OECOPHORIDAE
Concealer Moths 
TORTRICIDAE
Leafrollers
 
CASTNIIDAE
Sun Moths
 
LIMACODIDAE
Cup Moths
 
Pyralid Moths
 
GEOMETRIDAE
Looper Moths
 
Anthelid Moths
Anthelid Moth
 
 
NOTODONTIDAE
Prominents Moths
LYMANTRIIDAE 
Tussock Moths
ARCTIIDAE
Tiger Moths
AGANAIDAE
Tiger Moths
NOCTUIDAE
Owl Moths 
 
 

                                               

Sun Moths - FAMILY CASTNIIDAE

This page contains pictures and information about Sun Moths that we found in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia.
 
 
They fly during the day and have clubbed antenna, but they are not butterflies. They are Sun Moths. A family of moths that active during the day. They usually have dull brown forewings but bright colour hind wings. 
 
Their caterpillars are hardly be seen for they tunnel in soil. They feed on roots of different kinds of grasses. Their life cycle takes 2 to 3 years.
 
We found only one species of Sum Moth. 

Sun Moths - Synemon laeta

wpe12.jpg (21204 bytes)  wpe1.jpg (33573 bytes)
Male, body length 22mm
 
In fact all Sun Moths found in  Australia are in genus Synemon. We found this moth flying actively during the day in Alexandra Hill. The moth has clubbed antennae like a butterfly. Its front wings are dark brown in colour with patterns. When flying, we saw its bright orange colour hind wings.
 
wpe1.jpg (22513 bytes)  wpe3.jpg (21814 bytes)
 
We also found this Sun Moth in Karawatha Forest during mid summer. They seem like to rest on grass stem, where they did not camouflage with the background very well.
 
wpeC.jpg (25476 bytes)
 
Most Sun Moth caterpillar feed on grass root under ground. This species of Caterpillars feed inside the culm of the foodplant,  Spiny Headed Mat Rush ( Lomandra longifoliaat), at  ground level.
 
wpe6.jpg (47019 bytes)   wpeA.jpg (48119 bytes)
Female, body length 20mm
 
We saw this female Sun Moth once in Karawatha Forest during mid summer. It was resting on the foot path. When we came too closely, it flied to another spot on the ground a few meter away. When rest, it showed part of its hind wings which were bright orange in colour. The bottom side of its wings were also in bright orange colour. 
  

Up ] Case Moths ] Leaf Miners ] Leaf Rollers ] Concealer Moths ] [ Sun Moths ] Pyralid Moths ] Snout Moths ] Anthelid Moths ] Hawk Moths ] Unknown Moths ] Unknown Caterpillars ]


See us in Home page. Download large pictures in Wallpaper web page. Give us comments in Guest Book, or send email. A great way to support us is to buy the Brisbane Insects and Spiders CD.  
Last updated: April 29, 2005.
1