Herbal - Organic Controls of insects

Abigal Gordon's

Symbiotic Gardening

Organic Controls of Garden insects and Pests

 

The Organic Gardener's Handbook of Natural Insect and Disease Control

 

Ants

Aphids

Army Worms

Cabbage Butterfly

Cabbage Lopper

Cabbage Worm

Carrot Rust Fly

Colorado Potato Beetle

Corn Borers

Fleas

Flies

Fruit Fly

Japanese Beetle

Grasshoppers

Gypsy Moth

Leaf Miners

Mealy Bugs

Mosquito

Moth

Red Spider

Spider Mite

Slugs

Snails

Thrips

Tomato Horn worm

Web Worm

White fly

 

 

Your Garden is a small part of a complex interactive mechanism. In an idealistic scheme of nature, all elements interact which one-another in a symbiotic fashion -that is , the existence and actions of one member of the chain, {such a the aphid that is chewing on your tomato plants} will ultimately and idealistically benefit the whole scheme of nature.

 

However, that concept really doesn't go very far to the Gardener who has been laboring all Summer. The problem with this scenario is that we want that Tomato in our sauce, not within the biomass of the local insect population.
 

When we see our precious vegetable Garden, or azaleas being devoured by our neighbors - The Bug population we see red and start beating the War Drums This is where we would run for the heavy artillery, and so we did for the last few Generations of our species. As the ultimate Thinking organism, Humans came out with a multitude of methods to eradicate those ignorant little insects who beat us to our crops. Unfortunately - over time , as The ultimate thinking organism, I believe as a whole we've come to the realization that the results of our pro-longed combat with the bug population has worked it's way through the eco-system and we have endangered our own species with the "friendly-fire" of Chemical pesticides.

 

We're so Gosh darn smart -aren't we ? The natural interactions within nature are a much more efficient method of controlling the micro eco-systems of our Gardens and Landscapes. {As well, a number of natural/organic pesticides are reaching the market in increasing numbers. } The primary purpose of this page is to explore methods of utilizing the natural inter-actions of Plants and insects. It requires quite a bit more strategic thinking thinking than blanket bombing the terrain with DDT or other toxins. But, heck and gosh darn it.. we are the ultimate thinking organisms .. aren't we ?


 

Ants are among the most difficult insects to control .  Many of the “softer”, ant-specific pesticides have proved no match for them as they quickly develop a resistance.  Exterminators and farmers often resort to the harshest, pesticides of all .. chemicals which the EPA is trying hard to ban .  Even the more ecologically oriented conventional farmers will use poison-tainted molasses to control ants . Diatomaceous Earth -- Unlike most targets of Diatomaceous Earth ants are hard bodied and it will not likely be lethal to them but it does serve as a deterrent. The same as you would be deterred from walking across broken glass barefooted. 

Herbal Deterrents for Ants include Mint, Catmint, Tansy, Southernwood, Garlic, Pennyroyal,  Spearmint

 


Army Worms

Populations of Army worms and closely rel;ated species can be controlled to a certain extent  with the use of Beneficial Nematodes and Bioneem

 


Aphids

Aphids are Yellowish-pink to pale green plant lice that suck ,plant juices that is. They are a soft-bodied, oval/pear shaped insects and are commonly found on nearly all  varieties of plants, vegetables, field crops, and fruit trees. They range in size from 1/5o to 1/4 inch ,Some are winged, some are not.  An interesting note about aphids is that they are actually "farmed" by Ants , who will often protect them in much the same way a rancher will  protect his livestock from wild predators. If you have an ant & an aphid problem be advised that the ants will often attack predator insects such as lady bugs, so you will need to control both the ants and aphids. Ants will carry aphids into trees and consume ripening fruits . This can be prevented by applying a band of sticky material around the trunk. A commercial preparation sold under the trade name of Tanglefoot See: TANGLEFOOT PEST BARRIER Amazon.com  is particularly effective. Herbal Deterrents for Aphids include Nasturtiums, Basil, Wormwood ,Spearmint, Southernwood, Pyrethrum/Chrysanthemums, Onions, Stinging Nettle and Garlic.  Sunflowers Attract Ants .   Bioneem is a botanical insecticide with low toxicity ratings that offers a broad range of insect control. The active ingredient Azadirachtin is extracted from the seeds of the Neem trees of southern Asia, Africa, and Australia. Predatory Insects of Aphids are Lady Bug and Green Lacewings.

 


Cabbage Butterfly

Herbal Deterrents of Army Worms Marigold, Rosemary, Mint, Southernwood, Dill ,Sage, Hyssop

Garlic.  Predatory Insects Praying Mantis . has proven effective as well

 


Cabbage Lopper

Herbal Deterrents of Cabbage Lopper Marigold, Rosemary, Mint ,Garlic, 

Predatory Insects Praying Mantis  will effectively control the Moth stages of worms and hence inhibit reproduction.   Bacillus Thuringiensis Thuricide: is an effective organic pesticide

 


Cabbage Worm

  • Herbal Deterrents of Cabbage Lopper

 


Carrot Rust Fly 

  • Herbal Deterrents of Carrot Rust fly
    • Chives

 


Colorado Potato Beetle

 


Corn Borers
  • Herbal Deterrents of Corn Borers

 


Fleas
  • Herbal Deterrents of Fleas
    • Tansy
    • Lavender
    • Pennyroyal
    • Wormwood
    • Spearmint
    • Fennel.

