It is our intent to create a respectful environment for understanding and healing, a Discussion-Safety-Zone for Related Topics, while maintaining our Visitors' Zones-of-Privacy, and to interact on a non-judgmental basis. Today far too many communities fail to create these safety-zones!
Hi Folks, how are you today?
Legal Issues and Court Cases:
                           affecting sex offenders
Hi Folks, how are you today?
It is our intent to create a respectful environment for understanding and healing, a Discussion-Safety-Zone for Related Topics, while maintaining our Visitors' Zones-of-Privacy, and to interact on a non-judgmental basis. Today far too many communities fail to create these safety-zones!

Subscribe -OR-
UN-Subscribe
to "Update" List
Click to Notify Us

Comment or
Question?
E-mail Us

 Home Page:
Home

 Court Cases:
In Court Today
Archive (Topic)
Constitutional?

 Bills in the
   U.S. Congress:

Our Position

 Write Your
   Members
   In Congress:

Letters / e-mails

 Legislatures
   and Courts:

How To Access

 Commentary;
  Special Reports:

Topic List

 Featured
  Articles:

Headlines

 Residency Laws:
No SO Zones

 Registration Costs:
Reg: Costs

 Registration Term:
Reg: Term

 Adult Issues:
Concerns
In Society
In Prison

 Juvenile Issues:
Concerns
In Society
In Prison

 Civil
 Commitment
 Issues:

Concerns
In Society
In Commit

 Registration:
  -Systems;
  -Process;
  -Costs;

In General

 Risk Assessment:
  -Process
  -Validity
  -Tools

Dangerousness

 Understanding
 Recidivism
 Statistics:
  -Criminal Justice;
  -Mental Health;

Recidivism

 Current
 Recidivism
 Statistics
 and Studies

Published

 Registration
 Laws Violate:  

Human Rights

 Media and
 Political
 Misinformation
 About Sex
 Offenders:

Hysteria

 Politically
 Correct?
 Incorrect?

What?

 Myths
 Factoids
 and Facts
 About Sex
 Offenders:

The Truth


 Miscellaneous:
Contact Us
Links
Resources
Site Map

 Ex-offenders,
 Spouses,
 Friends,
 Advocates:

Helpful Hints

 Current News:
Noteworthy

 Model Relapse
Prevention Plan:

Plan

    Risk Assessment Overview:
    Sec. 1 Declaring:     Sec. 2 Predicting:     Sec. 3 Process & Correctness:     Sec. 4 Tools in Use:     Sec. 5 Tools Used by States:
Risk Assessments, are evaluations of persons, used by the Criminal Justice and Mental Health systems of society. These assessments are being used with respect to Sex Offenders, BOTH, in prison before release, and, sometimes in society with respect to sex offender registration.

The purpose of assessments is to determine the likelihood of re-offense. However, society has automatically equated re-offense TO dangerousness in error. Legislatures have done nothing to correct that error, or to, define the purpose of assessments in a manner which society will understand. Accordingly, legislatures foster the dangerousness theory by ommission!
It is critical for society to be aware of the processes government uses to find persons dangerous. Whether legislatures simply declare a person (or group) as dangerous, or whether legislatures require local agencies to use a reliable validated risk assessment system. Society needs to know, that what is being done, is both, constitutional and reliable, to ensure the safety and rights of all concerned.

Everyone needs to understand Government authorized Risk Assessment systems! Throughtout history governing bodies have used dangerousness as the reason to commit atrocities by virtue of race, disability, nationality, etc. Risk assessments, need to be fair, standardized and validated, to prevent abuses!

Today, prior sex offenders, tomorrow, WHO? It would be shocking to have some official come to your door saying, we have a court order to lock you up, and this being the first time you have heard anything! Then, constitutional protections would clearly have meaning to everyone!


"The natural liberty of man is to be free from any superior power on Earth, and not to be under the will or legislative authority of man, but only have the law of nature for his rule." --Samuel Adams.

"The most dangerous untruths are truths slightly distorted."
- Georg Christoph Lichtenberg (174299), German physicist, philosopher.
Our research was too large to put on one page, there are five sections.
THIS IS THE -OVERVIEW- Each block below permits you access a different section.
-DECLARING Dangerousness-
Section 1 of 5

To learn more about how PERSONS in society are Declared Dangerous click on ..More Info..

(use your browser's back/return function, or arrows, to return to this page)
-PREDICTING Dangerousness-
Section 2 of 5

To learn about how SEX OFFENDERS in society are Predicted to be Dangerous click on ..More Info..

(use your browser's back/return function, or arrows, to return to this page)

Beyond declaring/predicting sex offenders, as DANGEROUS, is the PROCESS, METHOD and TOOLS used to accomplish the risk assessment. If society is to feel safe then the tools must be reliable, and have to be validated so that they produce results that are correct.
We are going to review, A layman understanding of a risk assessment process, and the result it arrives at [low-medium-high risk: Likelihood of re-offense]. Society has equated the likelihood of re-offense as the dangerousness of the offender, and the equation is incorrect. How risk assessment systems are used, the methods employed and who performs the assessment are all covered. Finally, how often are risk assessments correct?

Courts have held they are WRONG 66% of the time. They are incorrect in the sense of OVERPREDICTION, meaning, many who are declared dangerous, really are not! Further, many of the systems in use today have no appeal process, so the public cannot be made aware of the truth behind risk assessments!

We have gathered several reports of actual risk assessment tools in use today and have provided links directly to those reports and descriptions. Unfortunately not all are available on the Internet. Then we have prepared a state-by-state list of risk assessment systems used by those states.
-Risk Assessment Process & Correctness-
Section 3 of 5

To learn more about how the Risk Assessment Process works and why it is wrong 66% of the time, click on ..More Info..

(use your browser's back/return function, or arrows, to return to this page)

-Risk Assessment Tools In Use-
Section 4 of 5

To learn more about the details of various Risk Assessment Tools in use, click on ..More Info..

(use your browser's back/return function, or arrows, to return to this page)

State by State List
of Tools Used by those States

Section 5 of 5

One of the most difficult things is, to find out what tools are used by various states. In addition, within those states different jurisdictions, criminal justice and mental health jurisdictions, again use even more systems. This list is far from complete, and the absence of any state or jurisdiction should not be construed to mean, that state or jurisdiction, has no risk assessment systems in use. Accordingly, click on ..More Info..

(use your browser's back/return function, or arrows, to return to this page)


One of the major failures of "Risk Assessment Systems," is that they don't go beyond the -Likelihood of Reoffense Factor- and INSERT a -Community Concern Factor-, which could be inserted with information readily available.

To understand what we call, the Community-Concern-Factor see:
Sex Offender Registration: The Truth About Recidivism Rates.



Legal Issues & Court Cases Affectine Sex Offenders
News & Noteworthy: Articles Concerning Sex offender Issues
Beyond the Abuse: A Personal Recovery Program
Copyright 2003-2005 L. Arthur M.Parrish. All rights reserved.Privacy policy
"There are a thousand hacking at the branches of evil to one striking at the root." - Henry David Thoreau -

1