Concepcion was originally called
Bacjawan, following the native practice of naming places after natural
landmarks. The name actually means "the place of the bacjaw trees",
which used to proliferate in wide swampy areas along the coast.
(Today, two adjoining barangays west of the poblacion still carry the Bacjawan
name.) In 1855, during the Spanish colonial regime, bacjawan was
formally founded as a pueblo, with Felizardo Azucena as its first captain
basal or gobernadorcillo. Later, the local Cabesas de Barangay
petitioned the Spanish Comandante Enrique Garcia to change the name of
the town from "Bacjawan" to "Concepcion", in honor of the first born daughter
of Capitan Azucena. In 1895, the town became officially known as
concepcion, and recognized as a political subdivision of the national government.
The Municipality of Concepcion lies East of Panay Island
and Northeast of the Province of Iloilo. It is bounded on the East and
South by the Visayan Sea, on the North by the Municipality of San Dionisio
and West by the Municipality of Ajuy.
Concepcion lies 123 degrees 64’ longitude of the Meridian
Greenwich and 11 degree 13’52" North Latitude.
Land Area - 9,072
Alienable and Disposable Land - 8, 859.50 has.
Agricultural – 8,713.50 has.
Fish Pond – 146.00 has.
– 842.50 has.
Upland – 652.50 has.
Mangrove – 190.00 has.
The Mainland of Concepcion follows
a lowland upland pattern the Southeastern portion is characterized by thin
areas of lowlands starting from the coast giving way to low slightly rolling
hills which gradually rise to steeply hills converging at the slopes of
Mt. Apitong, Clustered around this mountain are the Barangays of Nipa,
Loong, Poblacion, Tamis-ac, Nino, Macalbang and Plandico, covering about
56% of the mainland area. From Mt. Apitong these narrow strips of moderately
undulating hills branched out like tentacles to all directions with the
longer arms following a general North to South tread. Wedges between these
upland strips are valleys and lowlands that consist the farming areas of
the municipality. Located in these areas are the Barangays of Bacjawan
Sur, Batiti, Jamul-awon, Aglosong and Agnaga, which approximately occupies
44% of the mainland area. The Northwest portion particularly where Barangays
Agnaga and Calamigan are located is a broad area level of approximately
3.8 square kilometers.
A considerable portion of the
Municipality of Concepcion includes 17 islands. Nearest to the mainland
is Tago Island whose southern promontory is not more than 200 meters away
from the mainland. The farthest Island is Baliguian, which is 22 kilometers
away from the Poblacion.
The biggest of these is the
Pan de Azucar with an area of 18.4 square kilometer. The smallest is (not
considering the islets some of which are submerged during high tides) Bocot
Island which is uninhabited. The aggregate area of all these islands are
34.97 square kilometer which comprises 40% of the total land area of Concepcion.
By and large the island of Concepcion
are highland masses except Baliguian which is a Coral Reef. They appear
as half drowned mountains jutting out from the sea and manifested by sedimentary
rocks. The mountain and hill system are so close to the sea that only very
narrow strips of level land bordering the shores where the islanders built
there clustered homes.
Viewed from the distance the
islands appear as natural protective outreach of the mainland with the
tallest Manaphag Mountain commanding the view. Mt. Manaphag rising 573
feet from the sea level is the most conspicuous landmark of the municipality.
Based on the annual prevailing conditions relative to intensity
and distribution of rainfall, temperature, humidity, wind, etc., the Municipality
of Concepcion falls within the 3rd type of climate. This is
an intermediate type with no pronounced wet and dry periods usually lasting
from one to three months.
It is relatively dry from December to April and wet for the
rest of the year, and yet this condition is not to be expected that the
same from year to year, observations during the past 10 years indicated
climatic conditions. The dry or wet periods either occur earlier or later,
or come in moths least expected causing droughts or floods as the case
might be which do considerable damage to crops.
The locality is not sheltered either from Northeast monsoon
and trade winds, which brings the dry and sunny weather or the southeast
monsoons and cyclone storms, which cause the wet and stormy periods.
The cool months fall on December to February with January
being the coldest month, and warm from April to June when temperature attains,
maximum levels. High temperature and the surroundings bodies of water in
influence the high relative humidity.
– 30,111 as of 1995
Rice Land - 1,324.04 has.
Annual Crops - 531.5 has.
Perennial Crops - 970.73 has.
Bamboo - 94.40 has.
Vegetables - 3.50 has.
Livestock and Poultry
Livestock - 9,500 heads
Poultry - 43,202 heads
Town of Concepcion
– capital of the Sub-Province of Northern Iloilo in the year 1872 to 1899,
comprising the town of Banate, Barotac Viejo, Ajuy, Sara, San Dionisio,
Estancia, Balasan and Carles.
College of Fisheries (now
Concepcion Polytechnic College) – seat of Spanish Commandancia
between Igbon and Botlog Island - the place where two Japanese Vessels
sank during World
– one American plane crashed in this area hit by Japanese Anti-Aircraft
Pan de Azucar –
where nearby Juan Salgado fought against the pirates in 1604 and defeated
San Vicente Island
– Guerilla Sanctuary Island.
– place where Captain Yugis Mohammed Commanding the 64th Infantry
assaulted the Japanese soldiers in their garrison and secret barracks.
Talisay Tree at
the Concepcion (College of Fisheries) – "Hanging Tree" is the mute
witness of Spanish atrocities to the Filipinos.
Two Spanish Cannons
– used by the Spanish Soldiers during the Spanish regime, 1859, are still
existing and could be found near the entrance of the Municipal town Hall.
Underground Japanese Garrison
– can be found at Barangay Bagongon and barracks of the Japanese soldiers
during World War II.
Spanish Well –
can be found at Barangay Agnaga and still existing up to the present.
Mt. Pan de Azucar
– 2nd highest peak in Panay and landmark of the Municipality
Mt. Apitong – site
of the PT&T relay station ideal for mountain climbers where they can
view the scenic island Panorama of the horizon dotted by several islands
and the beauties of the surrounding countryside.
Danao-danao and Basio Island
– famous for its stone tables, beach and other wonderful figures sculpture
through centuries by winds and waves and noted for its lover's lane.
Mt. Manaphag or Mt. Pan
de Azucar – land mark of the Municipality, which can be found at
Barangay Tambaliza. It is famous for it's a craggy slopes and ideal for
– wide beach with limpid lagoons.
home of the Tabon birds that lay oversized-eggs.
– can be found at Tambaliza Island on the top of the mountain near pan
de Azucar Mountain.
– a coral reef rising only a few feet above sea level with its lighthouse,
and beach of white corals and shells.
Igbon Island –
ideal for scuba divers.
– its magnificent caves abound with guano and aligit-it nests.
Apitong Pass –
noted for its deep blue sea.
– can be found at the Barangay Plandico where the hidden sea lies.
Iyang Beach Resort
– one of the best in Northern Iloilo with complete cottage facilities and
conducive for seminars and conferences.
Land Transport – buses, vans,
jeepneys, tricycles, trisikads
Sea Transport – Pump Boats
SBS Iyang Beach Resort
Agho Island Resort
Sports recreation centers
Covered Gymnasium – 2
Children's Playground – 2
Multi-Purpose Pavement – 30
Barangay/ School Stage – 48
Multi-Purpose Center - 25
Roads and Bridges
National roads – 3.5 kilometer
concrete; 5 kilometer gravel
Provincial roads – 12 kilometer
Municipal roads – 1.5 kilometer
concrete; 2.5 kilometer gravel
Barangay roads – 200 meter concrete;
55.1 kilometer gravel