Remembering the survivors, lost and the World Trade Center, the Pentagon and Pennsylvania... From what I have read, there was also one person from Ukraine that is missing and presumed dead. My grandfather was not only a Ukrainian patriot, but an American as well. He loved this country and was always thankful for the freedom he was given and the ability to have a business and raise his family in such a place. Although he also knew the atrocities that many Ukrainians suffered in their plight for freedom, I know that he would have wanted me to share this with you. SLAVA BOHU!

"9-11-2001.. a day that we won't easily forget.. an emergency call goes out to our Lord on behalf of the thousands who have died and the many who have been injured in this terrible tragedy and national emergency.. Our prayers go out to the families and the many that have been affected by this horrible time in America's history.. God IS STILL on the throne.. Let us not forget it.. and please PRAY for America!!!!! The Lord God is giving us an opportunity.... don't let this go unheeded.. ".

Special message outline by Georgia's husband, Pastor Tom Sawhook, is now available for you..

Visit "9-11 Commemoration" was preached at the one year anniversary of 9/11.



Pysanky comes from a Ukrainian verb "pysaty" which means 'to write', so actually a pysanka is an egg that is written on.

My name is Georgia Sawhook. I am a mother of 7 and the grandmother of 13. I am married to a pastor from Fairfield, Ohio...Fellowship Bible Church and have been a pastor's wife for over 30 years. You can usually find me on the web at The Pastor's Wife's Home Page . I now have this page available with many tips and ideas and links... I hope you find it interesting and, indeed, a very beautiful ancient art.

The music you hear playing is the Ukrainian National Anthem and the yellow and blue flag is that of Ukraine, also.

On a trip to Washington, D.C. (September, 2002), I had the privilege to go to the Ukrainian Embassy.. well I got to see the outside of the embassy, let's say.. I tried to get in.. but as the man spoke to me on the speaker.. All I could say in Ukrainian was, "I don't understand what you're saying.". So needless to say, I wasn't allowed in... ha.. ha.. so anyway.. here are the pictures my son took of me while there (on the outside).

My ethnic roots go back to Ukraine. My grandfather, Michael Markiw, came to America in 1907. He was born October 27, 1890 in the village of Zdeshiew (phonetic spelling), Ukraine, near Kiev and Bila Tserkva, populated by around 50 families. As of this time, I have not been able to locate that village for genealogy purposes. Either the name has been changed or it is no longer there. My grandfather's memoirs are located on another page, if you care to read them. (March, 2003) I am proud to announce that our Grandfather's words can be found in the 2003 Macmillan/McGraw-Hill "Our Nation" fifth grade textbook on page 514. You can see photos of the book and page where this is listed on my Grandfather's memoir page listed above.

I was raised in Western Pennsylvania (Lyndora near Butler), where Grandpa and Grama Markiw settled. My father, Michael, was also from Ukrainian descent. With my father and my mother, Anne, I grew up in a Ukrainian Orthodox Church and was there for 18 years (until I married and left home)..during which time I was taught how to cook traditional Ukrainian cuisine, embroider pillowcases and aprons with Ukrainian designs, learn the Ukrainian language (dobree), Ukrainian folk dancing (hopak kolum) and also the fine art of egg decorating (pysanky). I have been doing this since I was 12 years of age, which makes that some...mmmmmmm...44 years?????

Some of my embroidery surrounded by pysanky!!

The art of making these eggs goes back many years.. but approximately the year 988 A.D. is when the Ukrainians accepted Christianity, and that's when the egg's symbols took on different meanings.. According to Ukrainian legend, people decorated eggs believing that great powers were embodied in the egg. To them, eggs symbolized the release of the earth from the shackles of winter and the coming of spring with its promises of new hope, new life and prosperity, and that as long as pysanky were decorated, goodness would prevail over evil throughout the world.

The symbols took on many different shades concerning good luck and tightening the chain on 'evil' in the world....Must not be too many made??? Eh? We should send hundreds over the Iraq.. don't you think??

Many ancient Ukrainians believed the eggs possessed magical powers and that wealth could be obtained by decorating the eggs with certain symbols. When Christianity was introduced into the Ukraine, the symbols changed and others were added to reflect Christianity, the Resurrection and a promise of eternal life..

Making pysanky became a Lenten ritual in Ukraine. A family produced many eggs during this time to be shared with friends and family and the local priest. Some were planted or placed in the fields or feeding troughs to insure a wealth or abundance in their crops and livelihood. Some were placed by the family graves or placed in the coffins out of respect for their loved one. Others were kept in the home for protection. And then, some were presented to young men as signs of affection. (Have you given a pysanky to your boyfriend lately?).

