Hamlet Study Guide - Vocabulary List


Vocabulary List

 

Act 1, Scene 1
assail- to attack violently with blows or words (Line 31)
tenantless- describes a occupant or dweller (Line 115)

Act 1, Scene 2
mirth- gladness or gaiety as shown by or accompanied with laughter (Line 12)
dirge- a song or hymn of grief or lamentation; especially one intended to accompany funeral or memorial rites (Line 12)
visage- the face, countenance, or appearance of a person or sometimes an animal (Line 81)
jocund- marked by or suggestive of high spirits and lively mirthfulness (Line 125)
tenable- capable of being held, maintained, or defended (Line 247)

Act 1, Scene 3
libertine- a person who is unrestrained by convention or morality (Line 49)

Act 1, Scene 4
swinish- of, suggesting, or characteristic of swine (Line 19)

Act 1, Scene 5
lewdness- sensuality, lust (Line 54)

Act II, Scene 2
promontory- a high point of land or rock projecting into a body of water (Line 303)
quintessence- perfection, the essence of a thing in its purest and most concentrated form (Line 312)

Act III, Scene 1
calamity- a state of deep distress or misery caused by major misfortune or loss (Line 69)
mould- variation of mold (Line 156)

Act III, Scene 2
extant- currently or actually existing (Line 266)
anon- at once, immediately (Line 267)
pajock- peacock (Line 288)

Act III, Scene 3
noyance- harm (Line 13)
gilded- to give an attractive but often deceptive appearance (Line 59)

Act III, Scene 4
rood- a cross or crucifix symbolizing the cross on which Jesus Christ died (Line 14)
bulwark- a strong support or protection (Line 38)

Act IV, Scene 1
pith- the essential part, core (Line 23)

Act IV, Scene 2
countenance- look, expression (Line 15)

Act IV, Scene 3
scourge- punishment (Line 7)
cicatrice- scar or wound (Line 62)

Act IV, Scene 4
ducats- a former European usually gold coin (Line 20)
imposthume- abscess or festering sore (Line 27)

Act IV, Scene 5
larded- garnish, to decorate or intersperse with something (Line 38)

Act V, Scene 2
cozenage- fraud or treachery (Line 67)
umbrage- shade, shadow (Line 120)

Other common Shakespeare terms
Hither- here
'em- them
'tis- it is
Players- actors
Lord- any man that has power over another: ex. husband, father, prince, king, uncle, etc.
Alas- used to express unhappiness, pity, or concern
Nay- no
Thou - you
Hath- have
Pray you - to make a request in a humble manner

 

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