Genealogy of the Royal Family of Hanover1

House of Brunswick-Lüneburg


HM Ernst August King of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, vDuke of Cumberland
(Born as: HRH Ernest Augustus Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg)
(Since April 24th, 1799:) HRH Ernest Augustus Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Duke of Cumberland
* Buckingham House, St. James Park, London, June 5th, 1771
† Schloß Herrenhausen near Hanover, November 18th, 1851
Created Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, Earl of Armagh, April 24th, 1799; Heir Pressumptive to the Throne of Hanover, June 26th, 1830; Heir Pressumptive to the Throne of Great Britain and Ireland, June 20th, 1837 - November 21st, 1840
King of Hanover, June 20th, 1837
Fieldmarshal of the Army
Knight of the Garter, June 2nd, 1786

Married:

Parish Church of Neu-Strelitz, May 29th and Carlton House, Mayfair, London, August 29th, 1815:
HH Friederike Luise Caroline Sophia Alexandrina Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
* Hanover, March 2nd, 1778
† Hanover, June 29th, 1841

Children from this marriage:

  1. HRH Frederica Princess of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * St. James's Palace, London, January 29th, 1817
    † St. James's Palace, London, January 29th, 1817
  2. Stillborn daughter
    * April 1818
  3. HM Georg V Friedrich Alexander Karl Ernst August King of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, 2nd Duke of Cumberland "The Blind"

HM Georg V Friedrich Alexander Karl Ernst August King of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, 2nd Duke of Cumberland "The Blind"
(Born as: HRH George Frederick Alexander Charles Ernest Augustus Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg)
(Since June 20th, 1837:) HRH George Frederick Alexander Charles Ernest Augustus Crown Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland
* Unter den Linden, Berlin, May 27th, 1819
† 7 Rue Presbourg, Paris, June 12th, 1878
Crown Prince of Hanover, June 20th, 1837
King of Hanover, November 18th, 1851 (deposed when Hanover was annexed to Prussia, September 20th, 1866); 2nd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, Earl of Armagh, November 18th, 1851
Knight of the Garter, August 15th, 1835

Married:

Hanover, February 18th, 1843:
HH Alexandrina Marie Wilhelmine Katherina Charlotte Theresa Henriette Luise Pauline Elisabeth Friederike Georgina Princess of Saxe-Altenburg, Duchess of Saxony
* Hildburghausen, April 14th, 1818
† Gmunden am Traunsee, January 9th, 1907

Children from this marriage:

  1. HRH Ernst August Wilhelm Adolf Georg Friedrich Crown Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, 3rd Duke of Cumberland
  2. HRH Friederika Sophia Marie Henriette Amalia Theresa Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Princess of Great Britain and Ireland
    * Hanover, January 9th, 1848
    † Biarritz, October 16th, 1926

    Married:

    St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, April 24th, 1880:
    Liutbert Alexander George Lionel Alphonse 6th Freiherr von Pawel-Ramingen
    * Coburg, July 27th, 1843
    † Biarritz, November 20th, 1932

    Child from this marriage:

    1. Victoria Georgina Beatrice Maud Anne Freiin von Pawel-Rammingen
      * March 7th, 1881
      † March 27th, 1881
  3. HRH Marie Ernestine Josephine Adolphine Henriette Theresa Elisabeth Alexandra Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Princess of Great Britain and Ireland
    * Hanover, December 3rd, 1849
    † Gmunden am Traunsee, June 4th, 1904

HRH Crown Prince Ernst August of Hanover, 3rd Duke of CumberlandHRH Ernst August Wilhelm Adolf Georg Friedrich Crown Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, 3rd Duke of Cumberland
(Born as: HRH Ernst August Wilhelm Adolf Georg Friedrich Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland)
(Since November 18th, 1851:) HRH Ernst August Wilhelm Adolf Georg Friedrich Crown Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland
* Hanover, September 21st, 1845
† Gmunden am Traunsee, November 14th, 1923
Crown Prince of Hanover, November 18th, 1851; 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, Earl of Armagh, June 12th, 1878 (Deprived of his British peerages by Order of the Privy Council, March 28th, 1919. This order was invalid because it violated the Sophia Naturalisation Act (1701) that provided British citizinship for Protestant descendants of the Electress Sophia of Hanover in perpetuity)
Knight of the Garter, June 23rd, 1878

