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Nkyjpfkhd ngz;fs; rk;ge;jkhd fl;LiufSf;F

,e;j 21k; E}w;whz;bYk;...... Gyj;jpy; jkpo;g; ngz;fs;........... ,e;j 21k; E}w;whz;bYk;> jkf;Fs;Ns Cwpg; NghapUf;Fk; gioikfisf; fise;njwpaj; ijhpakpd;wp> jkf;F Kd;Nd fl;bnaOg;gpapUf;Fk; fyhr;rhu Ntypfisj; jhz;Lk; Jzptpd;wp>; kuGj; J}z;fSf;Fs; kiwe;J epd;W> toik vd;w Nfhl;ghl;lhy; jkf;Fj; jhNk tpyq;fpl;L vk;kpy; rpy ngz;fs; tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;. ngz;Zf;F tpLjiy fpilj;J tpl;lJ vd;Wk;> ngz; Rje;jpukhfj;jhNd tho;fpwhs; vd;Wk;> ngz;zpak; NgRtJ jw;Nghija ehfhPfk; vd;Wk; gpjw;Wk; Mz; r%fj;Jf;F> me;j Mz;r%fk; jk;ikj;jhd; kpjpf;fpwJ vd;W njhpahky;> Ghpahky; Fil gpbj;Jg; gyk; NrHj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs; ,d;Dk; rpy ngz;fs;. ,tHfspd; ,e;j mwpahik epiwe;j nraw;ghLfspdhy; ngz;tpLjiy vd;gJ ,d;Dk; vl;lhj cauj;jpNyNajhd; ,Uf;fpwJ. kpFjp

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tpLjiyr; rpwfirf;Fk; ngz;Zk; mtisr; Rw;wpAs;s r%f NtypfSk; - fUzhfud;. vkJ tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;Jld; ,ize;J vOr;rp ngw;wpUf;Fk; ngz;fs;. ngz; tpLjiy > r%ftpLjiy> Njr tpLjiy vd;w epiyg;ghl;by; KOtpLjiy Nfhhp epw;fpd;wdH. NghhpLfpd;wdH. ,e;j epiyg;ghLk; nraw;ghLk; ekJ ngz; tho;tpYk; r%f mikg;gpYk; xU ngUk; cilg;Ng> Gjpa gha;r;rNy ftdpf;fNtz;ba jpUg;gNk. mj;Jld; ngz; tho;tpYk; ekJ r%f ,aq;F epiyapYk; tpj;jpahrkhd mDgtkhfNt ,J mike;jpUf;fpwJ. kpFjp vhpkiapy;

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rpfuq;fisj; njhl;l gpd;Dk; ,d;Wk; ngz;.... - F.jPgh NghFkplnky;yhk;> fztdpy;yhky; jdpNa thOk; ngz;fs; mbf;fb fz;zpy; gl;Lf; nfhz;NlapUf;fpwhHfs;. jdJ kidtp gps;isfisj; Jwe;J ,d;ndhU ngz;Zld; fz;nzjpNu thOk; fztd;> tTdpah> aho;g;ghzk; vd;W tpl;Lg; gphpe;J nrd;W NtnwhU jpUkzQ; nra;J thOk; fztd;> "Ntiyahg; NghdtH tNuy;iy" vd;w fhuzj;Jldhd fztd; vd;W gytpjf; fztd;khHfis ,oe;J gy ngz;fs; kpFjp

rpfuq;fisj; njhl;l gpd;Dk; - F.jPgh r%fj;jpy; ,lk;ngWk; rk;gtq;fs; ntWk; tk;Gf;F tha;g;Gj;jUk; rk;gtq;fshfhky; Kw;Nghf;fhd khw;wk; Mf Ntz;Lkhdhy; Kjypy; ehq;fs; - ngz;fs; khwNtz;Lk;. ghjpf;fg;gLk; ngz;izg; Ghpe;Jnfhs;shky;> mtspd; eltbf;iffis tpkHrpg;gjd; %yk; NkYk; mtSf;F Ntjidia toq;Fk; ,j;jifa Nghf;F khwNtz;Lk;. Ghpe;JzHTs;s ngz; r%jha nkhd;W cUthtjd; %yNk r%fj;jpy; khw;wq;fs; epfOk;. tPLk; ehLk; tsk;ngWk;. kpFjp

