向上 自我測驗 上課教材

  

Lesson Seven Lesson Eight Lesson Nine  Lesson Ten 

 

本頁為黃氏英文上課內容 故而沒有答案

 

Lesson Seven: I like the smallest one

 

            1) 定義: 形容詞與副詞 的變化, 在中文就是 "..."

                  2) 形容詞/副詞 的三種形態: 原級 -> 比較級 -> 最高級

                    : 高的(原級) -> 較高(比較級) -> 最高的(最高級)

                    : 他跑的快(原級) -> 他跑的較快(比較級) -> 他跑的最快(最高級)

                                        * 只有形容詞/副詞 才有 最高級

                  3) 原級 最高級: 句子僅在形容詞 副詞 做變化

                                     原級 最高級的方法有以下幾種

                     a) 規則性變化:

                                        1. 單音節的字: 直接加 est 成為 最高級

                           : tall ==> tallest        cheap ==> cheapest

                              nice ==> nicest         kind ==> kindest

                                        2. 字尾是 "y", "y" iest

                           : happy ==> happiest      busy ==> busiest

                              early ==> earliest

                                        3. 字尾是 "短母音 子音" 重覆字尾 est

                           : red ==> reddest        big ==> biggest

                                        4. 多音節的字: 不加 est, 直接在字前加 most

                           : important ==> most important

                              beautiful ==> most beautiful

                              expensive ==> most expensive

                     b) 不規則性變化:

                        : good ==> best           many ==> most

                  4) 比較對象: 最高級已是最高的了 所以沒有比較對象

                  5) 最高級句型: 主詞 + 動詞 + the 最高級 {in  地點場所

                                                                                        {of  同類的人事物

                                     * 由於最高級是唯一的, 因此一定要加入 the

                                       : 瑪麗是我班上最美的女孩

                           ________________________________________________

                       : 湯姆是那些男孩中最矮的.

                           ________________________________________________

                                       : Taipei is the biggest city in Taiwan.(以比較級改寫)

                                              = ________________________________________________

                                       : {Mary is taller than Sue.

                                              {Sue is taller than Jean.

                          ==> ________________________________________________

                    6) 最高級的句型 有時可將 地點場所 同類人事物 連同

                       介係詞 一起移到句首

                                       : 在所有的學生中, 瑪麗是最美麗的

                           Of ______________________________________________

                                       : 在所有的男孩中, 湯姆是最高的.

                           ________________________________________________

 

 

比較級與最高級之互換    1) : Mary is the tallest girl in her class.

                                                  = Mary is taller than everyone else in her class.

 

 

比較級/最高級 之重要例句      : Tom is the tallest boy in his class.(用比較級改寫)

                                ==> ___________________________________________

                                             : 瑪麗今天較昨天快樂.

                                 ______________________________________________

                                             : 夏天較春天熱多了.

                                 ______________________________________________

                                             : 在所有的車子中這輛是最貴的

                                 The car ______________________________________

                                                = Of _________________________________________

                                             : Helen is taller than the other(其他) two girls.(用最高級改寫)

                                 ==> __________________________________________

                                             : 火車較單車快多了.

                                 ______________________________________________

 

 

smallest  最小的      1) 形容詞

                     2) small 的三級為 small => smaller => smallest

                        : 我喜歡那只最小的手錶

                            __________________________________________________

                        : 這三本書中這本是最小的

                            __________________________________________________

 

 

one  ()一個           1) 代名詞

     (同類不同物)       2) 在英文中為避免名詞的重覆, 習慣上都以代名詞代替

                          一般的人名,  用人稱代名詞(you, he , they….),   非人的

                          代名詞可用 it one.  它們的區分如下:

                          * { it => 用於代替 "同類同物" (也就是同一個) 名詞

                           { one => 用於代替 "同類不同物" (也不同一個) 名詞

                           : This is a pen. It is very good.

                               * 在此 It 代替  a pen. 事實上 it 就是 a pen.

                                 這兩者 it/a pen 是同類同物

                           又例: I have a pen, and he has one, too.

                               * 在此 one 雖然是代替 a pen(同類), 但絕非

                                 同一支(不同物). 所以我們用 one,  而不用 it.

                           : 那裡有好多的錶, 但我只喜歡最小的那只

                               _________________________________________________

                               _________________________________________________

                        3) 如果需代替的部份是 同類不同物 而且是複數的話 要用

                           ones

                           : There are many birds in the trees, but I like the white ones.

 

 

pretty  漂亮的     1) 形容詞

                  2) pretty的三級為 pretty => prettier => prettiest

                     * 注意需去 y 再加 ier iest

                  3) { pretty: 比較口語的用法 而程度上也稍遜於 beautiful

                      { beautiful: 不一定限於修飾人, 用法較正式

                     : 那裡有許多漂亮的女孩, 而最漂亮的那個是我的女朋友

                         ________________________________________________________

                         ________________________________________________________

                     : 蘇珊比珍漂亮

                         _________________________________________________________

                     : {Mary is prettier than Jane.

                        {Susan is prettier than Mary.  (合併成一句)

                        __________________________________________________________

 

 

most         1) 副詞: => 放在 形容詞/副詞 之前 成為最高級

                : 這件裙子是所有的裙子中最貴的

                    _______________________________________________________________

              2) 形容詞/副詞: 最多 => many/much 的最高級

                : 他有很多錢, 但我有最多錢

                    _______________________________________________________________

                : 比爾有許多朋友, 但我有最多的朋友

                    _______________________________________________________________

 

 

better, more        1) 當比較級句子中 沒有可供變化的 形容詞和副詞 , 可在動詞

                     之後, 或者名詞之前, 加一個 more, 有比較對象時, 仍需加 than.

