Safety at Sea - a
to sea always has been and remains inherently dangerous. Sailing a
square-rigger can be particularly dangerous unless an attitude of
consciousness is developed by every member of the crew –
trainees. For example, one must automatically make sure that doors are
secured so that they will not swing out of control when the ship rolls
and that portholes are properly dogged to prevent flooding. Particular
must be paid to housekeeping: a tonic can left on deck can easily cause
fall if stepped on during a roll and a book not secured can easily
missile hazard. What might be harmless horseplay ashore becomes
dangerous behavior at sea. In short, safety at sea is a way of life.
are several safety rules that are particularly important on a sailing
IN DAILY LIFE ON BOARD
important regulations to avoid problems while sailing on
electric appliance with the effect of heating is allowed to be used
have the permission of the responsible officer
is absolutely prohibited below decks. On deck it is only allowed around
houses behind the foremast. Always smoke on the lee-side of the wind. Never
throw a cigarette overboard. There are green baskets on deck
where you can
dispose of your completely extinguished cigarettes.
garbage has to be deposited in a special room opposite the entering
door of the
men’s toilet (inside of the toilet). Absolutely NOTHING goes
into the sea! All
garbage will be burned in our incinerator; except glass and metal will
disposed of on shore.
toilets and pipes seem to be the most sensitive installations on board.
NOTHING GOES INTO THE TOILET, THAT HAS NOT BEEN EATEN BEFORE!
Don’t even put
any soap inside, because the toilet-water is being cleaned and the soap
destroy the helpful bacteria.
good water on the ship is limited. Please use water economically,
there will have to be restrictions.
the engine room is permitted only with permission.
quarters of the crew members, their mess rooms and living rooms (=
area”) are absolutely off limits, unless you receive an
manipulate any lever, switch or button without permission.
use a flashlight on deck during the night.
shout, cry or whistle. Noises could be dangerous in real cases of
because orders will not be heard.
open a porthole at sea without permission.
step on ropes, because they are round and could roll.
sit on the main rail or the bulwark, on bollards or the pin rail.
sense " is a sailor’s best protection. Even if you only THINK
something is not correct, inform your officer of the watch.
- Long fingernails don’t last long on a sailing ship. Please cut them short, before they
break which may cause an inflammation.
things have to be stowed away, so that they can not cause any danger
even with a
IN THE RIGGING:
climb into the rigging without permission of the watch officer and
the watch bosun.
aloft only on the weather side. If a ratline carries away or you lose
your grip, the wind will blow you onto the shrouds instead of overboard.
laying aloft, you must hold on to the shrouds and not to the
ratlines. The ratlines, which are of light line, occasionally carry
with the best of preventative maintenance.
that can be dropped, possibly injuring someone, should not be
brought aloft. Watches, ballpoint
pens, lighters, knifes, hats,
and the like must be left below. Gear (also photo cameras and
handycams) that is
brought aloft must be secured.
harnesses must be worn aloft at all times. Until aloft,
the clip should be hooked into the belt so that it cannot foul. In
running rigging should never be used for support nor for hooking on
safety belt since it may become slack. Standing rigging, jackstays,
and fixed pieces of gear should be used instead.
traditional rule of one hand for the ship and one hand for yourself
still applies, even with safety belts. When working, both feet should
be on the
footropes or flemish horses.
instructed otherwise, no one is allowed to sit or stand on the
the watch bosun and the bridge when you have safely returned from the
a rule you will always be accompanied by a member of the crew when
aloft. What he or she says is valid, no matter how strange it sounds to
careful during manoeuvers. The blocks on the sheet, if not controlled,
may easily gyrate and hit someone on deck; hence the name widowblock.
step into loops of ropes, because they might tighten around your
leg – and pull you down or even hurt you badly.
working with lines, a sufficient number of people must be assigned
according to wind conditions. Bad rope burns can easily occur if a line
undermanned, not to mention damage to the sails. Be especially careful
pulling halyards and downhauls – if you run with these ropes
over the deck
beware you may damage your hands when the movement comes to an
The important command “brosili” in Russian language
orders you to let the
rope go immediately.
is particularly important to keep hands away from blocks when hauling
and to stand clear of bights. Such lines often run so fast that one can
caught without warning in the block or bight.
- In all
shipboard manoeuvers, and especially sailing manoeuvers, absolute
silence must be maintained except for necessary commands and reports.
worksheet from Nicole Graf and Sergey