rpfuq;fisj; njhl;l gpd;Dk; ,d;Wk; ngz;.... - F.jPgh fy;tpawptpd;ik> njhopypd;ik> jd;ifapy; nghUshjhug; gykpd;ik ,tw;NwhL ,tw;why; Vw;gLk; jd;dk;gpf;ifapd;ik vd;gd xU ngz; Mzpy; jq;fp tho;tjw;fhd gpujhdkhd fhuzq;fshf mikfpd;wd. jd;idAk; gpwf;fg;NghFk; jd;gps;isfisAk; Ngzpg;ghJfhg;ghd; vDk; ek;gpf;ifAld; jd;jq;fp tho;jiy Muk;gpf;Fk; ngz; jd;fdTfs; ngha;j;J FLk;gk; rPuopAk; epiyia milAk; NghJk;$l mj;jq;fptho;jypUe;J kPs Kbahky; NghtJjhd; kpff;nfhLik. rpy ngz;fs; mjw;Fk; NkNy Ngha; nghWg;gw;wpUf;Fk; fztdpd; RikiaAk; NrHj;J ,sk;gps;isfspd; iffapy; nfhLg;gJk; ,d;W r%fj;jpy; kype;J Ngha;f;fhzg;gLk; xU tplakhfptpl;lJ. kpFjp

tpU(k;gp)g;G+l;Lk; tpyq;Ffs - mHj;jehhp ngz;zpa rpe;jidfs; Kidg;Gg; ngw;W> Mz; gykpf;ftd;> jdpj;jpaq;Fgtd;> JzpTs;std;> GJg;GJ Kaw;rpfspy; ghypay; Rje;jpuk; cs;std;> mNjrkak; ngz;Nzh tPl;by; ,Ug;gts;> ntl;fk; cs;sts;> gytPdk; epiwe;jts;> czHr;rptrg;gLgts;> jq;fptho;gts; vd;w Mzhjpf;f r%f mikg;gpd; top Gidag;gl;l Mz; ngz; milahsq;fs; jkJ jdpj;Jtj;ij nky;y nky;y ,oe;J ngz;zpd; gy;ghpkhz Mw;wy;fs; gy jpirfspYk; Ntfkhf ntspj;njhpAk; xU fhyfl;lj;jpy; ehk; epw;fpd;Nwhk;. kpFjp

ey;ynjhU 'jiytp' ehl;bd; topfhl;b - njd;wy; FLk;gNk jiyikj;Jtj;jpd; Njhw;Wtha;! - vd;d! jiytp> jiyikj;Jtk; vd;w nrhw;fisg; ghHj;jJNk gae;Jtpl;BHfsh? my;yJ> ,jw;Fk; vq;fSf;Fk; vl;lhg; nghUj;jnkd;W vl;beil NghLfpwPHfsh? guthapy;iy> kPd;fisg; Nghd;W Js;spf; Fjpj;Jf;nfhz;L XLk; cq;fs; tpopfis rw;Nw ,g;gf;fj;jpy; XltpLq;fs;. Mkhk;. mtrukpy;yhJ thrpj;J kfpo;e;j rpWfijNahL NrHj;J ,jidAk; thrpj;Jg; ghUq;fNsd;. cq;fSf;Fs;Ns cq;fisawpahkNy xspe;Jnfhz;bUe;j> ,y;iy ,y;iy xspf;fg;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUe;j xU 'Fl;bj;jiytp' nky;y vl;bg; ghHj;Jr; rphpg;ghs;. kpFjp

fdT edthdJ - kiykfs; gytPdkhapUe;j jkpo;r; r%fj;Jg; ngz; ,dj;jpd; kpfg; gyk; tha;e;j rf;jpahfNt ngz; Nghuhspfisj; jiytH jpU. Nt. gpughfud; mtHfs; cUthf;fpdhH. jkpoPoj;jpd; nfhy;iyg; Gwq;fspYk; tPLfspd; %iyapypUf;Fk; rikayiwfspYk; Klq;fp> gyk;Fd;wp> rpjwpf;fple;j ngz;fis> ,d;W ahuhYNk kWf;fNth> kiwf;fNth Kbahj ngUk; rf;jpahf xUq;Ftpj;jhH. vq;fs; tplaj;jpy; ahUNk ek;gpapuhj mw;Gjq;fis epfo;j;jpf; fhl;bdhH. mtH nra;j mw;Gjq;fs; ,dk;> nkhop> kjk; vd;w vy;iyfisf; fle;J vy;NyhiuAk; tpag;gpy;..... kpFjp

