Navel
  • ambom (Olk), Wife
  • ambuj (Olk), (1) Small, thin; (2) Half [in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy orromorr]
  • ambul (Oyk), 1st person plural inclusive nominative pronoun ("you and I, we all")
  • ambul (food cl): egng ambul (Olk), Flour
  • ambung (Oyk), 1st person plural inclusive possessive pronoun ("our, ours, belongs to all all")
  • ambungan (Oyk), 1st person plural inclusive accusative pronoun ("you and me, us all")
  • amin (Olk), Pubic tassle
  • amirr (Olk), Hungry [= Uw Oykangand in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ampay, Food, Vegetable food [= Uw Oykangand egng in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ampayin (Oyk), Taste (RR-class verb, root /ampayi-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • ampin (Olk, Oyk), Tasting (RR-class verb, root /ampi-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • ampungk (Oyk)
    • ampungk (Oyk), Story place
    • eg ampungk (Oyk), Crown
  • amujun (fish cl): uy amujun (Olk), Prawn
  • amun
    • amun, Foot, Toe [= ebmal in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
    • ebmal amun, Footprint
  • amur (Olk, Oyk), (1) Armpit; (2) Handle of shield
  • amuyar (food cl): egng amuyar (Olk), white apple, Syzygium eucalyptoides [= egng imuyar]
  • an.gan (Olk)
    • an.gan, Sweat (noun)
    • an.gan abun, Sweat (verb; past: an.gan aburr)
  • an.ganb (Oyk)
    • an.ganb (Oyk), Rainbow
    • an.ganb (meat cl): inh an.ganb (Oyk), Cyclone, Rainbow, Rainbow snake
    • an.ganb (water cl): og an.ganb (Oyk), Rainbow
  • anangg
    • ew anangg ambenh (Olk, Oyk), Open one's mouth [ambenh, L-class verb]
  • anangumin (Oyk), Looking for, searching about for (RR-class verb, root /anangumi-/, reduplicated root /anangumumi-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • anany (tree cl): ug anany (Olk), uk anany (Oyk), Grub sp.
  • anb (Oyk), Bank (root: /anba/; ergative/locative: anba-manhdh)
  • anba (Olk), Bank
  • anbindal (grass cl): ugan anbindal (Olk), ukan anbindal (Oyk), sugar grass, Heteropogon triticeus [scientific identification subject to confirmation]
  • anbu (meat cl): inh anbu (Olk), possum, Trichosurus vulpecula
  • and (Olk)
    • and (Olk), Small
    • adnand and (Olk), Small intestine
    • uyam and (Olk), Fingers
    • and olponyj (Olk), Pregnant
  • anda (Olk)
    • ug anda (Olk), Table
  • andadh (Olk), Nephew, Niece
  • andangarr (Oyk), Nephew, Niece
  • anduj (Olk), Tooth
  • andun (food cl): egng andun (Olk), giant waterlily, Nymphaea gigantea [Different parts of this plant have specific names: the tuber is egng inyjil, the stalk is egng odndo and the flower is egng arrjal.]
  • andur (food cl): egng andur (Olk), Grewia retusifolia, Fly
  • anen (Oyk), Interogative impersonal pronoun: "what?" (ergative/locative: /anenhdh/, purposive: /aneg/, ablative: /anengand/)
  • ang (Olk, Oyk)
    • ang elkenh (Olk), Yawn (verb; past: ang elkel)
    • ew ang, Yawn (noun)
    • ew ang adin (Olk), Yawn (verb; past: ew ang adirr)
    • ew ang artin (Oyk), Yawn (verb; past: ew ang artirr)
  • angadh (tree cl): ug angadh (Olk), Spider
  • angalang (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg])
    • ok abmb angalang (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Mirage
  • angam (Olk, Oyk)
  • angamang (Olk, Oyk), Ugly
  • angangal (Oyk)
    • angangal, Image, Spirit
    • angangal aphan, Take photograph [aphan, RR-class verb]
  • anganyimurr (Olk, Oyk), Devil sp.
  • anganyj (Olk, Oyk), No
  • angar (Olk, Oyk)
    • angar (Olk), Sky
    • arrg angar (Olk), Sky
    • errk angar (Oyk), Sky
    • angar eden (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Sky
    • angar eten (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Sky
  • angath (tree cl): uk angath (Oyk), Spider
  • angaw (meat cl): inh angaw (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy) (Oyk), freshwater crocodile, Crocodylus johnstoni
  • anggam (tree cl): ug anggam (Olk), bush chemist, Platysace vallida
  • anggangg ugirr (Olk), Diarrhoea
  • anggin (Olk), Hunting, going hunting, chasing (RR-class verb, root /anggi-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • anggunyan (Olk, Oyk)
    • adnand anggunyan, Small intestine
    • alngul anggunyan ebmborrng (Olk), Middle Finger
    • uyam anggunyan, Fingers
    • uyam anggunyan ebmborrng, Middle Finger
  • angkin (Oyk), Hunting, going hunting, chasing (RR-class verb, root /angki-/, reduplicated root /-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/). Object nouns are allative, with purposive meaning: uyu-g angki-nm, fishing (more literally, hunting fish). As an intransitive verb: ay unyjinagh angki-rr ay, I went hunting yesterday.
  • an.gu (Olk), Scrub
  • anh (Oyk), Interogative personal pronoun: "who?" (root: /anhu/, ergative/locative: /-l/, possessive: /-ng/, purposive: /-g/ or /-ngan/, ablative: /-ngand/)
  • anha (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Lungs
  • Anhanggaw (language cl): Uw Anhanggaw (Olk), Undetermined language and group name, about Laura
  • Anhangkaw (language cl): Uw Anhangkaw (Oyk), Undetermined language and group name, about Laura
  • anhdham (spear cl): alg anhdham (Olk), Spear sp.
  • anhdham (tree cl): ug anhdham (Olk), Firestick cover holes
  • anhdhan (Olk, Oyk), 1st person plural exclusive nominative pronoun ("they and I")
  • anhdhang (Olk, Oyk), 1st person plural exclusive possessive pronoun ("theirs and mine, belongs to them and me")
  • anhdhangan (Olk, Oyk), 1st person plural exclusive accusative pronoun ("them and me")
  • anhdherringgal (Oyk), White paint
  • anhdhor, No, none, not [= Uw Olkola anganyj and arem in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • anhimimar (tree cl): ug anhimimar (Olk), uk anhimimar (Oyk), Alixia spicata
  • anhora (fish cl): uy anhora (Olk), barramundi, Lates calcarifer
  • anhoram (fish cl): uy anhoram (Olk), barramundi, Lates calcarifer
  • anhth (Oyk), Pubic tassle
  • anhthagin (Oyk), Spill (RR-class verb, root /anhthagi-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/) [= anhthayin]
  • anhthayin (Oyk), Spill (RR-class verb, root /anhthayi-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/) [= anhthagin]
  • anhthor, No, none, not [= Uw Oykangand anganyj and arem in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • anhu (Olk), Interogative personal pronoun: "who?"
  • anhulg (meat cl): inh anhulg (Olk), red-tailed black-cockatoo, Calyptorhynchus banksii
  • anibal (meat cl): inh anibal (Oyk), small kingfisher, Todiramphus and Alcedo spp.
  • anin (Oyk), Earwax
  • ank (Oyk), Scrub (root: /anku/; ergative/locative: anku-y)
  • anmanm, Ear [= Uw Olkola adndur in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • anmenh (Olk) Finishing, (L-class verb, root /anme-/, past /-l/)
  • anngul (Olk)
    • anngul (Olk), Hand, Finger
    • anngul elgal (Olk), Fingernail
  • anomiy (meat cl): inh anomiy (Olk), Macropus robustus
  • ant (Oyk)
    • ant (Oyk), Small (root: /anta/; ergative/locative: anta-manhdh)
    • adnant ant (Oyk), Small intestine
    • uyam ant (Oyk), Fingers
  • antay (meat cl): inh antay (Oyk), Large female agile wallaby, Macropus agilis, with young
  • antikar (Oyk), Water beetle
  • antiy (Oyk), Net bag
  • antujil (Oyk), Mythical creators
  • antun (food cl): egng antun (Oyk), giant waterlily, Nymphaea gigantea [Different parts of this plant have specific names: the tuber is egng inychil, the stalk is egng odndoy and the flower is egng arrchal.]
  • antur (food cl): egng antur (Oyk), (1) Grewia retusifolia; (2) Fly
  • anumiy (meat cl): inh anumiy (Oyk), Macropus robustus
  • anurrb (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg])
    • anurrb (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Shoulder
    • anurrb egnggal (Olk), Collar bone
  • anurrw (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Shoulder
  • anyab (spear cl): alg anyab (Olk), alk anyab (Oyk), Spear rod (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy)
  • anyal (Olk, Oyk), Pain, Sting, Cramp
  • anyany (Olk), Fog
  • anychir (Oyk)
    • anychir (fire cl): alh anychir (Oyk), Smokefire, Smoke
    • achimb alh anychir (Oyk), Seven sisters constellation
  • anychunggal (Oyk), Bend
  • anyin (Oyk)
    • anyin (Oyk), Fishing net
    • anyin ogorram (Olk), Dilly bag sp.
  • anyingar (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), (1) Vein; (2) Tendon; (3) Wallaby tail sinew twine
  • anyjir (Olk)
    • ajimb alh anyjir (Olk), Seven sisters constellation
  • anyumb (Olk, Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg])
    • anyumb, Throat
    • anyumb awin, Choke (verb; past: anyumb awirr)
    • anyumb ojnyj, Headdress or band
    • anyumb ondoronggol, Neckpiece
    • anyumb ujnyjan, Neckband
  • apa (Olk), Naked
  • apaj (Olk, Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy)
    • apaj, (1) Lap, thigh, upper leg
    • olwon apaj, White stones to use on bottle spear
  • apan (Olk)
    • apan, (1) Big; (2) Thick
    • uyam apan, Thumb
  • aparinhal (Olk), section term
  • aphagar (Oyk)
    • aphagar, Dry
    • aphagar (meat cl): inh aphagar, egg yolk
  • aphalab, Armpit [= Uw Oykangand amur in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • aphan (Oyk), Gather, pick up, catch, touch, take (RR-class verb, root /apha-/, reduplicated root /aphapha-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • aphanhdh, Mouth [= Uw Oykangand ew in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
    • aphanhdh (Oyk), Rim of dilly bag
    • aphanhdh ebmbebmbol (Oyk), Mouth of dilly bag
  • aphar (Oyk)
    • aphar (Oyk), Light
    • Uw Almbadnim aphar (Oyk), Kurrtjar language and people
  • apharanggal (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Dust
  • aphichar (meat cl): inh aphichar (Oyk), dollarbird, Eurystomus orientalis
  • aphim (Oyk)
    • aphim (Oyk), Devil, Ghost, Kwinkan
    • aphim arrgen (Oyk), Ghost of a man
  • aphindal, Knee [= Uw Oykangand ognggeg in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • aphum (Oyk)
    • aphum (Oyk), Breast
    • aphum el (Oyk), Nipple
    • aphum orch (Oyk), Breast milk, Milk
  • aphuy (tree cl): uk aphuy (Oyk), ghost wattle, Acacia platycarpa
  • apirral (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Hungry
  • apirrja (Olk), Cold weather, Cold
  • apong (Olk)
    • odnhdor apong (Olk), Dead body
  • apul (Olk), 1st person plural inclusive nominative pronoun ("you and I, we all")
  • apulingan (Olk), 1st person plural inclusive accusative pronoun ("you and me, us all") [=apungan]
  • apung (Olk), 1st person plural inclusive possessive pronoun ("our, ours, belongs to all all")
  • apungan (Olk), 1st person plural inclusive accusative pronoun ("you and me, us all") [= apulingan]
  • ar (Olk, Oyk)
    • ar, Negative (used to negate verbs)
    • ar uland, Mirage
  • arag (language cl): uw arag (Olk, Oyk), Whisper
  • araj (Olk, Oyk), Nest
  • araj (grass cl): ukan araj (Oyk), sugarbag grass
  • aral (Olk)
    • aral (Olk), (1) White paint; (2) White
    • ednbal aral (Olk), Litoria rubella
    • ok aral (Olk), Muddy water, Brackish water
    • ujny aral (Olk), Hornet sp.
  • aramanh (Oyk), (L-class verb, root /arama-/, past /-l/, imperative /-y/)
  • aramb (food cl): egng aramb (Olk), white berries [?= egng inggarning (Oyk), white berries, Flueggea virosa]
  • archilw (meat cl): inh archilw (Oyk), Platalea flavipes
  • ardan (Oyk), Deep
  • ardardun (Olk, Oyk), Rough
  • ardndal (Olk, Oyk)
    • ardndal (Olk, Oyk), Heavy
    • udhibar ardndal (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Pregnant
    • uthiphar ardndal (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Pregnant
  • ardunyj (food cl): egng ardunyj (Oyk), (1) white apple, Syzygium eucalyptoides eucalyptoides; (2) white bush apple, Syzygium eucalyptoides bleeseri
  • arem (Olk, Oyk), No, none
  • arnyjen (Oyk), Pour (RR-class verb, root /arnyje-/, reduplicated root /arnyjarnyje-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • arr (Olk, Oyk), Spoilt, Tired
  • arradhal (tree cl): uk arradhal (Oyk), Melaleuca sp.
  • arragarr (Olk)
    • ok arragarr (Olk), Current, Rapids
    • olwon arragarr (Olk), Grindstone, Stone hammer
    • ug arragarr (Olk), Grinding stick
  • arragin (Olk, Oyk), (1) Dying [= Uw Oykangand ulphin in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]; (2) Lying down, camping [= udnanh in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy] (RR-class verb, root /arragi-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • arral (tree cl): ug arral (Olk), uk arral (Oyk), (1) fine-leafed beefwood or forest wax tree, Grevillea coriacea; (2) Forest wax
  • arrambal (food cl): egng arrambal (Olk), sugarbag species: Trigona sp.
  • arran (Olk), Cicada
  • arranggangg (meat cl): inh arranggangg (Olk), laughing kookaburra, Dacelo novaeguineae
  • arranggulb (meat cl): inh arranggulb (Olk), sarus crane, Grus antigone
  • arrangkangk (meat cl): inh arrangkangk (Oyk), laughing kookaburra, Dacelo novaeguineae
  • arranhang (Olk, Oyk), Say, tell (Verb, undetermined class) [= Uw Olkola errpenh and elpenh and Uw Oykangand errbenh and elbenh in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • arranyj (meat cl): inh arranyj (Olk, Oyk), Pacific black duck, Anas superciliosa
  • arraring (tree cl): ug arraring (Olk), uk arraring (Oyk), cabbage tree palm, Corypha and Livistona spp.
  • arrarinhal (Olk), section term
  • arrarr (hornet cl): ujny arrarr (Olk, Oyk), Hornet
  • arrarranyjing (ghost cl): agngar arrarranyjing (Oyk), Red-legged devil
  • arrb (Oyk)
    • egng arrb (Oyk), Rice
    • ug arrb (Olk), Smilax australis
    • uk arrb (Oyk), Maggot
    • uk arrb (Oyk), Smilax australis
  • arrbanh (tree cl): ug arrbanh (Olk), freshwater mangrove, Barringtonia acutangula
  • arrbar (water cl): ok arrbar (Olk), Clean water
  • arrbm udhal (Olk), Rib bone
  • arrbma (Olk)
    • arrbma (Olk), Rib, Side, Flank
    • abmbin arrbma (Olk), Yam strainer
  • arrbmbil, Sun [= Uw Olkola ugnga and Uw Oykangand ugng in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • arrbmbun (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Foot, Toe
  • arrbmenh (Olk) Finishing, (L-class verb, root /arrbme-/, past /-l/)
  • arrbur, Land, Ground, Earth, Place, Camp [= Uw Oykangand errk in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
    • arrbur obmben (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Hole
  • arrchag (meat cl): inh arrchag (Oyk), white crane, Ardea spp.
  • arrchal (food cl): egng arrchal (Oyk), flower of giant waterlily, Nymphaea gigantea
  • arrchenh (Oyk), Set fire, cook, burn (L-class verb, root /arrche-/, past /-l/, imperative /-y/). In the sense of cooking: egng arrchenm ay, I been cooking damper. In the sense of setting a fire: ukan unggul | anhul arrchel, Who set the bush fire over there?
  • arrchingarrch (Oyk)
  • arrchir (meat cl): inh arrchir (Oyk), Mouse
  • arrchongorrch (Oyk), Spider web
  • arreg (food cl): egng arreg (Olk, Oyk), Waterlily sp.
  • agngarrg (land cl): arrg agngarrg (Olk), Clearing, Open space
  • arrg, arrgi (Olk)
    • arrg albm (Olk), Crevice, Cave
    • arrg albm (Olk), Crevice, Cave
    • arrg angar (Olk), Sky
    • arrg awin (Olk), Path, Road
    • arrg ebmbebmbol (Olk), Plain, Level ground
    • inyjarag arrg ibmbun idhan (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), brolga, Grus rubicundus
    • arrg ibmbur (Olk), Plain, Level ground
    • arrg ugngg (Olk), Rock
  • arrgachuy (Olk) [49 KB .wav file], Big, thick
  • arrgar (tree cl): ug arrgar (Olk), (1) cabbage gum, Eucalyptus confertiflora; (2) ghost gum, Eucalyptus papuana
  • arrgel (meat cl): inh arrgel (Oyk), Sparrowhawk (small birds of prey, including Falco and Accipiter spp.)
  • arrgen (ghost cl): aphim arrgen (Oyk), Ghost of a man
  • arrgi (Olk)
    • arrgi (Olk), Land, Ground, Earth, Place, Camp
    • arrgi abmbur (Olk), Dust
    • arrgi ebmbebmbol (Olk), Burial platform
    • arrgi elambungg (Olk), Baby spirit place
    • arrgi elbmbelbmben (Olk), Claypan
    • arrgi ewa (Olk), Hole
    • adn arrgi ewa (Olk), Anus
    • idn arrgi ewa (Olk), Vagina
    • ulbmul arrgi ewa (Olk), Nostril
    • arrgi ijnyja (Olk), (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Poison country
    • arrgi obmo (Olk), Poison country
  • arrgng (Olk)
    • olbel arrgng (Olk), Melaleuca argentea
    • olphel arrgng (Oyk), Melaleuca argentea
    • ug arrgnga (Olk), Melaleuca argentea
  • arrgnganyj (tree cl): ug arrgnganyj (Olk), ironwood tree, Erythrophleum chlorostachys; (2) ironwood tree wax
  • arrgon (fish cl): uy arrgon (Olk), Leiopotherapon unicolor
  • arriman (Oyk), (1) Stone, pebble; (2) Cicatrising stone
  • arrin (Olk, Oyk), Hitting, killing (RR-class verb, root /arri-/, reduplicated root /arrarri-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/). This verb can take an instrumental noun, as in achinhdh arri-rr ay inun (Uw Oykangand), I hit you with a yamstick. When there is an instrumental noun and no agent, the sense is passive: arrimanhdh arri-rr adhun (Uw Oykangand), I been hit by a stone.
  • arrj (grass cl): ugan arrj (Olk), couch grass, Cynodon dactylon [scientific identification subject to confirmation]
  • arrjal (food cl): egng arrjal (Olk), flower of giant waterlily, Nymphaea gigantea
  • arrjingarrj (Olk), Vein, Tendon
  • arrjir (meat cl): inh arrjir (Olk), Mouse
  • arrjnyarr (Olk, Oyk), Tired
  • arrkal (water cl): og arrkal (Oyk), Floodwaters
  • arrkar (tree cl): cl): uk arrkar (Oyk), (1) ghost gum, Eucalyptus papuana; (2) cabbage gum, Eucalyptus confertiflora
  • arrkarrkan (Oyk), Dust
  • arrkel (meat cl): inh arrkel (Olk), Sparrowhawk (small birds of prey, including Falco and Accipiter spp.)
  • arrken (Olk)
    • abim arrken (Olk), Ghost of a man
  • arrkun (fish cl): uy arrkun (Oyk), Leiopotherapon unicolor
  • arrnganyj (tree cl): ug arrnganyj (Olk), (1) ironwood tree; (2) ironwood tree wax
  • arrngg (Olk, Oyk), Child, baby, young one
  • arrnggan (grass cl): ugan arrnggan (Olk), ukan arrnggan (Oyk), lady grass sp., Pseudoraphis spinescens [scientific identification subject to confirmation]
  • arrnggan (Olk), Scraping (RR-class verb, root /arrngga-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • arrodhan (Oyk), Hand up (meat) (RR-class verb, root /arrodha-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • arrondor (meat cl): inh arrondor (Oyk), Australian scrub turkey, Alectura lathami
  • arrpenhdhing (tree cl): ug arrpenhdhing (Olk), small tree or shrub sp., Thryptomene oligandra
  • arrphanh (tree cl): uk arrphanh (Oyk), freshwater mangrove, Barringtonia acutangula
  • arrphar (Oyk)
    • arrphar (Oyk), White
    • og arrphar (Oyk), Clean water
  • arrphin (Oyk), Touch, catch, hold, take (RR-class verb, root /arrphi-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • arrpo (Olk)
    • arrpo (Olk), Maggot
    • egng arrpo (Olk), Rice
  • arrpu (Olk), Maggot
  • arrpur (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg])
    • arrpur (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Land, Ground, Earth, Place, Camp
    • arrpur abmbur (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Dust
  • arrwal (meat cl): inh arrwal (Olk), rainbow lorikeet, Trichoglossus haematodus
  • arrwangarrw (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Testicle
  • arrwir (Olk), Womb, Placenta
  • arry (grass cl): ukan arry (Oyk), couch grass, Cynodon dactylon [scientific identification subject to confirmation]
  • arryal (tree cl): ug arryal (Olk), uk arryal (Oyk), variable-barked bloodwood, Eucalyptus dichromophloia
  • arug (meat cl): inh arug (Olk), sugar glider, Petaurus breviceps
  • arun (Olk, Oyk)
    • ubmbal arun, Wing (of a bat)
    • inh ubmbal arun, Wing (of a bat)
  • atan (Olk), Deep
  • atanyj (fish cl): uy atanyj (Oyk), crayfish, Cherax quadricarinatus
  • atar (Oyk)
    • eg atar (Oyk), ?
  • ataw (tree cl): uk ataw (Oyk), Bull ant
  • atawangk (meat cl): inh atawangk (Oyk), Australian bustard or "plain turkey," Ardeotis kori
  • ath (eye cl): el ath (Oyk), Eyebrow
  • athal (fish cl): uy athal (Olk), Hephaestus carbo
  • athalnggar (food cl): egng athalnggar (Oyk), blackberry tree, Vitex glabrata
  • athamay (Olk)
    • aladh athamay (Olk), Father-in-Law
    • inyadh athamay (Olk), Mother-in-Law
  • athamb (Olk), Bundle
  • athan, Mud [= Uw Oykangand aj in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • athan (Oyk), (1) Bite, eat; (2) Tie, tie up (RR-class verb, root /atha-/, reduplicated root /athatha-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • athang, Eye [= Uw Olkola ele and el in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • athangath (fish cl): uy athangath (Oyk), Glossamia aprion
  • athanggar (food cl): egng athanggar (Oyk), blackberry tree, Vitex glabrata
  • athar (Olk)
  • atharr (Oyk), Wart
  • atharrath (Oyk)
    • atharrath (Oyk), Rough
    • uk atharrath (Oyk), Ant sp.
  • athath (Oyk), Big [of people, dogs, etc.]
  • athayarr (meat cl): inh athayarr (Olk), Horse [= iyarraman in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • athen (Olk), 1st person singular possessive pronoun ("my/mine")
  • athing (fish cl): uy athing, freshwater land crab, Holthuisana spp. [= Uw Olkola uy alay in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • athir (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Beard, Moustache
  • athomanyj (Olk), 1st person singular possessive pronoun ("my/mine") [This pronoun is used to express possession of semantically ergative nouns: ut athomanyj adharr athun, my dog bit me.]
  • athu (tree cl): ug athu (Olk), Spider sp.
  • athumunyj (Olk), variant of athomanyj
  • athun (Olk), 1st person singular accusative pronoun ("me")
  • athur (meat cl): inh athur (Oyk), Australian pelican, Pelecanus conspicillatus
  • atim (grass cl): ukan atim (Oyk), grass sp., Fimbristylis littoralis [scientific identification subject to confirmation]
  • athurrka (tree cl): ug athurrka (Olk), Vitex acuminata
  • atolbmbor (meat cl): inh atolbmbor (Oyk), Wing of a flying-fox
  • ator (tree cl): ug ator (Olk), (1) Tree fork; (2) Bush table
  • atub (Oyk)
    • atub (Oyk), Back (root: /atuba/; ergative/locative: atuba-manhdh)
    • atub elghay (Oyk), Backbone, Spine
    • atub elgnggel (Olk), Backbone, Spine
    • atuba (Olk), Back
  • atuburrk (Olk), Island
  • atulganyj (tree cl): ug atulganyj (Olk), Leichhardt tree, Nauclea orientalis
  • atulwanyj (tree cl): uk atulwanyj (Oyk), Leichhardt tree, Nauclea orientalis
  • awand (Olk, Oyk), From the east [case form of awar, east]
  • awanyin (meat cl): inh awanyin (Oyk), cuckoo-shrike or "messengerbird," Coracina spp.
  • awar (Olk, Oyk), East
  • awarel (meat cl): inh awarel (Olk, Oyk), Torresian crow, Corvus orru
  • awarenhal (Olk)
  • awaring ambin (food cl): egng awaring ambin (Olk), egng awaring ampin (Oyk), Triglochin procera dubia
  • Awawurrungk (language cl): Uw Awawurrungk (Olk), Kawarrangg language and people
  • awayirr (Olk, Oyk), Tail of a horse
  • awerr (food cl): egng awerr (Olk, Oyk), Syzygium suborbiculare
  • awil (water cl): og awil (Oyk), ok awil (Olk), Current, Rapids
  • awimukarr (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Wind
  • awin (Olk, Oyk)
    • awin, Path, Road
    • awin (land cl): arrg awin (Olk), Path, Road
    • awin (food cl): egng awin, sugarbag species: Trigona sp.
  • awin (Olk), Touch, catch, hold, take (RR-class verb, root /awi-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • awiny (Olk), Fly
  • aworel (meat cl): inh aworel (Olk), torresian crow, Corvus orru
  • awulg (meat cl): inh awulg (Olk), friarbird or "leatherhead," Philemon spp.
  • awum (Olk)
    • awum, (1) Wind break; (2) Wind
    • awum edndan (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Wind break
  • awun (tree cl): ug awun (Olk), uk awun (Oyk), silky oak, Hakea chordophylla
  • awunb (food cl): egng awunb (Olk, Oyk), English bee
  • awunyjor (meat cl): inh awunyjor (Olk), Australian magpie or "currawong," Gymnorhina tibicen
  • Awurrungk (language cl): Uw Awurrungk (Oyk), Kawarrangg language and people
  • ay (Olk, Oyk), 1st person singular nominative pronoun ("I")
  • Ayan (language cl): Uw Ayan (Olk, Oyk), Pakanh language and people
  • ayang (Olk)
    • ayang egenh, Roll over (transitive verb) [egenh, L-class verb]
    • ayang igin, Roll over (transitive verb) [igin, RR-class verb]
  • ayangarr (tree cl): ug ayangarr (Olk), uk ayangarr (Oyk), Pongamia pinnata
  • Ayapathu (language cl): Uw Ayapathu (Olk), Ayapathu language
  • ayarr (meat cl): inh ayarr (Oyk), "fishhawk," including osprey, Pandion haliaetus
  • aybam (tree cl): uk aybam (Oyk), Planchonia careya
  • aybangan (grass cl): ugan aybangan (Olk), grass sp., Vetiveria elongata [scientific identification subject to confirmation]
  • aybmban (tree cl): ug aybmban (Olk), tree sp.
  • aybmbay (person cl): abm aybmbay (Olk, Oyk), Bush doctor
  • aybon (tree cl): ug aybon (Olk), uk aybon (Oyk), Melaleuca leucadendra
  • aychamb (meat cl): inh aychamb (Olk), emu, Dromaius novaehollandiae
  • aygnggal (tree cl): ug aygnggal (Olk), uk aygnggal (Oyk), Microstemma sp.
  • ayin (language cl): uw ayin (Olk, Oyk), Crying, wailing
  • ayin (Olk, Oyk), Cry, wail, howl (RR-class verb, root /ayi-/, reduplicated root /ayayi-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • ayjag (meat cl): inh ayjag (Olk), Ardea alba
  • ayjamb (meat cl): inh ayjamb (Oyk), emu, Dromaius novaehollandiae
  • ayjarrm (tree cl): uk ayjarrm (Oyk), Bloodwood tree wax
  • aykanb (Olk)
    • aykanb (Olk), Rainbow
    • ok aykanb (Olk), Cyclone, Rainbow, Rainbow snake
  • aykey (Olk)
    • obmol aykey (Olk), Stomach, Guts
  • ayman (Olk)
    • ayman, Spit, Saliva, Phlegm
    • ew ayman, Spit, Saliva, Phlegm
    • ew ayman adhan, Spit (verb; past: ew ayman adharr)
    • ok ayman, Froth, Scum on water
  • aymaymul (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Hole
  • ayogol (Olk, Oyk), Wax [variant of oyogol, q.v.]
  • aypam (tree cl): ug aypam (Olk), Planchonia careya
  • aypangg (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Water
  • ayph (grass cl): ukan ayph (Oyk), armgrass millet, Brachiaria milliformis [scientific identification subject to confirmation]
  • ayphangan (grass cl): ukan ayphangan (Oyk), grass sp., Vetiveria elongata [scientific identification subject to confirmation]
  • aypon (Olk), Skin
  • ayub (tree cl): ug ayub (Olk), kapok tree, Bombax ceiba
  • ayulyij (meat cl): inh ayulyij (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), agile wallaby, Macropus agilis
  • ayur (meat cl): inh ayur (Oyk), rufous night heron, Nycticorax caledonicus
  • ayuw (tree cl): uk ayuw (Oyk), kapok tree, Bombax ceiba

