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Easy  reading

 

SUPERMAN

 

Why do so mamy people like Superman? Do you like to read books about heroes? Do you like to see movies? Do you have any real-life heroes?

 

Look, up In the sky. Its a bird! Its a plane! Its Superman! Everyone  knows  Superman.  Old  people know Superman. Young  people know  Superman.  He  is famous. Millions of people buy Superman comic books.

Here  is   the  story  of Superman. It is 1939. Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster  are  high  school students. Jerry wants to be a writer. Joe wants  to  be  an  artist.  They like to work together. One writes. The other  draws  pictures.  They  write  stories  with  pictures  for  comic  books.

One day. Jerry has a great new idea. It is Superman! Superman is from another planet. But nobody knows. He lives like an ordinary person.

 Superman does good things for people. Joe draws Superman. Joe  and  Jerry  want  to  sell  their story. They want to make money. But  nobody  buys  Superman.  Finally, after many years, someone wants  to  buy  Superman.  Jerry  and  Joe  are very excited. But they sell  Superman  for  only  a  little  money.

Superman  becomes  a  great  success.  The  people  who own Superman  make  millions  of  dollars.  But  Joe  and  Jerry  are  poor.

     It  is  1975.  Joe  cannot  see  well  now. He  cannot  draw.  He  lives in a  small  apartment.  Jerry works for very little money. The two men are both old and poor. They are angry, too. They tell the newspapers about their situation. Finally, the owners of Superman give Joe and Jerry  some money. The money helps the old men. But it is still not much.  Other  people  make  a  lot more money from Superman. It is also 30 years too late. Superman is famous. His owners are rich. But Joe  and  Jerry  are  not  so  lucky.

 

 

UNCLE SAM

 

Who is the man in the picture? What is he wearing? Do you think this man is real?

 

Uncle Sam is a tall, thin man. Hes an older man with white hair and a white beard. He often wears a tall hat, a bow tie, and the stars and stripes of the American flag.

Would you believe that Uncle Sam is the U.S. government? But why do we call the U.S. government Uncle Sam?

During the War of 1812, the U.S. government hired meat packers to provide meat to the army. One of these meat packers was a man named Samuel Wilson. Samuel was a friendly and fair man. Everyone liked him and called him Uncle Sam.

Sam Wilson stamped the boxes of meat for the army with a large U.S. for United States. Some government inspectors came to look over Sams company. They asked a worker what the U.S. on the boxes stood for. As a joke, the worker answered that these letters stood for the name of his boss, Uncle Sam.

The joke spread, and soldiers began saying that their food came from Uncle Sam.

 Before long, people called all things that came from the government Uncle Sams. Uncle Sam became a nickname for the U.S. government.

Soon there were drawings and cartoons of Uncle Sam in newspapers. In these early pictures, Uncle Sam was a young man. He wore stars and stripes, but his hair was dark and he had no beard. The beard was added when Abraham Lincoln was President. President Lincoln had a beard.

The most famous picture of Uncle Sam is on a poster from World War I. The government needed men to fight in the war. In the poster, a very serious Uncle Sam points his finger and says, I want YOU for the U.S. Army.