                     : I like to play the piano. (改為比較級)

                        ________________________________________________________

                     : He had fun in New York. (改為比較級)

                        ________________________________________________________

                        : 我喜歡打籃球多於閱讀.

                        ________________________________________________________

                  2) 同理如遇最高級時, 可加入 the most, the 通常省略不寫

                     : I like to play the piano. (改為最高級)

                        ________________________________________________________

                     : He had fun in New York. (改為最高級)

                        ________________________________________________________

                             : 你最喜歡什麼, 籃球, 排球 或是棒球?

                        _________________________________________________________

 

 

large  大的         1) 形容詞

                   2) large 的三級為 large => larger => largest

                   3) {large : 指尺寸的大, 大號的

                             {big : 指尺寸的大, 較通俗

                                      {great : 修飾較抽象的東西或人, 帶有感情

                   4) : 我點一個大薯條和一杯可樂

                         ________________________________________________________

                                      : 那裡有很多錶; 最小的是最貴的, 而最大的是最便宜的

                         _________________________________________________________

                                             _________________________________________________________

                    5) 衣服中 標示的 "L" = large

 

 

cheap  便宜的      1) 形容詞: 大都修飾物

                    2) cheap 的三級為 cheap => cheaper => cheapest

                    3) 句型: A be cheap.

                                       : 那裡的海報比較便宜

                           ____________________________________________________

                       : 在這些書中, 那本是最便宜的

                           _____________________________________________________

                                    4) 物美價廉 => nice and cheap

                       : 這些海報真是物美價廉

                           ________________________________________________

                    5) cheap用於形容人時是卑鄙下流的意思

 

 

maybe  也許     1) 副詞:放句首

                                : 那個男人也許是個美國人

                       ________________________________________________________

                            : 也許明天會下雨

                       _________________________________________________________

                 2) {maybe  也許: 副詞

                          {may be 也許是: 助動詞 + be動詞

                   : He may be Tom's father.

                     = Maybe he is Tom's father.

                 3) Maybe. 可做簡答

                                   : A: 你會去看電影嗎?

                         ______________________________________________________

                                 B: 也許吧.

                         ______________________________________________________

 

 

easy   容易        1) 形容詞 

                   2) easy 的三級為 easy => easier => easiest

                     * 注意需去 y 再加 ier iest

                   3) easy 的主詞要用 "事物", 不可用人

                                : 第一冊是容易的

                                         _______________________________________________________

                      : 騎單車是容易的

                         ________________________________________________________

                      : 第一課是容易的, 而第二課更容易

                         ________________________________________________________

                         ________________________________________________________

                   4) an easy lesson  容易的一課

                                  : 第二課是容易的一課

                                         _________________________________________________

                   5) 句型: It is easy to + 原形動詞     .....是容易的

                                  : 說是容易的, 但做則不容易

                                         ________________________________________________

                                         ________________________________________________

 

make  製造     1) 動詞

                2) make => made

                3) 句型: A make 某物.    A 製造某物

                   : 他們在那家工廠製造鞋子

                       ________________________________________________________

                   : 也許製造大的手錶是比較容易吧

                      _________________________________________________________

                4) make 也有 "使…" 的意思,  是個使役動詞, 後面要接一個

                   原形動詞

                5) 句型: A make B + V.    A B 去做…..

                   : He makes his brother wash the dishes every day.

 

 

funny  滑稽的/可笑的   1) 形容詞: 名詞 fun ny 而成

                       2) funny 的三級為 funny => funnier => funniest

                          fun 的三級為 fun => more fun => most fun

                       3) : 我喜歡滑稽電影, 我哥哥則不

                                      _________________________________________________

                       4) That's funny. 那真好笑(那真奇怪)

                       5) funny "可笑的",  不是 "有趣的";  除了喜劇演員外,

                         很少用來形容人

 

 

forget     忘記     1) 動詞

                   2) forget ==> forgot

                   3) 句型: A forget { 名詞

                                                 { that + 子句

                                             * 本句型 forget 常用 過去式

                                      : 我差點忘了你的名字

                          ______________________________________________________

                   4) forget 動名詞片語 不定詞片語, 而且意思不一樣

                      {A forget to V. ==> 忘了去做某事(沒做)

                      {A forget V-ing. ==> 忘了已做過某事(做過了但忘了)

                      : 昨天我忘了做作業, 我的老師很不高興

                         _______________________________________________________

                         _______________________________________________________

                      : 他忘記了他已吃過了藥, 但他真的吃過了.

                          ______________________________________________________

                                                  * did 在這裡表示強調是 "真的" 的意思

                                      : 我和湯姆都很健忘.

                          ______________________________________________________

                    5) forget 在祈使句中, 大都用否定, 且用 to + 原形動詞

                      : 上學之前, 別忘了吃早飯.

                          ______________________________________________________

6)       forget 也有 "遺忘東西" 的意思                                 

       : Oh, no. I forgot my book.

                    7) forget-me-not 勿忘我(花名)

 

 

Lucy   露西      1) 不可數名詞

Danny  丹尼      2) Lucy是女子名; Danny是男子名

 

 

child 小孩, 兒童       1) 可數名詞

 2) 在英文中有的名詞的複數是不規則的, child 的複數就是

    不規則的 children.

                        : a child ==> children

                                    : 李太太有兩個小孩, 但王太太只有一個

                                           ___________________________________________________

                                          ___________________________________________________

                                    : Mr. and Mrs. Smith have only (one) child. 相對問句

                                           ___________________________________________________

                     3) child 是沒有性別的, 故所有格用 its.

