Genealogy of the House Orange-Nassau1

The ancestors of the Royal Family of the Netherlands


Graf Johann VI zu Nassau-SiegenJohann VI Graf zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez "The Elder"
Since December 11th, 1561: Johann VI Graf zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Herr zu Beilstein
(Born as: Johann Graf zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez)
* Dillenburg, November 22nd, 1536
† Dillenburg, October 8th, 1606
Count of Nassau-Siegen, and of Diez (together with his brothers Ludwig, Adolf and Heinrich), October 6th, 1559. Inherited the county Nassau-Beilstein with his brothers, December 11th, 1561. Became the sole ruler of Nassau-Siegen, April 14th, 1574.
Stadtholder of Gelre and Zutphen, 1578-1581.

Married:

  1. Dillenburg, June 6th, 1559:
    Elisabeth Landgräfin von Leuchtenberg, Gräfin zu Hals
    * March 1537
    † (in childbirth) Dillenburg, July 6th, 1579
  2. Dillenburg, September 13th, 1580:
    Kunigunde Jakobäa Pfalzgräfin bei Rhein, Herzogin in Bayern
    * Simmern, October 9th, 1556
    † Dillenburg, January 26th, 1586
  3. Berleburg, June 14th, 1586:
    Johannetta Gräfin zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, Frau zu Homburg
    * Berleburg (?), February 12th, 1561
    † Dillenburg or Hadamar, April 13th, 1622

Graf Wilhelm Ludwig zu Nassau-DillenburgChildren from the first marriage:

  1. Wilhelm Ludwig Graf zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Herr zu Beilstein ("Us Heit")
    * Schloß Siegen, Siegen, March 13th, 1560
    † Leeuwarden, June 9th n.s., 1620
    Count of Nassau-Siegen, and of Diez (together with his brothers), October 8th, 1606. Divided the territories he and his brothers co-ruled on which occassion he received Dillenburg, Herborn, Haiger, Ebersbach and Tringenstein and became Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, March 30th, 1607.
    Lieutenant-Governor of Friesland, December 1583. Stadtholder of Friesland, October 16th, 1584. Stadtholder of Groningen, 1595. Stadtholder of Drenthe, 1596.
    Colonel of the Infantry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1584. Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Friesland, October 16th, 1584. Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Groningen, 1595. Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Drenthe, 1596.

    Countess Anna of NassauMarried:

    Botnia Stins, Franeker, November 25th, 1587:
    Anna Countess of Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden and Diez
    * Breda, November 5th, 1563
    † Botnia Stins, Franeker, June 23rd n.s., 1588

    Child from this marriage:

    1. Miscarriage
      March 1588
  2. Johann VII Graf zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Herr zu Beilstein "The Middle"
  3. Georg Graf zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Herr zu Beilstein "The Elder"
  4. Elisabeth Gräfin zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Frau zu Beilstein
    * Dillenburg, January 24th, 1564
    † Frankfurt am Main, May 5th, 1611

    Married:

    1. Neuweilnau, October 3rd, 1583:
      Philipp IV Graf zu Nassau, Saarbrücken und Saarwerden, Herr zu Lahr und Mahlberg
      * October 14th, 1542
      † Saarbrücken, March 12th, 1602
      Count of Nassau-Weilburg (together with his brother), October 4th, 1559 (since 1561 his residence was Neuweilnau). Count of Saarbrücken, November 23rd, 1574.
    2. April 16th, 1603:
      Wolfgang Ernst I Graf zu Isenburg und Büdingen in Büdingen
      * Birstein, December 29th, 1560
      † Birstein, May 21st, 1633
      Count of Isenburg and Büdingen in Büdingen.
  5. Juliana Gräfin zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Frau zu Beilstein
    * Dillenburg, October 6th, 1565
    † October 4th, 1630

    Married:

