Hde.geocities.com/baerbel_beuse/mix_languagechart.htmde.geocities.com/baerbel_beuse/mix_languagechart.htm.delayedxYJ OKtext/html8&'#b.HThu, 08 Nov 2007 15:23:29 GMTMozilla/4.5 (compatible; HTTrack 3.0x; Windows 98)en, *YJ MIR - http://home.t-online.de/home/baerbel.beuse/

 

A little help against the language barrier 

 

Russisch (transcription) Deutsch English Francais
pràvyj bort Steuerbord starbord tribort
ljèvyj bort Backbord portside babord
pàrus Segel sail voile
pàrusnij avral Segelalarm sailing alarm pare pour le manoeuvre
paschòll vsje na vjerch alle Mann an Deck all hands on deck tout les mondes sur le pont
vibiraj ziehen pull tirez
tràvith fieren let loose laisser firez
stàwith setzen put/set hisser les voiles
nìschnij unter lower en dessous
vjèrchnij ober upper en dessus
gatòv fertig/bereit ready pret
bròssili loslassen let go/ leave/ give up laisser tomber
krèpith belegen make fast fixer, amarrer
stop tak stop, genug stop, enough arretez, assez
ubiràth einholen (Segel) haul (sail) affaler
na gitòvi i gordèni aufgeien clew up drisser
bràssopith, brass brassen to brass brasser
uklàdiwath snàsti Taue festmachen make fast (ropes) fixer, amarrer les cordages
uklàdiwath pàrus Segel packen stow sails serrer les voiles
derzhàth festhalten hold rangez
adbòj beendet finished termine
kapitàn Kapitän master capitaine
kursànt, kadet Kadett cadet  
ekipàzh Mannschaft crew equipage
pamòshnik kapitana Offizier officer lieutenant

Useful phrases

sdràwstwuitje Grüß dich hello bonjour
privjèt hallo hello salut
pakà tschüss see you à plus tard
dobròe ùtra guten Morgen good morning bonjour
prijàtnava apetìta guten Appetit have a nice meal bon apetit
dòbrij vjètsher guten Abend good evening bonsoir
spakòinoi nòtshi gute Nacht good night bonne nuit
spassìba danke thanks merci
pazhàluysta bitte please /you're welcome s'il vous plaît
kharashò gut good bien
kak djèla? wie geht's how are you? comment ça va
normàlna gut nice ça va
garjàtschi heiss hot chaud
khòlodno kalt cold froid
mòzhno? kann ich, darf ich? may I? est-ce que je peux...?
do svidànja auf Wiedersehen good bye a bientôt
kak tebjà zavùt? Wie heißt du? what is your name? comment tu t'appelle?
menjà zavùt... Ich heiße... my name is... je m'appelle...
atkùda ty? Woher kommst du? where do you come from?  
ja iz... Ich komme aus... I am from...  
vapròs Frage question question
iswinìtje Entschuldigung excuse me excusez moi
(otshen) vkùsno schmackhaft delicious delicieux
pagòda Wetter weather temps
krassìvo schön nice bon
plòcho schlecht bad mal
teplò warm warm chaud
vjèter Wind wind vent
dozhd Regen rain pluie
zhàrko heiß hot chaud
da ja yes oui
njet nein no non
astaròzhna! pass auf! watch out! attention!
ràs, dva, tri...   two-six-heave  
ponyàtno verstanden aye-aye  
pòzhe später later  
popòzhe etwas später a little later  
ceychàs gleich, einen Moment immediately, just a moment un moment, s.v.p.


Not only trainees have language problems - officers, too. So in a story I have been told by Sergey Tunikov (Chief Mate from Kruzenshtern):

A young and unexperienced (Russian) officer, fresh from the academy, is on the watch of a huge cargo ship. Suddenly the seaman who is on the lookout knocks at the door of the bridge: Ship on the starboard side he announces in Russian. (Russ. "starboard" = pravuj bord, which actually means: "right board"). The young officer does not really know how to react and what this announcement means for the ship. Not wanting to appear incompetent he decides to ask the brandnew computer that is standing inside the bridge house. 
He turns away from the seaman, closes the door and types into the computer: "Ship on right side. What you say?" The computer starts to work, shakes, rattles and makes an analysis of the situation via GPS. Finally he answers: "Yes!" Stunned the young officer looks at the screen. Now he types again: "What you mean with: yes?" Immediately the computer corrects: "Yes, Sir!"

 

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