It seems that the women of the house were to make all these eggs during Lent. They even had secret recipes for their own special dyes in the villages. These were always handed down from mother to daughter. An interesting piece of information I found was that before they would begin to create the pysanky, they would pray "God help me" and they also prayed that the person who received the eggs would be given joy, good fortune, happiness and protection from harm.

The process - although looking difficult - is very simple. It is a long process and takes a steady hand, time, and patience. Once completed, you have a real sense of accomplishment.

Begin using a clean smooth white egg, a candle, beeswax, and the tool, which is called a 'kistka'. (I will give links or addresses where these supplies can be purchased.) The egg must be at room temperature. If the egg is cold or even cool, when the wax is applied, it can come right off. Just like our skin has pores to breathe, the egg also has pores. When the egg is covered with the wax, it fills the pores, therefore preserving what is underneath. Be sure your hands are washed, clean and dried. Any oils or sweat from your skin can cause the dyes not to take or smear.

The kistka is a small wooden dowel with a hole drilled through one end where a small copper funnel-like cone is inserted and wrapped secure by copper wiring. It is a conductor of the heat and the tip comes in different sizes so the lines may be fine to thick as it's put upon the egg. The beeswax is a softer wax..and is inserted into the wide part of the funnel. Then the kistka is heated by direct contact to the candle. The design begins usually by encircling a line completely around the egg and then it becomes a series of adding or connecting lines in a geometric pattern., and other pictures and symbols are added to the eggs (to be explained later.)

After the initial design is put on the egg with the wax, the egg being white itself is sealed by the wax. It is then put into the lightest color dye (usually yellow)...(These dyes are chemical called analine dyes and are not edible and are permanent.) When the egg is removed from the dye, everything under the wax will remain white because it is preserved by the wax on it. The next step is to fill in with wax everything you want to keep yellow...whether it is filling in an area or drawing something new on will be protected. Then it is put into the next darker shade and so on and so on until the process is done and the egg is nearly covered with wax.

Above is a sample of an egg in 7 stages .
First white with initial design written, then dipped in yellow and covered with wax..
then dipped in orange and filling in the spaces that need to be covered.
I then put it into a pink and repeated the procedure..
And then it was placed in a red and wax was filled in to preserve the red.
In the next can see that it's completely covered with wax and looks really pretty unattractive.. and black...the last dye was black and when I removed the wax, it revealed the beautiful surprise beneath (as shown in the final egg in front.

When finally complete, the egg is heated to the side of the candle until the wax begins to melt and is wiped away with a soft paper towel or clean rag to reveal the beautiful design underneath..The egg is then covered with a thin coat of varnish or polyurethene spray (I use this) protect it and give it a shine. I have an egg drier made out of cardboard and many thumb tacks sticking up on which to dry them.

The best part of demonstrating this to any group, is to watch their faces when they see this egg completely covered in black wax and I melt and wipe away the wax to reveal this marvelous treasure underneath. There's always "ooooohs.." and "aaaaaaahs" to be heard.. It never ceases to amaze me that no two eggs I've made are ever totally alike. It's like a a way. Even if it's the same design, the dye may not color it the same or I may add or take away something little. They are certainly unique and one-of-a-kind works of art. Each egg seems to have its own personality.

My eggs are raw and will eventually dry up..some are blown out. I was not taught to blow the eggs out, but was told that the raw egg traditionally stood for the Resurrection of Jesus Christ (since making and selling the eggs on the internet, I now blow out the eggs because they would not make it with the air pressure in shipping... but the meaning remains the same.) I still have eggs from my mother that I made as a teenager.

Here they are...

Here's the newest eggs I have for 2008

2008 Pysanky

You can also see other eggs I have made to help make your choice to buy..

Here's some more pysanky that Georgia has made...

2007 Pysanky

Click 2006 Pysanky to see the eggs made in the 2006 season.

2005 Pysanky

Some closeups

Here are pictures of my 2004 workshops and pysanky.

2004 Workshops

Here's some pictures of the 2003 workshops and eggs

Here's an ostrich egg I completed for 2008 .. quite an undertaking with beautiful vibrant blues.

Eggs can take as little as hour for me or as much as 3 hours..depending upon the intricacy of the design.. I usually like to work on three eggs at a time. This way I'm working on some, while dying others, and keep myself occupied doing so. In March, 2001 I made my first ostrich egg which took about 11 hours to complete.. My second ostrich egg which took a total of 22 1/2 hours to do was quite an undertaking and is shown on the 2005 pysanky page. Making pysanky is such a pleasure for me and I appreciate it more and more every year especially with the arthritis, carpal tunnel and the tendonitis that comes with long hours at the table. I am very thankful and grateful that I'm still able to do this. I make about 2 dozen eggs and sometimes make up to 3 dozen per season. I'm always open for doing workshops in my home anytime.