    1. April 24th, 1588:
      Adolf Heinrich Graf zu Salm, Wild- und Rheingraf von Dhaun in Dhaun
      * 1557
      † February 20th, 1606
      Wild- und Rheingraf of Dhaun-Dhaun.
    2. February 8th, 1619:
      Johann Albrecht I Graf zu Solms-Braunfels
      * March 5th, 1563
      † The Hague, May 14th n.s., 1623
      Count of Solms-Braunfels, April 27th, 1592. Lord Chamberlain of the Elector Palatine of the Rhine.
  6. Philipp Graf zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Herr zu Beilstein
    * Dillenburg, December 1st, 1566
    † (wounds received in action) Rhineberk, September 3rd, 1595
    Governor of Gorinchem, Woudrichem and Loevestein, 1586-1591. Governor of Nimwegen, 1591-1595.
    Colonel of the Infantry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1585. Colonel of the Cavalry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1595.
  7. Maria Gräfin zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Frau zu Beilstein
    * Dillenburg, November 12th, 1568
    † Detmold, April 30th, 1632

    Married:

    Idstein, December 2nd, 1588:
    Johann Ludwig I Graf zu Nassau-Idstein
    * 1567
    † (fall out of window) Schloß Idstein, Idstein, June 20th, 1596
    Count of Nassau-Idstein, January 11th, 1568.

  8. Anna Sibylla Gräfin zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Frau zu Beilstein
    * Dillenburg, September 29th, 1569
    † (the plague) Dillenburg, December 19th, 1576
  9. Mathilde Gräfin zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Frau zu Beilstein
    * December 27th, 1570
    † May 10th, 1625

    Married:

    June 24th, 1592:
    Wilhelm Graf zu Mansfeld-Arnstein
    * 1555
    † October 21st, 1615
    Count of Mansfeld-Arnstein, 1585. Member of the Secret Council of the Elector of Brandenburg.
    Marshal of Ansbach.

  10. Stillborn son
    * Dillenburg, after July 25th, 1572
  11. Ernst Kasimir Graf zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Herr zu Beilstein
  12. Stillborn child
    * Dillenburg, 1574
  13. Graf Ludwig Günther zu Nassau-SiegenLudwig Günther Graf zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Herr zu Beilstein
    * Dillenburg, February 15th, 1575
    † (killed in action) Sluis, September 12th, 1604
    Lieutenant-General of the Cavalry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1599.

    Married:

    Arnhem, June 7th, 1601:
    Anna Margaretha Gräfin von Manderscheid-Blankenheim
    * ?
    † March 4th, 1606

    Child from this marriage:

    1. Daughter
      * The Hague, May 1603
      † very young
  14. Stillborn son
    * Dillenburg, July 5th, 1579

Children from the second marriage:

  1. Stillborn son
    * Dillenburg, July 19th, 1581
  2. Amalie Gräfin zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Frau zu Beilstein
    * July 27th, 1582
    † October 31st, 1635

    Married:

    Dillenburg, August 23rd, 1600:
    Wilhelm I Graf zu Solms-Greifenstein, Herr zu Münzenberg, Wildenfels und Sonnenwalde
    * April 18th, 1570
    † Greifenstein, February 3rd, 1635
    Count of Solms-Greifenstein, April 27th, 1592.

  3. Kunigunda Gräfin zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Frau zu Beilstein
    * Dillenburg, July 12th, 1583
    † Dillenburg, April 4th, 1584
  4. Stillborn son
    * Dillenburg, February 23rd, 1585

Children from the third marriage:

  1. Georg Ludwig Graf zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Herr zu Beilstein
    * Dillenburg, April 12th, 1588
    † Dillenburg, April 16th, 1588
  2. HSH Fürst Johann Ludwig of Nassau, Count of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden and Diez, Lord of Beilstein ("Hans")
  3. Johannetta Elisabeth Gräfin zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Frau zu Beilstein
    * Dillenburg, February 13th, 1593
    † Haus Limburg, September 13th, 1654

    Married:

    Beilstein, February 8th or 16th, 1616:
    Konrad Gumprecht Graf zu Bentheim-Steinfurt in Limburg an der Lahn
    * March 10th, 1585
    † March 10th, 1618 or 1619
    Count of Limburg an der Lahn.

