T. R. Valentine: Orthodox Essays and Books

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Essays (and other short writings)

Material on the Filioque has been moved to the Filioque Page


Dr. Fr. Michael Azkoul:

Who Is A Church Father?

What are the Differences between Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism?


Patriarch Bartholomew

Phos Hilaron (Joyful Light) (address at Georgetown University)


Saint Dionysius the Areopagite

Mystical Theology


Fr. George Dragas

Orthodox Ecclesiology in Outline

The Eighth Ecumenical Council:
Constantinople IV (879/880) and the Condemnation of the Filioque Addition and Doctrine


Fr. Georges Florovsky

St. Gregory Palamas and the Tradition of the Fathers


Dr. Alexander Kalomiros

The River of Fire


Alexei Khomiakov

The Church Is One

On the Western Confessions of Faith

Introduction to Volume 2 of Khomiakov's Collected Works (by Yuri Samarin)

Letter to the Editor, l’Union Chrétienne: Response to Gagarine (1860) - On Sobornost

The following letters are from Russia and the English Church: Containing a correspondence between Mr. William Palmer, Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, and M. Khomiakoff, in the years 1844-1854, edited by W. J. Birkbeck and published, 1895, at London. They have been very slightly edited for contemporary readers, consistency, and punctuation.

First Letter to William Palmer [1844]

Second Letter to William Palmer [1845]

Third Letter to William Palmer [1846]

Fourth Letter to William Palmer [1847-1848]

Fifth Letter to William Palmer [1850]

Sixth Letter to William Palmer [1851]

Seventh Letter to William Palmer [1852]

Eighth Letter to William Palmer [1852]

Ninth Letter to William Palmer [1852]

Tenth Letter to William Palmer [1853]

Eleventh Letter to William Palmer [1853]

Twelfth Letter to William Palmer [1854]


Ivan Kireyevsky

On the Necessity and Possibility of New Principles in Philosophy (1856)

On the Nature of European Culture and on Its Relationship to Russian Culture (1852)


Fr. George Metallinos

Faith And Science in Orthodox Gnosiology and Methodology


Archimandrite Justin (Popovich)

Whither does humanistic culture lead?

The God-Man: The Foundation of the Truth of Orthodoxy

The Attributes of the Church

From Time to Eternity, the Internal Mission of Our Church

The Mystery of Knowledge

Introduction to the Lives of the Saints

On a Summoning of a Great Council of the Orthodox Church

Condemned to Immortality: A Meditation on the Resurrection

Perfect God and Perfect Man: A Nativity Epistle

Papism as the Oldest Protestantism



Theological Discussion on Eight Teachings of Augustine of Hippo


Metropolitan Hierotheos (Vlachos)

The Difference between Orthodox Spirituality and Other Traditions


Bishop Kallistos (Timothy Ware)

Consequences of the Fall

The Spiritual Guide in Orthodox Christianity


Eugene Webb (non-Orthodox)

Augustine's New Trinity (in Adobe PDF format)


Christos Yannaras

The Distinction Between Essence and Energies and its Importance for Theology

A Note on Political Theology




Eastern Patriarchs

Encyclical of the Eastern Patriarchs (1848)
A Reply to the Epistle of Pope Pius IX, to the Easterns

The Patriarchal Encyclical of 1895
A Reply to the Papal Encyclical of Pope Leo XIII (1895) on Reunion




T. R. Valentine

Synods and Councils: Ecumenical (Imperial), local, and heretical (very  wide display)

How many Ecumenical Synods (Ecumenical Councils)?

Is Peter the Rock?

Answer to an Enquirer

Papal Infallibility?

Divorce & Annulments: The Difference between Orthodox Christianity & the Latins

Why the Religion of the Vatican is neither Romannor Catholic

Holy Tradition versus The Game of Telephone





Abbé Guettée: The Papacy: Its Historic Origin and Primitive Relations

Some comments regarding this work

Editor's Preface

Biographical Notice of the Author

Author's Introduction

Chapter I

Chapter II

Chapter III

Chapter IV

Chapter V

Chapter VI

Chapter VII

Philip Sherrard: The Greek East and the Latin West


Part One

The Roman Background

The Advent and Form of Christianity

The Breach in Christendom

Sacerdotium and Regnum in the Greek East and the Latin West

Part Two

The Platonic Reaction in the Greek East

From Theology to Philosophy in the Latin West

The Non-Christian Sequel: Greece and the Modern West