[B]


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[CH]


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  • chaching
    • chaching onbor (Olk), Grantmother [cross]
    • chaching uway (Olk), Grandfather [cross]
  • cheliparrmang (food cl): egng cheliparrmang (Oyk), Physalis minima
  • chichang (Olk), Father

[D]


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  • dandang (Olk, Oyk), Nephew, Niece

[E]


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  • eb (shit cl): adn eb (Oyk), Bum, Buttocks (root: /ebe/; ergative/locative: adn ebe-manhdh)
  • ebal (Oyk), Carrying collar
  • ebangarr (Oyk), Older sister
  • ebarnyjarr (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Older sister
  • ebarrw (tree cl): uk ebarrw (Oyk), Dragonfly
  • ebaj (spear cl): alg ebaj (Olk), Spear point
  • eban (water cl): ok eban (Olk), Lightning
  • ebar (meat cl): inh ebar (Olk), Lopholaimus antarcticus
  • ebe (Olk)
    • ebe, Tongue [= Uw Olkola inhdhun or ew inhdhun in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
    • oth ebe, Testicle
  • eberam (food cl): egng eberam (Olk), ?
  • ebmal (Olk, Oyk)
    • ebmal, Foot, Toe
    • ebmal abmba (Olk), Footprint
    • ebmal adn od (Oyk), Heel
    • ebmal adn ota (Olk), Heel
    • ebmal adna (Olk), Heel
    • ebmal alnggab (Oyk), Footprint
    • ebmal amadh (Olk), Big toe
    • ebmal amay (Oyk), Big toe
    • ebmal amun (Olk), Footprint
    • ebmal elgal (Olk), Toenail
    • ebmal elkal (Oyk), Toenail
    • ebmal iba (Olk), Sole of foot
    • ebmal ibmban (Olk), Big toe
    • ebmal ilpa (Olk), Footprint
    • ebmal iph (Oyk), Sole of foot
    • ebmal orren, Heel [= Uw Olkola ebmal adn ota and Uw Oykangand ebmal adn od in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ebmanam (food cl): egng ebmanam (Olk, Oyk), Vegetable food growing on the ground down near your feet
  • ebmanhdh
  • ebmb
  • ebmbar (Olk), Back
  • ebmbarrjim (Olk), Body hair
  • ebmbe (Olk)
  • ebmbebmbol (Olk, Oyk)
    • ebmbebmbol, (1) Wide; (2) Round; (3) Flat
    • ebmbebmbol (land cl): arrgi ebmbebmbol (Olk), errk ebmbebmbol (Oyk), (1) Plain; (2) Level ground; (3) Burial platform
    • abanhdh ebmbebmbol (Olk), Mouth of dilly bag
    • aphanhdh ebmbebmbol (Oyk), Mouth of dilly bag
  • ebmbol (Olk, Oyk)
    • ebmbol, (1) Pounding board; (2) Bark fish trap; (3) Bed table
    • ebmbol athar (Olk), messmate bark for wrapping body
    • amadh ebmbol (Olk), Pounding board
  • ebmborrng (Olk, Oyk)
    • ebmborrng, Long, tall, straight
    • ebmborrng edn.gedn.gan, Rigid
    • alngul anggunyan ebmborrng (Olk), Middle Finger
    • uyam anggunyan ebmborrng (Oyk), Middle Finger
  • ebmong (Olk, Oyk)
    • ebmong, Urine
    • ebmong edndan (Olk), Urinate [edndan, RR-class verb]
    • ebmong igin (Olk), Urinate [igin, RR-class verb]
    • ebmong ikin (Oyk), Urinate [ikin, RR-class verb]
    • ebmong igun (Oyk), Urinate [igun, RR-class verb]
    • ebmong ikun (Olk), Urinate [ikun, RR-class verb]
  • ebmonh, Big, thick [= Uw Oykangand amay in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ebmonyj, Many [= elgor in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ebobmal (food cl): egng ebobmal, (1) Cucumis trigonus; (2) sandpaper fig, Ficus scobina [= Uw Olkola egng uyi and Uw Oykangand egng urrgum in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ebon (Olk), Creek
  • eborrbmber (food cl): egng eborrbmber (Olk), "gooseberries" [?= egng oworrmber, passionflower, Passiflora foetida]
  • echer (Olk), Marrow
  • echey (paperbark cl): olphel echey (Oyk), Melaleuca stenostachya
  • eden
    • eden (Olk), Skin
    • abanhdh ew eden (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Lip
    • angar eden (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Sky
    • el eden (Olk), Eyelid
    • ew eden (Olk), Lip
    • oth eden (Olk), Scrotum
    • ulal eden (Olk), Scrotum
  • edhal (fire cl): alh edhal (Olk), Light from fire, Flame, Torch
  • edhal
    • uyam edhal (Olk, Oyk), Clapping
  • edhan (Olk), Haze
  • edhangal (food cl): egng edhangal (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Cartonema spicata
  • edhe (grass cl): ugan edhe (Olk), Grass sp. [?= ugan edhedh]
  • edhen (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Sickness, Pain, Fever
  • edhedh (grass cl): ugan edhedh (Olk), hoop Mitchell grass, Astrebla elymoides [scientific identification subject to verification]
  • edhog (Oyk), On the waist or hip, of the act of carrying an infant
  • edhon
    • ew edhon (Olk), Lip
  • edhor
    • edhor (Oyk), Full, of stomach
    • ort edhor (Oyk), Full moon
  • edn (Olk, Oyk), 3st person plural nominative pronoun ("they all")
  • ednang (Olk, Oyk), 3st person plural possessive pronoun ("their, theirs, belongs to them all")
  • ednangan (Olk, Oyk), 3st person plural nominative pronoun ("them all")
  • edn.g (meat cl): inh edn.g (Oyk), Isoodon macrourus (root: /edn.ge/; ergative/locative: edn.ge-manhdh)
  • edn.gedn.gan (Olk, Oyk), Crooked
  • edn.gedn.gen (Olk, Oyk), Crooked
  • edn.gel (Olk)
    • edn.gel, Bone
    • adub edn.gel, Spine, back bone
    • odnd edn.gel, Shin
    • ulbmul edn.gel, Nose bone, nasal septum
    • uyam edn.gel, Wrist, Knuckles
  • ednb (Olk, Oyk)
    • ednb, Itch, Tickle (noun)
    • ednb iyan, Tickle (verb) [iyan, RR-class verb]
    • ednb ukin (Oyk), Tickle (verb) [ukin, RR-class verb]
  • ednben
    • ugngg ednben (Olk, Oyk), Chest
  • ednbon (water cl): ok ednbon (Olk), og ednbon (Oyk), Spring, Springwater
  • edndan
  • edndelag (Oyk), All
  • ednenh (Olk) Standing, (L-class verb, root /edne-/, past/imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng)
  • ednharnyjarr (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Cousin
  • ednhdhar (tree cl): ug ednhdhar (Olk), uk ednhdhar (Oyk), Tree sp.
  • ednhor (tree cl): ug ednhor (Olk), uk ednhor (Oyk), weeping tea-tree, Leptospermum madidum spp. madidum
  • eg (Oyk)
    • eg, Head (root: /ega/; ergative/locative: ega-manhdh)
    • eg adhar (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Bald
    • eg ajnyj, Grey hair
    • eg albman, Hair of head
    • eg albman onemon, Curly hair
    • eg algng, Head
    • eg ampungk, Crown
    • eg atar, Ticks or fleas
    • eg aykenh, Be confused [aykenh, L-class verb]
    • eg egurunhdh, Steep hill
    • eg ekan, Hole at base of skull, Foramen magnum
    • eg ilh, Ticks or fleas
    • eg iwalaw (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Hair of head
    • eg onhthorrng, Bald
    • eg onmon, Head or brain
    • eg onych, (1) Grindstone; (2) Stone hammer; (3) Snail, snail shell
    • eg onyj (Olk), (1) Grindstone; (2) Stone hammer; (3) Snail, snail shell
    • eg opher, Skull
    • eg opher, Crown
    • eg ow erch, Snot, Nasal mucus
    • eg ow errch, Brain
    • eg ulbar, Fontanel
  • egaj (food cl): egng egaj (Olk), long yam, Dioscorea transversa [= egng eyaj]
  • egal (fire cl): alh egal (Olk), Firestick
  • egan
    • egan (Olk), Hole
    • egan (shit cl): adn egan (Olk), (1) Anus; (2) Ass of dilly bag
    • ek egan (Olk), Hole at base of skull, Foramen magnum
    • ulbmul egan (Olk), Nostril
  • egan (Olk), Cut, cut up (RR-class verb, root /ega-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • egar (water classifier): ok egar (Olk), Fresh water
  • egebmbar (tree cl): uk egebmbar (Oyk), ?
  • egemb (meat cl): inh egemb (Olk), frilled lizard, Chlamydosaurus kingii
  • eghaj (food cl): egng eghaj (Oyk), long yam, Dioscorea transversa
  • egng
    • egng (Oyk), Food, vegetable food, generic classifier for all (1) edible vegetable food,; (2) the plants that bear them, and; (3) sugarbag (root: /egnga/; ergative/locative: egnga-l)
    • egng adn (Oyk), Brood
    • egng adna (Olk), Brood
    • egng agen (Olk), Tea
    • egng ajuj (Olk), Tea leaves
    • egng akamar (Olk), sugarbag wax after squeezing it
    • egng akamar (Olk), sugarbag wax
    • egng alghay (Oyk), Seed
    • egng alphagar (Oyk), Flour
    • egng ambul (Olk), Flour
    • egng andur (Olk), Fly
    • egng antur (Oyk), Fly
    • egng arrambal (Olk), sugarbag species: Trigona sp.
    • egng arrb (Oyk), Rice
    • egng arrpo (Olk), Rice
    • egng awin (Olk, Oyk), sugarbag species: Trigona sp.
    • egng awunb (Olk, Oyk), English bee
    • egng ayogol (Olk, Oyk), (1) sugarbag wax in general; (2) sugarbag wax after squeezing it in particular
    • egng eje (Olk), sugarbag species: Trigona sp.
    • egng elekar (Oyk), Pulp
    • egng elgnggel (Olk), Seed
    • egng embodh (Olk), Tea
    • egng engarri (Oyk), sugarbag species: Trigona fusco balteata
    • egng engarrj (Oyk), sugarbag species: Trigona fusco balteata
    • egng engarry (Oyk), sugarbag species: Trigona fusco balteata
    • egng enychem (Oyk), Cut sugarbag
    • egng ew (Oyk), Entrance to sugarbag
    • egng eyaj (Olk, Oyk), sugarbag species: Trigona sp.
    • egng idndan (Olk, Oyk), Punch-down dough
    • egng ig (Oyk), Tea leaves
    • egng irrk (Oyk), sugarbag species: Trigona hockingsi
    • egng od (Oyk), Batument plug
    • egng og (Oyk), Tea
    • egng ok (Olk), Tea
    • egng oko (Olk), Drink made from sugarbag
    • egng olgngg (Oyk), Honey
    • egng ond (Olk), sugarbag species: Trigona sp.
    • egng ongor (Olk, Oyk), sugarbag wax before squeezing it
    • egng onmon (Olk, Oyk), Seed
    • egng ont (Oyk), sugarbag species: Trigona sp.
    • egng onyen (Olk), sugarbag wax net
    • egng orch (Oyk), Juice, Liquid, Grease
    • egng ored (Olk, Oyk), sugarbag species: Trigona sp.
    • egng orrch (Oyk), Honey
    • egng ubanyj (Oyk), (1) Pollen store of sugarbag; (2) Generic "sugarbag"
    • egng ulbmul, Entrance ("nose") of a sugarbag
    • egng ulginb (Olk), Batument plug of sugarbag
    • egng upanyj (Olk), Beer, Grog
    • egng utuwal (Olk), English bee
    • egng uwunb (Oyk), English bee
    • egng uyenagem (Olk), sugarbag species: Trigona fusco balteata
  • egnga
    • egnga (Olk), Food, Vegetable food
    • egnga ewa (Olk), Entrance to sugarbag
    • egnga oto (Olk), Batument plug
    • egnga oyjo (Olk), Honey
    • egnga ulbmul (Olk), 'Nose' of sugarbag
    • egnga upanyj (Olk), Pollen store of sugarbag
  • egngal
    • egngal (Olk, Oyk), Boomerang
    • od egngal (Olk), New moon
    • ort egngal (Oyk), New moon
  • egngan
    • ojnyjen egngan (Olk, Oyk), Corroboree dancing and singing
  • egngan (Olk, Oyk), Rain (RR-class verb, root /egnga-/, reduplicated root /egngegnga-/, past /-rr/)
  • egngembej (Olk), Firefly
  • egngg
    • egngg (Oyk), Bad
    • egngg ambenh (Olk, Oyk), Getting no good [ambenh, L-class verb]
  • egnggal
    • egnggal (Olk, Oyk), Shoulder
    • egnggal (Olk), Arm
    • anurrb egnggal (Olk), Collar bone
    • egnggal elgal (Olk), Shoulder blade
    • egnggal elkal (Oyk), Shoulder blade
  • egnggo (Olk)
    • egnggo, Bad
    • ok egnggo, Muddy water, Brackish water
    • orol egnggo, Diarrhoea
  • egom (Olk), Left hand
  • egorag (meat cl): inh egorag (Olk) [21 KB .wav file], echidna, Tachyglossus aculeatus
  • egurunhdh
    • eg egurunhdh (Oyk), Steep hill
  • ej (tree cl): ug ej (Olk), uk ej (Oyk), ?
  • ejal
    • oth ejal (Olk), Semen, Spunk
  • eje (food classifier): egng eje (Olk), sugarbag species: Trigona sp.
  • ejebeng (meat cl): inh ejebeng (Olk), Turnix pyrrhothorax
  • ejej (paperbark cl): olbel ejej (Olk), Melaleuca stenostachya
  • ejejodh (meat cl): inh ejejodh (Oyk), red-backed fairy-wren, Malurus melanocephalus
  • ejendand (meat cl): inh ejendand (Olk), Varanus storri
  • ejer (Oyk)
    • ejer, (1) Storm; (2) Wet season; (3) Rain
    • ejer unyan, (1) Rain; (2) Drizzle, light rain
  • ejnyal (food cl): egng ejnyal (Olk), nonda apple or nonda plum, Parinari nonda
  • ejnyejnyar (Olk), Wrinkles
  • ejnyj (Oyk)
    • ew ejnyj, Spit (noun), Saliva, Phlegm
    • ew ejnyj ikin, Spit (verb; past: ew ejnyj ikirr)
    • uy ew ejnyj abur, archerfish, Toxotes chatareus [= Uw Oykangand uy idndalgun in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ejnyjam (Olk, Oyk), (1) Bladder; (2) Tripe
  • ejnyje (grass cl): ugan ejnyje (Olk), spear grass, Aristida sp. [scientific identification subject to verification]
  • ejnyjey (Olk, Oyk), Light
  • ejogor (tree cl): ug ejogor, Silver-leaved paperbark, Melaleuca argentea [= Uw Olkola ug arrgng in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ejong (fish cl): uy ejong (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), bony bream, Nematalosa erebi
  • ek (=eka, head, in Olkola, the last vowel often lost in compounds)
    • ek agngarrg (Olk), Bald
    • ek agngi (Olk), Grey hair
    • ek ajnyji (Olk), Grey hair
    • ek albman (Olk), Hair of head
    • ek albman onemon (Olk), Curly hair
    • ek algnga (Olk), Head
    • agngar ek alhungand (Olk), Red-legged devil
    • agngar ek alhuy (Olk), Red-legged devil
    • inyjarag ek ebmbebmbar (Olk), red-tailed black-cockatoo, Calyptorhynchus magnificus
    • ek egan (Olk), Hole at base of skull, Foramen magnum
    • ogngg ek ilpal (Olk), Knee cap
    • ek irrji (Olk), Brain
    • ek iturr (Olk), Cut, Sore, Wound
    • ek iwalaw (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Hair of head
    • ek ober (Olk), (1) Skull; (2) Crown
    • ek obichal (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Bald
    • ogngg ek onda (Olk), Knee cap
    • ek onmon (Olk), ?
    • ek ulpar (Olk), Fontanel
    • ek umij (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Brain
  • eka
    • eka (Olk), Head
    • ogngg eka (Olk), Knee
    • ugngg eka (Olk), Knee
  • ekabal (tree cl): ug ekabal (Olk), cattle bush, Ehretia saligna
  • ekan
    • eg ekan (Oyk), Hole at base of skull, Foramen magnum
    • ow ekan (Oyk), Nostril
  • ekan (Oyk), Cut, cut up (RR-class verb, root /eka-/, reduplicated root /ekeka-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • ekaphal (tree cl): uk ekaphal (Oyk), cattle bush, Ehretia saligna
  • ekar (water cl): og ekar (Oyk), Fresh water
  • ekebmbar (tree cl): ug ekebmbar (Olk), Tree sp.
  • ekemb (meat cl): inh ekemb (Oyk), frilled lizard, Chlamydosaurus kingii
  • ekober (tree cl): ug ekober, cabbage tree palm, Corypha and Livistona spp. [= Uw Olkola ug arraring and Uw Oykangand uk arraring in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ekok (Olk)
    • ekok embenh, Lie, tell a lie [ambenh, L-class verb]
  • ekom (Oyk), Left hand
  • ekorak (meat cl): inh ekorak (Oyk), echidna, Tachyglossus aculeatus
  • el (Oyk) (=ele, eye, in Olkola, which often looses the final vowel in compounds)
    • el, Eye (root: /ele/; ergative/locative: ele-manhdh)
    • El (language cl): Uw El (Olk, Oyk), Yirr Mel language and people
    • el ach, Eyelash
    • el achi (Olk), Eyelash
    • el achi (Olk), Eyebrow
    • el albman (Olk), Eyelash
    • el albman (Olk), Eyebrow
    • el arrbmenh (Olk), Forget [arrbmenh, L-class verb]
    • el ath, Eyebrow
    • el aduwin (Olk), Keep an eye on [aduwin, RR-class verb]
    • el atuwin, Keep an eye on [atuwin, RR-class verb]
    • el eden (Olk), Eyelid
    • el elkal, Cheek
    • el errmbenh (Olk, Oyk), Forget [errmbenh, L-class verb]
    • el eten, Eyelid
    • el idnban (Olk, Oyk), Star
    • el igin (Olk), Make eyes at someone [igin, RR-class verb]
    • el iyan (Olk, Oyk), Make eyes at someone [iyan, RR-class verb]
    • el obe (Olk), Eye
    • el odong, Weak-eyed, Blind
    • el ogan (Olk), Forehead
    • el ojo (Olk), Tears
    • el okan, Forehead
    • el oko (Olk), Tears
    • el onbor (Olk), Weak-eyed, Blind
    • el onmon (Olk, Oyk), Eye
    • el onpor, Weak-eyed, Blind
    • el oph, Eye
    • el orch, Tears
    • el otong (Olk), Weak-eyed, Blind
    • el ow agnggenh (Olk), Close your eyes, Wink [agnggenh, L-class verb]
    • el ulbin (Olk), Close your eyes, Wink [ulbin, RR-class verb]
    • el umuny ambenh, Wink (verb) [ambenh, L-class verb]
    • el umunyumuny ambenh, Wink (verb) [ambenh, L-class verb]
    • aphum el, Nipple
    • ednbal el ath elbmbelbmben, Litoria rothii
    • uy el adniy (Olk, Oyk), northern saratoga, Scleropages jardini
  • elabey (Oyk), Shiny
  • eladh (Olk), Younger sister
  • elambungg (land cl): arrgi elambungg (Olk), Baby spirit place
  • elampungk (land cl): errk elampungk (Oyk), Baby spirit place
  • elan (Olk)
  • elanbul (meat cl): inh elanbul (Olk, Oyk), egg white, "jelly egg"
  • elang (Olk, Oyk), Far side or far end of a body of water
  • elangarr (Oyk), Younger sister
  • elar (meat cl): inh elar (Oyk), Australian owlet-nightjar, Aegotheles cristatus
  • elarnyjarr (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Younger sister
  • elb (Oyk), Say, tell [Uw Oykangand imperative and present tense forms of the verb elbenh]
  • elbal (Olk), Crying, Wailing
  • elbar
    • elbar (Olk), (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Mountain
    • ew elbar (Olk), Chin
  • elbenh (Oyk), Say, tell (L-class verb, root /elbe-/, past /-l/, imperative and present /elb/)
  • elbmal
    • adndur elbmal (Olk), Earlobe
  • elbmbar (Olk), Back
  • elbmbelbmben
    • elbmbelbmben (Olk, Oyk), Red
    • arrgi elbmbelbmben (Olk), Claypan
  • elbmben
    • elbmben (water cl): ok elbmben (Olk), Lightning
    • agngar odnd elbmben (Olk), Red-legged devil
  • elbmelbmal (frog cl): ednbal elbmelbmal (Oyk), common green tree frog, Litoria caerulea
  • ele (Olk)
    • ele, Eye
    • onyog ele, Fishing hook
  • eleb (Oyk), Steep bank, levee, beach (root: /eleba/; ergative/locative: eleba-manhdh)
  • elekar (food cl): egng elekar (Oyk), Pulp
  • elelor (Olk, Oyk), Alone [reduplicated form of elor]
  • elelwanyj (Olk, Oyk), Too sleepy
  • elember (Olk, Oyk), Sword club, killing club
  • elen (food cl): egng elen (Olk, Oyk), Aponogeton elongatus
  • elend (Olk, Oyk)
    • elend, Awake
    • elend ambenh, Wake up (verb) [ambenh, L-class verb with ambey imperative]
    • eg elend, Awake
