o alaikum ! My name is H.A.Bugvi .
native town is Bhera which is located in the province of
Punjab ( Pakistan ) .
32.48 N , Longitude 72.92 E , Altitude 610 Feet , Time Zone UTC+5 , Population 33,600 ( 2001)
located on the mid of LAHORE-ISLAMABAD Motorway ( M2 ) at
the left bank of river Jehlum near Southern Salt Range in
District Sargodha. Before independence 1947 , it was
located in District Shahpur.
Click to see full map
In 326 BC Alexander the great ,
defeated Indian ruler Porus on the banks of river Jehlum .
It was at this battle that Alexander's famous
horse Bucephalus was killed .Battle field of that war was located somewhere between Jehlum (city ) and Bhera.
Chinese Budhist traveller Fahien (or Fahsien ) travelled through India from 399 AD to 414 AD. He mentioned about Bhera in his book. He crossed the river Jehlum from Bhera which was great state at that time.
BHERA has earned a great
status during the Mughal rule. Mughal emperor , Zaheer
Uddin Babar mentioned about this town in his famous book
' Tuzke Babri '.The town has to face destruction when
Sher Shah Suri ( 1540-1545) defeated Humayun and the
pathan forces took their revenge by this Pro-Mughal town
of BHERA. However , Suri ordered to rebuild the town as
well as the onion-domed JAMIA MOSQUE which exists even
today.Sher Shah Suri is the founder of the present town.
Old town was located on the right bank of the river.
Shershah Suri Mosque
the reign of Mughal emperor Akbar , BHERA regained its
former glory and was one of the 40 cities of Mughal India
having royal mint for minting gold and silver coins.Kings
like Ghaznavi,Ghauri and Ahmad Shah Abdali also passed
through Bhera while attcking the subcontinent .After the
Sikh Raj ( 1790-1849) the British occupied Bhera till
independence in 1947.
"Bhera " is a word of Sanskrit , which means a
place where there is no fear.The town of BHERA used to
have a boundary wall and eight gates . The gates were
named after the big cities located in that directions
like Kabul , Lahore, Multan , Kashmir and Chiniote etc .
Bhera remained famous in handicrafts and cottage industry
, daggers , sword , cutlery , walking sticks , wooden
furniture , carved doors , cotton blankets , silk loin
cloth, hand fans , earth pottery and edible delicacies.
During English period , BHERA was so renowned for wood
carving that carpenters from here were taken to England
to carve some of the doors of Buckingham Palace. Only
a few gates have been able to survive to date , but these
are also in danger of becoming ruin if these are not
properly looked after and preserved. Today , the
unfortunate town represents a picture of crumbling
jharokas and eroded walls and roofs of havelis. Unluckly
there is no official or public awareness about the
treasure of the past.
Save BHERA ! Save past
In order to
restore the original form and to revive the aesthetic
historic importance of the old buildings, immediate and
substantial steps are needed. A change in the attitude of
the bureaucracy is essential. A detailed survey should be
carried out by the department of archaelogy and a
catalogue should be published. The local municipal
authorities should be involved in the work and financed
to create mass awareness and help the owners in
preserving Bhera's grandeur.
Rs 450/- available from Majlis-e-Markazia Hizbul Ansar , Jamia Masjid Bhera distt. Sargodha , Pakistan
Bhera Image Gallery--Photos of
the town.........Gifts Of Bhera
Other Bhera Related Interesting Articles and image_site
Shershah Suri Mosque ].. [ Gates of Bhera ].. [Bugvia
[ Bank Of River Jehlum]
Mosques Of Khilji and Tughlaq Periods] ...[ Old
Hindu and Sikh Temples]
[ Shrine Of Muslim Saint " Hazrat
Meeran Sahib" ]
Other Places to
be visited Near Bhera
Old Hindu Temples at Ketas]
This page has been accessed
times Since Feb 10, 2001