                                    : 那個小孩正跟媽媽一起逛街

                                           ______________________________________________

                     4) children的所有格 = children's 為形容詞  放在名詞之前

                       : a children's books ==> 兒童書籍

                                   : 這是本兒童讀物

                                           ______________________________________________

                     5) 兒童節 = Children's Day (不加任何冠詞)

                          * on Children's Day  在兒童節

 

 

work   工作        1) 動詞

                                : 令尊在哪裡工作?  在公園附近的學校

                                   ____________________________________________________

                                      ____________________________________________________

                              : 令堂也工作嗎?

                                          ____________________________________________________

                    2) 句型: A work in 某地.     A 在某地工作

                      : 我爸爸在台北工作

                          _____________________________________________________

 

 

work  工作            1) 不可數名詞              

                       2) 下班後 ==> after work

                                : 湯姆每天下班後看電視

                              _________________________________________________

                                      : 你爸爸下班後做什麼?

                                              __________________________________________________

                       3) 句型: A be at work.  A 在上班中

                                      : 我爸爸在工作, 不在家

                                              _______________________________________________

                       4) 句型: A do/does A's work.     A A 的工作

                                      : 媽媽正在廚房做她的工作

                              ________________________________________________

                       5) worker => 工人

                          : ! 那些工人正在建房子

                              _________________________________________________

 

 

factory 工廠        1) 可數名詞

                  2) a factory ==> factories

                           : 以前我們學校附近有許多工廠

                                    ______________________________________________________

                  3)名詞 + factory = ...工廠

                               : a bicycle factory =  腳踏車工廠

                       a shoe factory = 一間鞋廠( shoe 在此做形容詞用, 沒有複數形)

                 4) work in the(a) factory = 在工廠工作

                                : 你的父親在那間鞋廠工作嗎?

                                    _______________________________________________________

                 5) factory worker  工廠工人

                   句型:  A work in a factory.

                          = A be a factory worker.

 

 

grow 成長         1) 動詞

                      2) grow => grew

                   3) 句型: A grow up.   A 長大

                       *本句型大都以過去式來寫

                      : 他在美國長大

                         ________________________________________________________

                   4) 句型: A grow up in a ….family.    A 家庭中長大

                      : 他成長在一個窮困的家庭

                          ________________________________________________________

                         我生長在一個快樂的家庭

                          ________________________________________________________

 

 

grow  種植     1) 動詞

                2) 句型: A grow…….  A 種植某農作物

                   : 他們種植稻米和蔬菜

                       _________________________________________________________

 

 

poor   貧窮       1) 形容詞

                  2) poor 的三級為 poor => poorer => poorest

                     : 比爾比每個人都要窮

                         _______________________________________________________

                     : 吳太太出身一個貧窮的家庭. 當她還是小女孩時,

                         她就必須工作了

                         ______________________________________________________

                         ______________________________________________________

                  3) poor 也有 "可憐" 的意思

                     : 這個可憐小孩找不到回家的路

                         ______________________________________________________

 

 

oldest  最年長的       1) 形容詞

                       2) old的三級為 old => older => oldest

                          : 吳太太有三個孩子. 露西是最年長的

                             __________________________________________________

                             __________________________________________________

                          : 誰是你班上最年長的學生?

                             __________________________________________________

 

 

finish  完成        1) 動詞

                   2) 句型: A finish xxx school.     A 完成學業(讀完 / )

                     : 在他讀完國中後 他必須去工作

                         _______________________________________________________

                         _______________________________________________________

                     : 他國中沒畢業

                         _______________________________________________________

                     : 你什麼時候讀完國中的

                         _______________________________________________________

                   3) 句型: A finish {名詞.

                                        {V-ing.

                                 : 我完成做我的功課這件事

                                         _______________________________________________________

                   4) 俗語: A be finished.  A 完了

                                  : I am finished. 我完了

 

 

elementary  基礎的      1) 形容詞

                        2) an elementary school 小學

                                 : 你家附近不是有一所小學嗎?

                                           _________________________________________________

                        3) 句型: A go to elementary school.  A 上小學

                                         = A study in elementary school.

                                         = A be an elementary school student.

                                   : 我小妹就讀小學

                                                _______________________________________________

                                          = _______________________________________________

                                          = _______________________________________________

                           : 在她讀完小學後, 她並沒有錢上國中

                               _________________________________________________

 

 

begin  開始       1) 動詞

                  2) begin => began

                  3) 基本上 begin = start

                                : 你的第一堂課幾點開始?

                                        ______________________________________________________

                  4) 句型: A start {to 原形動詞.  A 開始做...

                                       {動詞+ving

                    : 當她只有十五歲時候, 她便開始在街上賣花

                              ______________________________________________________

                                : 爸爸每天很早就開始工作

                        ______________________________________________________

 


job   工作       1) 可數名詞

                 2) {job ==> 專指職業

                   {work ==> 不一定是職業

                 3) 句型: 你的職業是什麼?

                           What do you do?

                                   = What are you?

                                   = What is your job?

                 4) 句型: 做不同的工做(注意介係詞用 at)

                    : 在他讀完國小後, 他便開始做些不同的工作

                        _________________________________________________________

                        _________________________________________________________

                    : 比爾找不到工作

                        _________________________________________________________

                    : 吳先生住在台北,  並且有份好的工作

                        _________________________________________________________

                        _________________________________________________________

                 4) 句型: A do/does a good job.  (當某人工作做的好而用來讚美的話)

                                  : You did a good job. 你做得很好

                                       : A: I have finished fixing the radio.

                                              B: Good job.