    • eg elend inanh, Stay awake, lie awake at night (verb) [inanh, L-class verb]
  • elenggel (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Water
  • elepa (Olk), Bank
  • elgal
    • elgal (Olk), Cocoon
    • al elgal (Olk), Cheek
    • anngul elgal (Olk), Fingernail
    • ebmal elgal (Olk), Toenail
    • egnggal elgal (Olk), Shoulder blade
    • uyam elgal (Olk), Fingernail
  • elghay
    • elghay (Oyk), Bone
    • adn od elghay (Oyk), Tailbone
    • atub elghay (Oyk), Backbone, Spine
  • elgngal (tree cl): ug elgngal (Olk), uk elgngal (Oyk), Elaeocarpus arnhemicus
  • algng elgngga (Olk), Toothache
  • elgnggath (fire cl): alh elgnggath (Oyk), Kindling
  • elgnggel
    • elgnggel (Olk), Bone
    • adn ot elgnggel (Olk), Tailbone
    • al elgnggel (Olk), Jaw
    • atub elgnggel (Olk), Backbone, Spine
    • egng elgnggel (Olk), Seed
    • odnd elgnggel (Olk), Shin, Lower leg
    • ulbmul elgnggel (Olk), Bridge of nose
    • elgnggel ewabal (Olk), Heel drill
  • elgnggon (meat cl): inh elgnggon (Olk, Oyk), Smell of food gone bad
  • elgor (Oyk), Many
  • elgorag (Oyk), Many times
  • elgoy (meat cl): inh elgoy (Olk) [22 KB .wav file], northern snake-necked turtle, Chelodina rugosa
  • elkal (Oyk)
    • elkal, Cocoon
    • ebmal elkal, Toenail
    • egnggal elkal, Shoulder blade
    • el elkal, Cheek
    • ow elkal, Bridge of nose
    • ubmbal elkal, Shoulder blade
    • uyam elkal, Fingernail
  • elkonhthelkonhth (Oyk), Billycan [the shortened form konhthelkonhth is more common]
  • elkor
    • adn elkor (Olk), Stomach, Guts
    • agal elkor (Olk), Calf
    • ubman elkor (Olk), Lap
  • elkoy (meat cl): inh elkoy (Oyk), northern snake-necked turtle, Chelodina rugosa
  • elmogan (food cl): egng elmogan (Olk), Aristolochia pubera
  • elmogan (food cl): egng elmoghan (Oyk), Aristolochia pubera
  • elmor
    • elmor (Oyk), Groin, Midsection, Perineum
    • alk elmor (Oyk), Porcupine spear, Gravel spear, Bottle spear
    • elmor albman (Oyk), Pubic hair
  • elngamb (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Face
  • elogar (grass cl): ugan elogar (Olk), ukan elogar (Oyk), blady grass, also called lady grass, Mnesithea rottboellioides [scientific identification subject to confirmation]
  • elor (Olk, Oyk), Alone [reduplicated: elelor]
  • elpan
    • elpan (Olk), (1) Liver; (2) Body
    • inh elpan (Olk), Meat
    • uyam elpan (Olk), Palm of hand
  • elpen (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Body
  • elpenh (Olk), Say, tell (L-class verb, root /elpe-/, past /-l/, imperative /-y/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • elphal (Oyk), Crying, Wailing
  • elphar (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Mountain
  • elphen (meat cl): inh elphen (Oyk), Meat
  • elucha
  • elutu (fish cl): uy elutu (Olk), Mogurnda mogurnda
  • elw (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), River
  • elwan (Olk, Oyk)
    • elwan, Sleep (noun)
    • elwan udn (Oyk), Sleep (verb; past: elwan udnal)
    • elwan udnanh (Olk), Sleep (verb; past: elwan udnal)
  • elwanyj (Olk, Oyk), Sleepy
  • ember (Olk, Oyk), Skin
  • embodh (food cl): egng embodh (Olk), Tea
  • emen (tree cl): ug emen (Olk), Black antbed
  • en.gan (Olk), Sweat
  • endag (tree cl): ug endag (Olk), Calycopeplus casuarinoides
  • ene (tree cl): ug ene (Olk), Tobacco
  • enel (spear cl): alg enel (Olk), Spear hook
  • engadh (meat cl): inh engadh (Olk), White-winged triller, Lalage tricolor
  • engam (Olk, Oyk), Food pounder
  • enganhdhan (tree cl): ug enganhdhan (Olk), uk enganhdhan (Oyk), Acacia sp.
  • enganyjing (spear cl): alg enganyjing (Olk), alk enganyjing (Oyk), Four-pronged man spear
  • engaramb (meat cl): inh engaramb (Olk, Oyk), Varanus mertensi
  • engarri (food cl): egng engarri (Oyk), sugarbag species: Trigona fusco balteata
  • engarrj (food cl): egng engarrj (Oyk), sugarbag species: Trigona fusco balteata
  • engarry (food cl): egng engarry (Oyk), sugarbag species: Trigona fusco balteata
  • engawal, (1) Image; (2) Spirit [= angangal in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]; (3) Breath; (4) Body [= Uw Olkola enggar and Uw Oykangand engkar in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • enger (tree cl): ug enger (Olk), uk enger (Oyk), paperbark tea-tree, Melaleuca minutifolia
  • enggar [in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy engawal]
    • enggar (Olk), (1) Breath; (2) Laboured breathing; (3) Breathing slowly
    • enggar (water cl): og enggar (Oyk), ok enggar (Olk), Thirst, Thirsty
    • enggar albman (Olk), Body hair
    • enggar igin, Breathe (verb; past: enggar igirr)
    • enggar udnam (Olk), Body fat
    • orol enggar (Olk), Breath
    • ubmbal enggar (Olk), Pulse
  • enggarengg
  • enggor (Olk), (1) Shade, Shadow; (2) Bough shade [in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy engomang]
  • engin
    • adndur engin (Olk), Ear wax
  • engkar [in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy engawal]
    • engkar (Oyk), Laboured breathing, Breathing slowly
    • engkar ikin, Breathe (verb; past: engkar ikirr)
    • orol engkar (Oyk), Breath
    • ubmbal engkar (Oyk), Pulse
  • engkor (Oyk), (1) Shade, Shadow; (2) Bough shade [in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy engomang]
  • engomang, (1) Cloud [= Uw Olkola orrjar and Uw Oykangand orrchar in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]; (2) Image, Spirit; (3) Shade, Shadow [= Uw Olkola enggor and Uw Oykangand engkor in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • enhthenhthal (Oyk), Bit, very small quantity
  • enk (food cl): egng enk (Oyk), Toffee
  • enka (food cl): egng enka (Olk), Toffee
  • enmor (Olk)
    • enmor, Groin, Midsection, Perineum
    • enmor (spear cl): alg enmor, Porcupine spear, Gravel spear, Bottle spear
    • enmor (meat cl): inh enmor, Pouch of a marsupial
    • enmor albman, Pubic hair
  • enolg (Olk, Oyk), Once
  • enongg (Olk), One
  • enonggab (Oyk), One
  • enychan (Oyk), Mangey, skinny [of dogs]
  • enychem (food cl): egng enychem (Oyk), Cut sugarbag
  • enychon (tree cl): uk enychon (Oyk), Centipede
  • enyjen (Olk), Shreds of outer tree bark
  • enyjon (tree cl): ug enyjon (Olk), Centipede
  • epa (shit cl): adn epa (Olk), Bum, Buttocks
  • epadh (Olk), Older sister
  • eparrb (tree cl): ug eparrb (Olk), Dragonfly
  • eper (tree cl): ug eper (Olk) [23 KB .wav file], Tobacco
  • eph
    • eph (Oyk), Tongue (root: /ephe/; ergative/locative: ephe-manhdh)
    • odh eph (Oyk), Testicle
    • eph odong (Oyk), Mute
  • ephar (meat cl): inh ephar (Oyk), Lopholaimus antarcticus
  • epheram (food cl): egng epheram (Oyk), ?
  • er (shit cl): adn er (Olk, Oyk), Groin (root: /ere/; ergative/locative: adn ere-manhdh)
  • erab (meat cl): inh erab (Olk), tawny frogmouth, Podargus strigoides
  • eral
    • eral (Oyk), Grey
    • ednbal eral (Oyk), Litoria rubella
    • og eral (Oyk), Muddy water, Brackish water
    • ujny eral (Oyk), Hornet
  • eran
    • eran (Olk, Oyk), Sandfly sp.
    • eran (hornet cl): ujny eran (Oyk), March Fly
  • eran.g (hornet cl): ujny eran.g (Olk), March Fly
  • erar (Olk), Rainbow
  • eraw (meat cl): inh eraw (Oyk), tawny frogmouth, Podargus strigoides
  • erch
    • eg ow erch (Oyk), Snot, Nasal mucus
  • erdnderdndel (Olk, Oyk)
    • erdnderdndel, Slippery, smooth
    • erdnderdndel (tree cl): ug erdnderdndel (Olk), uk erdnderdndel (Oyk), Jacksonia forrestii
  • eren (tree cl): ug eren (Olk), uk eren (Oyk), Firefly
  • erenhdh (tree cl): ug erenhdh (Olk), uk erenhdh (Oyk), Acacia sp.
  • erodnh
    • ubmbal erodnh (Olk, Oyk), Wrist, Knuckles
    • uyam erodnh (Olk, Oyk), Fist
  • eromb
  • eror (Olk), Flat
  • erorr (language cl): uw erorr (Olk, Oyk), Voice
  • errab
    • errab (Olk, Oyk), Three
    • uyam errab (Olk), Fingers
  • errabag (Olk, Oyk), Three times
  • erran (Oyk), Cicada
  • erranggulph (meat cl): inh erranggulph (Oyk), sarus crane, Grus antigone
  • erray (Oyk), Rest
  • errb (Oyk), Reflexive or reciprocal [Uw Oykangand imperative and present tense forms of the verb errbenh]
  • errb (Oyk), Say, tell [Uw Oykangand imperative and present tense forms of the verb errbenh]
  • errbenh (Oyk), Reflexive or reciprocal (L-class verb, root /errbe-/, past /-l/, imperative or present /errb/). Ex: ekan errbenh, cutting oneself.
  • errbenh (Oyk), Say, tell (L-class verb, root /errbe-/, past /-l/, imperative and present /errb/)
  • arrbin (Olk), Touch, catch, hold, take (RR-class verb, root /arrbi-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • arrbinh (Olk), Reflexive or reciprocal (L-class verb, root /arrbi-/, past and imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/). Ex: egan arrbinh, cutting oneself.
  • errbm
    • errbm (Oyk), Rib, side, flank (root: /errbme/; ergative/locative: errbme-manhdh)
    • abmbin errbm (Oyk), Yam strainer
  • errbmenh (Oyk) Finishing, (L-class verb, root /errbme-/, past /-l/)
  • errbor (food cl): egng errbor (Olk), Blackberry tree [?= egng olphogor (Oyk), Fruit tree sp.]
  • errch
    • errch (Oyk), Sandridge
    • eg ow errch (Oyk), Brain
  • errchal
    • odh errchal (Oyk), Semen, Spunk
    • errchal (tree cl): ug errchal (Olk), uk errchal (Oyk), Dendrobium sp?
  • errenyjel (meat cl): inh errenyjel (Olk), whistling duck, Dendrocygna spp.
  • errg (Oyk), Talking/talk! [Uw Oykangand imperative and present tense forms of the verb errgenh]
  • errgam (tree cl): ug errgam (Olk), (1) northern grasstree, Xanthorrhoea johnsonii; (2) Firestick produced from grasstree; (3) Wax from grasstree [synonym: ulginb]; (3) Spearrod produced from grasstree
  • errgar
  • errgay (tree cl): ug errgay (Olk), uk errgay (Oyk), Acacia tortulosa
  • errgenh (Oyk), Talking (L-class verb, root /errge-/, past /-l/, imperative and present /errg/)
  • errgng (termite mound cl): iban errgng (Olk), iphan errgng (Oyk), Cathedral termite mound
  • errgngol
  • errgon (meat cl): inh errgon (Oyk), Ardea picata
  • errinyarr (meat cl): inh errinyarr (Olk), apostlebird or "happy family," Struthidea cinerea
  • errj (tree cl): uk errj/(food cl): egng errj (Olk), dye tree, Morinda citrifolia
  • errjel (Olk), Sandridge
  • errjel (meat cl): inh errjel (Oyk), Fine emu feathers
  • errji
    • ulbmul errji (Olk), Snot, Nasal mucus
  • errjny (Oyk), Hard
  • errjnyj (meat cl): inh errjnyj (Oyk), freshwater crocodile, Crocodylus johnstoni (root: /errjnyje/; ergative/locative: inh errjnyj-manhdh)
  • errjnyjey (Olk, Oyk), Swelling
  • errk (=Olk arrgi/arrg)
    • errk (Oyk), Land, ground, earth, place, camp (root: /errki/; ergative/locative: errki-y)
    • errk alghay (Oyk), Rock
    • errk angar (Oyk), Sky
    • errk ebmbebmbol (Oyk), (1) Plain; (2) Level ground; (3) Burial platform
    • errk elampungk (Oyk), Baby spirit place
    • errk ew (Oyk), Hole
    • adn errk ew (Oyk), Anus
    • idn errk ew (Oyk), Vagina
    • ow errk ew (Oyk), Nostril
    • errk ibmbur (Oyk), Plain, Level ground
    • errk obm (Oyk), Poison country
    • errk olwon (Oyk), Mountain
  • errkar (shit cl): adn errkar (Oyk), Bum, Buttocks
  • errkay (tree cl): ug errkay (Olk), uk errkay (Oyk), Tree sp.
  • errkedhal (meat cl): inh errkedhal (Oyk), radjah shellduck, Tadorna radjah
  • errkel (grass cl): ukan (Oyk), razor grass
  • errkon (fire cl): alh errkon (Olk), Smokefire, Smoke
  • errkukin (Oyk)
    • errkukin errbenh, Lie, Tell a lie [errbenh, L-class verb]
  • errmarrgan (tree cl): ug errmarrgan (Olk), Dendrolobium umbellatum
  • errmarrgan (tree cl): uk errmarrgan (Oyk), Dendrolobium umbellatum
  • errmbal (tree cl): ug errmbal (Olk), uk errmbal (Oyk), Leea indica
  • errmerrm
    • ugngg errmerrm (Olk), Chest
  • errn (Oyk) Standing/stand! [Uw Oykangand imperative and present tense forms of the verb errnenh]
  • errndarrw (meat cl): inh errndarrw (Oyk), sacred ibis or "white ibis," Threskiornis aethiopica
  • errnenh (Oyk) Standing, (L-class verb, root /errne-/, reduplicated /errnerrne-/, past /-l/, imperative and present /errn/)
  • errnggan (Oyk), Scraping (RR-class verb, root /errngga-/, reduplicated root /errnggerrngga-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • errpenh (Olk), Reflexive or reciprocal (L-class verb, root /errpe-/, past and imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/). Ex: egan errpenh, cutting oneself.
  • errpenh (Olk), Say, tell (L-class verb, root /errpe-/, past /-l/, imperative /-y/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • errphanh (Oyk)
    • eg errphanh, Crest (of feathers on the head of a bird)
  • errwal (meat cl): inh errwal (Oyk), rainbow lorikeet, Trichoglossus haematodus
  • errwan (Olk), Gather, pick up, catch, touch, take (RR-class verb, root /errwa-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • errwodh
  • errwoy
  • erry (food cl): egng erry (Oyk), dye tree, Morinda citrifolia
  • erryal (meat cl): inh erryal (Oyk), Coturnix australis
  • erryel (tree cl): ug erryel (Olk), uk erryel (Oyk), Melaleuca nervosa
  • ertag (tree cl): uk ertag (Oyk), Fruit tree sp. [= Uw Oykangand egng olphogor in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • etambuw (meat cl): inh etambuw, saltwater crocodile, Crocodylus porosus [= inh owinhay in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • etanyj (Oyk), Junction of two rivers
  • eteb (Olk), Quiet
  • eten
    • eten (Oyk), Skin
    • angar eten (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Sky
    • el eten (Oyk), Eyelid
    • ew eten (Oyk), Lip
    • odh eten (Oyk), Scrotum
  • ethen, (1) Sickness, Pain, Fever; (2) Sick [= ajnyj in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ethey (grass cl): ukan ethey (Oyk), hoop Mitchell grass, Astrebla elymoides [scientific identification subject to confirmation]
  • ethor
    • ethor (Olk), Full, of stomach
    • od ethor (Olk), Full moon
  • etomben (tree cl): ug etomben (Olk), small tree or shrub sp., Thryptomene oligandra [= Uw Olkola ug arrpenhdhing in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • etor (Olk), Sandridge
  • ew (Oyk)
    • ew, Mouth (root: /ewa/; ergative/locative: ewa-manhdh)
    • ew agom, (1) Chin; (2) Beard, Moustache
    • ew akom (Olk), (1) Chin; (2) Beard, Moustache
    • ew albman (Olk, Oyk), Beard, Moustache
    • ew alphar, Chin
    • ew anangg ambenh (Olk, Oyk), Open one's mouth [ambenh, L-class verb]
    • ew ang (Olk, Oyk), Yawn (noun)
    • ew ang adin (Olk), Yawn (verb; past: ew ang adirr)
    • ew ang artin, Yawn (verb; past: ew ang artirr)
    • ew arrchan, Kiss (verb) [arrchan, RR-class verb]
    • ew ayman (Olk), Spit, Saliva, Phlegm
    • ew ayman adhan, Spit (verb; past: ew ayman adharr)
    • ew eden (Olk), Lip
    • ew edhon (Olk), Lip
    • ew ejnyj, Spit (noun), Saliva, Phlegm
    • ew ejnyj ikin, Spit (verb; past: ew ejnyj ikirr)
    • ew elbar (Olk), Chin
    • ew eten, Lip
    • ew inhdhun (Olk), Tongue
    • ew ubmban (Olk), Kiss (verb) [ubmban, RR-class verb]
    • abanhdh ew eden (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Lip
    • adn errk ew, Anus
    • ebmanhdh ew (Olk, Oyk), Capmari oven
    • ednbal ew aral, Litoria bicolor
    • egng ew, Entrance to sugarbag
    • errk ew, Hole
    • idn errk ew, Vagina
    • ow errk ew, Nostril
    • uy ew ayman abur, archerfish, Toxotes chatareus [= uy idndalgun in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
    • uy ew ejnyj abur, archerfish, Toxotes chatareus [= uy idndalgun in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ew (Oyk), Seeing/see! [Uw Oykangand imperative and present tense forms of the verb ewanh]
  • ewa
    • ewa (Olk), (1) Mouth; (2) Pipe bowl
    • adn arrgi ewa (Olk), Anus
    • arrgi ewa (Olk), Hole
    • ebmanhdh ewa (Olk), Capmari oven
    • egnga ewa (Olk), Entrance to sugarbag
    • idn arrgi ewa (Olk), Vagina
    • ulbmul arrgi ewa (Olk), Nostril
  • ewabal
    • elgnggel ewabal (Olk), Heel drill
  • ewadhal (meat cl): inh ewadhal (Olk, Oyk), Phalacrocorax carbo
  • ewanh (Olk, Oyk), Seeing, looking at (L-class verb, root /ewa-/, past /-l/, Uw Olkola imperative /-l/, northern Uw Olkola imperative /-ng/, Uw Oykangand imperative and present /ew/)
  • ewarr (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Rainbow
  • ewarrnd (Oyk)
    • ewarrnd, Burp (noun)
    • ewarrnd ikin, Burp (verb; past: ewarrnd ikirr)
  • ewarru
    • ugngg ewarru (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Chest
  • ewelmb (meat cl): inh ewelmb (Olk, Oyk), Entomyzon cyanotis
  • ewen (tree cl): ug ewen (Olk), sugarbag grass
  • ewenewen (Olk, Oyk), Sandflies
  • ewengg (Olk, Oyk), Dusk
  • ewephal (water cl): og ewephal (Oyk), (1) Froth, Scum on water; (2) Floodwaters
  • ewinhdhuy (meat cl): inh ewinhdhuy (Olk), white-breasted sea-eagle, Haliaeetus leucogaster
  • ewinhthuy (meat cl): inh ewinhthuy (Oyk), white-breasted sea-eagle, Haliaeetus leucogaster
  • ewobmal (food cl): egng ewobmal (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Cucumis trigonus
  • ewomben (tree cl): ug ewomben (Olk), (1) coolibah tree, Eucalyptus microtheca [= Uw Olkola ug oywon and Uw Oykangand uk oywon in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]; (2) box tree, Eucalyptus sp. [= Uw Oykangand uk ijnyjiw and Uw Olkola ug ijnyjib in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • eworchanyj (meat cl): inh eworchanyj (Oyk), Australian darter, Anhinga melanogaster
  • ewoyjangg (Olk), Short
  • ewoyjanyj (meat cl): inh ewoyjanyj (Olk), Australian darter, Anhinga melanogaster
  • ewoyjengg (Olk), Short
  • ewuchal (meat cl): inh ewuchal (Olk), Threskiornis spinicollis
  • ewurrjal (meat cl): inh ewurrjal (Oyk), Threskiornis spinicollis
  • eyadh (Olk), Spit, Saliva, Phlegm
  • eyaj (food cl): egng eyaj (Olk, Oyk), sugarbag species: Trigona sp.
  • eyaj (food cl): egng eyaj (Olk), long yam, Dioscorea transversa [= egng egaj]
  • eyan (Olk), Mouth