HRH Crown Princess Thyra of Hanover née Princess of DenmarkMarried:

Royal Chapel, Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen, December 21st, 1878:
HRH
Thyra Amalia Caroline Charlotte Anna Princess of Denmark
(Born as: HH Thyra Amalia Caroline Charlotte Anna Princess of Denmark)
* Yellow Palace, Amaliegade, Copenhagen, September 29th, 1853
† Gmunden am Traunsee, February 26th, 1933

HRH Margrave Max von Baden and HRH Margravine Marie Louise von Baden née Princess of Hanover with their childrenChildren from this marriage:

  1. HRH Marie Louise Victoria Caroline Amelia Alexandra Auguste Friederike Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Princess of Great Britain and Ireland
    * Gmunden am Traunsee, October 11th, 1879
    † Schloß Salem, January 31st, 1948

    Married:

    Gmunden am Traunsee, July 10th, 1900:
    HRH
    Maximilian Alexander Friedrich Wilhelm Margrave von Baden, Duke von Zähringen ("Max")
    (Born as: HGDH Maximilian Alexander Friedrich Wilhelm Grand-Ducal Prince and Margrave von Baden)
    * Baden-Baden, July 10th, 1867
    † Konstanz, November 6th, 1929
    Heir Pressumptive to the Throne of Baden, September 28th, 1907
    Head of the Grand-Ducal Family of Baden, August 9th, 1928
    Chancellor of the German Empire and Prime Minister of Prussia, October 3rd - November 9th, 1918

  2. HRH Georg Wilhelm Christian Albert Edward Alexander Friedrich Waldemar Ernst Adolf Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland
    * Gmunden am Traunsee, October 28th, 1880
    † (car crash) Nackel, May 20th, 1912
  3. HRH Alexandra Luise Marie Olga Elisabeth Therese Vera Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Princess of Great Britain and Ireland
  4. HRH Olga Adelheid Luise Marie Alexandrine Agnes Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Princess of Great Britain and Ireland
    * Gmunden am Traunsee, July 11th, 1884
    † Hubertihaus near Gmunden am Traunsee, September 21st, 1958
  5. HRH Christian Friedrich Wilhelm Georg Peter Waldemar Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland
    * Gmunden am Traunsee, July 4th, 1885
    † Gmunden am Traunsee, September 3rd, 1901
  6. HRH Ernst August Christian Georg Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland

HRH Prince Ernst August of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and LüneburgHRH Ernst August Christian Georg Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland
* Penzing near Vienna, November 17th, 1887
† Schloß Marienburg, Nordstemmen near Hanover, January 30th, 1953
Duke of Brunswick, November 1st, 1913 (abdicated: November 8th, 1918); Head of the Royal Family of Hanover, November 14th, 1923

HRH Princess Viktoria Luise of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg née Princess of PrussiaMarried:

(civil) Electress' Hall and (religious) Chapel, Royal Palace, Berlin, May 24th, 1913:
HRH
Viktoria Luise Adelheid Mathilde Charlotte Princess of Prussia ("Sisi")
* Marmor Palais, Potsdam, September 13th, 1892
† Hanover, December 11th, 1980

HM Queen Friederike of the Hellenes née Princess of HanoverChildren from this marriage:

  1. HRH Ernst August Georg Wilhelm Christian Ludwig Franz Joseph Nikolaus Oskar Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland
  2. HRH Georg Wilhelm Ernst August Friedrich Axel Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland
  3. HRH Friederike Luise Thyra Viktoria Margarete Sophie Olga Cecilie Isabelle Christa Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Princess of Great Britain and Ireland
    * Blankenburg Castle, April 18th, 1917
    † Madrid, February 6th, 1981