This egg is the one that is featured in my background.

Here are some meanings of the colors:

Black - Remembrance, eternity, and death.
White (hard to show up here) - Purity, birth, virginity, and ignorance
Lavender - Patience, power, royalty.
Yellow - Spirituality, youth, light, purity, happiness, wisdom.
Green - Youth, growing, renewal, freshness, hope (in Christianity, victory of life over death.)
Red - Beauty, love, passion, enthusiasm.
Orange - Endurance, strength, power.
Brown - Earth
Blue - Sky and good health from good air

These are some meanings of some of the symbols:

The egg itself represents life and with the eternal cycle of creation
Birds - Fertility
Deer - Wealth/Prosperity
Horns - Nobility, wisdom, and triumph over problems
Roosters - Symbols of good fortune, masculinity, or the coming of dawn
Hens - Represent fertility
Butterflies - The ascent of the soul and the pleasure of childhood
Spiders - Patience, artistry, and industry
Leaves & flowers - Life/Growth
Circles - Protection and everlasting life, continuity, and completeness, as well as the sun
Suns - The life-giving, all-embracing, all-renewing nature of God
Stars and roses - Purity, life, the giver of light, divine will of God, and God's love for humanity (John 3:16).
Wheat - Bountiful Harvest
Rakes -Successful harvest
Plant symbols - Stand for rebirth and nature
Trees - strength, renewal, creation, growth and eternal life
Leaves - Immortality, eternal or pure love, strength and persistence
Flowers - Beauty, children, the female principles of wisdom
Fruit - Continuity, good fellowship, strong and loyal love, and love of GodGrapevine - Good fruits of the Christian life
Triangle - The Trinity (Father, Son and Holy Spirit)and the elements of air, fire and water
Lines, waves, ribbons encircling the egg - (In any style) Everlasting life
Ladders - Prayers going up to heaven
The 8-pointed star - Ancient symbol for Jesus Christ
Dots or small circles - Mary's tears or the sun
Curls - Symbols for protection
Spirals - The mystery of life and death, as well as divinity and immortality
Netting - Jesus was "Fisher of men" (and still is)
Cross - Jesus died on the cross for our sins, His crucifixion
Fish (IKTHYS)- Greek symbol for Christianity (secret symbol..used by the early Christians)

I have had the privilege and opportunity over the last 17 years to share this ancient art to many different school classrooms and groups, libraries, art schools, teacher's workshops, school art festivals, and gift shops. It has been especially precious to me because it not only gives me the opportunity to share the wealth of my Ukrainian heritage and culture...but also to share my faith through the symbolism that it represents concerning God, Jesus Christ and many other aspects of Christianity. For that, I am very grateful and will always use this open door too.


If you or anyone else you know is interested in having a group of 10 to 12 or even individuals.. I will give 4 hour workshops at my home through out the year. It doesn't only have to be the Easter season. Please email me for information concerning prices. They are different for groups of children and adults.

Fees include not only your tool to take with you, but also take-home papers with instructions and helps along with all the supplies used to give these classes. I am now including lunch in my price, this way no one has to bring their lunches with them.

Groups of 10 or more are at a lower fee (which usually is for girl scouts, church, and home-schooling groups.) A one hour demonstration done outside my home (within a reasonable distance) is $45.

I will also have eggs available for sale and would be glad to sell them to you and send them wherever you wish. The more that are bought, the price is reduced for each one. Again.. just EMAIL ME and I'll discuss the prices.

Here's a picture demonstrating pysanky for the local newspaper...


Especially around the Easter season..I love to share with you why it makes this such a special time....As a child, holidays such as Christmas and Easter were very important. Easter was especially so...with the onset of this holy time, I would prepare weeks ahead by making many pysanky..As the time approached, Mom would busy herself with the making of the traditional Paska (Rich Egg Bread) and Nut and Poppy Seed Rolls .

After a period of lent for 6 weeks, we would be looking forward to these tasty morsels even more. Mom would prepare for the day before Easter by not only baking these things, but ham, kolbassi (sausage), beet relish, Yayechnyk (custard) and hard boiled eggs. These would be placed in a big basket and taken to the church for the priest to bless as tradition warranted...Then after the midnight mass, we would all remember what Jesus had done for us and symbolicly encircle the church 3 times representing the three days Jesus spent in the tomb and then triumphantly enter the church remembering that on the third day, He arose from the dead, resurrected forevermore.. "Death .....where is thy sting......grave...where is thy victory??"

On Sunday morning..we would all greet one another joyously saying..."Christos Voskres"...CHRIST IS RISEN...and the response would be "Woyeesteno Voskres"...HE IS RISEN, INDEED!!! What a wonderful time and memory that brings to me...But you know...the outward, visible traditions that I kept all those years was climaxed when I found THE CHRIST of that Resurrection Morning...

