Pantheon  -  Principal Gods

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 ...  From Chaos came forth Erebus and black Night; but of Night were born Aether and Day, whom she conceived and bare from union in love with Erebus. And Earth first bare starry Heaven, equal to herself, to cover her
on every side, and to be an ever-sure abiding-place for the blessed gods. And she brought forth long Hills,
graceful haunts of the goddess-Nymphs who dwell amongst the glens of the hills.
She bare also the fruitless deep with his raging swell, Pontus, without sweet union of love.
But afterwards she lay with Heaven and bare deep-swirling Oceanos, Coeos and Creios
and Hypereion and Iapetos, Theia and Rhea, Themis and Mnemosyne
and gold-crowned Phoebe and lovely Tethys.
After them was born Kronos the wily, youngest
and most terrible of her children ...
 -o-
-- Hesiod's Theogony --

 
 Gaia  -  Earth  Click to hear the name in Greek  <RealPlayer format>  
Primordial Goddess born from Chaos, she gave birth to Pontos (sea), Mountains and Ouranos.
With Ouranos as her husband gave birth to Titanes (the first generation of gods), Cyclopes and Hekatocheires.
 
 Ouranos  -  Sky  Click to hear the name in Greek  <RealPlayer format>  
Is the god of the sky. Ouranos is the son and husband of Gaia and from their union all elements of cosmos and all life forms were born. But this union should be stopped in a given time so everything that was born till then to have a stable shape and evolve -- there is no way to have order in a universe which always create forms in other words is 'under construction'.
So Gaia was tired of her exuberant fertility and asked her sons to save her from the excessive embrace of Ouranos.
Kronos was the one who accepted and armed with a sickle he castrated Ouranos, and the blood which fell from the mutilation gave birth to  Erinyes (Furies),  Giants,  Nymphs and from the severed genitals, which fell in the sea, white
foam appeared and Aphrodite the goddess of love and desire was born.
 
 Eros Love  Click to hear the name in Greek  <RealPlayer format>  
Known as the god of Love. Eros is an always existed primal power of cosmos, or according to some myths is born from Chaos and Gaia or from Tartarus and Night or that is the son of Aphrodite. Is the personification of the cosmic power of contraction, which makes the principal particles to congregate and combine. Eros cannot create but with his energy all particles have the tendency to join and from this junction, live arise. One of the most important places, where Eros was worshiped, is Thespies in Boiotea - every five years the Eroteia festival took place.
 
 Kronos  Click to hear the name in Greek  <RealPlayer format>  
Kronos with his wife Rhea took the throne of cosmos after Ouranos' castration. He is the god of harvest and chaotic freedom.
During the festival of Kronia (in honor of Kronos), just before the new year,  there is a revival of Kronos' kingdom, which reminds the people of that 'golden era' where the people lived without limitations and restrictions from labor and laws.
With the new year the 'order' takes over (Zeus' kingdom) and everything comes to normal again, but with a feeling of freshness and renewal from this temporally dive in the primitive origin of life.
The myth says that when Kronos learned that he would be overthrown by one of his children, he began to swallow his newborns, taking them at birth and swallowing them whole. Rhea didn't like this and with the help of Gaia, they wrapped a stone with baby clothes and gave it to Kronos who swallowed thinking it was a child. The child (Zeus) was taken to Crete and there in a cave raised with the milk of a goat (Amalteia). When Zeus had grown, he returned and fight with his father who after his defeat, he forced to regurgitate the children he had previously swallowed, so Demetra, Hades, Hera, Hestia and Poseidon were saved and fight with Zeus against the Titanes (Titanomachy).
 
 Rhea  -  She who flows  Click to hear the name in Greek  <RealPlayer format>  
Is the sister and wife of Kronos. Rhea was identified from the people of Asia minor with Kybele, the great mother of all gods.
 
 Iapetos  Click to hear the name in Greek  <RealPlayer format>  
His wife is Clymene and their children are Atlas, Menoitios, Prometheus and Epimetheus.
 
 Themis  Click to hear the name in Greek  <RealPlayer format>  
Personification of the divine justice, law and order. One of Zeus wives. Themis' daughters are the Horae, the Moirai and the virgin Astraia.
 
 Oceanos  -  Ocean  Click to hear the name in Greek  <RealPlayer format>  
The first child of Ouranos and Gaia. Is the personification of the vast ocean, the river of the rivers. His wife is Tethys and their children are the Rivers (over 3000) and Oceanids (over 3000, with best known Kalypso).
 .
 Tethys  Click to hear the name in Greek  <RealPlayer format>  
Wife of Oceanos.
 
 Hypereion  -  He who walks upwards  Click to hear the name in Greek  <RealPlayer format>  
He's the husband of Theia and their children are: Sun, Selene and Eos. Considered as one of the suns.
 
 Theia  -  She who runs (?)  Click to hear the name in Greek  <RealPlayer format>  
The dawn with her soft light running across the celestial dome, wife of Hypereion.
 
 Creios  Click to hear the name in Greek  <RealPlayer format>  
Probably one of the suns, husband of Eurybia. His children are: Astraios, Pallas and Perses.
 
 Mnemosyne  -  Memory  Click to hear the name in Greek  <RealPlayer format>  
She is one of Zeus wives. Their children are the Muses.
 
 Coeos  Click to hear the name in Greek  <RealPlayer format>  
Probably one of the suns, husband of Phebe. Their children are: Leto and Asteria.
 
 Phebe  Click to hear the name in Greek  <RealPlayer format>  
Golden crowned, wife of Coeos.
 
 Helios  -  Sun  Click to hear the name in Greek  <RealPlayer format>  
The son of Hyperion and Theia, who later on is identified with Apollon. According to the myth, Helios rises from the east (land of the Aithiops) and descends at night in the west (land of Hesperides), and passing through Earth (land of the deads) returns in the east again to shine over the world. Famous center of his worship was Rhodos, where a very known huge statue was built in his honor, the Colossos of Rhodes (the sixth of the seven wonders of the ancient world).
 
 Hecate  Click to hear the name in Greek  <RealPlayer format>  
Moon goddess, daughter of Perseus and Asterias. She is considered as the protector of the women in childbirth, she's also the protector from outside evils, Hecate Propylaia (Hecate before the gate), thus it was used to put a statue of her outside of the sanctuaries and houses. She is represented  as a triple head figure (Trimorphos) - dog, snake, horse.
Her field of action is the underworld (Hecate Cthonia), the night and magick.
She's also known as Vendes (Thracian name) and worshipped inside of caves
 
 Hades  Click to hear the name in Greek  <RealPlayer format>  
Son of Kronos and Rhea, ruler of the underworld (the world of the deads) which is also called Hades.
He is the brother of Zeus, Poseidon, Hera and  Hestia
Hades also referred to as Plouton (the rich one) because people believe that through his mediation the earth gives all the goods. Hades shares his throne with Persephone, who have been abducted by him, for four months and the other eight months Persephone is returning to her mother Demetra.

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Page last updated 6 Feb 2000

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