  4. Anna Gräfin zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Frau zu Beilstein
    * November 24th, 1594
    † February 11th, 1660

    Married:

    June 19th, 1619:
    Philipp Ernst Graf zu Isenburg-Birstein
    * January 27th, 1595
    † August 16th, 1635
    Count of Isenburg-Birstein.

  5. Magdalena Gräfin zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Frau zu Beilstein
    * November 13th, 1595
    † July 31st, 1633

    Married:

    May 29th, 1624:
    Georg Albrecht I Graf zu Erbach
    * December 16th, 1597
    † November 25th, 1647
    Count of Erbach.

  6. Anna Amalia Gräfin zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Frau zu Beilstein
    * July 19th, 1599
    † May 14th n.s., 1667

    Married:

    October 24th, 1648:
    Wilhelm Otto Graf zu Isenburg-Birstein
    * November 17th, 1597
    † July 17th, 1667
    Count of Isenburg-Birstein.

  7. Juliana Gräfin zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Frau zu Beilstein
    * Dillenburg, June 9th, 1602
    † Dillenburg, August 26th, 1602

Graf Ernst Kasimir zu Nassau-DiezErnst Kasimir Graf zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Herr zu Beilstein
* Schloß Dillenburg, Dillenburg, December 22nd, 1573
† (killed in action) near Roermond, June 2nd, 1632
Count of Nassau-Siegen, and of Diez (together with his brothers), October 8th, 1606. Divided the territories he and his brothers co-ruled on which occassion he received Diez and the Nassau parts of Camberg and Bad-Ems and became Count of Nassau-Diez, March 30th, 1607. Received Beilstein and the Westerwald from his brother Georg in 1620.
Governor of Rhineberk, 1605-1607. Lieutenant-Governor of Gelderland, 1607-1625. Lieutenant-Governor of Utrecht, 1610. Stadtholder of Friesland, August 3rd, 1620. Stadtholder of Groningen and Drenthe, 1625.
Colonel of the Infantry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1599. Lieutenant-General of the Army of Brunswick, 1606-1607. Fieldmarshal of Gelderland, 1607-1625. Fieldmarshal of Utrecht, 1610. Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Friesland, August 3rd, 1620. Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Groningen and Drenthe, 1625.

Gräfin Sofia Hedwig zu Nassau-Diez née Duchess of Brunswick-WolfenbüttelMarried:

Gröningen near Halberstadt, June 8th, 1607:
HSH Sofia Hedwig Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Gräfin zu Spiegelberg
* Wolfenbüttel, February 20th or June 13th, 1592
† Hof van Nassau, Arnhem, January 23rd, 1642
Countess of Spiegelberg, 1631. Countess-Regent of Nassau-Diez, 1632.

Children from this marriage:

  1. Stillborn daughter
    * Arnhem, May 12th, 1608
  2. Stillborn son
    * February 22nd, 1609
  3. Son
    * August 11th, 1610
    † August 12th, 1610
  4. Graf Hendrik Casimir I zu Nassau-DiezHendrik Casimir I Graf zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Herr zu Beilstein
    * Hof van Nassau, Arnhem, January 31st n.s., 1612
    † (wounds received in action) St. Anna Entrenchment near Hulst, July 22nd n.s., 1640
    Count of Nassau-Diez (together with his brother), June 2nd, 1632.
    Appointed as successor of his father as Stadtholder of Friesland, March 27th, 1632. Stadtholder of Friesland, June 2nd, 1632. Stadtholder of Groningen and Drenthe, 1632.
    Colonel of the Infantry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1631. Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Friesland, June 2nd, 1632. Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Groningen and Drenthe, 1632. Commander of 90 Companies Infantry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1637.
    Commander of the German Order, February 3rd, 1620.
  5. HSH Fürst Willem Frederik of Nassau, Count of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez and Spiegelberg, Baron of Beilstein and Liesveld
  6. Elisabeth Gräfin zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Frau zu Beilstein
    * Arnhem (?), August 5th n.s., 1614
    † September 18th, 1614
  7. Johan Ernst Graf zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Herr zu Beilstein
    * Hof van Nassau, Arnhem, March 29th n.s., 1617
    † end of May 1617
  8. Maurits Graf zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Herr zu Beilstein
    * Utrecht, March 3rd n.s., 1619
    † Stadhouderlijk Hof (?), Groningen, September 19th, 1628
    Captain of the Infantry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1628.
  9. Gräfin Elisabeth Friso zu Nassau-DiezElisabeth Friso Gräfin zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Frau zu Beilstein
    * November 25th, 1620
    † Stadhouderlijk Hof (?), Groningen, September 20th, 1628