[G]

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  • gagang (Olk), Younger brother

[I]

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  • iba (Olk)
    • iba, Liver
    • iba (water cl): ok iba, Middle or deep part of a body of water
    • ebmal iba, Sole of foot
    • orol iba, Belly
    • uland iba, Deep part of the sea, past the shallows
    • uy iba, Fish fat
    • uyam iba, Palm of hand
  • ibag (tree cl): ug ibag (Olk), Alphitonia sp?
  • iban (Olk)
  • ibangarr (Oyk), Father
  • ibany (Olk), From the south [case form of ipar, south]
  • ibar (Oyk), South
  • ibarr
    • ibarr (fish cl): uy ibarr (Olk), Hephaestus sp.?
    • ibarr (fish cl): uy ibarr ogerogenyj (Olk), Scortum barcoo
  • ibarral (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Mother-in-Law
  • ibi (Olk), Liver
  • ibidhal (meat cl): inh ibidhal (Olk), Australian magpie-lark or "peewee," Grallina cyanoleuca
  • ibirrja (Olk), Cold weather, Cold
  • ibmanh (Oyk), Hand axe
  • ibmay (Olk, Oyk), (1) Shell; (2) Bailer shell; (3) Snail, snail shell
  • ibmban
    • ebmal ibmban (Olk), Big toe
  • ibmbin (grass cl): ugan ibmbin (Olk), ukan ibmbin (Oyk), kangaroo grass, Alloteropsis semialata [scientific identification subject to verification]
  • ibmbin
    • adnand ibmbin (Olk, Oyk), Large intestine
  • ibmbun (Olk, Oyk), Spine
    • ibmbun (fish cl): uy ibmbun, fish spine
    • ibmbun abmberamb, stingray spine
  • ibmbun (Olk, Oyk), Dig (RR-class verb, root /ibmbu-/, reduplicated root /ibmbibmbu-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • ibmbur
    • ibmbur (land cl): arrg ibmbur (Olk), errk ibmbur (Oyk), Plain, Level ground
    • ibmbur (tree cl): ug ibmbur (Olk), uk ibmbur (Oyk), Melaleuca sp.
  • ibmub (Olk), grandfather
  • ibungam, From the south, case form of ibungiy, South [= ibany, From the south, case form of ipar, South, in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ibungiy, South [= Uw Olkola ipar in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ichadh (Olk), Father
  • ichal (Oyk), Hungry
  • icham (Olk), Sore, Wound
  • ichan (Olk), Eating (RR-class verb, root /icha-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • ichang (Olk), Dead
  • ichig (tree cl): ug ichig (Olk), Tobacco
  • idar (grass cl): ukan idar (Oyk), dropseed grass, Sporobolus diander [scientific identification subject to confirmation]
  • idhan (Olk)
    • aychamb idhan, Emu home (place name)
  • idhan (Olk), Touch, catch, hold, take (RR-class verb, root /idha-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • idhar (Oyk), Dream
  • idhirrid (meat cl): inh idhirrid (Oyk), willie-wagtail, Rhipidura leucophrys
  • idhul (tree cl): uk idhul, (1) turpentine tree, Canarium australianum; (2) Alstonia actinophylla [= Uw Oykangand uk achul in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • idhun (meat cl): inh idhun (Olk), eastern blue-tongued lizard or "bluetongue," Tiliqua scincoides
  • ithun (Olk), Wash (RR-class verb, root /idhu-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • idn
    • idn (Oyk), Vagina, generic classifier for female sexual and reproductive organs (root: /idna/; ergative/locative: idna-manhdh)
    • idn almul (Olk), Clitoris
    • idn arrgi ewa (Olk), Vagina
    • idn errk ew (Oyk), Vagina
    • idn ubam (Olk), Womb, Placenta
    • idn upham (Oyk), Womb, Placenta
  • idn.gan (tree cl): ug idn.gan (Olk), uk idn.gan (Oyk), cabbage tree palm, Corypha and Livistona spp. [= Uw Olkola uk ujnyjan and Uw Oykangand ug ujnyjan in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • idn.gin (Olk), Pull out (RR-class verb, root /idn.gi-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/) [= ignggin]
  • idna (Olk), Vagina
  • idnang (Olk), Scraper, cicatrising stone
  • idnban (Olk, Oyk)
    • idnban, Long, big
    • odel idnban (spear cl): alg odel idnban (Olk), Spear sp.
    • otel idnban (spear cl): alk otel idnban (Oyk), Spear sp.
    • el idnban, Star
    • uyam idnban, Thumb
  • idnbul, Two [= Uw Olkola uchir and Uw Oykangand ujir in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • idndalgun (fish cl): uy idndalgun (Olk, Oyk), archerfish, Toxotes chatareus
  • idndan (food cl): egng idndan (Olk, Oyk), Punch-down dough
  • idndir
    • idndir (tree cl): uk idndir (Oyk), gutta-percha tree, Excoecaria parvifolia
    • idndir (meat cl): inh idndir (Olk, Oyk), a large game reptile, i.e. a large goanna, saltwater crocodile or freshwater crocodile (this word can also used to modify the specific name for these reptile species: inh agondel idndir for a large goanna.
  • idnhan (Olk, Oyk)
    • idnhan, Body
    • inh idnhan, Meat
    • idnhan umban (Oyk), Naked
  • idnhdhag
    • ugngg idnhdhag (Olk), Chest
  • idnhdhan (Olk, Oyk), Mosquito shelter
  • idnhdhan (Olk, Oyk), Squeeze (sugarbag), grab (RR-class verb, root /idnhdha-/, reduplicated root /idnhdha-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • Idni
    • Uw Idni (Olk), Avoidance language in Pakanh
  • idun (spear cl): alk idun (Oyk), Hand adze
  • idun (Oyk), Wash (RR-class verb, root /idu-/, reduplicated root /ididu-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • idun (Oyk), Spearing, poking, hitting, sticking (RR-class verb, root /idu-/, reduplicated root /ididu-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/). This verb may take an instrumental noun phrase: alka-nhdh idu-rr ay inun, I hit you with a spear. When there is an instrumental noun and no agent, the sense is passive: alka-nhdh idu-rr adhun, A spear been poke me.
  • ig
    • ig (Oyk), Leaf
    • ig (food cl): egng ig (Oyk), Tea leaves
  • igal (water cl): og igal (Oyk), Dew
  • igal (meat cl): inh igal (Oyk), bandy-bandy, Vermicella annulata
  • iganigan (fire cl): alh iganigan (Olk), Spark
  • igar (Olk), Dry
  • igay (tree cl): uk igay (Oyk), Eucalyptus polycarpa
  • igh (Oyk), Bailer shell (root: /igha/; ergative/locative: igha-manhdh)
  • igngan (Olk), Touch, catch, hold, take (RR-class verb, root /ignga-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • igngan (Olk), Spearing, poking, hitting, sticking (RR-class verb, root /ignga-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • ignggan (Oyk)
  • ignggin (Olk, Oyk), Pull out (RR-class verb, root /ignggi-/, reduplicated root /ignggignggi-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/) [= idn.gin]
  • ignggul (water cl): ok ignggul (Olk), Puddle
  • ignggun (meat cl): inh ignggun (Olk, Oyk), file snake, Acrochordus arafurae
  • igun (Oyk), Going, walking, being (RR-class verb, root /igu-/, reduplicated root /igigu-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, present tense and nominal augment /-n/)
    • adn igun, Going to toilet
    • orren igun, (1) Sneaking up on; (2) Going to toilet
    • aphan igun, Going to collect or gather something
    • aykenh igun, Going around, circling
    • ebmong igun, Urinating
    • olon igun, Coming
    • orrongkorr igun, Getting drunk
    • unychin igun, Going swimming
  • ijam
    • ijam (Oyk), Sore, Wound
    • algng ijam (Oyk), Toothache
  • ijan (Oyk), Eating (RR-class verb, root /ija-/, reduplicated root /ijija-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • ijang (Oyk), Dead
  • ijijag
    • uk ilam ijijag (Oyk), Butterfly
  • ijijudh (meat cl): inh ijijudh (Olk), red-backed fairy-wren, Malurus melanocephalus
  • ijijur (meat cl): inh ijijur (Oyk), pied heron, Ardea picata
  • ijnyja (land cl): arrgi ijnyja (Olk), (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Poison country
  • ijnyjan (tree cl): ug ijnyjan (Olk), uk ijnyjan (Oyk), Pterocaulon sphacelatum
  • ijnyjib (tree cl): ug ijnyjib (Olk), box tree, Eucalyptus sp.
  • ijnyjigam
    • ijnyjigam (Olk), Moth
    • ijnyjigam (tree cl): ug ijnyjigam (Olk), Carallia brachiata
  • ijnyjiw
  • ijnyjiyam (Oyk), Moth
  • ijnyjun (Olk), Bubble
  • ijnyur (Olk, Oyk), (1) Alive; (2) Raw
  • ikaj (tree cl): ug ikaj (Olk), Eucalyptus polycarpa
  • ikal (water cl): ok ikal (Olk), Dew
  • iku (Olk), Bailer shell
  • ikum
    • ikum (Olk), New
    • od ikum (Olk), New moon
  • ikun (food cl): egng ikun (Oyk), Cayratia trifolia
  • ikun (Olk), Going, walking, being (RR-class verb, root /iku-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/, present tense and nominal augment /-n/)
    • aban ikun, Going to collect or gather something
    • adn ikun, Going to toilet
    • aygenh ikun, Going around, circling
    • orren ikun, (1) Sneaking up on; (2) Going to toilet
    • ebmong ikun, Urinating
    • olon ikun, Coming
    • orronggorr ikun, Getting drunk
    • unyjin ikun, Going swimming
  • il (Olk, Oyk), 3st person singular nominative pronoun ("he, she, it")
  • ilam
    • uk ilam ijijag (Oyk), Butterfly
  • ilambar (food cl): egng ilambar (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Atalaya angustifolia
  • ilanychar (tree cl): uk ilanychar (Oyk), Acacia sherleyi
  • ilanyjar (tree cl): ug ilanyjar (Olk), Acacia sherleyi
  • ilb
    • ilb (Oyk), Scar, Cicatrice (root: /ilbi/; ergative/locative: ilbi-manhdh)
    • ilb elan (Oyk), Marking stick
  • ilbunh (tree cl): ug ilbunh (Olk), river red gum, Eucalyptus camaldulensis
  • ilbmb
    • ilbmb (Oyk), Salt
    • ilbmb (water cl): og ilbmb (Oyk), (1) Sea, Sea water; (2) Flood, floodwater; (3) Beer, Grog
    • ilbmb (tree cl): uk ilbmb (Oyk), Grasstree wax
  • Ilbmbanhdhiy (language cl): Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy (Olk, Oyk), Avoidance language in Oykangand and Olkola
  • ilbmbu
    • ilbmbu (Olk), Salt
    • ilbmbu (water cl): ok ilbmbu (Olk), (1) Sea, sea water; (2) Flood, floodwater; (3) Beer, grog
  • ilbmbun (food cl): egng ilbmbun (Olk, Oyk), bulguruw, Eleocharis spp. including E. brassii
  • ilbmbungg (sun cl): ugng ilbmbungg (Olk), Dry season
  • ilg (commitative postposition in Oykangand)
    • ilg (Oyk), With
    • ajnyj ilg (Oyk), Sick
    • alk utuwal ilg (Oyk), Fishing hand point
  • ilgurr, Sleep [= Uw Oykangand elwan in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ilh
    • eg ilh (Oyk), Tick, flea
  • ilhan (Olk, Oyk), Licking (RR-class verb, root /ilha-/, reduplicated root /ilhilha-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • ilkurr (Olk), Sleep
  • ilp elan (Olk), Message stick
  • ilpa
  • ilpal
    • ogngg ek ilpal (Olk), Knee cap
  • ilphunh (tree cl): uk ilphunh (Oyk), river red gum, Eucalyptus camaldulensis
  • iluw (fire cl): alh iluw (Olk, Oyk), Santalum lanceolatum
  • ilwuny (food cl): egng ilwuny (Olk), Cucumis trigonus
  • ilwurny (food cl): egng ilwurny (Oyk), Cucumis trigonus
  • imalam, Cold weather, Cold [= Uw Olkola orr, orronhdh, ibirrja, birrja and abirrja in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • imarranggal (fire cl): alh imarranggal (Olk, Oyk), Light from fire, Flame, Torch
  • imilam (tree cl): ug imilam (Olk), Butterfly
  • iming (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Hot coals
  • imuj (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Sand
  • imuyar (food cl): egng imuyar (Olk), white apple, Syzygium eucalyptoides [= egng amuyar]
  • in (Oyk) Sitting/sit! [Uw Oykangand imperative and present tense forms of the verb inanh]
  • inag (Olk), 2st person singular nominative pronoun ("you")
  • inang (Oyk), 2st person singular nominative pronoun ("you")
  • inanh (Olk, Oyk), Sitting (L-class verb, root /ina-/, reduplicated root /inina-/, past /-l/, Olkola imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/, Uw Olkola present /-n/, Uw Oykangand imperative and present /in/, nominal augment /-nh/)
    • adn inanh, Taking a shit
    • eg elend inanh (Oyk), Staying awake, lying awake at night
  • inbal (Olk, Oyk), Quickly
  • In.gan (language cl): Uw In.gan (Olk, Oyk), Ogh Unyjan language and people
  • indilgang (meat cl): inh indilgang (Olk), Australian magpie-lark or "peewee," Grallina cyanoleuca
  • ing (man cl): abm ing (Olk, Oyk), Ghost sp.
  • inggarning (food cl): egng inggarning (Oyk), white berries, Flueggea virosa
  • ingin (Olk, Oyk)
    • ingin, Story
    • ingin algngan (Oyk), Tell a story [algngan, RR-class verb]
    • ingin aden (Olk), Tell a story [aden, RR-class verb]
    • ingin adndeng (Olk), Tell a story
  • ingin (Olk, Oyk), 3st person singular possessive pronoun ("his, her/hers, its")
  • ingk
  • ingkaningkan (fire cl): alh ingkaningkan (Oyk), Spark
  • ingkum
    • ingkum (Oyk), New
    • ort ingkum (Oyk), New moon
  • ingun (Olk, Oyk), 3st person singular accusative pronoun ("him, her, it")
  • inh
    • inh (Oyk), Meat, minya, animal food, generic classifier for mammals, birds and reptiles (root: /inha/; ergative/locative: inha-l)
    • inh achun (Olk), Tail of an animal
    • inh ajun (Oyk), Tail of an animal
    • inh albman (Olk, Oyk), Fur
    • inh alga (Olk), Quill of porcupine, echidna
    • inh alk (Oyk), Quill of porcupine, echidna
    • inh an.ganb (Oyk), Cyclone, Rainbow, Rainbow snake
    • inh atolbmbor (Oyk), Wing of a flying fox
    • inh elgnggon (Olk, Oyk), Smell of food gone bad
    • ug inh elkoy (Oyk), Exocarpus latifolius
    • inh elpan (Olk), Meat
    • inh elphen (Oyk), Meat
    • inh enmor (Olk), Pouch of a marsupial
    • inh idnhan (Oyk), Meat
    • inh irrkur (Olk), Raw meat
    • inh odnd (Oyk), Awl
    • inh ogan adndal (Olk), Thunder spirit
    • inh ojnyj (Oyk), Lightning
    • inh ojnyja (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Lightning
    • inh onmon (Olk, Oyk), Egg
    • inh onychel (Oyk), Snake skin
    • inh onyjel (Olk), Snake skin
    • inh ubmbal arun (Olk, Oyk), Wing of a bat
    • inh udn.g (Olk, Oyk), Raw meat
  • inha (Olk), Meat, Minya, Animal food
  • Inhal (language cl): Uw Inhal (Olk, Oyk), Undetermined language and group term
  • inhdhan (Olk), Grinding (RR-class verb, root /inhdha-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • inhdhay (Olk, Oyk), "Where is it? I don't know where it is; I can't see it": the interogative proximate deictic, in absolutive case.
  • inhdhodh (Olk, Oyk), "Where is it? I don't know where it is; I can't see it": the interogative proximate deictic, in ergative/locative case.
  • inhdhodham (Olk, Oyk), "Where is it? I don't know where it is; I can't see it": the interogative proximate deictic, in ablative case.
  • inhdholg (Olk, Oyk), "Where is it? I don't know where it is; I can't see it": the interogative proximate deictic, in purposive case.
  • inhdholng (Olk, Oyk), "Where is it? I don't know where it is; I can't see it": the interogative proximate deictic, in possessive case.
  • inhdhun
    • inhdhun (Olk), Tongue
    • alg inhdhun (Olk), Spear point
    • ew inhdhun (Olk), Tongue
    • inhdhun otong (Olk), Mute
  • inhdhurr (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Egg
  • inhulg (meat cl): inh inhulg (Oyk), red-tailed black-cockatoo, Calyptorhynchus banksii
  • inin (Olk, Oyk), 2st person singular possessive pronoun ("your")
  • inun (Olk, Oyk), 2st person singular accusative pronoun ("you")
  • inyadh
    • inyadh (Olk), Auntie
    • inyadh athamay (Olk), Mother-in-Law
    • inyadh obmo (Olk), Mother-in-Law
  • inyandarr (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Auntie
  • inyangarr (Oyk), Auntie
  • inychil (food cl): egng inychil (Oyk), edible tuber of giant waterlily, Nymphaea gigantea
  • inychim (Oyk), Mosquito shelter
  • inyib
  • inyiwinyiw, Devil, Ghost, Kwinkan [= agngar in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • inyj (Oyk), Prickly heat
  • inyjar (Olk), Swag
  • inyjarag, Meat, Minya, Animal food [= inh in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • inyji (Olk), Prickly heat
  • inyjil (food cl): egng inyjil (Olk), edible tuber of giant waterlily, Nymphaea gigantea
  • inyjirrminyji (meat cl): inh inyjirrminyji (Olk), Cuculus flabelliformis
  • inyju (Olk), Prickly heat
  • inyjun (Olk), Bubble
  • ipar (Olk), South
  • iph (Oyk)
    • iph, Liver (root: /iphi/; ergative/locative: iphi-manhdh)
    • iph (water cl): og iph, Middle or deep part of a body of water
    • iph (fish cl): uy iph, Fish fat
    • ebmal iph, Sole of foot
    • orol iph, Belly
    • uland iph, Deep part of the sea, past the shallows
    • uyam iph, Palm of hand
  • iphag (tree cl): uk iphag (Oyk), Alphitonia sp?
  • iphan (Oyk)
  • iphany (Oyk), From the south [case form of ibar, south]
  • iphidhal (meat cl): inh iphidhal (Oyk), Australian magpie-lark or "peewee," Grallina cyanoleuca
  • ipi (Olk), Scar, Cicatrice
  • ipinhdh (Olk), Mud
  • ipinyj (fish cl): uy ipinyj (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Hephaestus ?
  • irangapal (Oyk)
    • irangapal, Diamond stingray (Stingray sp.)
    • alk itigarr irangapal, Stingray spear
  • irch (tree cl): ug irch (Olk), Euphorbia hirta
  • irj (tree cl): uk irj (Oyk), Euphorbia hirta
  • irjnyjigam (tree cl): uk irjnyjigam (Oyk), Carallia brachiata
  • irrch (Olk), Pus
  • irrchil (water cl): og irrchil (Oyk), Spring, Waterhole, Waterfall
  • irrig
  • irrj (Oyk), Pus
  • irrji
    • ek irrji (Olk), Brain
  • irrjil (water cl): ok irrjil (Olk), Spring, Waterhole, Waterfall
  • irrjir (tree cl): ug irrjir (Olk), uk irrjir (Oyk), Acacia sp.
  • irrk (food cl): egng irrk (Oyk), sugarbag species: Trigona hockingsi
  • irrki (Olk), sugarbag species: Trigona hockingsi
  • irrkungan Squeeze, grab (RR-class verb, root /irrkunga-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/) [= idnhdhan in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • irrkur (meat cl): inh irrkur (Olk), Raw meat
  • irrnyirri (tree cl): ug irrnyirri (Olk), uk irrnyirri (Oyk), Breynia oblongifolia
  • irrpanggal (hornet cl): ujny irrpanggal (Olk), (1) "Mother" sugarbag hornet; (2) Hornet sp.
  • irrway (Olk, Oyk), Scratch
  • irryam (food cl): egng irryam (Olk), Vine sp. with white fruit
  • ithal (meat cl): inh ithal (Oyk), Chelodina novaeguineae
  • ithalganh (spear cl): alk ithalganh (Oyk), Thespesia populneoides
  • ithalkanh (spear cl): alk ithalkanh (Olk), Thespesia populneoides
  • ithar
    • ithar (Olk), Dream (noun)
    • ithar (food cl): egng ithar (Oyk), Atalaya angustifolia
    • ithar arrbin, Dream (verb; past: ithar arrbirr)
    • ithar udn (Oyk), Dream (verb; past: ithar udnal)
    • ithar udnanh (Olk), Dream (verb; past: ithar udnal)
  • itharr
  • ithirrit (meat cl): inh ithirrit (Olk), willie-wagtail, Rhipidura leucophrys
  • ithodh (Olk, Oyk), "That, that one there near you": the declarative proximate deictic [distant from the speaker but near the listener], in ergative/locative case.
  • itholg (Olk, Oyk), "That, that one there near you": the declarative proximate deictic [distant from the speaker but near the listener], in purposive case.
  • itholng (Olk, Oyk), "That, that one there near you": the declarative proximate deictic [distant from the speaker but near the listener], in possessive case.
  • ithom (Olk, Oyk), "That, that one there near you": the declarative proximate deictic [distant from the speaker but near the listener], in absolutive case.
  • ithomam (Olk, Oyk), "That, that one there near you": the declarative proximate deictic [distant from the speaker but near the listener], in ablative case.
  • ithul (tree cl): ug ithul (Olk), (1) turpentine tree, Canarium australianum; (2) Wax tree sp.
  • ithun (meat cl): inh ithun (Oyk), eastern blue-tongued lizard or "bluetongue," Tiliqua scincoides
  • ithurr (Oyk), Bubble
  • iti
    • adn iti (Olk), Bone behind sexual organs
  • itigam, From the north, case form of udhingiy, North [= Uw Olkola ugnggany, From the north, case form of ugnggar, North]
  • itigarr
  • ititiban (Olk), Ghost similar to oroleb
  • itiyam (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Bone
  • itodnhdh (tree cl): ug itodnhdh (Olk), Flagellaria indica
  • itulng (Oyk), Waist
  • itun (Olk), Spearing, poking, hitting, sticking (RR-class verb, root /itu-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/). This verb may take an instrumental noun phrase: alga-nhdh itu-rr ay inun, I hit you with a spear. When there is an instrumental noun and no agent, the sense is passive: alga-nhdh itu-rr athun, A spear been poke me.
  • iw
  • iwa
  • iwalaw, Hair [= albman in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • iwin
    • ojnyj iwin (Olk, Oyk), Roll of string
  • iwin (Olk, Oyk), Roll up (RR-class verb, root /iwi-/, reduplicated root /iwiwi-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • iwun
  • iyan (Olk, Oyk), Making, doing, building, fashioning, constructing (RR-class verb, root /iya-/, reduplicated root /iyiya-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
    • ednb iyan, Tickling
    • el iyan, Making eyes at someone
  • iyangan (Olk, Oyk), Penis
  • iyanganyj (Olk, Oyk), Pregnant
  • iyarram (meat cl): inh iyarram (Olk, Oyk), eastern brown snake, Pseudonaja textilis
  • iyarraman (meat cl): inh iyarraman (Olk, Oyk), Horse
  • iyirrbir (meat cl): inh iyirrbir (Oyk), eastern grey kangaroo, Macropus giganteus
  • iyirrpir (meat cl): inh iyirrpir (Olk), eastern grey kangaroo, Macropus giganteus
  • iyur (tree cl): ug iyur (Olk), uk iyur (Oyk), Calytrix exstipulata

[J]

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  • jajing
    • jajing onpor (Oyk), Grantmother [cross]
    • jajing uway (Oyk), Grandfather [cross]
  • janboy (Olk), (1) Smoothing board, resin pallet; (2) Babyboard
  • jiiga (Olk), Pipe

[K]

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[L]

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  • lalang (Olk, Oyk), Uncle
  • lelang (Olk, Oyk), Younger sister
  • lolang (Olk, Oyk), Older brother
  • lulang (Olk, Oyk), Poison cousin

[M]

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  • mabming
    • mabming onbor (Olk), Grandmother [parallel]
    • mabming onpor (Oyk), Grandmother [parallel]
    • mabming uway (Olk, Oyk), Grandfather [parallel]
  • madhidh (Olk), Forehead band shell
  • madhidh (grass cl): ugan madhidh (Olk), grass sp.
  • malak (Olk), (1) Short yamstick; (2) Fighting stick
  • malkarr (Olk), Boomerang [also used in Uw Oykangand to replace egngal in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • malnggajim (Olk), Pipe
  • mamang (Olk, Oyk), Mother
  • marumaru (Olk)
    • marumaru elkenh, Whisper [elkenh, L-class verb]
  • mewal (meat cl): inha mewal (Olk), Horse
  • mujun (fish cl): uyu mujun Prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii [= Uw Olkola uy ojen in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • mumbal (Olk)
    • mumbal, Head
    • mumbal ojnyj, Headdress or band
    • mumbal ujnyjan, Headdress or band
  • munggar (Olk), (1) Rock; (2) Mountain; (3) Hand axe

[N]

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[NG]

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[NH]

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  • nhadnhamaj (meat cl): inha nhadnhamaj (Olk), Pig
  • nhednhang (Olk, Oyk), Cousin
  • nhomonyjen (tree cl): ugu nhomonyjen (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), (1) Firestick; (2) firestick tree, Premna acuminata

[NY]

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  • nyangan (Oyk)
    • el nyangan errbenh, Open one's eyes (verb; past: el nyangan errbel)
  • nyinyang (Olk, Oyk), Auntie

[O]