    HM King Pavlos I of the HellenesMarried:

    Athens, January 9th, 1938:
    HM
    Pavlos I King of the Hellenes
    (Born as: HRH Pavlos Prince of Greece and Denmark)
    * Tatoi Palace near Athens, December 14th, 1901
    † Tatoi Palace near Athens, March 6th, 1964
    Heir Pressumptive to the Throne, June 11th, 1917 - December 19th, 1920 and since September 27th, 1922
    King of the Hellenes, April 1st, 1947

  4. HRH Christian Oskar Ernst August Wilhelm Viktor Georg Heinrich Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland
    * Villa Weinberg, Gmünden am Traunsee, September 1st, 1919
    † (stroke) Brussels, December 10th, 1981

    Married:

    (morganatic) (civil) Salzburg and (religious) Christ Church, Salzburg, November 23rd, 1963:
    Mireille Nicole Odette Dutry
    * Chelsea, London, January 10th, 1946
    (Divorced: Brussels, December 18th, 1979)

    Children from this marriage:

    1. Caroline-Luise Mireille Irene Sophie Prinzessin von Hannover
      * Wels, May 3rd, 1965
    2. Mireille Viktoria Luise Sophie Friederike Danielle Prinzessin von Hannover
      * Brussels, June 3rd, 1971
  5. HRH Welf-Heinrich Ernst August Georg Christian Berthold Friedrich Wilhelm Louis Ferdinand Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland ("Welfi")
    * Gmünden am Traunsee, March 11th, 1923
    † Frankfurt am Main, July 12th, 1997

    HRH Princess Alexandra of Hanover née Princess zu Ysenburg und Büdingen in WächtersbachMarried:

    (civil) Büdingen, September 20th and (religious) Marienkirche, Büdingen, September 21st, 1960:
    HSH
    Alexandra Sophie Cecilie Anna Maria Friederike Benigna Dorothea Princess zu Ysenburg und Büdingen in Wächtersbach
    * Frankfurt am Main, October 23rd, 1937


HRH Ernst August Georg Wilhelm Christian Ludwig Franz Joseph Nikolaus Oskar Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland
* Brunswick, March 18th, 1914
† Calenberg Castle near Schulenburg an der Leine, December 9th, 1987
Head of the Royal Family of Hanover, January 30th, 1953

Married:

  1. (civil) Schloß Marienburg, Nordstemmen near Hanover, August 31st and (religious) Market Church, Hanover, September 4th, 1951:
    HH Ortrud Bertha Adelheid Hedwig Princess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
    (Since April 27th, 1931:) HH Ortrud Bertha Adelheid Hedwig Princess of Schleswig-Holstein
    * Flensburg, December 19th, 1925
    † Schulenberg an der Leine, February 6th, 1980
  2. (civil) Laubach, July 16th and (religious) Laubach, July 17th, 1981:
    H Ill H Monika Countess zu Solms-Laubach
    * Laubach, August 8th, 1929

Children from this marriage:

  1. HRH Marie Viktoria Luise Hertha Friederike Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Princess of Great Britain and Ireland
    * Hanover, November 26th, 1952

    Married:

    (civil) Pattenson, June 4th and (religious) Schloß Marienburg, Nordstemmen near Hanover, June 5th, 1982:
    Michael Georg Botho Count von Hochberg, Freiherr zu Fürstenstein
    * Züllichau, December 5th, 1943

    Children from this marriage:

    1. Conrad Hans-Heinrich XXI Ernst-August Count von Hochberg, Freiherr zu Fürstenstein
      * Hamburg, June 17th, 1985
    2. Georg Karl Albert Count von Hochberg, Freiherr zu Fürstenstein
      * Hamburg, October 8th, 1987
  2. HRH Prince Ernst August of Hanover with his daughter AlexandraHRH Ernst August Albert Paul Otto Rupprecht Oskar Berthold Friedrich-Ferdinand Christian-Ludwig Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland
    * Hanover, February 26th, 1954
    Head of the Royal Family of Hanover, December 9th, 1987