HSH Fürst Willem Frederik of Nassau-DiezHSH Fürst Willem Frederik of Nassau, Count of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez and Spiegelberg, Baron of Beilstein and Liesveld
(Born as: Willem Frederik Graf zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Herr zu Beilstein)
Since 1636: Willem Frederik Graf zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden und Diez, Herr zu Beilstein und Liesveld
Since January 23rd, 1642: Willem Frederik Graf zu Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez und Spiegelberg, Herr zu Beilstein und Liesveld
* Hof van Nassau, Arnhem, August 17th n.s., 1613
† (gunshot wounds) Stadhouderlijk Hof, Leeuwarden, October 31st n.s., 1664
Baron of Liesveld, 1636. Count of Nassau-Diez (together with his brother), June 2nd, 1632. Became the sole ruler of Nassau-Diez, July 22nd n.s., 1640. Count of Spiegelberg, January 23rd, 1642. Granted the rank and title of Fürst of the Holy Roman Empire, November 25th, 1652.
Stadtholder of Friesland, July 31st n.s., 1640. Stadtholder of Groningen, November 29th, 1650. Stadtholder of Drenthe, December 1650. Lieutenant-Stadtholder of Overijssel, October 1654 - October 1657.
Curator Magnificentissimus Primarius et Honorarius of the University of Franeker, March 12th, 1653.
Captain of the Infantry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1625. Captain of the Cavalry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1631. Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Friesland, July 31st n.s., 1640. Colonel of the Infantry and Colonel of the Cavalry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1644. General of the Artillery and General of the Cavalry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1648. Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Groningen, November 29th, 1650. Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Drenthe, December 1650. First Fieldmarshal of the Army of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1655 (resigned his commission: 1660).
Commander of the German Order, February 3rd, 1641.

HSH Fürstin Albertine Agnes of Nassau-Diez née Countess of NassauMarried:

Cleves, May 2nd n.s., 1652:
Albertine Agnes Countess of Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez, Buren, Leerdam, Lingen and Mörs
* The Hague, April 19th, 1634
† Paleis Oranjewoud near Heerenveen, May 24th n.s., 1696
Regent of Nassau-Diez, Friesland and Groningen, 1664-1675 and of Drenthe, 1674-1675 (for her son)

HSH Duchess Amalia of Saxe-Jena née Princess of Nassau-DiezChildren from this marriage:

  1. HSH Princess Amalia of Nassau, Countess of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez and Spiegelberg, Baroness of Beilstein and Liesveld
    * Palace at the Lange Vijverberg (?), The Hague, December 5th n.s., 1655
    † Allstedt, February 16th, 1695

    Married:

    Paleis Oranjewoud near Heerenveen, November 28th, 1690:
    HSH Duke Johann Wilhelm of Saxe-Jena and Saxe-Eisenach
    * Eisenach, October 17th, 1666
    † Eisenach, January 4th, 1729
    Duke of Saxe-Jena, 1690. Duke of Saxe-Eisenach, 1698.
    Colonel of the Infantry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1691 (resigned his commission: 1713).