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  • obay (Oyk), Soft
  • obe
    • el obe (Olk), Eye
  • ober
    • ek ober (Olk), (1) Crown; (2) Skull
  • obijal
    • ek obijal (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Bald
  • obm
    • obm (Oyk), Taboo, Poison (root: /obmo/; ergative/locative: obmo-manhdh)
    • obm (land cl): errk obm (Oyk), Poison country
  • obman
    • orol obman (Olk), Diarrhoea
  • obmb
  • obmbay (Olk, Oyk), Good hunter [ud obmbay (Oyk), dog good at finding tucker; abm obmbay, good hunter; inh obmbay, good hunter; inh elkoy obmbay, good at hunting turtles]
    • alwur obmbay, Cheeky
  • obmben
    • obmben (land cl): arrbur obmben, Hole [= Uw Oykangand errk ew in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • obmber (food cl): egng obmber (Olk, Oyk), Antidesma ghaesembilla
  • obmbo (meat cl): inh obmbo (Olk), Pteropus alecto
  • obmbomb, Dog [= Uw Oykangand ud in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • obmbonh (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Shin, Lower leg
  • obmen (Olk), Fill up (RR-class verb, root /obme-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • obmo
    • obmo (land cl): arrgi obmo (Olk), Poison country
    • inyadh obmo (Olk), Mother-in-Law
  • obmol aykey (Olk), Stomach, Guts
  • obogor (Olk), (1) River; (2) Milkyway
  • obong (Olk)
    • obong amban, Blow on fire [amban, RR-class verb]
  • obor (Olk), (1) River; (2) Milkyway
  • oboy (tree cl): ug oboy, Leichhardt tree, Nauclea orientalis [= Uw Oykangand uk atulwanyj in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ochen
  • ochor (Olk), Yesterday
  • od
    • od (shit cl): adn od (Oyk), Tail bone, Lower back (root: /odo/; ergative/locative: adn odo-manhdh)
    • od (food cl): egng od (Oyk), Batument plug
    • adn od elghay (Oyk), Tailbone
    • ebmal adn od (Oyk), Heel
  • od (or oda)
    • od (Olk), Moon
    • od egngal (Olk), New moon
    • od ethor (Olk), Full moon
    • od ikum (Olk), New moon
  • oda (Olk), Moon
  • oda (tree cl): ug oda (Olk), Scorpion
  • oday
    • oday (spear cl): alk oday (Oyk), Wallaby spear sp.
    • oday (tree cl): uk oday (Oyk), Tree sp.
  • odel
    • odel (Olk), Neck
    • odel adn (Olk), Throat, Back of mouth
    • odel elucha (Olk), Necklace
    • odel ognggol (Olk), Neck
    • odel uwa (Olk), Throat
    • alg odel idnban (Olk), Spear sp.
  • odenyji (meat cl): inh odenyji (Olk), Onychogalea unguifera
  • odh (Oyk)
    • odh, Penis
    • odh alal, Testicle
    • odh arrphin, Masturbate [arrphin, RR-class verb]
    • odh eph, Testicle
    • odh errchal, Semen, Spunk
    • odh eten, Scrotum
    • odh onmon, Testicle
  • olem
  • odhaw
  • odhor (Olk), Witchetty grub
  • odhog (meat cl): inh odhog (Olk), Cat (feral cat, Felis catus)
  • odhon (Olk), Bark dish
  • odhoram (spear cl): alg odhoram (Olk), alk odhoram (Oyk), Wallaby spear
  • odhori (meat cl): inh odhori (Olk), brown tree snake, Boiga irregularis
  • odhowayoway (meat cl): inh odhowayoway (Oyk), Bat
  • odn.gon (Olk), Bark canoe
  • odnbel (Olk, Oyk)
    • odnbel, Sweetheart
    • odnbel, Whisper (noun) [= owerram in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
    • owerram odnbel (Olk, Oyk), Ear or nose ornament
  • odnd (Oyk) (=odndo, Olk)
    • odnd (Oyk), Shin, Lower leg
    • odnd (fire cl): alh odnd (Olk, Oyk), Fire carrying stick
    • odnd (spear cl): alg odnd (Olk), alk odnd (Oyk), Spear butt
    • odnd (meat cl): inh odnd (Oyk), Awl
    • odnd (water cl): og odnd (Oyk), ok odnd (Olk), Running water, Rapids
    • odnd (hornet cl): ujny odnd (Oyk), Hornet sp.
    • odnd ajingaji (Olk), Achilles tendon
    • odnd angam, Handle of a food pounder
    • odnd anggulangg (meat cl): inh odnd anggulangg (Olk), comb-crested jacana or lotusbird, Irediparra gallinacea
    • odnd arrchingarrch (Oyk), Achilles tendon
    • odnd edn.gel (Olk), Shin, Lower leg
    • odnd elgnggel (Olk), Shin, Lower leg
    • odnd enggarengg (meat cl): inh odnd enggarengg (Olk), gekko, Diplodactylus and Gehyra spp.
    • odnd ojo (Olk), Marrow
    • odnd orrch (Oyk), Marrow
    • agngar odnd elbmben (Olk), Red-legged devil
    • olem odnd (Olk, Oyk), Stone hammer
    • uway odnd (spear cl): alg uway odnd (Olk), alk uway odnd (Oyk), Barramundi spear
  • odnday (meat cl): inh odnday (Olk, Oyk), carpet python, Morelia spilota
  • odnder (fish cl): uy odnder (Olk, Oyk), Amniataba percoides
  • odndeworr
  • odndo
    • odndo (Olk), (1) Shin, Lower leg; (2) Handle of dilly bag; (3) Pipe stem
    • odndo (spear cl): alg odndo (Olk), Spear butt
    • odndo (food cl): egng odndo (Olk), edible stalk of giant waterlily, Nymphaea gigantea
    • odndo (meat cl): inh odndo (Olk), Awl
    • odndo (hornet cl): ujny odndo (Olk), Hornet sp.
  • odndol (Olk)
  • odndoy (food cl): egng odndoy (Oyk), edible stalk of giant waterlily, Nymphaea gigantea
  • odn.gon (tree cl): ug odn.gon (Olk), uk odn.gon (Oyk), kapok tree, Bombax ceiba
  • odnhdhokor (Olk, Oyk)
  • odnhdhor (Olk, Oyk), Too much, too many
  • odnhdhor (Olk, Oyk)
    • odnhdhor, Dead
    • odnhdhor apong (Olk), Dead body
  • odnhor (food cl): egng odnhor (Olk, Oyk), Ficus racemosa
  • odnhor (tree cl): ug odnhor (Olk), uk odnhor (Oyk), Caterpillar
  • odnigaj (meat cl): inh odnigaj (Olk, Oyk), rainbowbird, Merops ornatus
  • odnodh (Olk, Oyk), Red paint
  • odnodnen (meat cl): inh odnodnen (Olk, Oyk), file snake, Acrochordus arafurae
  • odol (meat cl): inh odol (Olk), water-rat, Hydromys chrysogaster
  • odong
    • algng odong (Oyk), Toothless
    • el odong (Oyk), Weak-eyed, Blind
    • eph odong (Oyk), Mute
  • og (Oyk)
    • og, Water, generic classifier for bodies and sources of water (root: /ogo/; ergative/locative: ogo-l)
    • og (food cl): egng og, Tea
    • og abmb, Swamp
    • og agngan, Water reservoir in tree fork
    • og agngan, Soak, Well, Well water
    • og albmbur, Splash, Ripples in water
    • og alin, Water pocket
    • og alwir, Soak, Well, Well water
    • og alwir, Whirlpool
    • og an.ganb, Rainbow
    • og arrkal, Floodwaters
    • og arrphar, Clean water
    • og awil, Current, Rapids
    • og ednbon, Spring, Springwater
    • og ekar, Fresh water
    • og enggar, Thirst, Thirsty
    • og eral, Muddy water, Brackish water
    • og ewephal, Froth, Scum on water
    • og igal, Dew
    • og ilbmb, Sea, Sea water, Flood
    • og ilbmb, Beer, Grog
    • og iph, Middle or deep part of a body of water
    • og irrchil, Spring, Waterhole, Waterfall
    • og iyurndun, Fill up, Pour [iyurndun, RR-class verb]
    • og odnd, Running water, Rapids
    • og ojnyol, Body of water
    • og olbm, Water hole
    • og olbon, Black water
    • og ugngg, Wave
    • og uland, Sea, Sea water, Flood
    • og urrgawar, Puddle
  • ogakor (meat cl): inh ogakor (Olk), freshwater crocodile, Crocodylus johnstoni
  • ogal (spear cl): alk ogal (Oyk), Spear sp.
  • ogan
    • ogan (Olk), Forehead
    • el ogan (Olk), Forehead
    • inh ogan odndal (Olk), Thunder spirit
  • oganij (food cl): egng oganij (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Triglochin sp.
  • ogekol (Oyk), Beetle
  • ogenarr (Oyk), Mother
  • oger (tree cl): uk oger (Oyk), soapy wattle, Acacia holosericea
  • ogerogend (frog cl): ednbal ogerogend (Oyk), Litoria lesueuri
  • ogerogenyj (fish cl): uy ogerogenyj (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Amniataba percoides
  • ogngan (Olk, Oyk), Making, doing, building, fashioning, constructing (RR-class verb, root /ognga-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • ogngg (Olk, Oyk), First, in front
  • ogngg (Olk)
    • ogngg ek ilpal, Knee cap
    • ogngg ek onda, Knee cap
    • ogngg eka, Knee
  • ognggam (Olk), Fighting stick
  • ognggeg
    • ognggeg (Oyk), Knee
    • ognggeg ont (Oyk), Knee cap
  • ognggol
    • odel ognggol (Olk), Neck
  • ognggomb (fish cl): uy ognggomb (Olk), Fish damper
  • ognggorrkon (food cl): egng ognggorrkon (Olk), Forest onion
  • ogngol (Olk, Oyk), Mosquito
  • ogngol (meat cl): inh ogngol (Oyk), Ardea sacra
  • ogngon (Olk), Rolling up, making (string) (RR-class verb, root /ogngo-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • ogngon (Olk, Oyk), Muscle
  • ogob (fish cl): ug ogob (Olk), Gardenia megasperma
  • ogol (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Sand
  • ogom (food cl): egng ogom (Olk), sugarbag species: Trigona hockingsi
  • ogor (Oyk), Sea breeze
  • ogor (termite mound cl): iban ogor (Olk), Water reservoir in antbed
  • ogorram
    • anyin ogorram (Olk), Dilly bag sp.
  • ojag, One [= Uw Olkola enongg in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ojan (Olk), Cut (sugarbag) (RR-class verb, root /oja-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • ojel (Olk)
  • ojen (fish cl): uy ojen (Olk), Prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii
  • ojnyj
    • ojnyj (Olk, Oyk), (1) String; (2) Handle of dilly bag (root: /ojnyje/; ergative/locative: ojnyje-mb)
    • ojnyj (meat cl): inh ojnyj (Olk, Oyk), Lightning
    • ojnyj iwin (Olk, Oyk), Roll of string
    • ojnyj odnhdhokor (Olk, Oyk), Armband
    • ojnyj ujnyjan (Olk, Oyk), Armband
    • anyumb ojnyj (Olk), Headdress or band
    • mumbal ojnyj (Olk), Headdress or band
    • otel ojnyj, Shell pendant or necklace
  • ojnyja (meat cl): inh ojnyja (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Lightning
  • ojnyje (Olk), String
  • ojnyjen
    • ojnyjen (Olk, Oyk), Corroboree, Corroboree song or style of singing
    • ojnyjen egngan (Olk, Oyk), Corroboree dancing
  • ojnyjen (Olk), Swear (RR-class verb, root /ojnyje-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • ojnyjog, Head [= Uw Oykangand eg and Uw Olkola eka and mumbal in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ojnyjojnyjem (Oyk), Colourful
  • ojnyjungg (Olk, Oyk), Widow pendant
  • ojnyol (water cl): og ojnyol (Oyk), ok ojnyol (Olk), Body of water
  • ojo
    • ojo (Olk), Juice, Liquid, Grease
    • el ojo (Olk), Tears
    • odnd ojo (Olk), Marrow
  • ok (also, oko)
    • ok, Water
    • ok (food cl): egng ok, Tea
    • ok abmb angalang, Mirage [= ar uland when speakin Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
    • ok abmba, Swamp
    • ok acha, Muddy water, Brackish water
    • ok agngan, Water reservoir in tree fork
    • ok agngan, Soak, Well, Well water
    • ok albmbur, Splash, Ripples in water
    • ok alin, Water pocket
    • ok alwir, Whirlpool
    • ok alwir, Soak, Well, Well water
    • ok alyul, Dew
    • ok aral, Muddy water, Brackish water
    • ok arragarr, Current, Rapids
    • ok arrbar, Clean water
    • ok awil, Current, Rapids
    • ok aykanb, (1) Cyclone; (2) Rainbow, Rainbow snake
    • ok ayman, Froth, Scum on water
    • ok eban, Lightning
    • ok ednbon, Spring, Springwater
    • ok egar, Fresh water
    • ok egngan, Rain (verb) [egngan, RR-class verb]
    • ok egnggo, Muddy water, Brackish water
    • ok elbmben, Lightning
    • ok enggar, Thirst, Thirsty
    • ok iba, Middle or deep part of a body of water
    • ok ignggul, Puddle
    • ok ikal, Dew
    • ok ilbmbu, Sea, Sea water, Flood
    • ok irrjil, Spring, Waterhole, Waterfall
    • ok odnd, Running water, Rapids
    • ok ojnyol, Body of water
    • ok olbm, Water hole
    • ok olmo, Lagoon
    • ok olong, Fresh water
    • ok olpon, Black water
    • ok owaydnbarr, Floodwaters
    • ok udnamij, Fresh water
    • ok ugngg, Wave
    • ok uland, Sea, Sea water, Flood
    • ok urrgawar, Puddle
  • okal (spear cl): alg okal (Olk), Spear sp.
  • okan
    • el okan (Oyk), Forehead
  • oker (tree cl): ug oker (Olk), soapy wattle or fish poison wattle, Acacia holosericea
  • oko
  • okodobarrd (meat cl): inh okodobarrd (Olk), figbird, Sphecotheres viridis
  • okol (fish cl): uy okol (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Leiopotherapon unicolor
  • okol (grass cl): ukan okol (Oyk), native millet, Panicum decompositum [scientific identification subject to confirmation]
  • okom (food cl): ampay okom (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), sugarbag species: Trigona hockingsi
  • okombel (Olk), (1) Coolamon; (2) Billycan
  • okow (tree cl): uk okow (Oyk), Gardenia megasperma
  • oladh (Olk), Older brother
  • olambar
  • olangarr (Oyk), Older brother
  • olarnyjarr (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Older brother
  • olba
    • olba (shit cl): adn olba (Olk), Diarrhoea
    • orol olba (Olk), Diarrhoea
  • olban (food cl): egng olban (Olk), pear tree, Terminalia platyphylla
  • olbel
    • olbel (Olk), (1) Paperbark; (2) Swag
    • olbel (tree cl): ug olbel (Olk), (1) Paperbark; (2) Paperbark tree; (3) Melaleuca stenostachya
  • olbm (water cl): og olbm (Oyk), ok olbm (Olk), Water hole
  • olbmb
    • olbmb (Oyk), Skinny (root: /olbmbo/; ergative/locative: olbmbo-manhdh)
    • olbmb (tree cl): uk olbmb (Oyk), Wood (root: /olbmbo/; ergative/locative: olbmbo-manhdh)
  • olbmban
  • olbmodh (fish cl): uy olbmodh (Olk) [variant of uy olmodh], longtom, Strongylura kreffti, and garfish, Zenarchopterus and Arrhamphus spp.
  • olbmor
    • abmbin olbmor (Olk, Oyk), Ass of dilly bag
  • olbogor (food cl): egng olbogor (Olk), Fruit tree sp.
  • olbolg (meat cl): inh olbolg (Olk), Ardea pacifica
  • olbon (Oyk)
  • olbong (Oyk), (1) Blood; (2) Menstruation
  • olbor onggol (Olk), Whirlwind
  • olem
  • olga (Olk) [82 KB .wav file], Green ant
  • olgalg (grass cl): ugan olgalg (Olk), rice grass (sedge sp.)
  • olgng
    • olgng (Oyk), Loop-weave bag (root: /olgnga/; ergative/locative: olgnga-mb)
    • abum olgng (Olk), Breast milk, Milk
  • olgnga (Olk), Loop-weave bag
  • olgngg (food cl): egng olgngg (Oyk), Honey
  • olgnggognggor (tree cl): ug olgnggognggor (Olk), Tinospora smilacina
  • olgngon
    • uyam olgngon (Olk), Fist
  • olgo (Olk), Green ant
  • Olgol (language cl): Uw Olgol (Oyk), Olgol language and people
  • olgorrolg (tree cl): ug olgorrolg (Olk), Cassytha filiformis
  • olgorrolk (tree cl): uk olgorrolk (Oyk), Cassytha filiformis
  • olk (tree cl): uk olk (Oyk), Green ant (root: /olko/; ergative/locative: olko-manhdh)
  • olkalk (grass cl): ukan olkalk (Oyk), rice grass (sedge sp.)
  • olkangalk, Cold weather, Cold [= Uw Oykangand orr and orronhdh in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • olkel, Language, talk, speech [= Uw Oykangand uw in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • Olkola (language cl): Uw Olkola (Olk) [19 KB .wav file], Olkola language and people
  • olmelg, Black [= Uw Olkola olpon and Uw Oykangand olbon in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • olmo (water cl): ok olmo (Olk), Lagoon
  • olmodh (fish cl): uy olmodh (Olk), longtom, Strongylura kreffti, and garfish, Zenarchopterus and Arrhamphus spp.
  • olmoy (fish cl): uy olmoy (Oyk), longtom, Strongylura kreffti, and garfish, Zenarchopterus and Arrhamphus spp.
  • olodh (Oyk), (1) Grass, generic classifier for grass types; (2) Bushfire [= Uw Olkola ugan and Uw Oykangand ukan in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • olodh (meat cl): inh olodh (Olk, Oyk), peaceful dove, Geopelia placida
  • olodhiy (Olk, Oyk), Widow
  • olodnhdhidh (spear cl): alg olodnhdhidh (Olk), Spear sp.
  • olol (Olk, Oyk), Blowfly
  • olombol (tree cl): ug olombol (Olk), uk olombol (Oyk), Melaleuca viridiflora var A
  • olonbong (frog cl): ednbal olonbong (Olk), common green tree frog, Litoria caerulea
  • olong (Olk)
    • olong, Good [ex: uj olong, good fishing; olong ichanm, it tastes good]
    • olong (water cl): ok olong, Fresh water
  • olongan (Olk), Fill up (RR-class verb, root /olonga-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • olonggol (fish cl): uy olonggol (Olk, Oyk), northern saratoga, Scleropages jardini
  • olor (tree cl): ug olor (Olk), uk olor (Oyk), cedar tree, Albizia canescens
  • olph (shit cl): adn olph (Oyk), Diarrhoea
  • olphan (food cl): egng olphan (Oyk), pear tree, Terminalia platyphylla
  • olphel
    • olphel (Oyk), (1) Paperbark; (2) Swag
    • olphel (tree cl): uk olphel (Oyk), (1) Paperbark; (2) Paperbark tree; (3) Melaleuca stenostachya
  • olphogor (food cl): egng olphogor (Oyk), Fruit tree sp.
  • olpholg (meat cl): inh olpholg (Oyk), Ardea pacifica
  • olpholgan (meat cl): inh olpholgan (Oyk), whistling duck, Dendrocygna spp.
  • olphor onggol (Oyk), Whirlwind
