The Ilomi Language

Version 2

Last update: 2006-03-18

Back to main page

Quick reference

Alphabet

Any series of spoken letters is always preceded by aw'. Any series of spoken letters that represent quantities (as in mathematics) is always preceded by ay'.

Coming soon: allophones and assimilated pronunciations.

Stress is even, with optional destressing on first syllable.
* = Foreign letter. Only used in foreign (non-Ilomi) words and names.
 
Letter Name Uppercase name Lowercase name Pronunciation
 
A, a na naswe natwi father or about
* B, b bay bayswe baytwi bet
* C, c cay cayswe caytwi chop
* D, d day dayswe daytwi dip
E, e ne neswe netwi bet or bait
F, f fay fayswe faytwi fan
* G, g gay gayswe gaytwi gone
* H, h hay hayswe haytwi heal
I, i ni niswe nitwi machine
* J, j jay jayswe jaytwi measure
K, k kay kayswe kaytwi kit
L, l lay layswe laytwi gallop
M, m may mayswe maytwi mat
N, n nay nayswe naytwi not
O, o no noswe notwi vote
P, p pay payswe paytwi pot
* Q, q qay qayswe qaytwi ring
* R, r ray rayswe raytwi sorry
S, s say sayswe saytwi sad
T, t tay tayswe taytwi tad
U, u nu nuswe nutwi zoo
* V, v vay vayswe vaytwi vine
W, w nuyay nuyayswe nuyaytwi water
X, x xay xayswe xaytwi shut
Y, y niway niwayswe niwaytwi yellow
* Z, z zay zayswe zaytwi zip
 

Diphthongs

Diphthong Pronunciation
 
aymite
awmound
 

Numbers

Any series of spoken numbers is always preceded by ay'. Any series of spoken numbers that represent glyphs (as in identifiers) is always preceded by aw'.

Number Name
 
0lo
1me
2tu
3si
4fa
5po, ponaw
6xe, xenaw
7su, sunaw
8ki, kinaw
9ta, tanaw
10me'lo
11me'me
12me'tu
19me'ta
20tu'lo
21tu'me
30si'lo
100me'lo'lo
101me'lo'me

Affixes and markers

~ (tilde) represents the remainder of the word. V represents any vowel.

Affix / Marker Meaning
 
a~{noun class marker}
e~{transitive verb class marker}
i~{name class marker}
o~{modifier class marker}
u~{adjectival preposition class marker}
aw'~{glyph class prefix}
ay'~{number class prefix}
aw~{gerund marker}
ow~{passive participle marker}
ey~{active participle marker}
oyo~{adverb class marker}
uyu~{adverbial preposition class marker}
~ny~{compounding hyphen}
any~{noun conversion prefix}
eny~{verb conversion prefix}
iny~{name conversion prefix}
ony~{modifier conversion prefix}
oyony~{adverb conversion prefix}
uny~{adjectival preposition conversion prefix}
uyuny~{adverbial preposition conversion prefix}
~kya{feminine suffix}
~twi{smallness / slightness suffix}
~mwa{opposite suffix}
~kwe{neutrality / averageness suffix}
~swe{largeness / intensity suffix}
~kyu{masculine suffix}

Key words

Word Meaning
 
a{clause division marker}
eand
i{sentence division marker}
o{vocative / imperative marker}
u{special particle}
awayes
eyo{copula}
iyeno
oya{topic division marker}
uwe{question marker}

Personal pronouns

Personal pronouns serve as anaphora — shorthand references — to things that are identified elsewhere in discussion.

Word Meaning
 
amiI; me
atethou
amitewe (you and I)
amixawe (he/she/they and I)
axahe; she; they {human}
anmahe; she; it; they {animate but non-human}
asoit; they {inanimate}
antisait {abstract, non-noun}

Note: kwi and kwo can also be suffixed to the personal pronouns axa, anma, aso, and antisa, with the same resultant effects on meanings as are seen below with alo.

Demonstrative pronouns

Demonstrative pronouns designate or quantify things out of a larger set.

Word Meaning
 
alothe; this; this one; the one previously mentioned
alokwithat; that one; "not this one"
alokwothat other; that other one; "not this one or that one"
ankewhich one
anlia; any one; no particular one
anlaa; a certain one; one that is particular but newly-mentioned
anfoall; total; entirety
amemany; much
afulufew; little
anxaevery one; each one individually
anpuno one
apoxinext one
apimiprevious one
anpiother one; another one
amemasame one
amemamwadifferent one
asoloonly one; sole one

Typical demonstrative appositions

Phrase Meaning
 
ata ankewho?
alu anlianywhere; somewhere
alu alothere
afese anlisometime; someday
afese anlasometimes
akonto ankehow much?; how many?
asolo ay'tuthe only two

Back to top