yanomami

YANOMAMI

Finalizando el milenio ha surgido una controversia, originada con la publicacion del libro de Patrick Tierney : "Darkness in El Dorado" Oscuridad en El Dorado, donde se hacen criminales acusaciones sobre un grupo de cientificos y su responsabilidad en una epidemia de Sarampion que mato a cientos de indios Yanomami en las Selvas Venezolanas
Fecha/Date Londres USA Venezuela Brazil Citas Clave
24 agosto 2002   Asociacion Americana de Antropologos El Nacional Cuerpo C-3   "Napoleon Chagnon fue condenado por antropologos de EE UU". La comisión creada por investigadores norteamericanos se pronunció sobre las denuncias hechas, hace dos años, por el periodista Patrick Tierney, y concluyó en que Chagnon causó un daño a los yanomamis al presentarlos como un “pueblo feroz” y faltó a la ética al violar la prohibición que tenía de entrar a Amazonas.
4º Trim 2000   Darkness in El Dorado Oscuridad en El Dorado   "refused to provide any medical assistance to the sick and dying Yanomami, on explicit order from Neel. He insisted to his colleagues that they were only there to observe and record the epidemic, and that they must stick strictly to their roles as scientists, not provide medical help". The accusations are directed primarily against James Neel, a physician and a founder of modern medical genetics (now dead), and Napoleon Chagnon, perhaps the world's most famous living social anthropologist.
Sep.19,2000 From: Timothy M. Hall Subject: FWD: Yanomamo experimentation       text of an open letter to the president and president-elect of the American Anthropological Association, in regard to possible experimentation (perhaps to test certain sociobiological theories) on the Yanomamo of Brazil. While I suspect that the American public's reaction will be rather less than the authors expect, the point remains that something very wrong may have been done to thousands of individuals in the name of social science Louise Lamphere, President, American Anthropological Association
Sep 23,2000 GUARDIAN: Cientificos mataron indios en Amazona para probar Teoria de las razas       He says Neel believed that in modern societies "superior leadership genes would be swamped by mass genetic mediocrity". Terry Turner of Cornell University
Sept 21,2000   Subject: James Neel's work in Amazonia     He photocopied his entire field notebook >for the 1968 Venezuelan trip, and placed these photocopied pages in a file >marked "Yanomama-1968-Insurance." Susan Lindee >Department of the History and Sociology of Science >University of Pennsylvania
Sept.27,200   From: "Samuel L. Katz, M.D." Subject: Yanomami     The vaccine could not "spread an epidemic", Samuel L. Katz MD, co-developer (with Nobel laureate John F. Enders) of measles vaccine
Oct.2,2000   Re: Unpublished book sparks firestorm of controversy on Internet     We write to inform you of an impending scandal that will affect the American Anthropological profession as a whole in the eyes of the public, and arouse intense indignation and calls for action among members of the Association. In its scale, ramifications, and sheer criminality and corruption it is unparalleled in the history of Anthropology From: Terry Turner, Professor of Anthropology, Cornell University. Head of the Special Commission of the American Anthropological Association to Investigate the Situation of the Brazilian Yanomami, 1990-91
Oct.17,200 The truth that spreads like measles       The principal charge is that the late scientist James Neel and his group, funded by the United States Atomic Energy Commission, deliberately spread measles among the Yanomami Indians of Venezuela. Matt Ridley from The Daily Telegraph
Oct. 24,2000 Profesor niega que haya causado epidemia de sarampión       Prof Ward accepted that part of the funding for the expedition came from the US atomic energy commission, which was interested in natural genetic mutations. But he said it was false to connect Dr Neel with other experiments where people were injected with plutonium without their permission Ryk Ward
Sep.23,2000 Masacre "científica" en la selva amazónica       Un genetista de Estados Unidos que murió hace pocos meses ha sido acusado de haber infectado deliberadamente con el virus del sarampión a miles de indios de la tribu Yanomami, matando a centenares de ellos. BBC de Londres
Sep 28,2000   Unpublished book sparks firestorm of controversy on Internet     "Book Says U.S. Scientists Killed Amazon Indians" Mark Chong, Cornell University
Oct.24,2000   Jungle Fever Did two U.S. scientists start a genocidal epidemic in the Amazon, or was The New Yorker duped?     Tierney's claim that an immunization program can start an epidemic has been carried around the world in media reports. This myth could compromise the ability of health workers to administer such programs, especially in poor countries, and people could die as a result. John Tooby,Professor of antropology at University of California, Santa Barbara
Oct.27,2000   The New Yorker Replies     This article, by the editors of The New Yorker, is a response to "Jungle Fever," which Slate published John Tooby,Susan Lindee, Terry Turner, Leslie Sponsel