 

 

sell          1) 動詞

               2) 過去式 = sold

                  句型: 某物 賣某物

                  : 勃朗先生是個生意人, 他賣牛肉

                      ____________________________________________________________

                      ____________________________________________________________

                  : 她下午在街上賣花, 晚上去上學

                      ____________________________________________________________

                      ____________________________________________________________

               3) 句型: A sell B + 某物 => A 賣給 B 某物

                       = A sell 某物 to B => A 賣某物給 B

                     *注意: sell, buy, ask, write 等動詞通常都有 "" "" 兩種受詞,

                      "" 放在前面, "" 放在後面,  則不須加介係詞., 但如果

                       "" 放在後面, "" 放在前面, 則須加介係詞 to.

                               : 瑪麗將她單車賣給湯姆了

                          ________________________________________________________

                       = _________________________________________________________

                      : 是誰賣你這台電腦的?

                       ________________________________________________________

                        = ________________________________________________________

 

 

prepare  準備      1) 動詞

                  2) 句型: A prepare某物 for B.    A B 準備某物

                    : 媽媽每天為我們準備早餐

                        _________________________________________________________

                    : 廚師們正在廚房裡為工人準備食物

                        __________________________________________________________

                    : 比爾正在為明天的數學考試準備

                        __________________________________________________________

                  3) prepared形容詞: 過去分詞做形容詞用

                    句型: A be prepared.    A 準備好了

                    : 他並沒有準備好

                        ___________________________________________________________

 

men  男人        1) 複數名詞

women  女人      2) a man 複數為 men

                                a woman 複數為 women

                    : 公園裡有男人有女人

                                    ________________________________________________________

                    : 在那些女人中, 吳太太是最年長的

                        ________________________________________________________

                  3) men's(複數所有格) 可轉化為 形容詞 : 男用的, 男人的

                    同樣的 women's(複數所有格) 也可轉化為 形容詞: 女用, 女人的

                    : 男用的手錶 = a men's watch

                        男用的廁所 = the men's room

                        女用的手錶 = a women's watch

 

 

 

Lesson Eight: All Of The Good Watches Are So Expensive

 

 

of         1) 介係詞

              2) of 有兩大功能

                            1. 無生命之所有格:

                             句型: of (the)所有者

                              : the windows of the room(房間的窗子)

                                     the door of the room (房間的門)

                              : 房間的門是開著的嗎?

                                      ___________________________________________________________

                      2. 表示部份與全體, 小與大的關係

                               句型: 部份() of 全體()

                     * 部份 一定是個 不定代名詞

                     * 全體 是個不可數名詞, 部份 也需用 不可數的代名詞

                     * 動詞 是以 部份 的詞性來決定, 是個 單數的 或是 複數的

                               : one of the boys  男孩當中的一位

                                      two of you  你們中的兩人

                      all of them 他們中的所有人

                      many of them  他們中的許多人

                      much of the rice 那些米中多數

                      * everyone of the boys ------(x) 因為everyone 並不是一個代名詞

                           every of the boys ----------(x) 因為every 並不是一個代名詞

                           every one of the boys ----(o)

                    : 改錯: 下列句子中如果是正確的就重抄一遍, 否則將錯誤部份

                             劃線, 並將正確的句子, 寫在劃線上

                        1. Some of the water are very hot.

                          ______________________________________________________

                        2. Many of her hair are gray(白色).

                          ______________________________________________________

                        3. One of the boy is not in the room.

                          ______________________________________________________

                        4. Two of the bread are on the desk.

                          ______________________________________________________

                        5. All of the coke is on the desk.

                          ______________________________________________________

                        6. Much of the milk is in the kitchen.

                          ______________________________________________________

                        7. Everyone of my friends are here.

                          ______________________________________________________

                        : 所有的手錶都很好貴

                         __________________________________________________________

                                : 這些學生中一些是胖的

                       __________________________________________________________

                    : 農曆除夕是一年中最重要的日子之一

                       __________________________________________________________

 

 

over   超過, …      1) 介係詞

                     2) over = more than

                     3) 句型: A be over 數字.      A 超過….

                           = A be more than 數字.

                        : 那些海報都超過五百元

                            _____________________________________________________

                        : 他班上最老的學生都超過八十歲了

                            ______________________________________________________

                     4) 數字也可翻譯成 "….."

                        : 我有六百多元

                            _______________________________________________________

 

 

toy   玩具      1) 可數名詞

                   : 我小的時候, 我父母常買玩具給我

                       _________________________________________________________

                   : 所有的玩具都超過一千元

                       _________________________________________________________

                   : 便宜的錶就像玩具一樣

                       _________________________________________________________

                 2)句型: a toy + 名詞       一個玩具..

                   : 一個玩具手錶 => a toy watch

                   : 那是個玩具錶, 不是真的錶

                       _________________________________________________________

 

 

idea       1) 可數名詞: "主意" "構想" 解釋 通常可數,

              但做 "概念" 解釋則不可數

                          : 你有任何主意嗎? , 我沒有任何主意

                              ______________________________________________________________

                              ______________________________________________________________

              : 比爾: 我有個很棒的主意

                  ______________________________________________________________

                 蘇珊: , 真的? 告訴我吧!

                 ________________________________________________________________

            2) 片語: That's a good idea. 好主意

                           : A: 何不買只錶給媽媽?

                                 ____________________________________________________________

                  B: 好主意

                                 ____________________________________________________________

            3) : 我不知道

                  I don't know.

                = I don't have any idea.

                = I have no idea.

