Duncan Family Line

Duncan/Dunbar

Name origin: A powerful chieftain; from the Gaelic Dun, a fortress, and ceann, head or chief. Duncean or Duncan, strong-headed.

Duncan, Lay Abbot of Dunkeld

b.920 Dunkeld, Perthshire, Scotland; parents ukn
d.abt.965 Battle of Duncrub, Perthshire, Scotland

CHILDREN included:

  1. Duncan, Lord of Mormaer b.abt.949/954

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Duncan, Lord of Mormaer

b.abt.949/954 of Athol; s/o Duncan, Lay Abbot of Dunkeld
d.1010 Battle of Mortlach
m.Athelreda of Dunbar

CHILDREN included:

  1. Dunkeld, Crinan Mormaer Abbot Mormaer of Atholl and lay abbot of Dunkeld

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Dunkeld, Crinan Mormaer, Abbot of Dunkeld

b.abt.980 Athol, Scotland; s/o Duncan, Lord of Moermaer and Athelreda of Dunbar
d.1045 Dunkeld
m.Beatrix Bethoc, Princess of Scotland
b.d/o Malcolm II King of Scotland & ukn

CHILDREN included:

  1. dau., Princess of Scotland b.abt.1000 m.ukn
  2. Duncan I, King b.abt.1005
  3. Maldred FitzCrinan, 1st Earl of Dunbar b.1009

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Duncan 1, King

b.abt.1005 Scotland; s/o Dunkeld, Crinan Mormaer, Abbot of Dunkeld and Beatrix Bethoc, Princess of Scotland
d.Aug. 14, 1040 in battle at Elgin, Moray, Morayshire, Scotland
m.Sybilla Fitzsiward; dau. of Bode Boete & unk
b.abt.1009 Scotland
d.1040

CHILDREN included:

  1. Malcolm III Canmore, King of Scotland b.abt.1031
  2. Donald III Bane, King of Scotland b.abt.1033/1034

NOTES: Duncan I was about 33 when he succeeded his grandfather, Malcolm II, to the throne of Scotland. He was unpopular with his subjects. In 1039 he marched south to besiege Durham but was beaten off. He then tried to impose his overlordship over Moray (an independent dynasty) by military force. He was then twice defeated by the Earl of Orkney's son, Thorfinn, before being killed in battle by Macbeth, one of his commanders.

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Maldred FitzCrinan, 1st Earl of Dunbar

b.1009/1015 Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland; s/o Crinan, Thane of Mormaer, Abbot of Dunkeld and Bethoc (Beatrix), Princess of Scotland
d.1045 Slain in battle
m.abt.1036 Ealdgyth, Princess of Northumbia
b.abt.1020 of Northumberland, England; d/o Ughtred Northumbria and Elfgifu, Princess of England

CHILDREN included:

  1. Gospatric, Earl of Northumbria, Moermaer of Dunbar b.1040
  2. Dolphin Maldred, Prince of Scotland b.abt.1042

NOTE: Lord of Allerdale & Carlisle

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Malcolm III "Canmore" Dunkeld

b.abt.1031 Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland; s/o Duncan I "MacCrinan" Dunkeld and Sibylla of Northumbria
d.Nov. 13, 1093 Alnwick, Northumberland, England
m.(1) Ingibjorg, widow of Earl Thorfinn of Orkney. d.ca.1070
m.(2)ca.1070 in Scotland, Margaret dau. of Edward 'Atheling & Agatha
b.bet.1043 & 1045, Cannonized 1250, Wessex, England
d.Nov. 16, 1093 Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Mid-Lothian, Scotland

CHILDREN included:

  1. Mary Stewart, Princess b.abt.1084 Scotland d.May 31, 1116 Bermondsey, Middlesex, England m.1102 Eustance III Boulogne
  2. Duncan II May-Nov., King of Scotland reign 1094 m.Ethelreda dau. of Gospatrick, Earl of Nortumberland
  3. Matilda 'Atheling b.bet 1079 & 1082 Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland d.May 1, 1118 m.Henry I

NOTES: After his father's death, Malcolm found refuge in England with his uncle Siward of Northumbria, where he stayed for more than 14 years. He married as his second wife, Margaret 'Atheling, the great-niece of King Edward, the Confessor of England, who had sought refuge in Scotland with her brother, Edgar the Atheling [the Anglo-Saxon heir to the English throne). Margaret had a strong influence over her husband, who revered her peity and secretly had jewel-encrusted bindings made for her religious books, which he himself was unable to read, never having learned to do so. He also substituted Saxon for Gaelic as the court language. Margaret began the building of what was later to be known as St. Margaret's Chapel, situated on the highest part of Edinburgh Castle.

Malcolm was determined to extend his kingdom southwards and take advantage of the upheaval caused by the Norman Conquest. Making the excuse that he was supporting the claim to the English throne of his brother-in-law Edgar Atheling, Malcolm invaded England five times. Three times defeated, Malcolm was forced under the treaty of Abernathy in 1072 to become "the man" of the English King and give up his son Duncan as a hostage. Malcolm and his eldest son were finally killed in a battle at Alnwick, Northumberland when he aged about 62.

After Malcolm's death, the frontier between the kingdoms of Scotland and England was clearly defined for the first time. Anglo-Norman influence in Scotland was promoted by the subsequent marriages of Malcolm's sons to English brides.

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Donald "Bane" IIII, King of Scotland

b.abt.1033/1034 of Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland; s/o Duncan I, King of Scotland and Sibyl Fitzsiward
d.aft.1097
m.1059; ukn

CHILDREN included:

  1. Bethoc, Princess of Scotland b.abt.1066 of Tynedale, East Lothian, Scotland m.abt.1085 Uctred FitzWaldeve

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Gospatric, Earl of Northumbria, Moermaer of Dunbar

b.1040 Northumberland, England; s/o Maldred FitzCrinan, 1st Earl of Dunbar and Ealdgyth, Princess of Northumbria
d.abt.1074; bur.Norham, Northumberland, England
m.Aethelreda, Princess of England
b.abt.1042 of Dunbar, East Lorhian, Scotland

CHILDREN included:

  1. Dolfin, King of Cambria b.abt.1060
  2. Waltheof, Earl of Dunbar b.abt.1062
  3. Gospatric 3rd Earl of Dunbar b.1062/1073 d.Aug. 22, 1138
  4. Athelreda [Ethelreda] of Dunbar b.abt.1068/1070 m.Duncan II, King of Scotland
  5. Uchred [Uchtred] of Northumberland b.abt.1080

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Waltheof, Earl of Dunbar

b.abt.1062, of Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland; s/o Gospatric, Earl of Northumberland and Aethelreda, Princess of England
d.1138
m.Sigrid (Sigarith)
b.abt.1075 of Scotland; parents ukn

CHILDREN included:

  1. Alan, Baron of Allerdale b.abt.1106
  2. Ochtreda (Ethelreda) b.abt.1108
  3. Gospatric, Earl of Northumberland b.abt.1110
  4. Gunnild of Dunbar m.abt.1156 Uchtred, Lord of Galloway

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Gospatric 3rd, Earl of Dunbar

b.1073 Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland; s/o Gospatric, Earl of Northumbria, Moremaer of Dunbar and Aethelreda, Princess of England
d.Aug. 22, 1138 The Battle of the Standard
m.Sybil Morel

CHILDREN included:

  1. Juliana Dunbar b.1112 m.Ralph de Merlay, Lord of Morpeth

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