Common DOS 6.0+ commands
For more information on commands, type the command with a "/?" following it.
Ignore the quotation marks "" in my examples...just to help recognize the command.
Reserved symbols: ? / * & ; \ : % @ . ( ) < ># ! = |
Remember DOS works like this: "command_from_to" ("_" is a space)
"copy tom.doc c:\winnt\system32\drivers\etc"
( ^--command ^--from ^--to )
"ren tom.doc oldscollege.doc"
*.* - wild card...means include all files
..?.. - wild card for one letter
attrib + or - - shows and sets the attributes of a file (read, write, system, etc)
cd\ - change (go) to the root directory (C:\)
cd.. - change (go) up one level of directory
copy - copy files from-to
xcopy - same as copy but has more options, such as sub-directory copying.
date or time - sets the date or time on the computer
del - delete a file
deltree - delete the directory and everything inside it
dir - shows files and directories where you are at
edit - edit a file command
fdisk /mbr - fix master boot record
format a: or c: - format a floppy or hard drive (dangerous!)
help "..." - help command "..."- name of file same as "/?"
mem - shows the amount of memory on a computer
move - move a file command
md - make a directory
rd - remove a directory (only if empty) else use deltree
ren - rename a file
tree - shows directory in a tree format
"\" - back slash
"/" - forward slash
ipconfig - checking a computers configuration
arp - shows physical address translation
nbtstat - NETbios over TCP/IP protocol statistics
Viewing Directory examples:
dir /o = view directory in alphabetical order
dir /p = view directory by one page at a time
dir /w = view directory in wide format
To stop the screen from flying by, use the "|more" command after your command.
(The "|" is actually two lines straight up and down, usually with the "\" key)
Example: "dir |more"
If you have pkzip utility, here is are the commands to compress and uncompress:
pkzip filename.zip = compress a file
pkunzip filename.zip = uncompress a file
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