 


Flies

  • Herbal Deterrents of Flies
    • Tansy
    • Basil
    • Rue
    • Wormwood
    • Eau de Cologne
    • Basil
    • Pyrethrum

 


Fruit Fly

  • Herbal Deterrents of Fruit Flies
    • Tansy
    • Rue
    • Southernwood
    • Pyrethrum

 


Grasshoppers

Herbal Deterrents of Grasshoppers are Horebound and Calendula. A single-celled microsporidium protozoan controls nearly 60 species of grasshoppers , locusts, and crickets See : Gardener's Supply Company:: Grasshopper Control, 1 lb (Pest Controls)

 


Gypsy Moth

There are many effective chemical controls against gypsy moth infestations, but the only effective Organic control that we recommend is Bacillus Thuringiensis Thuricide:

 


Japanese Beetle

  • Herbal Deterrents of Japanese Beetles
  • Four O'clock.. Does not deter Japanese beetles, they are attracted to it, but are generally killed by it's poisonous properties
  • White flowering chrysanthemums are effective
  • garlic, larkspur, tansy, rue, white geranium, chives all possess deterrent qualities against Japanese Beetles.
  • Best  recommended defense against Japanese Beetles. Based on an EPA approved  pathogenic bacterium Bacillus popillae, which cause the disease "milky spore " in the grubs while they are still in the soil, and is harmless to Humans to most other species

    Grub Control: Milky Spore 10 oz

    Pheromone based lures and traps are discouraged as they only serve to attract more beetles to your garden/yard from surrounding areas.

     

 


 
Leaf Miners  

* " Leaf miners " are not a specific species of insect, but comprise an array of various insects that are classified as "leafminers"  due to their behavioral traits. See Leaf Miners. In many cases what is effective against one genus of this class  may be wholly ineffective against another.

  • Herbal Deterrents

 

 


Mealy Bugs

Green Lacewings  Are the only real effective organic control of this pest

 


Mosquito

 

 


Moth

 


Red Spider
 

Slugs and Snails

Slugs can be deterred with 3-5-inch copper fencing. The copper reacts with the slug's unusual body chemistry to create a "non-lethal electrical charge" in the slug's body . It is not recommended spreading salt about garden areas as some people have done as this can destroy the soil structure. Snails generally avoid  borders of  lime, or ashes

  • Herbal Deterrents
    • Wormwood

 

 


 

Thrips

 

Tomato Horn worm

  • Herbal Deterrents
    • Borage
    • Wormwood

 

 
Web Worm
  • Herbal Deterrents

     

 


White fly

 

 




 

 


Beneficial-symbiotic Properties of Individual Plant Species
  • Anise
  • Artemisia {Wormwood}
    • Produces a strong antiseptic,
    • Repels many insects.
    • Planted in drifts it can also deter small animals.
  • Asparagus
    • A substance called asparagin in asparagus repels certain tomato pests.
  • Basil -The oils in basil  repel thrips, flies and mosquitoes.
    • Plant basil along side tomatoes for larger, tastier tomatoes.
    • Grown in pots near an open door or window will keep flies and mosquitoes away
      • Basil and rue should not be planted together.
  • Bee Balm
    • Attracts bees , good for pollination.
    • Not so good for kids. I planted some a few years ago and my son got stung by more bees that summer than I care to remember.
  • Borage
  • Calendula
    • Old World plants of the family Aster family. Often referred to as Pot marigold
    • Repels Grasshoppers
  • Chive
  • Chrysanthemums
    • Somewhat effective against Ants
    • Chrysanthemums are the base for  pyrethrum an all natural insecticide used against ..
      • ..roaches, ticks, silverfish, lice, fleas, bedbugs, root knot nematodes
    • Not a good idea if your are utilizing beneficial nematodes
  •  Dahlias
    • Repels nematodes
    • Not a good idea if your are utilizing beneficial nematodes
  • Dead Nettle
    • Repels Colorado Potato Beetle
  • Dill
    • Best planted with cucumbers and onions and lettuce. *NEVER plant dill close to Tomatoes
    • Dill attracts predatory wasps
    • Dill repels aphids ,spider mites,squash bugs
    •  If planted at a distance, it can help draw destructive insects *AWAY from your tomatoes.
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How to Grow Artichoke

How to Grow Asparagus

How to Grow Blueberries

How to Grow Brussels Sprouts

How to Grow Cantaloupe

How to Grow Carrots

How to Grow Cucumbers

Contact Information

 

How to Grow Eggplant

How to Grow Onions

How to Grow Peppers

How to Grow Potatoes

How to Grow Pumpkins

How to Grow Raspberries

How to Grow Rhubarb

 

How to Grow Strawberries

How to Grow Tomatoes

How to Grow Watermelon

Hydroponics Gardening

Companion Gardening

Composting

Control Garden Pests

Track Soil pH

Preserve The Harvest

 

 

 

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