    HRH Princess Caroline of Hanover née Princesse de MonacoMarried:

    1. (civil) Pattenson, August 28th and (religious) Schloß Marienburg, Nordstemmen near Hanover, August 30th, 1981:
      Chantal Hochuli
      * Zürich, June 2nd, 1955
      (Divorced: October 23rd, 1997)
    2. (civil) Room of Mirrors, Princely Palace, Monte Carlo, January 23rd, 1999:
      HSH
      Caroline Louise Marguerite Princesse de Monaco
      * Monaco, January 23rd, 1957
      Heir Pressumptive to the Throne of Monaco, January 23rd, 1957 - March 14th, 1958

    Children from the first marriage:

    1. HRH Ernst August Andreas Philipp Konstantin Maximilian Rolf Stephan Ludwig-Rudolph Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland
      * Hildesheim near Hanover, July 19th, 1983
    2. HRH Christian Heinrich Clemens Paul Frank Peter Welf Wilhelm-Ernst Friedrich Franz Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland
      * Hildesheim near Hanover, June 1st, 1985

    Child from the second marriage:

    1. HRH Alexandra Charlotte Ulrike Maryam Virginia Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Princess of Great Britain and Ireland
      * Hospital, Vöcklabruck, July 20th, 1999
  3. HRH Ludwig Rudolph Georg Wilhelm Philipp Friedrich Wolrad Maximilian Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland
    * Hanover, November 21st, 1955
    † (suicide) Almtal near Gmunden am Traunsee, November 28th, 1988

    Married:

    (civil) Eisenkappel, August 27th and (religious) Bleiburg Castle, October 4th, 1987:
    Isabella Maria Countess von Thurn und Valsassina-Como-Vercelli
    * Klagenfurt, February 12th, 1962
    † (cocaine overdose) Königinvilla, Gmunden am Traunsee, November 28th, 1988

    Child from this marriage:

    1. HRH Otto Heinrich Ariprad Georg Johannes Ernst August Vincenz Egmont Franz Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland
      * Gmunden am Traunsee, February 13th, 1988
  4. HRH Olga Sophie Charlotte Anna Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Princess of Great Britain and Ireland
    * Hanover, February 17th, 1958
  5. HSH Fürst Andreas zu Leiningen and HRH Fürstin Alexandra née Princess von HanoverHRH Alexandra Irene Margaretha Elisabeth Bathildis Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Princess of Great Britain and Ireland
    * Hanover, February 18th, 1959

    Married:

    (civil) Schloß Amorbach, Odenwald, October 5th and (religious) Pfarrkirche, Gmunden am Traunsee, October 11th, 1981:
    HSH
    Andreas 8th Fürst zu Leiningen
    (Born as: HSH Andreas Prince zu Leiningen)
    (Since May 24th, 1991:) HSH Andreas Hereditary Prince zu Leiningen
    * Frankfurt am Main, November 27th, 1955
    Hereditary Prince zu Leiningen, May 24th, 1991
    8th Fürst zu Leiningen, October 30th, 1991

  6. HRH Heinrich Julius Christian Otto Friedrich Franz Anton Günther Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland
    * Hanover, April 29th, 1961

    Married:

    St. Andreas Church, Teistungen im Eichsfeld, June 19th, 1999:
    Thyra Donata Sixtina von Westernhagen
    * Oldenburg, August 14th, 1973

    Illegitimate child:

    1. Oscar Julius Heinrich Ferdinand Nick
      * Berlin, September 29th, 1996
      (Mother: Désirée Saskia Nick)

    Child from this marriage:

    1. HRH Albert Thilo Ludwig Arndt Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland
      * Göttingen, December 14th, 1999

Footnotes:

  1. Sources: Britain's Royal Families by Alison Weir and Queen Victoria's Descendants by Marlene A. Eilers. With special thanks to Hein Bruins, Brigitte Gastel Lloyd, Netty Leistra and Paul Theroff.

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Last updated: October 22nd, 2001.

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