Oct.29 2000   Miselaneos     I have to say that I'm utterly dismayed by the standards of journalism I have witnessed since the Turner and Sponsel memo was unleashed on the world on September 19th. ian.pitchford@scientist.com
Nov.9,2000   A Statement from the National Academy of Sciences     The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) believes that it is critical to correct several statements that are misleading or demonstrably false in the new book Bruce Alberts President
Nov.9,2000     Inyectaron isótopos radiactivos a los yanomami   Tierney dijo a TalCual que además se recolectaron muestras de sangre sin permiso, se obtuvieron datos familiares y privados bajo engaños, y se inyectaron isótopos radiactivos, entre otros eventos, en franca violación de los derechos humanos de los indígenas Aliana González/ TAL CUAL
Niov.11,2000   "Los yanomami venezolanos fueron usados como grupo de control de la bomba atómica"     conocidos personajes venezolanos trabajaron junto con el antropólogo estadounidense Napoleon Chagnon, y dijo que entregará documentos probatorios a Nohelí Pocaterra y al Parlamento Indígena MIREYA TABUAS El Nacional
Nov.12,2000     Napoleón Chagnon Un antropólogo feroz   Neel hizo que sus investigadores administraran la vacuna Edmonston B con gammaglobulina a 40 personas de la tribu en una misión del río Ocamo. De acuerdo con la directora del departamento de vacunación de Venezuela, Adelfa Betancourt, Neel y su equipo hicieron esto sin la autorización del departamento.Durante los tres meses siguientes, estalló la peor epidemia en la historia de los yanomami El NacionalVersión: Violeta Linares Fuente: Revista The New Yorker
Nov.13,2000   University of Michigan     Our findings: While the e-mail letter to the American Anthropological Association by Turner and Sponsel leaves the impression that they had just learned of the accusations against Neel and Chagnon, there is published evidence that they knew about them long before.  
Nov.16,2000     "Los salesianos estamos abiertos a que investiguen nuestro trabajo"   "En un principio, nosotros tuvimos buenas relaciones con el antropólogo y tratamos de apoyarlo en su trabajo científico, pero cuando los yanomami le negaron el acceso a sus comunidades no podíamos oponernos a la voluntad de un pueblo. El Nacional por Adriana Cortes
      Los indios yanomami han sido destruidos por enfermedades, sectas y corrupción   Jacques Lizot, experto en la cultura yanomami, vivió 22 años entre los miembros de esa etnia en territorio venezolano. Ahora, su labor se ha visto cuestionada tras la publicación del libro de Patrick Tierney  
Nov 19,2000   Information on Darkness in El Dorado     Resumen en Ingles de las principales paginas web sobre el tema Douglas Hume/ Bibliografia
Nov.19,2000     Asociación Antropológica solicitará informe a Comisión de Energía Atómica de EE UU por caso de yanomami   El comité se ha planteado una investigación a gran escala, bajo la conducción de expertos en medicina, especialistas en tribus nativas de América Latina, así como miembros del comité de ética y de derechos humanos de la asociación Americana por el Avance de la Ciencia, para darle mayor fuerza a la investigación. El Nacional/AP
Nov.24,2000     La prohibición de investigar rige para todas las zonas indígenas   el MECD ha convocado a la Defensoría del Pueblo y a la Fiscalía General de la República, para que investigue sobre las violaciones a los derechos del pueblo yanomami, que ha denunciado Tierney en su publicación Marielba Nuñez, El Nacional
Dec.9,2000   Reporte Preliminar     El principal alegato en contra de Chagnon y Neel presentado en el libro de Tierney, aparenta ser deliberadamente fraudulento. Universidad de California
Dec. 30 2000   Chagnon responds...the landing of helicopters in villages     Tierney presents a deliberately distorted account of my “helicopter landings”, putting a grotesque and cynical twist on them Napoleon Chagnon Responds to Darkness in El Dorado
    Patrick Tierney's essay, The Fierce Anthropologist     Because Susan Lindee's biography of Jim was so full of errors, he wrote a book on his scientific career - to set the record straight, (Physician to the Gene Pool, Wiley, 1994, 457 pp.). In it he gives an account of the measles epidemic which he fought, not caused, by vaccinating the Yanomami (see enclosure). Why did Tierney not cite this authoritative statement from the man he is accusing? Robert W. Miller, M.D., Dr.P.H. (Scientist Emeritus, National Cancer Institute)
Dic.31,200   Yanomami     Fotografias People of the Amazon David M. Schwartz Victor Englebert (Photographer)
Dic.31,2001   Spirit of rainforest     Libro A Yanomamo Shaman's Story Mark Andrew Andrew Ritchie
    YANOMAMO     YANOMAMO INTERACTIVE CD/ROM by Peter Biella, Napoleon A. Chagnon and Gary Seaman, © 1997 by Harcourt Brace & Company 1995 Brian Schwimmer University of Manitoba

Última actualización Agosto 2002
Por Ramón Mora
Correo electrónico: fotosmoramon@ingeomora.com
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