            4) 句型: A have no idea of(about) B    A B 沒有概念( B 不知情)

                             : 我對你的慶生會一無所知

                               ________________________________________________________________

 

 

famous 有名的       1) 形容詞

                     2) famous 的三級為 famous => more famous => most famous

                       : 麥可喬丹是最有名的籃球員

                           _____________________________________________________

                       : 他一點也不出名, 不過他是最好的

                           ______________________________________________________

                       : Andy Liu 是位出名的歌手

                           ______________________________________________________

                     3) 句型: A be famous for 名詞.     A….而聞名

                       : 陽明山以它的溫泉而聞名

                           _______________________________________________________

 

 

brand    牌子      1) 可數名詞

                   2) {Which brand: 哪一個牌子

                     {What brand : 什麼牌子

                     : 哪個牌子比較好?

                         ________________________________________________________

                                   3) 句型: a famous brand => 名牌

                      : Calvin Klein 是個名牌

                          ________________________________________________________

                      : 它是個名牌, 但它沒有那麼貴

                          ________________________________________________________

                   4) 句型: this brand of     這種牌子的....

                                      : 這種牌子的手錶真是物美價廉

                          _________________________________________________________

                   *5) brand new: 全新的(形容詞)

                                      : That is a brand new car.

 

 

price  價錢, 標價      1) 可數名詞

                     2) 句型: the price of 某物      某物的標價

                         * …of.. 用在表示 東西(非人) 所有格

                        : 那只手錶的標價是高的

                            ____________________________________________________

                            * 標價是高的 當然就是貴的 所以本句也可寫成

                             The watch ___________________________________________

                      3) 句型: What is the price of 某物?

                             = How much is 某物?

                         : 那張海報的價格多少?

                             ____________________________________________________

                           = _____________________________________________________

                      4) 諺語: Everyone has his price.

 

 

low  低的       1) 形容詞: 為物質化形容詞, 不用來形容 , 否則有特殊的意思

                 2) low 的三級為 low => lower => lowest

                   : 它的價格很低

                       ________________________________________________________

                   : 它是個名牌, 但它的價格真的很低

                       _________________________________________________________

                       _________________________________________________________

                 3) low 用來形容人, 表示 很卑劣, 下等的意思

                       用來形容行為, 表示很 卑鄙下流的意思

                   : Bill is so low.

                      That is so low.

 

 

fake仿冒品, 假冒品     1) 可數名詞

                         : 那只手錶是個假貨

                             ____________________________________________________

                       2) fake用來修飾人,  可做 "偽君子, 騙子" 解釋

                         : 比爾是個騙子

                             ____________________________________________________

                       3) fake 也可做 形容詞: 假的

                         句型: a fake + 名詞      一個假冒的….

                         : 那些是假錶 不是真的錶

                             _____________________________________________________

 

 

worst  最糟的      1) 形容詞: 的最高級

                   2) bad的三級為 bad => worse => worst

                      : 這本書不好, 那本更糟

                          ________________________________________________________

                      : 馬克是我班上最糟的學生

                          _________________________________________________________

                      : 那真是一個最糟糕的主意了

                          _________________________________________________________

                      : : 我們可以買只假錶給媽媽

                            _____________________________________________________

                         比爾: , 那是最糟糕的主意了

                            _____________________________________________________

                         : 是嗎? 你有更好的主意嗎

                            ______________________________________________________

                   3) 句型: Worst of all, …. 最糟糕的是;  通常放句首

                      : Worst of all, I couldn't find my wallet.

 

 

you know 你知道        1) 口頭禪, 沒有特殊的意義, 可放在句首或句尾, 但都需要

                           用逗點與主要句子隔開

                           : It is quite hot in summer, you know.

                              You know, people really enjoy talking behind others' back.

 

 

illegal   非法的      1) 形容詞: 本字是由legal(合法的) 加上 il 而成

                    2) 由於 非法的 沒有程度的區別 所以沒有 比較或最高級

                       : 在臺灣製造假錶是非法的 (三種句型)

                           ______________________________________________________

                         = ______________________________________________________

                         = ______________________________________________________

                     3) 句型: 不定代名詞 + 形容詞

                              something illegal

                              anything illegal

                              nothing illegal

                       : 不要做任何違法的事

                           ______________________________________________________

                       : 你是知道的, 媽媽討厭任何違法的事

                           ______________________________________________________

                     4) 句型: It is illegal to V…

                       : 買賣假錶是違法的

                           ______________________________________________________

 

 

clearly 清楚的, 明白     1) 副詞: 用來修飾動詞, 是由 clear (形容詞) ly而成

                          : 你可以看到它嗎? 它不很清楚

                              ____________________________________________________

                          : 那是比爾嗎?我看不清楚

                              ___________________________________________________

                          : 我無法跟他說清楚

                              ___________________________________________________

 

 

important 重要的       1) 形容詞

                     2) important => more important => most important

                     3) 片語: an important + 名詞        一個重要的...

                             : 昨天是一個重要的日子

                                       Yesterday _____________________________________________

                             : 第九課是重要的一課, 同時也是容易的一課

                                            ____________________________________________________

                             ____________________________________________________

                            : 母親節是一年中最重要的日子之一

                                       ____________________________________________________

 

 

Mother's Day  母親節      1) 專有名詞: 第一字母要大寫 前面不加 冠詞

                          2) Mother's Day 母親節

                             Father's Day 父親節

                          3) on Mother's Day =>在母親節; 注意介係詞用 on

 


celebrate   慶祝      1) 動詞

                     2) 句型: A celebrate 名詞.     A 慶祝 …..

