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American College Testing Program--This organization provides another national exam, the ACT Assessment, which includes four curriculum-based tests that measure students' educational development in English, mathematics, reading, and science reasoning. ACT scores are used for college admissions purposes and are accepted at most colleges and universities. Many schools accept both the SAT and the ACT.


Advanced Placement--This college board program allows students to take courses in high school (usually during the junior and senior years) that simulate college-level work. These intense courses culminate in a nationwide AP exam in specific subject areas, and teh scores are generally used for placement purposes at colleges for allowing students to gain advanced college standing.


College Entrance Examination Board/College Board--Based in Princeton, New Jersey, this non-profit membership organization provides testing and other educational services to students, secondary schools, and colleges. The College Board tests include the PSAT/NMSQT, SAT I: Reasoning Test and SAT II: Subject Tests, and the AP examinations.


Educational Testing Service--This group develops and administers the standardized tests for the College Board's programs.


Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test--This test measures developed reading, critical thinking, problem-solving, and writing skills, serves to predict students' scores on the SAT. In your Junior year, the NMS Cororation uses a figure called the "Selection Index" to identify Semifinalists who then compete to become National Merit Scholars. This test can be taken in 8th grade-11th grade.


SAT I: Reasoning Test is said to measure verbal and mathematical reasoning abilities important to successful performance in college. The SAT I is a three-hour test composed of three verbal sections, three math sections, and one "equating section". SAT I scores are considered a factor in almost every college's admissions, but to a varying degree of importance.


SAT II: Subject Tests measure a student's knowledge or skills in a particular area of study and the ability to apply that knowledge. Each subject test is one hour long. A student may take up to three different subject tests during a single test administration.