rpfuq;fisj; njhl;l gpd;Dk; ,d;Wk; ngz;....2 - F.jPgh rPijfshfTk;> eshapdpfshfTk; ngz;fis cUtfg;gLj;Jk; fhyq;fs; vg;nghONjh nrd;nwhope;Jjhd;tpl;ld. ,d;iwa ngz;fs; tpz;zpYk;> flypYk; jiuapYk; tphpAk; gy fs Kidfspy; jq;fis epiyehl;Lk; GJNtfk; nfhz;L Gwg;gl;Ltpl;lhHfs;. vdpDk; Mq;fhq;Nf ,iykiwfhahf ,d;Dk; jq;fs; nkd;ikiaAk;> ngz;ikiaAk; ep&gpf;Fk; rPijfs; gyH ,Ue;Jnfhz;Ljhd; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. kpFjp

rpfuq;fisj; njhl;l gpd;Dk; ,d;Wk; ngz;....1 - F.jPgh ,d;W gy;JiwfspYk; ngz;fs; fy;tpawpT> rpwg;Gj;NjHr;rpngw;W jd;dpfuw;W tpsq;Ffpd;whHfs;. ehl;il Ml;rpnra;Ak; jiytHfsha;> njhopw;Jiw tpw;gd;dHfshfTk;> tpz;ntspapYk;$l cyfg; ngz;fs; rhjidgilf;fpd;whHfs;. NkYk; ngz;fspd; tPutuyhWfspd; rhd;Wfsha; fsKidfs; tphpfpd;wd. xUgFjpg; ngz;fs; mwpT> Njly;> rhjid vd rpfuq;fspy; Vwpf;nfhz;NlNghf> ,d;DnkhU gFjpapdNuh mbepiyapy; Ntjidapy; mOe;jp mOe;jp kPl;rpapd;wp ,uz;lhe;jug; gpui[fshf.......... kpFjp

jkpoPog; ngz;fs; jpdk; - mh;j;jehhp khDl neQ;rq;fNs! khHr; 8> ,dk;> kjk;> epwk;> nkhop> fyhr;rhuk;> r%f nghUshjhu Vw;wj;jho;Tfs; Nghd;wtw;why; gyjug;gl;l NghjpYk;> ngz; vd;w milahsj;jhy; xd;Wgl;Lepw;Fk; ngz;zpdk; xLf;FKiwfSf;nfjpuhfTk; r%fePjp> rk chpik> rkj;Jtk; Nghd;wtw;wpw;fhfTk; xd;Wjpuz;L> mfpyk; vq;fDk; Fuy;nfhLf;Fk; xUehs; ,J. kpFjp

Nkw;Fyfg; ngz;zpak; Njhy;tp fz;Ls;sjh? gy Mapuk; tUlq;fshf> ngz;fs; gytPdk; cilatHfs; vd;w IjPfk; vq;Fk; gug;gg;gl;L me;jj; jd;ikapNyNa mjid ngz;fs;$l ek;gpte;jdH. ,e;j IjPfNk Mzhjpf;f rKjhaj;jpd; vOr;rpf;F mbg;gil> ngz;fspd; mbikj;jdj;jpw;F mbg;gil. 'Mz;fspd; ghypay; ,r;iriaj; jPHf;f kl;LNk ngz;fs; gpwe;jtHfs;' vd;W> mtHfis gfpuq;fkhf fhkg; nghUl;fshf khw;Wk; fhl;Lkpuhz;bj; jdj;jpw;F mbg;gil. ,e;j Mz; Mjpf;fj;jpd; mj;jpthuj;ijNa epiyFiyar; nra;Ak; gyj;j mbiaf; nfhLf;f jkpoPog; ngz;fs; Kd;te;Js;shHfs;. ,e;j mb> cyfpd; mlf;FKiwr; rf;jpfSf;$lhf jdJ mjpHtiyfisr; nrYj;jp cs;s mNjNeuk;> ngz;fs; ,ay;gpNyNa gytPdkhdtHfs; vd;w IjPfj;jpy; ,Ue;J mtHfsJ mlf;FKiwahsHfis tpLtpj;Js;sJ kpFjp

ngz;fspd; MSik mjprak; my;y! mJNt ,ay;G! - jkpopdp cyfk; jha;ikapd; fhybapy; cUs;fpwJ vdf;$Wk; cahpa jiytdpd; topapy; ,d;W jkpoPog; ngz;fs; jiyepkpHe;J epw;fpwhHfs;. mtHfspd; MSik tpUj;jpahy; cyfpd; tpopfs; tphpfpd;wd. ,d;W jkpoPog; ngz; jdJ Njrj;jpd; tpLjiyg;Nghuhl;lj;jpy; gq;Nfw;wpUg;gjd; %yk; jdf;fhd tho;tpd; chpikiaAk; mjw;fhd flikiaAk; epWtp cs;shs;. mj;Jld; ,j;Njrj;jpd; tpbaiy tpiuthf;Ftjd; %yk; jkpoPog; ngz;zpd; tpLjiyiaAk; rhj;jpakhf;fp cyfg; ngz;zpdj;jpd; vOr;rpf;F jkpoPog; ngz; Gul;rpf; FwpaPlhfpAs kpFjp

