DUDH NATH TIWARI
SRI DUDHNATH TIWARI , FREEDOM FIGHTER DEPORTED TO ANDAMAN JAIL BY BRITISH RULERS IN CONNECTION WITH FIRST WAR OF INDEPENDANCE 1857

See his name on S.No.7 at Andaman Cellular Jail Document

There is one well-documented case of an outsider being accepted or at least tolerated by the natives: that of the escaped Indian convict Dudhnath Tewari. In April 1858 he had run off with 90 others into the jungle around Port Blair. The group wandered aimlessly, suffering from lack of food and water. After thirteen days of this, they suddenly found themselves encircled by a war party of about 100 native men who immediately set about massacring the defenseless crowd. Dudhnath had been seriously wounded by three arrows when he managed to escape and hide. Two others had also done likewise. The next morning the three survivors tried to resume their wanderings but were spotted by a new group of 60 natives including women and children.They, too, attacked at once and again Dudhnath survived, by feigning death. The natives pulled him out of his hiding place and despite piteous pleading shot more arrows at him from a short distance. Again he survived. After playing dead yet again and then by pleading for mercy when the natives came up to him to pull their arrows out of his body, his assailants finally relented. They looked after his wounds and took him to their camp. The incident is extreme but seems characteristic of the unpredictable Andamanese behavior. Dudhnath stayed with his group and moved all over southern Great Andaman and the Labyrinth islands with them, never staying long in one place. He adapted to his new circumstances, learnt the language, wore no clothes, shaved his head and apart from his slowly-healing wounds enjoyed the best of health despite the unhygienic conditions of traditional Andamanese life. We can only marvel at such resilience. The natives remained suspicious of Dudhnath, however, and never allowed him near a weapon. After about four months of this, the chief of the group suddenly and without discussion made over his daughter aged 20 as wife along with a much younger girl which Dudhnath mistakenly thought of as a second wife. The bridegroom later complained movingly about the lack of fuss surrounding his marriage.

During the following months of wandering, Dudhnath found out about a native plan to attack and loot Port Blair. He traveled with his group towards Port Blair until he could break away and warn the British. This he managed to do at the last possible moment. The attack took place in late Spring 1859 and is known rather melodramatically as the "
Battle of Aberdeen." No one had thought the natives capable of organizing an attack on such a scale. Just as surprising to the British was the fact that the Andamanese could distinguish not only between convicts and jailers but also between the different ranks of convicts. Unless actively opposed, they left the ordinary convicts alone and concentrated their attacks on supervising convicts and British officers. It was to be the only such large-scale attack. Dudhnath received an unconditional pardon from the British for his part in the battle and spent the rest of his life telling tall stories about his adventures among the savages.



ANOTHER DOCUMENT SAYS-

The tribes organized a well planned attack on the Port Blair settlement in 1859 and caused much damage in spite of betrayal by an excaped convict Dudhnath Tiwari on the eve of the attack, a sepoy of the 1857 mutiny who had lived with the tribals for several months. As a result of the betrayal the great Andamanese suffered heavily as they were fighting with bows and arrows only against the guns and artillery of the colonial regime.
This '
battle of Aberdeen' May 1859 was probably the worst case of genocide in the British colonial history of tribal encounters, a veritable slaughter causing a sudden decline in the number of young male Great Andamanese and thus threatening the genes and future survival of the tribe. The deaths of the young Great Andamanese resulted in a decline of population as they constituted the core of the reproductive age group. The consequence was a long lasting impact on the entire population, who could never make up the loss.
ANDAMAN CELLULAR JAIL
MAP OF ANDAMAN
TRIBES OF ANDAMAN
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