                        : 在台灣並非所有的人都慶祝聖誕節

                            ___________________________________________________

                        : 露西和丹尼並不慶祝父親節, 他們只慶祝母親節

                            ___________________________________________________

                            ___________________________________________________

 

 

die  死亡        1) 動詞

                 2) die 沒有完成式, 也沒有被動式和進行式

                   die 常用簡單過去式和現在式

                 3) die ==> died

                   : 當麗莎還是個小女孩時, 她的父親就去世了.

                                   __________________________________________________________

                       __________________________________________________________

                 4) 句型: A die in A's bed.

                                : Mr. Li died in his bed last night.

                 5) 片語: die hard 至死不屈

 

 

dying  將死了/快死了      1) 形容詞(現在分詞做形容詞)

                          2) dying die ie ying 形成.

                          3) dying 雖然是由 die 而來, 但不是 die 的現在分詞

                                    句型: A be dying. = A be going to die.

                                         : The poor dog is dying.

 

 

     dead           1) 形容詞

                        2) dead 常被拿來代替 die 寫成完成式

       死的                     : Mr. Lin is dead.

 

 

 

even  甚至      1) 副詞

                 2) even 的位置: {1. BE()動詞之後 一般動詞之前

                                        {2. 比較級之前

                                               {3. 常用於否定句, not  之後

                               : 這本書甚至連一個錯誤都沒有

                                  _______________________________________________________

                           : 他甚至不會寫他自己的名字

                                  ________________________________________________________

                 3) even 也可直接放在所要強調的東西之前

                                 : 他每天都得工作, 甚至在假日也是

                                    ______________________________________________________

                                : 我通常早起, 甚至在週日

                        _______________________________________________________

 

 

most  大多數的       1) 代名詞:前面不加 the

                      2) 句型: Most (of the) …..  大多數的 ….

                                 * most 之前不可加 the

                                               * A 沒有限定時 不用 of the, most 變成 形容詞

                           * 結論: of the 必需同時存在

                                     : 大多數的小孩喜歡玩遊戲.

                             ________________________________________________

                                         : 他將他大多數的時間花在研讀英文.

                             ________________________________________________

                         :  ________ books are very cheap.    (1. The most   

                             2. Most    3. Most the   4. Most of)

 

 

housework  家事      1) 不可數名詞

                        : 媽媽正在廚房做家事

                            _____________________________________________________

                        : 他的媽媽總是忙著做家事

                            _____________________________________________________

                        : 你每天得做多少家事? 不多

                            _____________________________________________________

                      2) housework 是由 house (房子) work (工作) 組成; 同類字

                        還有 house + wife (妻子) 合成的 housewife => 家庭主婦

 

 

not only…but also      1) 對等連接詞片詞: 所連接兩端相同詞性, 有時 also 省略,

 不只….…..               但在任何情況之下, but 都不可省略

                      2) 位置:

                         a) 句首: 句型: Not only A but also B + 動詞(B為準)...

                                   : 不只瑪麗而且我也在閱讀

                                _______________________________________________

                                    : 不只你而且湯姆也是對的

                                Not only _______________________________________

                                                  = Both ___________________________________________

b)      句中: be 動詞 助動詞 之後, 一般動之前(一般原則)

                                            : 他不但是他們的父親而且也是他們的朋友和老師

                                _________________________________________________

                                                _________________________________________________

                         c) 連接受詞, 放句尾

                                             : 他喜歡的不只是棒球而且籃球也是.

                                                     _________________________________________________

 

 

notice  注意到     1) 感官動詞    

                   2) 句型: A notice {B.              A 注意到 ……

                                  {that + 子句.

                      : 你注意到那件事了嗎?

                          ________________________________________________________

                      : 我注意到媽媽無法看得清楚了

                          _________________________________________________________

                   3) 句型: A notice B + V-ing/原形動詞.

                      : 我注意到比每天都研讀英文

                          _________________________________________________________

                   4) notice 有名詞用法,   "通知單" 的意思

 

 

pair   ,        1) 可數名詞

                   2) a pair of glasses

                     : 在媽媽生日那天, 我們送給媽媽一付眼鏡

                         _________________________________________________________

                         _________________________________________________________

                     : 書桌上有三付眼鏡

                         _________________________________________________________

                   3) They can make a nice pair.  他們可以成為一對佳偶

 

 


Lesson Nine: Mother's New Glasses   

 

 

eyes           1) 可數名詞

                    2) 一隻眼睛 ==> an eye

                        : 那隻狗只有一個眼睛

                                     ________________________________________________________

                    3) 句型: A have/has good eyes.  視力良好

                       : 比爾的許多朋友都戴眼鏡, 但他的視力很好

                          _______________________________________________________

                          _______________________________________________________

                    4) an eye doctor  一位眼科醫生

                       : 昨天我媽媽帶我去看眼科

                           _______________________________________________________

                    5) 句型: A see with A's eyes.      A 以眼視物

                            = A use A's eye to see.

                               : We see with our eyes. 我們以眼視物

                                     = We use our eyes to see.

 

 

enough         1) 形容詞:可放在名詞之前 之後

足夠/足以              : 我沒有足夠的時間讀英文

                             _______________________________________________________

                 2) 副詞: 放在 形容詞 副詞之後.

                       用法: 形容詞 + enough ...

                                : tall enough 夠高        good enough 夠好

                                : 我的英文不夠好

                                    ______________________________________________________

                 3) 句型: A be + 形容詞 enough to + 原形動詞.    A ...足以去做

                                : 他年紀夠大可以上學

                                   ________________________________________________________

                               : 我的英文夠好可以與美國人交談

                                   ________________________________________________________

                                : { Mary is tall.              enough 合併

                                   { She can play basketball.

