Pyorrhoea or Periodontitis know the silent killer

 

 

 

 

ATTRITION / ABRASION / EROSION

BRUXISM (NIGHT GRINDING)

CAVITY / CARRIES

TECHNIQUE
OF FLOSSING


GUM CHEWING

HERPES SIMPLEX

HOW TO KEEP YOUR TEETH CLEAN????

IF THE TOOTH FALLS OFF OR COMES OUT FOLLOWING A INJURY
(AVULSION)


PIT AND FISSURE
SEALING


PLAQUE

PROPER TECHNIQUE OF BRUSHING

PYORRHEA OR PERIODONTITIS

R.C.T or ROOT CANAL TREATMENT

RECURRENT APTHUS STOMATITS

SENSITIVITY

MYTHS & FACTS ABOUT TEETH

TOOTH BLEACHING PROCEDURE

FLUORIDE IN PREVENTION OF DENTAL CAVITIES

PYORRHOEA OR PERIODONTITIS


WHAT IS PYORRHOEA OR PERIODONTITIS ?
PYORRHOEA or periodontitis as it is known, is the silent killer of teeth ,since even when the disease has progressed to a advance stage the patient sometimes do not have much discomfort except occational bleeding from the gum.This is the reason why patients take it lightly and the disease progresses till the tooth is lost.

WHAT IS PYORRHOEA? :It is a disease of the gums in which the supporting structures of the tooth, like gums, bone ,and peridontal ligaments are destroyed ,leading to loosening of tooth and finally tooth loss.

HOW IT BIGINS AND PROGRSSES
This disease starts when PLAQUE remains sticking to the tooth (specialy near and below the gums) because of improper cleaning of tooth (by brushing and flossing ) .This PLAQUE if left uncleaned will slowly become hard by the deposition of mineral , organic and inorganic content present in the mouth (specialy saliva).this hardened and solidified plaque is known as TARTAR OR CALCULUS, and is the main cause of pyorrhoea . the tartar once formed will keep on building up , it is very adherant in nature and dosen't get cleaned by normal daily brushing .It also provides an ideal breeding ground for bacterias to grow because of its rough surface.These bacteria that grows on tartar produce toxins which causes infamation of gums. Inflamed gums is swollen , spongy and bleeding. It also leads to destruction ,loosening and downward shifting of the attachment of gums to tooth, and also leads to bone loss and formation of pocket.

HOW TO RECOGNIZE PYORRHOEA :
: bleeding from gums
: bad breath
: red swollen gums , with or without pain
: loose gums (as If lying in the tooth)
: mobility of tooth
: a constant feeling that something is stuck between your teeth
: dull, annoying pain

WHAT TO DO ?
Pyorrhoea, if treated can be controled but we must remember that it is a disease which is cronic in nature and has a very high recurrence rate. The treatement depend on how much the disease has progressed, and can be any of the following:

1. Scaling, i.e professional removal of tartar.
2 Root planning and curatag - it is done in addition to scaling to remove infected tissue and prevent further loss of supporting structure.
3 .Gingivectomy and flap surgery are done to remove pockets from gums ( so that a potential space for tarter formation and bacterial growth, is eleminated).
4. Bone grafting- in case the loss of bone is substantial and the tooth needs additional support.

PREVENTION

- The best and the single most important method is proper maintainance of oral. hygine, with the help of proper brushing technique` and proper flossing technique
- high fibre diet.
- rinshing your mouth after eating any thing.

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