  2. HSH Fürst Hendrik Casimir II of Nassau, Count of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez and Spiegelberg, Baron of Beilstein and Liesveld
  3. HSH Princess Wilhelmina Sophia Hedwig of Nassau, Countess of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez and Spiegelberg, Baroness of Beilstein and Liesveld
    * Honselaersdijk Palace, August 9th n.s., 1664
    † Leeuwarden, January 23rd n.s., 1667

HSH Fürst Hendrik Casimir II of Nassau-DiezHSH Fürst Hendrik Casimir II of Nassau, Count of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez and Spiegelberg, Baron of Beilstein and Liesveld
(Born as: HSH Hereditary Prince Hendrik Casimir of Nassau, Count of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez and Spiegelberg, Baron of Beilstein and Liesveld)
* The Hague, January 28th n.s., 1657
† Leeuwarden, March 25th n.s., 1696
Hereditary Prince of Nassau-Diez, January 28th n.s., 1657.
Fürst of Nassau-Diez, Count of Spiegelberg, Baron of Liesveld, October 31st n.s., 1664 (under regency until 1675).
Stadtholder of Friesland and Groningen, 1664 (under regency until 1675). Stadtholder of Drenthe, 1674 (under regency until 1675). The commission Stadtholder of Friesland was declared hereditary in male lineage, July 23rd, 1675.
Curator Magnificentissimus Primarius et Honorarius of the University of Franeker, 1678.
Colonel of the Infantry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, April 19th, 1666. Colonel of the Cavalry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1673. Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe, January 28th, 1675. Third Fieldmarshal of the Army of the Republic of the United Netherlands, July 15th, 1689 (resigned his commission: 1694).
Commander of the German Order, April 4th, 1695.

HSH Fürstin Henriette Amalia of Nassau-Diez née Princess of Anhalt-DessauMarried:

Dessau, November 26th n.s., 1683:
HSH Princess Henriette Amalia of Anhalt-Dessau
* Cleves, August 26th n.s., 1666
† Schloß Oranienstein near Diez, April 18th, 1726
Regent of Nassau-Diez, Friesland and Groningen, 1696-1707 (for her son).

Children from this marriage:

  1. HSH Hereditary Prince Willem George Friso of Nassau, Count of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez and Spiegelberg, Baron of Beilstein and Liesveld
    * Leeuwarden, June 24th, 1685
    † Leeuwarden, June 15th, 1686
    Hereditary Prince of Nassau-Diez, June 24th, 1685.
  2. HSH Princess Henriëtte Albertine of Nassau, Countess of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez and Spiegelberg, Baroness of Beilstein and Liesveld
    * Leeuwarden, July 27th, 1686
    † Schloß Oranienstein near Diez, June 21st, 1754
  3. HH Prince Johan Willem Friso of Orange and Fürst of Nassau, Count of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez, Spiegelberg, Buren and Leerdam
  4. HSH Princess Maria Amalia of Nassau, Countess of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez and Spiegelberg, Baroness of Beilstein and Liesveld
    * Hof van Friesland, Lange Vijverberg, The Hague, February 8th n.s., 1689
    † Schloß Oranienstein near Diez, January 27th, 1771
    Canoness of the Imperial Free Secular Convent at Herford.
  5. HSH Princess Sofia Hedwig of Nassau, Countess of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez and Spiegelberg, Baroness of Beilstein and Liesveld
    * Leeuwarden, March 8th, 1690
    † Schloß Oranienstein near Diez, March 1st, 1734

    HSH Duke Karl Leopold of Mecklenburg-SchwerinMarried:

    Leeuwarden, May 27th, 1708:
    HSH Duke Karl Leopold of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
    * Grabow, November 26th, 1678
    † Dömitz, November 28th, 1747
    Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, 1713 (deposed: 1719).
    Colonel of the Infantry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1701. Lieutenant-General of the Army of Mecklenburg.
    (Divorced: Greifswald, June 2nd, 1710)

  6. HSH Princess Isabella Charlotte of Nassau, Countess of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez and Spiegelberg, Baroness of Beilstein and Liesveld
    * Leeuwarden, January 22nd, 1692
    † Dillenburg, September 18th, 1757

    HSH Fürst Christian of Nassau-DillenburgMarried:

    Schloß Oranienstein near Diez, April 15th, 1725:
    HSH Fürst
    Christian of Nassau, Count of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden and Diez, Lord of Beilstein
    (Born as: HSH Prince Christian of Nassau, Count of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden and Diez, Lord of Beilstein)
    * Dillenburg, August 11th, 1688
    † (heart attack during the hunt) Ebersbach, August 28th, 1739
    Fürst of Nassau-Dillenburg, September 21st, 1724. Inherited the protestant part of the principality Nassau-Siegen together with Prince Willem IV of Orange in 1735.
    Major of the Infantry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, May 18th, 1708. Colonel of the Infantry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, April 16th, 1711 (resigned his commission: 1727).
    Knight of the Order of St. Hubertus.

  7. HSH Princess Johanna Agnes of Nassau, Countess of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez and Spiegelberg, Baroness of Beilstein and Liesveld
    * Leeuwarden, December 25th n.s., 1693
    † Schloß Oranienstein near Diez, March 19th, 1765
  8. HSH Princess Louise Leopoldina of Nassau, Countess of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez and Spiegelberg, Baroness of Beilstein and Liesveld
    * Leeuwarden, January 22nd n.s., 1695
    † Schloß Oranienstein near Diez, January 20th, 1758
  9. HSH Princess Henriëtte Casimira of Nassau, Countess of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez and Spiegelberg, Baroness of Beilstein and Liesveld
    * (posthumously) Leeuwarden, July 29th n.s., 1696
    † Hanau, December 18th, 1738

HH Prince Johan Willem Friso of OrangeHSH Fürst Johan Willem Friso of Nassau, Count of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez and Spiegelberg, Baron of Beilstein and Liesveld
Since March 19th n.s., 1702: HH Prince Johan Willem Friso of Orange and Fürst of Nassau, Count of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez, Spiegelberg, Buren and Leerdam
(Born as: HSH Hereditary Prince Johan Willem Friso of Nassau, Count of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez and Spiegelberg, Baron of Beilstein und Liesveld)
* Dessau, August 14th n.s., 1687
† (drowned) near Strijense Sas, July 14th, 1711
Hereditary Prince of Nassau-Diez, August 14th n.s., 1687.
Fürst of Nassau-Diez, Count of Spiegelberg, Baron of Liesveld, March 25th n.s., 1696 (under regency until 1707). Named as sole heir by Prince Willem III of Orange. At the death of the prince on March 19th n.s., 1702, King Friedrich I of Prussia and Fürst Wilhelm Hyazinth of Nassau-Siegen also claimed the inheritance. King Louis XIV of France annexed the principality Orange and King Friedrich of Prussia annexed the counties Lingen and Mörs. Until the division of the inheritance the States-General of the Republic of the United Netherlands took charge of the properties. Lost Turnhout to King Friedrich I of Prussia by verdict of the Court of Brabant at Brussel in 1708. Received Het Loo and Dieren by verdict of the Court of Gelderland at Arnhem in 1710. Hereditary and Suzerain Lord of the Isle of Ameland, May 27th, 1704. Inherited the principality Nassau-Hadamar together with Fürst Wilhelm Hyazinth of Nassau-Siegen, Fürst Friedrich Wilhelm of Nassau-Siegen and Fürst Wilhelm II of Nassau-Dillenburg, May 27th, 1711.
Hereditary Stadtholder of Friesland, March 25th n.s., 1696 (under regency until 1707; inaugurated: 1707). Stadtholder of Groningen, 1696 (under regency until 1707; installed: February 26th, 1708).
Curator Magnificentissimus Primarius at Honorarius of the University at Franeker, 1708.
Colonel of the Infantry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, March 27th, 1696. Colonel of the Cavalry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, March 28th, 1696. General of the Infantry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, April 11th, 1704. Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Friesland, March 25th, 1707. Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Groningen, 1708.