  • olpon (Olk)
  • olpong (Olk)
    • olpong, (1) Blood; (2) Menstruation; (3) Vein
    • olpong irrin, Bleed [irrin, RR-class verb]
  • olponyj
    • and olponyj (Olk), Pregnant
  • olwol (tree cl): ug olwol (Olk), uk olwol (Oyk), fern-leaved grevillea or honey wattle, Grevillea pteridifolia
  • olwon
    • olwon (Oyk), (1) Rock; (2) Stone, Pebble
    • olwon (land cl): errk olwon (Oyk), Mountain
    • olwon apaj (Olk), White stones to use on bottle spear
    • olwon arragarr (Olk), (1) Grindstone; (2) Stone hammer
  • olwolwon (Olk), Rocky
  • olyog (Oyk)
  • om (food cl): egng om (Olk, Oyk), Aristolochia pubera
  • om (tree cl): uk om (Oyk), Black ant (root: /omo/; ergative/locative: omo-manhdh)
  • omarr
    • orol omarr (Olk), Diarrhoea
  • ombolamb, Mosquito [= ogngol in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • omel (Olk)
    • omel, Tail
    • omel (spear cl): alg omel, Spear butt
    • omel angam, Food pounder
    • inh omel, Tail (of a mammal, reptile, turtle)
  • omo (tree cl): ug omo (Olk), Black ant
  • omongam (Olk), Shade, Shadow
  • omorron (Olk, Oyk), Woomera shell sp.
  • on.gel, Language, Talk, Speech [= Uw Olkola uwu in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • on.geng, Deaf [= ongong in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • onalgngg (Oyk), Creek
  • onalkal (Oyk), Island
  • onan (Olk, Oyk), ?
  • onbar
    • onbar (Olk, Oyk), Face
    • onbar amadh (Olk), Face
    • ow onbar (Olk, Oyk), Face
  • onbel, Sweetheart [Uw Olkola variant of odnbel]
  • onbonggongg (Olk, Oyk), Ghost sp.
  • onbor (Olk)
    • onbor, Old lady
    • chaching onbor, Grantmother [cross]
    • el onbor, Weak-eyed, Blind
    • mabming onbor, Grandmother [parallel]
  • ond (food cl): egng ond (Olk), sugarbag species: Trigona sp.
  • onda
    • ogngg ek onda (Olk), Knee cap
  • onder (Oyk), Tomorrow
  • onderr (Olk, Oyk), More
  • ondoronggol (Olk)
    • ondoronggol, (1) String; (2) Widow's band; (3) Handle of dilly bag
    • anyumb ondoronggol, Neckpiece
  • ondorongkol, (1) String [= Uw Oykangand ojnyj in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]; (2) Widow's band
  • oneg
  • onemon
    • ek albman onemon (Olk), Curly hair
  • onggan (Olk), (RR-class verb, root /ongga-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • onggang (Olk), Song
  • onggodhor (fish cl): uy onggodhor (Olk), bony bream, Nematalosa erebi
  • onggol
    • olbor onggol (Olk), Whirlwind
    • olphor onggol (Oyk), Whirlwind
  • onggon (meat cl): inh onggon (Olk), Ninox boobook
  • onggorotong (tree cl): ug onggorotong (Olk), ?
  • ongkan (Oyk), (RR-class verb, root /ongka-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • ongkon (meat cl): inh ongkon (Oyk), Ninox boobook
  • ongkon (meat cl): inh ongkon (Oyk), Cyclorana brevipes
  • ongombil (Olk), Kidney
  • ongong (Olk, Oyk), Deaf
  • ongor (food cl): egng ongor (Olk, Oyk), sugarbag wax before squeezing it
  • ongorerr (meat cl): inh ongorerr (Oyk), Bullock
  • onhamunyjen (Olk), Firestick cover
  • onhathar (Oyk), Nape
  • onhdhegan (Olk), Pour (RR-class verb, root /onhdhega-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • onhdhogor (Olk), Cold ashes
  • onhdhoy (Olk, Oyk), Evening star, Morning star
  • onhorrj (fish cl): uy onhorrj (Olk), Oxyeleotis lineolata
  • onhorry (fish cl): uy onhorry (Oyk), Oxyeleotis lineolata
  • onhthogor (Oyk), Cold ashes
  • onhthorr (Oyk), Poison cousin MBS
  • onhthorrng
    • eg onhthorrng (Oyk), Bald
  • onmon (Olk, Oyk)
    • onmon, Egg, seed
    • onmon (food cl): egng onmon, Seed
    • onmon (meat cl): inh onmon, Egg
    • onmon udan (Olk), Lay eggs [udan, RR-class verb]
    • onmon utan (Oyk), Lay eggs [utan, RR-class verb]
    • eg onmon (Oyk), ?
    • ek onmon (Olk), ?
    • el onmon, Eye
    • odh onmon (Oyk), Testicle
    • orol onmon, Heart
    • oth onmon (Olk), Testicle
  • onol (food cl): egng onol (Olk, Oyk), Capparis sepiaria var B
  • onongan (Olk, Oyk), Eating (Verb, undetermined class) [= Uw Oykangand ijan and Uw Olkola ichan in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ononggab (Oyk), One
  • ononong (hornet cl): ujny ononong (Olk, Oyk), Hornet
  • onpol (meat cl): inh onpol (Oyk), Podargus papuensis
  • onpor
    • onpor (Oyk), Old lady
    • el onpor (Oyk), Weak-eyed, Blind
    • jajing onpor (Oyk), Grantmother [cross]
    • mabming onpor (Oyk), Grandmother [parallel]
  • ont (food cl): egng ont (Oyk), sugarbag species: Trigona sp.
  • ont
    • ognggeg ont (Oyk), Knee cap
  • onych
  • onychar, Tree [= Uw Oykangand uk in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • onychel (meat cl): inh onychel (Oyk), Snake skin
  • onychom, Left hand [= Uw Oykangand ekom in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • onychong (tree cl): ug onychong (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Melaleuca viridiflora var B
  • onyen
    • onyen (Olk), (1) Fishing net; (2) Net bag
    • onyen (food cl): egng onyen (Olk), sugarbag wax net
    • onyen ubmbirrumbinyj (Olk, Oyk), Dilly bag sp.
    • onyen ugandan (Olk), Fish dilly bag net
  • onyj
    • ek onyj (Olk), Snail
  • onyjar
    • onyjar, Tree [= Uw Olkola uku in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
    • onyjar albur, (1) Breast plate; (2) Shell pendant sp.
  • onyjel (meat cl): inh onyjel (Olk), Snake skin
  • onyjom, Left hand [= Uw Olkola egom in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • onyjon (Olk), Wet season
  • onyog (Olk)
  • opaj (Olk), Soft
  • oph
    • el oph (Oyk), Eye
  • opher
    • eg opher (Oyk), (1) Skull; (2) Crown
  • ophogor (Oyk), (1) River; (2) Milkyway
  • opon (Olk), Wind
  • opoto (Olk), Shit, Faeces, Excrement
  • oradh (Olk), Husband
  • oranarr (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Husband
  • orang (Olk), Cousin (male) "bangy"
  • orangarr (Oyk), Husband
  • orarrnga (grass cl): ugan orarrnga (Olk), grass sp. [= Uw Olkola ugan madhidh in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • orawar (fish cl): uy orawar (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Pristis pristis
  • orch
    • orch (Oyk), Juice (root: /orcho/; ergative/locative: orcho-manhdh)
    • aphum orch (Oyk), Breast milk, Milk
    • egng orch (Oyk), Juice, Liquid, Grease
    • el orch (Oyk), Tears
  • orchan (Oyk), Cut (sugarbag) (RR-class verb, root /orcha-/, reduplicated root /orchorcha-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • ordndel (food cl): egng ordndel (Olk), egng ordndel (Oyk), nonda apple or nonda plum, Parinari nonda
  • ored (food cl): egng ored (Olk, Oyk), sugarbag species: Trigona sp.
  • orel (tree cl): ug orel (Olk), uk orel (Oyk), Melia azedarach australasica
  • orenhdhal
  • orjenh (Oyk), Put water on, put out (fire) (L-class verb, root /orje-/, past /-l/, imperative /-y/). This verb does not take water as a direct object, but water can be instrumental: alh ithom |ogo-l orje-l inang, Put out the fire with water. (Uw Oykangand, ogo-l is water-ergative)
  • orndeng (frog cl): ednbal orndeng (Olk), Limnodynastes convexiusculus
  • ornt (food cl): egng ornt (Oyk), Capparis sepiaria var A
  • orol
    • orol (Olk, Oyk), Belly
    • orol ajnyj (Olk), Diarrhoea
    • orol egnggo (Olk), Diarrhoea
    • orol enggar (Olk), Breath
    • orol engkar (Oyk), Breath
    • orol iba (Olk), Belly
    • orol iph (Oyk), Belly
    • orol obman (Olk), Diarrhoea
    • orol olba (Olk), Diarrhoea
    • orol omarr (Olk), Diarrhoea
    • orol onmon (Olk, Oyk), Heart
  • oroleb (Olk, Oyk), Spirit or ghost sp.
  • orom (food cl): egng orom (Olk, Oyk), Ficus virens sublanceolata
  • oron (Olk), Canoe
  • orr
    • orr (Olk, Oyk), Cold weather, Cold
    • orr edndan (Olk, Oyk), Wind break
  • orrab (Olk), Swamp
  • orrab (Oyk), Shell
  • orrap (Olk), Shell
  • orrbodh (Olk), Wind
  • orrbolngg (meat cl): inh orrbolngg (Olk), wedge-tailed eagle, Aquila audax
  • orrborrbay (meat cl): inh orrborrbay (Olk), (1) monitor, Varanus timorensis; (2) eastern blue-tongued lizard or "bluetongue," Tiliqua scincoides (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy)
  • orrch
    • orrch (food cl): egng orrch (Oyk), Honey
    • odnd orrch (Oyk), Marrow
  • orrchan (tree cl): uk orrchan (Oyk), Wrightia saligna
  • orrchar (Oyk), Cloud
  • orrchel (tree cl): uk orrchel (Oyk) or (fire cl): alh orrchel, (1) Firestick; (2) firestick tree, Premna acuminata
  • orrchongorrch (tree cl): uk orrchongorrch (Oyk), (1) Smilax australis; (2) Brush fish trap
  • orregorreg (meat cl): inh orregorreg (Olk), Centropus novaehollandiae
  • orren (Olk, Oyk)
    • orren, Behind (postposition)
    • orren igun (Oyk), (1) Go behind; (2) Sneak up on; (3) Go to toilet [igun, RR-class verb]
    • orren ikun (Olk), (1) Go behind; (2) Sneak up on; (3) Go to toilet [ikun, RR-class verb]
    • ebmal orren, Heel [= Uw Olkola ebmal adn ota and Uw Oykangand ebmal adn od in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • orrg (Olk, Oyk), (1) Shell; (2) Grindstone; (3) Stone hammer
  • orrjar (Olk), Cloud
  • orrk (Oyk), Cough
  • orrkodh, White [= Uw Olkola aral in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • orrmbon (tree cl): ug orrmbon (Olk), uk orrmbon (Oyk), Stenocarpus cunninghamii
  • orrmon (shit cl): adn orrmon (Olk), Bum, Buttocks
  • orrngan (Olk, Oyk), Making, doing, building, fashioning, constructing (RR-class verb, root /orrnga-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • orrol (Olk)
    • orrol, Elbow
    • orrol algngan, Shell pendant sp. which hangs from the elbow
    • alagun orrol (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Elbow
  • orrolmb (meat cl): inh orrolmb (Olk, Oyk), blue-winged kookaburra, Dacelo leachii
  • orromorr, Half [= Uw Olkola ambuj and Uw Oykangand amboch in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • orronhdh (Olk), Cold weather, Cold
  • orror (tree cl): uk orror (Oyk), Melaleuca sp.
  • orrph (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), (1) Rain; (2) Storm; (3) Wet season
  • orrpholngk (meat cl): inh orrpholngk (Oyk), wedge-tailed eagle, Aquila audax
  • orrphoy (Oyk), Wind
  • orryan (Olk), Wash (RR-class verb, root /orrya-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • ort
    • ort (Oyk), Moon
    • ort edhor (Oyk), Full moon
    • ort egngal (Oyk), New moon
    • ort ingkum (Oyk), New moon
  • ort (tree cl): uk ort (Oyk), Scorpion (root: /orta/; ergative/locative: orta-mb)
  • ota
    • adn ota elgnggel (Olk), Tailbone
    • ebmal adn ota (Olk), Heel
  • otel (Oyk)
    • otel, Neck
    • otel adn, Throat, Back of mouth
    • otel uw, Throat
    • otel ojnyj, Shell pendant or necklace
    • alk otel idnban (Oyk), Spear sp.
  • otenych (meat cl): inh otenych (Oyk), Onychogalea unguifera
  • oth (Olk)
    • oth arrbin, Masturbate [arrbin, RR-class verb]
    • oth ebe, Testicle
    • oth eden, Scrotum
    • oth ejal, Semen, Spunk
    • oth onmon, Testicle
    • oth ulal, Testicle
  • othab (Olk)
  • othenb (tree cl): uk othenb (Oyk), Lysiphyllum cunninghamii
  • otho (Olk), Penis
  • othok (meat cl): inh othok (Oyk), Cat (feral cat, Felis catus)
  • othol (tree cl): ug othol (Olk), uk othol (Oyk), Cathormion umbellatum
  • othol (fish cl): uy othol (Oyk), Pristis pristis
  • othon (Oyk), Bark dish
  • othon (grass cl): ukan othon (Oyk), fine leafed grass sp.
  • othorrag, (1) Moon; (2) Bushfire [Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • othorronbong (tree cl): ug othorronbong (Olk), uk othorronbong (Oyk), ?
  • oto
    • oto (shit cl): adn oto (Olk), Tail bone, Lower back
    • oto (food cl): egnga oto (Olk), Batument plug
  • otol (Oyk), Cricket
  • otol (meat cl): inh otol (Oyk), water-rat, Hydromys chrysogaster
  • otong
    • abar otong (Olk), Weak-eyed, Blind
    • algng otong (Olk), Toothless
    • athang otong (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Weak-eyed, Blind
    • el otong (Olk), Weak-eyed, Blind
    • inhdhun otong (Olk), Mute
  • otor (tree cl): ug otor (Olk), Acacia flavescens
  • ow (Oyk)
    • ow, Nose (root: /owo/; ergative/locative: owo-manhdh)
    • ow ach, Nose hair
    • ow aj, Sneeze
    • ow ekan, Nostril
    • ow elkal, Bridge of nose
    • ow errk ew, Nostril
    • ow onbar (Olk, Oyk), Face
    • ow orenhdhal (Olk), Nose peg
    • ow ujag, Bridge of nose
    • ow ulphin, Drown [ulphin, RR-class verb]
    • uy ow enong (Olk), Pristis pristis
    • eg ow erch, Snot, Nasal mucus
    • eg ow errch, Brain
    • el ow agnggenh (Olk), Close your eyes, Wink [agnggenh, L-class verb]
  • owal (Olk), Sand
  • owalangg (Olk, Oyk), (1) Breast plate; (2) Shell pendant sp.
  • owaydnbarr (water cl): ok owaydnbarr (Olk), Floodwaters
  • oweb (Oyk), Good hunter [ud oweb (Oyk), dog good at finding tucker; abm oweb, good hunter]
  • owekan (meat cl): inh owekan (Olk), Bird sp.
  • owel (Olk, Oyk)
    • owel, Aroma
    • owel inggin, Breathe (verb)
    • ukan owel udnam, scenty grass (grass sp.)
  • owerram (Olk, Oyk)
    • owerram, (1) Whistle (noun); (2) Ear or nose ornament
    • owerram algan (Olk), Whistle (verb) [algan, RR-class verb]
    • owerram ikin (Oyk), Whistle (verb) [ikin, RR-class verb]
    • owerram odnbel, Ear or nose ornament
  • owilam, Blood [= Uw Oykangand olbong and Uw Olkola olpong in Uw Ilbmbandhiy]
  • owinhay (meat cl): inh owinhay (Olk, Oyk), saltwater crocodile, Crocodylus porosus
  • owojorr (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Big, thick
  • owonhdhom (meat cl): inh owonhdhom, (1) goose, Anseranas semipalmata [= inh alwangar in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]; (2) black swan, Cygnus atratus
  • oworrmber (food cl): egng oworrmber (Olk), passionflower, Passiflora foetida
  • oworrmper (food cl): egng oworrmper (Oyk), passionflower, Passiflora foetida
  • oworrper (food cl): egng oworrper (Olk), passionflower, Passiflora foetida
  • oya (Olk), Lungs
  • oyab (Olk), Lungs
  • oyberr (tree cl): uk oyberr (Oyk), bush chemist, Platysace vallida
  • oybmbom (tree cl): ug oybmbom (Olk), Bloodwood tree wax
  • oyboy (meat cl): inh oyboy (Oyk), agile wallaby, Macropus agilis
  • oychel (Oyk), Firestick
  • oydnbom (Olk, Oyk), (1) Bloodwood tree sap; (2) Menstruation
  • oygalar (meat cl): inh oygalar (Oyk), Macropus rufus
  • Oygangand (language cl): Uw Oygangand (Olk), Oykangand language and people
  • oygngarr (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Cut, Sore, Wound
  • oygnggal (tree cl): uk oygnggal (Oyk), Tinospora sp?
  • oygnggan, (RR-class verb, root /oygngga-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/) [= Uw Olkola egan and Uw Oykangand ekan in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • oygnggorrgon (food cl): egng oygnggorrgon (Oyk), Forest onion
  • oygonb (meat cl): inh oygonb (Olk), brolga, Grus rubicundus
  • oyjan (tree cl): ug oyjan (Olk), Wrightia saligna
  • oyjo (food cl): egnga oyjo (Olk), Honey
  • oyjob (food cl): egng oyjob (Olk), Dioscorea bulbifera
  • oyjow (food cl): egng oyjow (Oyk), Dioscorea bulbifera
  • oykan (Olk), Nape
  • Oykangand (language cl): Uw Oykangand (Oyk), Oykangand language and people
  • oykonb (meat cl): inh oykonb (Oyk), brolga, Grus rubicundus
  • oymon (Olk), Narrow
  • oynggal (tree cl): ug oynggal (Olk), Tinospora sp?
  • oyogol (Olk, Oyk)
    • oyogol, Wax
    • oyogol (food cl): egng oyogol, (1) sugarbag wax; (2) sugarbag wax, particularly after squeezing it
    • adndur oyogol, Ear wax
    • algng oyogol, Gums of teeth
  • oyol (Olk, Oyk), (1) Wet season; (2) Storm
  • oyondond (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Slippery, smooth
  • oyonggodh (Olk, Oyk), Fighting stick sp.
  • oyorag (meat cl): inh oyorag (Olk), large crocodile species, reputed not to come up to the surface of the water.
  • oyorr (Olk, Oyk), (1) Storm; (2) Cyclone, Rainbow, Rainbow snake; (3) Wet season
  • oyorrng (food cl): egng oyorrng (Olk, Oyk), Ipomoea sp?
  • oyorrng (tree cl): ug oyorrng (Olk), river red gum, Eucalyptus camaldulensis [= ug ilbunh in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • oyorrwayorr (meat cl): inh oyorrwayorr (Olk), black-headed monitor, Varanus tristis
  • oyperr (tree cl): ug oyberr (Olk), bush chemist, Platysace vallida
  • oypodh (meat cl): inh oypodh (Olk), agile wallaby, Macropus agilis
  • oywon (tree cl): ug oywon (Olk), uk oywon (Oyk), Eucalyptus microtheca