Years later, when I was 23, I accepted that the Christ who died on the cross nearly some 2,000 years before...died for ME. God loved me enough to send His only precious Son, Jesus Christ to be the supreme Sacrifice to become MY Saviour!! What a difference He has made in my life.. Scripture reads.."For God so loved the world...that He gave His only begotten Son...that WHOSOEVER believeth in Him...should not perish, but have EVERLASTING LIFE."..John 3:16.

Please visit my Easter page...Happy Easter From The Sawhooks and see even more why this means everything to me.

If you have any questions at all, please do not hesitate to write. I will be glad to help any way I can.


Join SharedReviews

Thanks to the Lord for this honor..This page has been awarded "Peggies WWW Pick Of The Week Award"...Thank you, Peggie..


Russian Internet Guide

My Home Page

Happy Easter From The Sawhooks

Ukrainian Recipes From Georgia's Kitchen

This beautiful background from....
Digital Embroidery For Homepages

You are listening to a stringed version of "The Ukrainian National Anthem"


This is not only good for weddings, anniversaries, birthdays and other memorable occasions, but a special remembrance for anyone or about anything in your life can keep these memories alive.. Your favorite pictures can be put to the music you select and can be played for years to come on a DVD to share with your own family. They do a GREAT job (HE'S MY SON TIM, OF COURSE!).. and I know you'll be very pleased and satisfied.

Pysanky And Other Ukrainian Sites..

Pittsburgh Ukrainian Home Page is based in my home town area and has wonderful Ukrainian links, churches, pyrohi sales.. and the Ukrainian Hour Radio Program..
Please stop by and check it out..

The Ukrainian Bazaar offers Ukrainian Products and travel helps and anything you need that is Ukrainian... You will find there! Magazine - Parents are always searching for good solid advice when it comes to their family and home life. Everything from teething, fitness, teenagers, home decorating and harvesting your herb garden. Visit our special holiday sections!

Jane: The Artist
Stop by and visit Jane Pollak's site. she has a wonderful talent and gift of creating pysanky...

Where I buy my Ukrainian Egg Supplies....

Ukrainian Gift Shop, Inc.
2782 Fairview Avenue N.
Roseville, MN 55113
Phone: (651) 638-9700
Fax: (651) 638-9701

Ukrainian Gift Shop is online as well.

The Largest Ukrainian Online Catalog in the world..

Vyshyvanka Ukrainian Gifts
Internet store delivers Ukrainian folk art. Wide choice of wooden and real Pysanka Easter Eggs. Embroidery and hand carved wood. Unique works directly from Ukraine. Fast shipping.

Crafts Connection with Laurie Popow

Ann Morash's...How To Make Ukrainian Easter Eggs

Web Sites on Pysanky / Ukrainian Easter Eggs

Adrianna's Pysanky Page
Lovely artwork and opportunities to buy the pysanky as well.

A Site rich with all types of Ukrainian Links and helps..

Information Resource About Ukraine and Ukrainians

Ukrainian Egg-Cessories
Another place to buy supplies.. and also visit Gloria's Egg Art Gallery

Baba's Beeswax
Yet.. another site to buy supplies..

SURMA-The Ukrainian Shop
A wonderful site full of eggs to buy and supplies in the New York area

Blown Duck and Goose Eggs for Hobby
Need to buy blown out Duck and goose eggs? Metzer Farms in California sells them very reasonably..

How To Make Ukrainian Easter Eggs
A very informative site with lots of pictures to help show how to make the pysanky, step-by-step..

Hardships Of Ukrainian Immigrants
A very enlightening site with information concerning the plight of the Ukrainian immigrants by Olga..

A Holy Easter 2005 with Charlene (other pysanky links)

The World's Largest Ukrainian Easter Egg

Pysanky-Ukrainian Easter Eggs
Stop by and see Bill's Site

Roy's Pysanky Web Page

Pysanka-The Traditional Ukrainian Easter Egg Page
By Sofia Zielyk

Lithuanian Easter Eggs
And their background and meanings... beautiful eggs!

Many fine links for Polish and pysanky sites

The World of the Ukrainian Easter Egg (From Japan)

Ukrainian Easter Eggs
This Beautiful Pysanky WebRing site
is owned by

Georgia Sawhook

Prev | Next | Random | Next 5 | Join | List Sites

An Excellent Children's Resource Book About Pysanky
"Rechenka's Eggs" by Patricia Polacco...It is about an old Baba who is preparing her eggs for the Easter Festival when she takes in Rechenka, an injured goose who shows her that miracles really can happen...

Easy Submit

HERE to vote for this page as a Starting Point Hot Site.

This page hosted by GeoCities Get your own Free Home Page