                      ==> _____________________________________________________

                 4) 句型: A be not + 形容詞 enough to + 原形動詞

                                 = A is too 相反形容詞 to + 原形動詞

                                 : 瑪麗不夠高無法打籃球

                                     _______________________________________________(..enough..)

                                   = ________________________________________________(..too.. to..)

                 5) 片語: That's enough. 夠了

 

 

too ..        1) 副詞: 用來形容形容詞

              2) 用法: too + 形容詞 ==> ...

                             : too old, too slow, too fast

                       : 慢一點, 你走太快了

                                _______________________________________________

              3) 句型: A be too 形容詞 to + 原形動詞  A ...以致無法....

                        : 瑪麗太矮, 無法打籃球

                                 __________________________________________________(..too..to)

                               = ___________________________________________________(..enough.)

              4) 片語: We are never too old to study. 活到老, 學到老

                             One is never too old to study.

                                  Never too old to study.

 

 

light           1) {light : 可數名詞        

                              {light , 光線: 不可數名詞

               2) a desk light 一個桌燈

                                 : 當你讀書時, 一個好的抬燈是很重要的

                     _______________________________________________________

                 : 如果光線不夠, 你就比較容易感到累

                     ________________________________________________

               3) light 也可做 "輕的, 淡的": 形容詞

                             : light music

                                    light blue

 

 

because   因為      1) 從屬連接詞

                    2) 句型:Because + 子句, 主要句子.

   因為                            = 主要句子 because + 子句.

                        : 因為昨天瑪麗生病了, 所以她並沒有上學

                            __________________________________________________

                            __________________________________________________

                        : 他的視力好因為他總是使用足夠的光線

                            ___________________________________________________

                            ___________________________________________________

                    3) 句型: 主要句子(表結果) because + 子句(表原因).

                                                 = 主要句子(原因), so + 子句(表結果).

                                         * 但不可以用 Because..., so.... 因兩者都是連接詞

                        : They didn't catch the bus because they got up late.(so改寫)

                           ________________________________________________

                        : 因為他不喜歡大城中的噪音和繁忙的街道, 所以

                           他搬到了鄉下

                                               ________________________________________________

                           ________________________________________________

                        : Because it is very cold, we stay at home. ( so 改寫)

                           ________________________________________________

                     4) 句型: It is because 子句. 用於回答問題. It is 可省略

                                        : A: Why are you running?

                                               B: (It is) Because we are late.

                     5) because of 名詞

                                        : We are late because of Mary.

 

 

weak 衰弱 差了     1) 形容詞

                   2) weak的三級為 weak => weaker => weakest

                     便弱了

                     : 因為他沒有用足夠的光線, 所以他的視力變得更差了

                         _______________________________________________________

                         _______________________________________________________

                     : 昨天的比賽一點也不刺激, 因為我們校隊太弱了

                         _______________________________________________________

                         _______________________________________________________

 

 

at first  首先, 起初     1) 副詞片語

                      2) at first 的相反詞 at last (最後)

                      3) 句型: At first}, 主要句子

                              At last}

                         : 起初, 我的視力還好 但很快的就變得較差了(worse)

                             __________________________________________________

                             __________________________________________________

                         : 起初, 沒有人喜歡比爾

                             __________________________________________________

                         : 最後, 我們買了付眼鏡送給媽媽

                             __________________________________________________

 

 

get  變得         1) (連綴)動詞

                  2) get做連綴動詞用時 become完全相同

                  3) 句型: A get + 形容詞(主詞補語).      A 變得…..

                     : 春天天氣變得很溫暖

                        _____________________________________________________

                     : 寒假我變重了

                        _____________________________________________________

                  4) 如果 get 用在現在進行式則有 "漸漸變得" 的意思

                     : 天氣漸漸變冷了

                        _____________________________________________________

 

feel   感覺/覺得       1) (連綴)動詞(可指 心理 生理)

                      2) 過去式 => felt

                      3) 句型: A feel good (about )    A感覺很好

                         句型: A don't feel good  (about ).  A感覺不好

                              = A feel bad (about ).

                                     : 我今早晚起, 而且感覺不舒服

                                            __________________________________________________

                                            __________________________________________________

                         : 湯姆找不到錢包, 他對這件事感到不爽

                            __________________________________________________

                            __________________________________________________

                      4) 句型: A feel like + 名詞.      A 感覺像是 xxx

                         : 我感覺又像是個學生

                             _________________________________________________

                      5) 句型: A feel sick. = A don't feel good. A感覺不舒服

                      6) feeling  ==> 知覺,同情: 不可數名詞

                                ==> 感情, 情緒(喜怒哀樂):  可數名詞

 

 

already 已經       1) 副詞: 常用於肯定句

                   2) 位置: Be/助動詞之後, 一般動詞之前

                                      : 我不需要一付新眼鏡, 我已經有一付了

                                   ______________________________________________________

                          ______________________________________________________

                      : 當我到達那裡時, 我所有的朋友已經在那裡了

                          _______________________________________________________

                          _______________________________________________________

                   3) already 也可放句尾, 而且用於疑問句時表示驚訝

                      : Is it ten o'clock already?

 

 

所有代名詞     1) 定義: 所有代名詞 = 所有格 + 名詞(被提起過)

                       : 這是我的筆, 那是她的. (在這裡 "她的" 不是 her, 而是her pen,

                      但為了不重覆 pen, 我們用"" 的所有代名詞hers. 所以

                       hers = her pen.)