[P]

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  • parrgnggedh (spear cl): alg parrgnggedh (Olk), Bullet spear
  • pathurra (Olk), Soak, Well, Well water
  • pepang (Olk), Older sister
  • phuphal (Oyk), Bump, Lump, Tumour
  • pigipig (meat cl): inh pigipig (Oyk), Sus scrofa
  • pirap (spear cl): alg pirap (Olk), Knife spear
  • purrgnggu (Olk), (1) Tea tree bark humpy; (2) Mosquito shelter

[R]

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  • rorang (Olk, Oyk), Husband
  • rorang (Olk), Cousin

[RR]

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  • rrurrang (Olk, Oyk), Wife

[TH]

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  • tawin (Oyk), (RR-class verb, root /tawi-/, reduplicated root /tawawi-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • thawerr, Billycan [= Uw Oykangand konhthelkonhth and Uw Olkola okombel in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • thingthing (meat cl): inh thingthing (Olk), Bird sp.
  • thuutu (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Breast

[T]

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[U]

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  • ub
    • ub (fire cl): alh ub (Oyk), Firewood (root: /ubu/; ergative/locative: alh ubu-manhdh)
    • ub (tree cl): uk ub (Oyk), Firewood (root: /ubu/; ergative/locative: uk ubu-manhdh)
    • ugngg ub (Oyk), Chest (root: /ubu/; ergative/locative: ugngg ubu-manhdh)
  • ubal (Oyk), 2st person dual nominative pronoun ("you two")
  • ubang (Oyk), 2st person dual possessive pronoun ("belongs to you two")
  • ubangan (Oyk), 2st person dual accusative pronoun ("you two")
  • ubanyj (food cl): egng ubanyj (Oyk), (1) Pollen store in sugarbag; (2) Generic "sugarbag"
  • ubam (vagina cl): idn ubam (Olk), Womb, Placenta
  • ubarrk (Oyk)
  • ubatharr (tree cl): ug ubatharr (Olk), Cochlospermum gillivraei
  • ubiw, Fish, generic classifier for fish and crustaceans [= Uw Oykangand uy in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ubman (Olk, Oyk)
    • ubman, Thigh, Upper leg
    • ubman (shit cl): adn ubman, Lap, Thigh
    • ubman elkor (Olk), Lap
  • ubmanhdham, From the west, case form of ubmanhdhiy, West [= uwam, From the west, case form of uwand, East, in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ubmanhdhiy, West [= uwand, East, in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ubmbal (Olk, Oyk)
    • ubmbal, Arm
    • ubmbal (tree cl): ug ubmbal (Olk), uk ubmbal (Oyk), Melaleuca stenostachya
    • ubmbal elkal (Oyk), Shoulder blade
    • ubmbal enggar (Olk), Pulse
    • ubmbal engkar (Oyk), Pulse
    • ubmbal erodnh, Wrist, Knuckles
    • ubmbal odnhdhokor, Mourning armband
    • ubmbal ujnyjan, Armband
    • inh ubmbal arun, Wing of a bat
  • ubmbirrumbinyj (Olk, Oyk)
    • ubmbirrumbinyj, Scars, having lots of cicatrices
    • onyen ubmbirrumbinyj, Dilly bag sp.
  • ubu (fire cl): alh ubu (Olk), Firewood
  • ubuj (tree cl): ug ubuj (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Lophopetalum lactifluus
  • ubungan (grass cl): ugan ubungan (Olk), grass sp.
  • uchag (tree cl): uk uchag (Olk), Cooktown ironwood, Erythrophleum chlorostachys
  • uchi (meat cl): inh uchi (Olk), square-tailed kite, Milvus migrans
  • uchil
    • uchil (Olk), Navel
    • abub uchil (Olk), Nipple
  • uchilng (Olk), Shell
  • uchir (Olk), Two
  • uchirrg (Olk), Twice
  • ud (Oyk)
  • udb (Olk), Ridge
  • udhal
    • arrbm udhal (Olk), Rib bone
  • udhibar
    • udhibar (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Shit, Faeces, Excrement
    • udhibar ardndal (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Pregnant
  • udhidh (meat cl): inh udhidh (Oyk), white-breasted sea-eagle, Pandion haliaetus
  • udhingiy, North [= Uw Olkola ugnggar, North, in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • udhun, Seeing (Verb) [= ewanh in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • udin (Olk), Swallowing (RR-class verb, root /udi-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • udn (tree cl): uk udn (Oyk), Red ant (root: /udni/; ergative/locative udni-mb)
  • udn (Oyk), Lying down/lie down! [Uw Oykangand imperative and present tense forms of the verb udnanh]
  • udnanboy (Olk, Oyk), (1) Smoothing board or resin pallet; (2) Babyboard
  • udnarrarr (Olk, Oyk), (1) Smoothing board or resin pallet; (2) Babyboard
  • udnanboy, (1) Resin pallet or smoothing board; (2) Babyboard [In Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy this takes the tree classifier: onychar udnanboy in Uw Oykangand and onyjar udnanboy in Uw Olkola]
  • udnanh (Olk, Oyk), Lying down, camping (L-class verb, root /udna-/, past /-l/, Uw Olkola imperative /-y/, northern Uw Olkola imperative /-ng/, Uw Oykangand imperative and present /udn/)
  • udnarrarr, (1) Resin pallet or smoothing board; (2) Babyboard [In Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy this takes the tree classifier: onychar udnarrarr in Uw Oykangand and onyjar udnarrarr in Uw Olkola]
  • udnbadhal (meat cl): inh udnbadhal (Olk), Platycercus adscitus
  • udnbar (Olk, Oyk), Lame
  • udndan (Olk, Oyk), (RR-class verb, root /udnda-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • udndil (Olk, Oyk), Grasshopper
  • udndub (meat cl): inh udndub (Olk), Adult male agile wallaby, Macropus agilis
  • udnduw (meat cl): inh udnduw (Oyk), Adult male agile wallaby, Macropus agilis
  • udn.g
    • udn.g (Olk, Oyk), Alive, Raw, Green
    • udn.g (meat cl): inh udn.g (Olk, Oyk), Raw meat
  • udn.gam, Yamstick [= Uw Olkola ajin and Uw Oykangand achin in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • udn.gan, [15 KB .wav file], Spear [= Uw Olkola alg or alga and Uw Oykangand alk in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • udni (Olk), Red ant
  • udnam
    • udnam (Olk, Oyk), (1) Fat; (2) Good
    • enggar udnam (Olk), Body fat
    • ukan owel udnam, scenty grass (grass sp.)
  • udnamij
    • ok udnamij (Olk), Fresh water
  • udnu (Olk), Red ant
  • udnunyj (tree cl): ug udnunyj (Olk, Oyk), tree sp., Neofabricia mjoebergii
  • udnhdhurrgun (tree cl): ug udnhdhurrgun (Olk), uk udnhdhurrgun (Oyk), Hibiscus meraukensis
  • ug, ugu (Olk), tree
    • ug adharradh, Ant sp.
    • ug adnban, (1) Wind break; (2) Brush fish trap [= Uw Olkola ug urrgan in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
    • ug anany, Grub sp.
    • ug anda, Table
    • ug angadh, Spider
    • ug anhdham, Firestick cover holes
    • ug arragarr, Grinding stick
    • ug arrgnganyj, Ironwood tree wax
    • ug arrnganyj, Ironwood tree wax
    • ug athu, Spider sp.
    • ug ator, Tree fork
    • ug ator, Bush table
    • ug emen, Black antbed
    • ug ene, Tobacco
    • ug enyjon, Centipede
    • ug eparrb, Dragonfly
    • ug eper [23 KB .wav file], Tobacco
    • ug eren, Firefly
    • ug ewen, sugarbag grass
    • ug ichig, Tobacco
    • ug ijan, Smoke cigarettes (verb) [ijan, RR-class verb]
    • ug imilam, Butterfly
    • ug ithul, wax tree sp.
    • ug oda, Scorpion
    • ug odnhor, Caterpillar
    • ug omo, Black ant
    • ug oybmbom, Bloodwood tree wax
    • ug uchag, Ironwood tree wax
    • ug ulbmul, Cross beam
    • ug urrgan, (1) Brush fish trap; (2) Windbreak [= Uw Olkola ug urrgan in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
    • ug uyothothor, Witchetty grub
    • alh ug ojel, Firestick
  • ugan (Olk), (1) Grass, generic classifier for grass types; (2) Bushfire
  • ugandan
    • onyen ugandan (Olk), Fish dilly bag net
  • ugind (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Bush doctor
  • ugirr
    • anggangg ugirr (Olk), Diarrhoea
  • ugngan (Olk, Oyk), Making, doing, building, fashioning, constructing (RR-class verb, root /ugnga-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • ugng
    • ugng (Oyk), Sun (root: /ugnga/; ergative/locative: ugnga-mb)
    • ugng adnd (Oyk), Dry season
    • ugng ilbmbungg (Olk), Dry season
  • ugnga (Olk), Sun
  • ugngarr (Olk), Today
  • ugngg
    • ugngg ednben (Olk, Oyk), Chest
    • ugngg eka (Olk), Knee
    • ugngg errmerrm (Olk), Chest
    • ugngg ewarru (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy), Chest
    • ugngg idnhdhag (Olk, Oyk), Chest
    • ugngg ub (Oyk), Chest
    • ugngg up (Olk), Chest
    • arrg ugngg (Olk), Rock
    • og ugngg (Oyk), Wave
    • ok ugngg (Olk), Wave
  • ugnggany (Olk, Oyk), From the north [case form of ugnggar, north]
  • ugnggar (Olk, Oyk), North
  • ugnggul (Oyk), Fighting stick
  • ugngug (Olk, Oyk), Evening
  • ugnggur (Olk, Oyk)
    • ugnggur artin (Oyk), Jump [artin, RR-class verb]
    • ugnggur adin (Olk), Jump [adin, RR-class verb]
    • ugnggur ijnyjin, Jump out of [ijnyjin, RR-class verb]
  • ugu
  • ugunb (Olk, Oyk), Grave
  • ujag
    • ujag (tree cl): uk ujag (Oyk), (1) Ironwood tree; (2) Ironwood tree wax
    • ow ujag (Oyk), Bridge of nose
  • ujar (food cl): egng ujar (Oyk), Syzygium bungadinnia
  • ujijin.g (Olk), Afternoon
  • ujil (Oyk), Navel
  • ujilng (Oyk), Shell
  • ujir (Oyk), Two
  • ujirrg (Oyk), Twice
  • ujny
    • ujny (Oyk), Hornet, generic classifier for hornets (root: /ujnyi/; ergative/locative: ujnyi-mb)
    • ujny aral (Olk), Hornet sp.
    • ujny arrarr (Olk, Oyk), Hornet sp.
    • ujny eral (Oyk), Hornet sp.
    • ujny eran (Oyk), March Fly
    • ujny eran.g (Olk), March Fly
    • ujny irrpanggal (Olk), (1) 'Mother' sugarbag hornet; (2) Hornet sp.
    • ujny odnd (Oyk), Hornet sp.
    • ujny odndo (Olk), Hornet sp.
    • ujny ononong (Olk, Oyk), Hornet sp.
  • ujnyan (food cl): egng ujnyan, Big waterlily sp.
  • ujnyi (Olk), Hornet generic
  • ujnyj
    • ujnyj ulbmul (Olk), Widow pendant
  • ujnyjan
  • ujnyjimb (Olk), Woomera
  • uk (Oyk)
    • uk, Tree (root: /uku/; ergative/locative: uku-y)
    • uk adnban, (1) Wind break; (2) Brush fish trap [= Uw Oykangand uk urrkan in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
    • uk ador, (1) Tree fork; (2) Bush table
    • uk agngar, Witchetty grub
    • uk anany, Grub sp.
    • uk angath, Spider
    • uk arral (Olk, Oyk), Forest wax
    • uk arrb, Maggot
    • uk ataw, Bull ant
    • uk atharrath, Ant sp.
    • uk ayjarrm, Bloodwood tree wax
    • uk ebarrw, Dragonfly
    • uk enychon, Centipede
    • uk eren, Firefly
    • uk ig, Leaf
    • uk ijan, Smoke cigarettes (verb) [ijan, RR-class verb]
    • uk ilam ijijag, Butterfly
    • uk ilbmb, Grasstree wax
    • uk odnhor, Caterpillar
    • uk olk, Green ant
    • uk om, Black ant
    • uk ort, Scorpion
    • uk udn, Red ant
    • uk ujag, Ironwood tree wax
    • uk urrkan, (1) Brush fish trap; (2) Windbreak [= Uw Oykangand uk urrkan in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ukal (Olk), Name
  • ukan (Oyk), (1) Grass, generic classifier for grass types; (2) Bushfire
    • ukan alim anyjanyjalg, oilgrass, Cymbopogon bombycinus
    • ukan owel udnam, scenty grass (grass sp.)
  • ukar (meat cl): inh ukar (Oyk), Varanus sp.
  • ukarrphin, Hand, finger [= Uw Oykangand uyam in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ukurrumbil
  • ul (Olk, Oyk), 3st person dual nominative pronoun ("they two")
  • ul (Oyk)
    • ul, Shell sp.
    • ulbmul ul, Shell sp.
  • ula (Olk), Shell sp.
  • uladh (Olk), Poison cousin MBS
  • ulal (Olk)
    • ulal, Testicle
    • oth ulal, Testicle
    • ulal eden, Scrotum
  • uland
    • uland (water cl): og uland (Oyk), ok uland (Olk), Sea, Sea water, Flood
    • uland iba (Olk), Deep part of the sea, past the shallows
    • uland iph (Oyk), Deep part of the sea, past the shallows
    • ar uland (Olk, Oyk), Mirage
  • ulang (Olk, Oyk), 3st person dual possessive pronoun ("belongs to them two")
  • ulangan (Olk, Oyk), 3st person dual accusative pronoun ("them two")
  • ulangarr (Oyk), Poison cousin MBS
  • ularnyjarr (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Poison cousin MBS
  • ulbar (Oyk)
    • ulbar, Hiccough (noun)
    • ulbar ikin, Hiccough (verb; past: ulbar ikirr)
    • eg ulbar, Fontanel
  • ulbay, Fire, Firewood, Wood [= Uw Oykangand alh in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ulbin (Olk), Dying (RR-class verb, root /ulbi-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • ulbindar (meat cl): inh ulbindar (Oyk), bar-shouldered dove, Geopelia humeralis
  • ulbmul (Olk)
    • ulbmul, Nose
    • ulbmul (food cl): egng ulbmul, Entrance ("nose") of a sugarbag
    • ulbmul (woomera cl): othab ulbmul, Woomera hook
    • ulbmul (tree cl): ug ulbmul, Crossbeam
    • ulbmul arrgi ewa, Nostril
    • ulbmul awarenhal, Nose peg
    • ulbmul ebmbe, Woomera hook
    • ulbmul egan, Nostril
    • ulbmul elan, Nose peg
    • ulbmul elgnggel, Bridge of nose
    • ulbmul errji, Snot, Nasal mucus
    • ulbmul ujag, Bridge of nose
    • ulbmul ul (Oyk), Shell sp.
    • ulbmul ulbin, Drown [ulbin, RR-class verb]
    • ulbmul umij, Snot, Nasal mucus
    • abub ulbmul, Nipple
    • olem ulbmul, Wooden axe
    • ujnyj ulbmul, Widow pendant
  • ulbun (Oyk), Dark
  • ulginb (Olk)
    • ulginb, Grasstree wax
    • ulginb (food cl): egng ulginb, Batument plug of sugarbag
  • ulgnggul (Oyk), Fighting stick
  • ulm (meat cl): inh ulm (Oyk), Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
  • ulma (meat cl): inh ulma (Olk), Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
  • ulpadh, Fire, Firewood, Wood [= Uw Olkola alhu in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ulpar (Olk)
    • ulpar, (1) Burp (noun); (2) Hiccough (noun)
    • ulpar igin, (1) Burp; (2) Hiccough (verb; past: ulpar igirr)
    • ek ulpar, Fontanel
