The kingdom of León (its name means "Lion", like we can see on the coat of arms of
occuped the western half of the actual autonomous community of Castilla y León, in northwest Spain,
and had its capital in the city of the same name. T
he neighboring regions of Galicia and Asturias also
belonged to the kingdom.
Created by the transfer of the kingdom of Asturias, it was the heir of the ancient Spanish-Gothic kingdom,
and the first leader of the Spanish "Reconquista", but later it lost importance in comparison with Castile and Portugal, two ancient counties of
It had a close relation with Castile, until their deffinitive union, during the year
1230, with the king
Fernando III "the Saint", son of
Alfonso IX of León and Berenguela of Castile. (Before the union, Alfonso IX reconquered the
region of Extremadura)
The two kingdoms remained independent until the union of Spain, with the marriage of
Isabel I (Queen of
Castile & León) and Fernando II (King of Aragón and Count of Barcelone).