For more than a century,
San Rafael remained a barangay of Barotac Viejo; however, in June 21, 1969,
the defunct Congress of the Republic of the Philippines made San Rafael
an independent municipality through the Republic Act No. 5471.
The Municipality of San
Rafael is situated in the northern part of the Province. On its eastern
side, it is bounded by the municipalities of Lemery and Ajuy, on the western
by the municipalities of Passi and San Enrique, on the southern by the
municipality of Barotac Viejo, all of the province of Iloilo, and on the
northern by the municipality of Dumarao Capiz.
San Rafael is approximately
72 kilometers away from Iloilo City or about two hours ride in passenger
SUBDIVISION / JURISDICTION
The municipality of San
Rafael consists of nine (9) barangays, namely; Aripdip, Bagacay, Calaigang,
Ilongbukid, Poblacion, Poscolon, San Andres, San Dionisio and San Florentino.
Of the nine barangays, San Dionisio is the largest with a total land area
of 1,772.5532 hectares and Aripdip is the smallest with a total land area
of 486.4018 hectares. The next three largest barangays are; Poblacion with
1,476.3524 hectares, San Florentino, 993.5601 hectares and San Andres,
Land area - 8,549.5073
Agricultural land - 8,465.33
Residential land - 23.09 hectares
Commercial land - 1.56 hectares
Government / Public land - 59.54
The topography of San Rafael
is generally mountainous and rugged. Approximately, 3670.3584 hectares
or 42.93% has a slope of 3%, 1835.6066 hectares or 21.47% has a slope ranging
from 3.1 to 6 %, while 969.5288 hectares and 2074.1415 hectares has a slope
ranging from 8 to 18% and 18.1 and above percent, respectively. Generally,
99.02% of the land area is arable and devoted to agricultural production,
while the remaining is considered as brushland or forestland.
San Rafael has two distinct
seasons, the dry and wet seasons. Dry season starts in February and ends
in May. The wet months are June to January.
Population - 11,704
The municipality of San Rafael
is dominantly a rice producing area. There are 1,243 rice farmers in the
locality cultivating an aggregate farm area of 1,886 hectares
Aside from Palay, the farmers
also grow crops such as sugarcane, corn, coffee, coconut, banana, and cassava.
Mostly a rainfed area, rice is usually followed by upland crops, cassava
and other root crops.
Carabaos are raised primarily
as draft animal, while cattle, swine and goats are raised both for sale
and a few for some consumption. On the other hand, most of the poultry
are sold, the rest are utilized for home consumption.