  • ulparangg, Behind [= Uw Olkola orren in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • ulphin (Oyk), Dying (RR-class verb, root /ulphi-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • ulpun (Olk), Dark
  • ulpunhdh (Olk), (1) Morning; (2) Tomorrow
  • ulunggungg (termite mound cl): iban ulunggungg (Olk), iphan ulunggungg (Oyk), Termite mound growing on a tree trunk
  • umal (Olk, Oyk), Bad weather coming
  • umalangg, Dead, dead body [= odnhdhor in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • umang (meat cl): inh umang (Olk, Oyk), Torres Strait imperial-pigeon, Ducula bicolor
  • umb (shit cl): adn umb (Oyk), Bum, Buttocks
  • umban
    • idnhan umban (Oyk), Naked
  • umbanumban (Olk, Oyk), Devil sp.
  • umbiny (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Olg]), Husband
  • umbunggu (ghost cl): agngar umbunggu (Olk), Musgrave Kwinkan
  • umij (Olk)
    • umij, Snot, Nasal mucus, Sneeze (noun)
    • umij ignggin, Sneeze (verb; past: umij ignggirr)
    • ek umij, Brain
    • ulbmul umij, Snot, Nasal mucus, Sneeze (noun)
  • umuj (yamstick cl): achin umuj (Oyk), ajin umuj (Olk), Long yamstick sp.
  • umunggar (Olk)
    • umunggar, (1) Rock; (2) Cooking stones
    • olem umunggar, Hand axe
  • umuny (Olk)
    • el umuny ambenh, Wink (verb) [ambenh, L-class verb]
  • umunyumuny (Oyk)
    • el umunyumuny ambenh, Wink (verb) [ambenh, L-class verb]
  • umurr
    • umurr ambenh, Cool down, Let cool down [ambenh, RR-class verb]
  • unkun.g (Oyk), Elbow
  • unggal (Olk), Name
  • unggan (Olk), Burn (RR-class verb, root /ungga-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • unggodh (Olk, Oyk), "This, this one here": the declarative proximate deictic [near to the speaker], in ergative/locative case.
  • unggolg (Olk, Oyk), "This, this one here": the declarative proximate deictic [near to the speaker], in purposive case.
  • unggolng (Olk, Oyk), "This, this one here": the declarative proximate deictic [near to the speaker], in possessive case.
  • unggom (Olk, Oyk), "This, this one here": the declarative proximate deictic [near to the speaker], in absolutive case.
  • unggomam (Olk, Oyk), "This, this one here": the declarative proximate deictic [near to the speaker], in ablative case.
  • unggudh (Olk, Oyk), "That, that one over there": the declarative remote deictic [distant from both the speaker and listener], in ergative/locative case.
  • unggul (Olk, Oyk), "That, that one over there": the declarative remote deictic [distant from both the speaker and listener], in absolutive case.
  • unggulam (Olk, Oyk), "That, that one over there": the declarative remote deictic [distant from both the speaker and listener], in ablative case.
  • unggulg (Olk, Oyk), "That, that one over there": the declarative remote deictic [distant from both the speaker and listener], in purposive case.
  • unggulng (Olk, Oyk), "That, that one over there": the declarative remote deictic [distant from both the speaker and listener], in possessive case.
  • ungkal (Oyk), Name
  • ungkan (Oyk), Burn (RR-class verb, root /ungka-/, reduplicated root /ungkungka-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • ungkin (Oyk), Being born (RR-class verb, root /ungki-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • unhdhol (man cl): abm unhdhol (Olk), Poison cousin MBS
  • unhunh, Tongue [= Uw Oykangand eph in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • untuntal (Oyk), Thunder
  • unudb (Oyk), Ridge
  • unyan
    • unyan (Olk, Oyk), (1) Rain; (2) Sea breeze
    • unyan (tree cl): ug unyan (Olk), uk unyan (Oyk), saltwater mangrove, Avicennia marina australasica
    • ejer unyan (Oyk), Drizzle, light rain
  • unychan (Oyk), Wash (RR-class verb, root /unycha-/, reduplicated root /unychunycha-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • unychang (fire cl): alh unychang (Oyk), Hot coals
  • unychir (Oyk), (1) Nighttime, night; (2) Dark (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy)
  • unyjal (Olk)
    • unyjal, Wife, woman
    • abim unyjal, Ghost of a woman
  • unyjang (fire cl): alh unyjang (Olk), Hot coals
  • unyjir (Olk), (1) Nighttime, night; (2) Dark (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy)
  • unyjurrmunyjuy (Olk, Oyk), Rough skin, Bumpy skin
  • upa (Olk)
    • upa (shit cl): adn upa, Bum, Buttocks
    • ugngg upa, Chest
  • upal (Oyk), 2st person dual nominative pronoun ("you two")
  • upamb (tree cl): ug upamb (Olk), uk upamp (Oyk), Ricinus communis
  • upan (Olk)
    • upan amban, Show (verb) [amban, RR-class verb]
  • upang (Olk), 2st person dual possessive pronoun ("belongs to you two")
  • upangan (Olk), 2st person dual accusative pronoun ("you two")
  • upanyj (food cl): egng upanyj (Olk), (1) Pollen store of sugarbag; (2) Beer, Grog
  • uparrg (Olk)
  • uphadharr (tree cl): uk uphadharr (Oyk), Cochlospermum gillivraei
  • upham (Oyk)
    • upham (vagina cl): idn upham, Womb, Placenta
    • ignggan upham, raffia of cabbage palm tree
  • uphungan (grass cl): ukan uphungan (Oyk), grass sp.
  • upib, Fish, generic classifier for fish and crustaceans [= Uw Olkola uyu in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • upun (Olk), Dark
  • urarr (Olk, Oyk), Smell, aroma
  • urigij (meat cl): inh urigij (Olk), Trichosurus vulpecula [= Uw Olkola inh anbu in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • urr (Olk, Oyk), 2st person plural nominative pronoun ("you all")
  • urrang (Olk, Oyk), 2st person plural possessive pronoun ("belongs to you all")
  • urrangan (Olk, Oyk), 2st person plural nominative pronoun ("you all")
  • urrangarr (Oyk), Wife
  • urrb (fish cl): uy urrb (Oyk), barramundi, Lates calcarifer
  • urrbu (Olk), (1) Wet season; (2) Storm; (3) Rain
  • urrchi (meat cl): inh urrchi (Olk), square-tailed kite, Milvus migrans
  • urrgan (tree cl): ug urrgan (Olk), (1) Brush fish trap; (2) Windbreak
  • urrgar (food cl): egng urrgar (Oyk), Albizia procera
  • urrgawar (water cl): og urrgawar (Oyk), ok urrgawar (Olk), Puddle
  • urrgin (Oyk), Grinding (RR-class verb, root /urrgi-/, reduplicated root /urrgurrgi-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • urrgngan (Olk, Oyk), Making, doing, building, fashioning, constructing (RR-class verb, root /urrgnga-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • urrgngga (Olk), Cough
  • urrgug (termite mound cl): iban urrgug (Olk), Termite mound growing in a tree fork
  • urrgum (food cl): egng urrgum (Oyk), sandpaper fig, Ficus scobina
  • urrgurrg (tree cl): uk urrgurrg (Oyk), (1) fish poison tree, Acacia ditricha; (2) giddee-giddee, Abrus precatorius
  • urringari, Fat [= udnam in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • urrj (meat cl): inh urrj (Oyk), square-tailed kite, Milvus migrans (root: /urrji/; ergative/locative: inh urrji-mb)
  • urrjag (tree cl): uk urrjag (Oyk), (1) Cooktown ironwood, Erythrophleum chlorostachys; (2) ironwood wax
  • urrjurrj (Oyk), Moss
  • urrkan (Oyk)
    • urrkan (tree cl): uk urrkan, (1) Brush fish trap; (2) Wind break
    • alghay urrkan, Stone fish trap
  • urrmun (Olk, Oyk), Bark (of a dog) (RR-class verb, root /urrmu-/, reduplicated root /urrmurrmu-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/, northern Olkola imperative /-ng/)
  • urrpa (fish cl): uy urrpa (Olk), barramundi, Lates calcarifer
  • urrpidh (tree cl): ug urrpidh (Olk), cabbage tree, Bossiaea bossiaeoides
  • urryim (Olk, Oyk), Fat [= udnam, Fat, in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • urryimarr (tree cl): ug urryimarr (Olk), (1) giddee-giddee, Abrus precatorius; (2) giddee-giddee bead pendant; (3) fish poison tree, Acacia ditricha
  • urunhdh (Olk, Oyk), Down, down there
  • ut alkar (Olk), dingo, Canis lupus dingo
  • uta (Olk), Dog
  • utamun, Foot, Toe [= ebmal in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • utan (Olk), Path, Road
  • utarrbmbun, Foot, Toe [= ebmal in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • utaypungg, Urine [= ebmong in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • uthibar [= orol, Belly, and adn, Shit, in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
    • uthibar, (1) Belly; (2) Shit, faeces, excrement
    • uthibar ajnyi, Vomit
    • uthibar ardndal, Pregnant
    • uthibar awurrin, Go to toilet [awurrin, RR-class verb]
  • uthumarr (meat cl): inh uthumarr (Olk), Bullock
  • uthumbuk
    • uthumbuk (Olk), Middle, in the middle
    • alngul uthumbuk (Olk), Third Finger
  • utin (Oyk), Swallowing (RR-class verb, root /uti-/, past /-rr/, imperative /-l/)
  • utuwal
    • utuwal (spear cl): alg utuwal (Olk), alk utuwal (Oyk), (1) Spear hook; (2) Bunched porcupine spear
    • utuwal (food cl): egng utuwal (Olk), English bee
    • alk utuwal ilg (Oyk), Fishing hand point
  • uw
    • uw (Oyk), Language, talk, speech, generic classifier for languages and forms of communication
    • Uw Adnhalwil (Olk, Oyk), Yirrk Thangedl language and people
    • Uw Adnokon (Olk, Oyk), Yirr Yorront language and people
    • Uw Albmadnim (Olk, Oyk), Koko Bera language and people
    • Uw Almbadnim abar (Olk), Kurrtjar language and people
    • Uw Almbadnim aphar (Oyk), Kurrtjar language and people
    • Uw Anhanggaw (Olk), Undetermined language and group name, about Laura
    • Uw Anhangkaw (Oyk), Undetermined language and group name, about Laura
    • uw arag (Olk, Oyk), Whisper
    • Uw Awawurrungk (Olk), Kawarrangg language and people
    • Uw Awurrungk (Oyk), Kawarrangg language and people
    • Uw Ayan (Olk, Oyk), Pakanh language and people
    • Uw Ayapathu (Olk), Ayapathu language
    • uw aychan (Olk), Talk [aychan, RR-class verb]
    • uw ayin (Olk, Oyk), Crying, Wailing
    • Uw El (Olk, Oyk), Yirr Mel language and people
    • uw erorr (Olk, Oyk), Voice
    • Uw Idni (Olk), Avoidance language in Pakanh
    • Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy (Olk, Oyk), Avoidance language in Oykangand and Olgol
    • Uw In.gan (Olk, Oyk), Ogh Unyjan language and people
    • Uw Inhal (Olk, Oyk), Undetermined language and group term
    • Uw Olgol (Oyk), Olkola language and people
    • Uw Olkola (Olk), Olkola language and people
    • Uw Oygangand (Olk), Oykangand language and people
    • Uw Oykangand (Oyk), Oykangand language and people
    • odel uw (Olk), Throat
    • otel uw (Oyk), Throat
  • uwadh (Olk), Son, Daugher
  • uwalal, Good [= udnam, Good, in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • uwam (Olk, Oyk), From the west [case form of uwand, west]
  • uwand (Olk, Oyk), West
  • uwangarr (Oyk), Son, Daugher
  • uwarnyjarr (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Son, Daugher
  • uway
    • uway (Olk, Oyk), Old man
    • uway (spear cl): alk uway (Oyk), Wire spear sp.
    • abmidh uway (Olk), Grandfather [parallel]
    • abmindarr uway (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Grandfather [parallel]
    • abmingarr uway (Oyk), Grandfather [parallel]
    • achidh uway (Olk), Grandfather [cross]
    • ajindarr uway (Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy [Oyk]), Grandfather [cross]
    • ajingarr uway (Oyk), Grandfather [cross]
    • chaching uway (Olk, Oyk), Grandfather [cross]
    • jajing uway (Oyk), Grandfather [cross]
    • mabming uway (Olk, Oyk), Grandfather [parallel]
    • alk uway agngaram (Oyk), Wire spear sp.
    • alg uway odnd (Olk), Barramundi spear
    • alk uway odnd (Oyk), Barramundi spear
    • alg uway uparrg (Olk), Wire spear sp.
  • uwilam, Blood [= Uw Oykangand olbong and Uw Olkola olpong, Blood, in Uw Ilbmbanhdhiy]
  • uwonggon (frog cl): ednbal uwonggon (Olk, Oyk), frog sp.
  • uwu (Olk), Language, Talk, Speech
  • uwunb (food cl): egng uwunb (Oyk), English bee
  • uwurr (Olk, Oyk), Funeral practice
  • uy
    • uy (Oyk), Fish, generic classifier for fish and crustaceans (root: /uyu/; ergative/locative: uyu-l)
    • uy eromb obman, Fish poisoning
    • uy iba (Olk), Fish fat
    • uy iph (Oyk), Fish fat
    • uy ognggomb (Olk), Fish damper
  • uyam (Olk, Oyk)
    • uyam, Hand, Finger
    • uyam amadh (Olk), Thumb
    • uyam amadh (Olk), Index Finger
    • uyam amal (Olk), Thumb
    • uyam amangarr (Oyk), Thumb
    • uyam amay (Oyk), Thumb
    • uyam amboch (Oyk), Little Finger
    • uyam and (Olk), Fingers
    • uyam anggunyan, Fingers
    • uyam anggunyan ebmborrng (Oyk), Middle Finger
    • uyam ant (Oyk), Fingers
    • uyam apan (Olk), Thumb
    • uyam arrin (Olk), Clap (verb) [arrin, RR-class verb]
    • uyam artin (Oyk), Wave (verb) [artin, RR-class verb]
    • uyam edhanh, Clap (verb) [edhanh, L-class verb]
    • uyam edn.gel (Olk), Wrist, Knuckles
    • uyam elgal (Olk), Fingernail
    • uyam elkal (Oyk), Fingernail
    • uyam elpan (Olk), Palm of hand
    • uyam erodnh, Fist
    • uyam errab (Olk), Fingers
    • uyam iba (Olk), Palm of hand
    • uyam idnban (Olk), Thumb
    • uyam igin (Olk), Wave (verb) [igin, RR-class verb]
    • uyam iph (Oyk), Palm of hand
    • uyam olgngon (Olk), Fist
  • uyenagem (food cl): egng uyenagem (Olk), sugarbag species: Trigona fusco balteata
  • uyi (food cl): egng uyi (Olk), sandpaper fig, Ficus scobina
  • uyimal (meat cl): inh uyimal (Olk, Oyk), bush thick-knee, Burhinus grallarius
  • uyothothor (tree cl): ug uyothothor (Olk), Witchetty grub
  • uyulng (Olk, Oyk), Shark-tooth fighting knife

[W]

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  • wujilng (Oyk), Shell
  • wuwang (Olk, Oyk), Son, Daugher

Oykangand and Olkola Multimedia Dictionary copyright 1997 Philip Hamilton and the Kowanyama Land and Natural Resources Management Office.
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