jPHg;ngOJk; fuq;fs; ngz;Zilajhfl;Lk - rpkpo; ngz; jd;Dapiutpl mjpfkhf Nerpg;gJk; ghJfhg;gJk; jdJ cliyj;jhd;. jdf;Ff; fpilj;j xU GijayhfNt cliy mts; ghJfhj;Jf; nfhs;fpwhs;. mjpy; XH fPwy; tpOtijf;$l ngUk; gpur;rpidahff;fUJfpwhs;.,it moFzHr;rpapd;ghw;gl;L epw;Fk; czHTfshf ,Uf;f mjw;Fk; mg;ghy; jdJ nfsutNk jd; cliyg; ghJfhj;Jf;nfhs;tjpy;j;jhd; cs;s njd;gJ mtsJ mirahjek;gpf;if.rhpNah >jtNwh El;gkhd czHTfshy; tidag;gl;bUf;Fk; mtsJ vz;zq;fs;$l clYf;F Vw;gLk; mr;RWj;jy;fshy; fhag;gl;Lg;Ngha; tpLtJ Ntjidf;FhpaJ. kpFjp

rk;gpujhaq;fisf; fle;J Gjpa gupkhzj;jpy; - nkhwp]; jHkghyd; XH Fwpf;fg;gl;l Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;j VjhtJ xd;Wgw;wp> mjd; jdpj;Jtk;> rpwg;Gf; fUjp> r%fj;jpy; mjDila NjitAk;> tpopg;Gk; fUjp mjw;nfd xU ehisj; NjHe;njLj;J> me;j ehis cyfshtpahPjpapy; rpwg;G ehshff; nfhz;lhLtJ cyf kuG. ,e;j tifap NyNa khHr; 8> midj;Jyfg; ngz;fs; jpdkhfg; gpufldg;gLj;jg;gl;L> fle;j gy Mz;Lfshf rpwg;ghff; nfhz;lhlg; gLfpd;wJ. kpFjp

ngz;fs; kPjhd td;Kiwia vjpu;nfhs;tJk; vjpu;g;gJTk; ngz;fs; kPjhd td;Kiwia vjpu;nfhs;tJk; vjpu;g;gJNk ngz;fs; ,af;fq;fspd; Kf;fpa ftdj;jpw;Fupajhf ,Uf;fpwJ. ngz;fs; mikg;Gfs;> muRrhuh epWtdq;fs;> rl;l cjtp ikaq;fs; vd vz;zw;w mikg;Gfs; ngz;fs; kPJ Vtg;gLk; td;Kiwfs; Fwpj;J Muha;e;J mtw;Wf;F vjpuhfg; gpur;rhuq;fs; nra;J tUfpd;wd. Mdhy;> ngz;fSf;nfjpuhd td;Kiw ehnshU GJtbtk; ngw;W> kwf;fg;gl;l gioa nfhLikfs; kPz;Lk; Gof;fj;jpw;F tUtijg; ghu;f;Fk;NghJ> ngz;fs; kdjpy; gw;gy Nfs;tpfs; vOg;gpAs;sd. ,f;Nfs;tpfisj; jPtpukhf Muha;e;J ngz;fs; kPjhd td;Kiwia vjpu;j;J ehk; xUq;fpize;J Nghuhl njhlu;r;rpahf Kaw;rpfis Nkw;nfhz;lhf Ntz;Lk;.;. kpFjp

Geschichte des Internationalen Frauentages - Warum am 8. März?
Das ArbeiterInnenleben am Anfang dieses Jahrhunderts war elend und hart. Am 8. März 1857 waren die Textilarbeiterinnen in New York in einen Streik getreten. Anderen Quellen zufolge wurde der Tag im Gedenken an 129 Arbeiterinnen gewählt. Diese sind im Kampf um bessere Arbeits- und Lebensbedingungen am 8. März 1908 zusammen mit anderen Arbeiterinnen ihrer Textilfabrik Cotton in New York in den Streik getreten.
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Copyright 2003 by Chandravathanaa Selvakumaran. For more information, please contact chandra@selvakumaran.de

 

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