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4) Types of Aircraft Based at NAS Rockaway

(Dates shown indicate year at Rockaway)
Updated: April 15, 2007

MF Seaplanes (Modified F Model)(1919-1920)
Manufacturer= Curtiss and Naval Aircraft Factory
Crew: 2
Wingspan= 49'9"(biplane)
Length= 28'10"
Ceiling= 3,500'
Engine= One, 100HP Curtiss OXX3 or OXX6(pusher)
Range= 325 miles

NC "Nancy" Flying Boats(1918-1921)
Manufacturer= Curtiss and Naval Aircraft Factory
Wingspan= 126'(biplane)
Length= 68'3"
Hull= 45'
Engines= Four, 400HP Liberty V-12s (3 tractor, 1 pusher)
Range= 1,470 miles
Number Built= Ten, NC-1 through NC-10

nc4
The NC-4

The NC-4, commanded by Lt-Cmdr A.C. Read and piloted by Lt Walter Hinton, was the first aircraft to cross the Atlantic Ocean. Four aircraft, the NC-1, NC-2, NC-3, and NC-4 were to make the flight together, but the NC-2 was damaged in a fire and was used for spare parts. The remaining three aircraft began the flight on May 8, 1919. The NC-1 became lost and sank (the crew was rescued), the NC-3 suffered a mechanical failure, leaving only the NC-4 to arrive. The trip took 23 days, but the total flying time was only 53 hours and 58 minutes. The US Navy had 68 destroyers spaced out across the Atlantic to be used as navigation marker buoys for the flight, while 5 Battleships, spaced at 400 mile intervals, acted as weather stations.

NC Aircraft Production:
First Group:
NC-1, A2291
NC-2, A2292
NC-3, A2293
NC-4, A2294 - Owned by the Smithsonian and on loan to the Navy Museum in Pensacola, Florida.
Second Group:
NC-5, A5632
NC-6, A5633
NC-7, A5634
NC-8, A5635
Third Group:
NC-9, A5885
NC-10, A5886

R-9 Twin Float Recon Seaplanes(1919-1920)
Manufacturer= Curtiss
Wingspan= (biplane)
Length=
Engine= One, Wright Hispano Suiza

Vought VE-7 "Bluebird" (1920-1927)
Manufacturer= Vought
Wingspan= (biplane)
Length=
Engine= One,
VE-7
Vought VE-7 "Bluebird" Buno A5678 at NAS Rockaway.(US Navy Photo)


Curtiss CT-1 (1922-1935?)
Manufacturer= Curtiss
Wingspan= 65' 0"
Length= 52' 0"
Engine= Two, Curtiss D-12, 350 HP each
Only one aircraft was built. Orders for aircraft A5891-A5898 were cancelled by the US Navy.
CT-1
Curtiss CT-1 Buno A5890 at NAS Rockaway.(US Navy Photo)


N-9 Single Float Trainer Seaplanes (to replace the R type)(1919-1920)
Manufacturer= Curtiss
Wingspan= 53'4"(biplane)
Length= 30'10"
Engine= One, 100HP Curtiss OXX-3
Also known as a "Sea-Going Jenny", this aircraft was a JN-4 "Jenny" with additional wing area to carry the added weight of the floats.

HS-1 Flying Boats (Model H, single engine)(1919)
Manufacturer= Curtiss
Wingspan= (biplane)
Length=
Engine= One, 200HP Curtiss VXX V-8

HS-1L Flying Boats (Model H, single Liberty engine)(1919)
Manufacturer= Curtiss
Crew: 3
Wingspan= (biplane)
Length=
Engine= One, Liberty 330HP engine (pusher)

HS-2L Flying Boats (Model H, single Liberty engine)(1918-1919)
Manufacturer= Curtiss and Lowe-Willard-Fowler
Crew: 3
Wingspan=74'1" (biplane)
Length= 39'
Ceiling= 5,000'
Range= 575 miles
Engine= One, Liberty 330HP engine (pusher)
This aircraft was a HS-1L with additional wing area to allow the aircraft to carry two 230 Lb depth charges. One flexible .30 inch Lewis machine gun also mounted.

hs2l

hs2l
HS-2L Hull found in Canada (Photo by author)

hs2l
Restored Canadian HS-2L (Photo by author)

H16 Flying Boats (to replace the HS1 type)(1919-1920)
Manufacturer= Curtiss and Naval Aircraft Factory
Crew: 4
Wingspan= (biplane)
Length=
Engine= Two, 400HP Liberty engines
This aircraft could carry two 230 Lb depth charges, four machine guns and a radio. Experiments were conducted with 37mm Davis Recoiless rifles, but the installation proved to be impractical.

F-5-L Flying Boats (1919-1920)
Manufacturer= Naval Aircraft Factory, Philadelphia and Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd.
Wingspan= (biplane)
Length=
Engine= Two, 400HP Liberty engines (tractor)
f-5l
F-5L Buno A3606 at NAS Rockaway. (US Navy Photo)


Airships Based at NAS Rockaway


The B-10, a type B, Single OXX6 Engine Dirigible (1919-1921)
The B-13, a type B, Single OXX6 Engine Dirigible (1919)
The B-19, a type B, Single OXX6 Engine Dirigible

The C-1, a type C, Twin Hispano-Suiza Engine Dirigible (Ft Tilden-1917)
The C-4, a type C, Twin Hispano-Suiza Engine Dirigible (1919-1921)

Photo: The C-4 at Hazelhurst Field, Long Island, NY in 1919.
(Glen H. Curtiss Museum)

The C-10, a type C, Twin Hispano-Suiza Engine Dirigible(1920)

The D-5, a type D, Dirigible (1921)
The D-20, a type D, Dirigible (1919 under repair)

The H-1, a prototype powered kite balloon (1921)

Free Balloons A-5598 and A-5606, Manufactured by the Connecticut Aircraft Corporation (1920-1921).
Free Balloon
Free Balloon Departing NAS Rockaway enroute to Moose Factory, Canada
US Navy photo)


Free Balloon S-61 (or S-16?), Manufactured by Goodyear (1920-1921).

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