2)       形成: 所有代名詞的形成, 除了 "I" 特殊外, 其餘則由所有格加 "s"

                                而人名稱呼則與所有格相同

 

     

      

 

     I

     my

    mine

   you

     your

    yours

   he

     his

    his

   she

     her

    hers

   it

     its

    its

   we

     our

    ours

   they

     their

    theirs

   John

     John’s

     John’s

 

                 3) : 這是你的筆

                                    ____________________________________________________

                                   = ____________________________________________________

                           : 他的眼鏡是舊的; 但我的更舊

                                   _____________________________________________________

                                   _____________________________________________________

                           : 約翰的雙親是中國人, 我的也是

                                   _____________________________________________________

                                   ______________________________________________________

                4) 句型: A be 所有格 friend = A be a friend of {所有格 friends.

                                                                                        {所有代名詞

                               : 比爾是我爸爸的一位老友

                       Bill is one of my father's old friends.

                      = Bill is an old friend of my father's.

                           : 約翰是我的好友之一

                                   ___________________________________

                             = ___________________________________

 


hospital  醫院      1) 可數名詞

                   2) 在醫院 in the hospital

                   3) 去醫院 go to the hospital

                      : 他們跟他們的媽媽一起去了醫院

                                  _______________________________________________________

                              : 他媽媽在醫院工作, 我的也是

                                      ______________________________________________________

                                  : 我們學校附近有所大醫院                              

                          _______________________________________________________

 

 

examine  檢查 檢驗     1) 動詞

                        2) 句型: A examine B.

                           : 醫生仔細的檢查了我的眼睛, 然後告訴我沒問題

                               _________________________________________________

                               _________________________________________________

                        3) examine的名詞是 examination "考試" 的意思,

                                   常簡寫成exam

                          : 高中聯考 => the High School Joint Examination

 

prescription  處方簽    1) 可數名詞

                         : 他們帶著處方簽去一家店裡

                             ____________________________________________________

                       2) 句型: A write the/a prescription.

                         : 醫生寫了處方簽並且給了他們

                             _____________________________________________________

 

 

later  ….         1) 副詞

                  2) 句型: …時間 later    ….時間後

                         * 本用法常用於過去式

                    : five days later => 五天後

                    : 我將處方簽拿到那裡, 五天後我就得到我第一付眼鏡

                        __________________________________________________________

                        __________________________________________________________

                  3) 五天後如要用在未來式則須寫成 in five days

 


fashionable  時髦的    1) 形容詞

                      2) fashionable => more fashionable => most fashionable

                        : 你的眼鏡比我的還時髦

                            _____________________________________________________

                        : 她的母親是個時髦的女人

                            _____________________________________________________

 

 

look  看起來      1) (連綴)動詞

                  2) 句型: 某物 look + 形容詞 on 某人.    某物在某人身上….

                     : 這頂帽子你戴起來很好看

                        ________________________________________________________

                     : 這眼鏡你戴起來很好看

                        ________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

Lesson Ten: Review

 


 持續不斷的比較          1) 持續不斷的比較 中文的意思為 "越來越..."

                         2) 句型: a) ..er and er..

                                 b) ..more and more 形容詞

                                            : taller and taller  愈來愈高

                                                   more and more beautiful越來越美

                                            : 比爾的父親一天一天的越來越虛弱了

                                ________________________________________________

                                        : 當天色越來越黑, 它就越來越冷

                                ________________________________________________

 

 

policeman  警員       1) 可數名詞

                      2) a policeman => 男警員; 複數為 policemen

                        a policewoman => 女警員; 複數為policewomen

                                        a traffic policeman 交通警察

 

 

police  警方       1) 集合名詞: 本身已是複數 不可再加 "s", 用複數動詞

                                      : 警方正在尋找那個歹徒.

                               ____________________________________________________

                         * look for 尋找

       

 

police station  警察局     1) 可數名詞

                         2) : 對不起, 這附近有警察局嗎?

                               ___________________________________________________

                            : 他的兒子是個警察, 他在台北的一個警察局工作

                               ___________________________________________________

                               ___________________________________________________

 

 

slowly  慢的      1) 副詞

                  2) {slowly 是副詞, 用於修飾動詞

                    {slow 是形容詞, 用於修飾名詞

                    : The bicycle is slow.

                       The bicycle runs slowly.

                    : 他慢慢的沿著市場路散步

                       ____________________________________________________________

 

 

husband  先生       1) 可數名詞

                     2) 所有格 + husband  = .......的丈夫(先生)

                                   : 瑪麗的先生每天騎單車去那家工廠工作

                                     _____________________________________________________

                       : 我和我的丈夫喜歡跑步

                           _____________________________________________________

                    3) { Mr. ==> 一定放在 之前

                       { husband ==> 一定不可放在任何 姓名 之前

              

 

Hualien   花蓮      1) 不可數名詞:

                    2) 臺灣地名

 

 

課文解析:

    Mr. Ma is a policeman. He works in a police station in Hualien. He is busier

 

than most people because he has to work almost every day. But he likes his job

 

very much.

 

 

    Mr. Ma usually spends his free time watching TV, listening to music, or going

 

to the movies. Last Saturday there was a good movie at the Hoover Theater, so he

 

went to see the movie after work. The movie was funny, and he really enjoyed it.

 

 

    After the movie was over, Mr. Ma decided to walk home because it was nice

 

and cool that night. He walked slowly along Park Street, and it got darker and darker.

 

Then at the corner of Park Street and Beach Road, he saw a woman running very

 

fast on the road. And a man was running after her!

 

    Mr. Ma ran to the woman and said, "Do you need some help?"

   

    "No, thanks," the woman said, but she did not stop.

 

    "Why are you running so fast then?" Mr. Ma asked her.

 

    "Well, my husband and I enjoy running. And we always go out running

 

along the beach on Saturday night," the woman answered. "And the slower one has

 

to do all the housework on Sunday.