HH Princess Marie Luise of Orange née Landgravine of Hesse-CasselMarried:

Cassel, April 26th, 1709:
HSH Landgravine Marie Luise of Hesse-Cassel ("Marijke Meu")
* Cassel, February 7th, 1688
† Leeuwarden, April 9th, 1765
Princess-Regent, 1711-1731 (for her son). Princess-Regent of Friesland, 1759-1765 (for her grandson).

HSH Margravine Amelie of Baden-Durlach née Princess of Nassau-DiezChildren from this marriage:

  1. HSH Princess Anna Charlotte Amelie of Nassau, Countess of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez, Spiegelberg, Buren and Leerdam
    * Stadhouderlijk Hof, Leeuwarden, October 13th n.s., 1710
    † Durlach, September 18th, 1777

    Married:

    Leeuwarden, July 3rd, 1727:
    HSH Margrave Friedrich of Baden-Durlach
    * Stuttgart, October 7th, 1703
    † Karlsruhe, March 26th, 1732
    Hereditary Prince of Baden-Durlach, June 25th, 1709.

  2. HH Prince Willem IV Carel Hendrik Friso of Orange and Fürst of Nassau, Count of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez, Spiegelberg, Buren and Leerdam

HH Prince Willem IV of OrangeHH Prince Willem IV Carel Hendrik Friso of Orange and Fürst of Nassau, Count of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez, Spiegelberg, Buren and Leerdam
Since 1748: HH Prince Willem IV Carel Hendrik Friso of Orange and Fürst of Nassau, Count of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez, Spiegelberg, Buren, Leerdam and Culemborg
* (posthumously) Leeuwarden, September 1st, 1711
† Paleis Huis ten Bosch near The Hague, October 22nd, 1751
Fürst of Nassau-Diez, Count of Spiegelberg, Baron of Beilstein, September 1st, 1711. Received Steenbergen, Dongen, Oosterhout, Willem en Mariapolder, Oud Prinsenland, Hulsterambacht, IJsselstein, Cranendonk, Eindhoven, Bredevoort, Diest, Sichem, the Palace at Brussel and Noord-Beveland from the inheritance of Prince Willem III of Orange from the States-General of the Republic of the United Netherlands, September 5th, 1712. Renounced his rights to the principality Orange at the Peace Treaty of Utrecht (1713). Received Rotzenhahn, Höhn, Rennerod and Elsoff at the division of the principality Nassau-Hadamar in 1717. Settled an agreement with King Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia about the inheritance of Prince Willem III of Orange, June 16th, 1732. The States of Zeeland however decided to abolish the marquisate of Veere and Flushing on November 17th, 1732. The States-General of the Republic of the United Netherlands transferred the properties on April 1st, 1734. Inherited the protestant part of the principality Nassau-Siegen together with Fürst Christian of Nassau-Dillenburg in 1735. Inherited the principality Nassau-Dillenburg together with Fürst Wilhelm Hyazinth of Nassau-Siegen, August 28th, 1739. Ceded his part of the principality Nassau-Hadamar to Fürst Wilhelm Hyazinth of Nassau-Siegen and received Wilhelm Hyazinth's part of Nassau-Dillenburg in return, February 16th, 1742, on which occassion he renamed his country into Nassau-Dillenburg. Inherited the principality Nassau-Hadamar and the catholic part of the principality of Nassau-Siegen, February 18th, 1743. Count of Culemborg, 1748.
Hereditary Stadtholder of Friesland, September 1st, 1711 (under regency until 1731). Stadtholder of Groningen, October 13th, 1718 (under regency until 1729). Stadtholder of Drenthe, 1722 (under regency until 1729). Stadtholder of Gelderland, November 2nd, 1722 (under regency until 1729). Member of the Council of State, 1747. Stadtholder of Zeeland, April 28th, 1747. Stadtholder of Holland, May 3rd, 1747. Stadtholder of Overijssel, May 10th, 1747. Stadtholder of Utrecht, May 18th, 1747. The commissions Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland, Overijssel, Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe were declared hereditary in both male and female lineage, 1747.
Rector Magnificentissimus of the University of Herborn, 1727. Curator Magnificentissimus Primarius et Honorarius of the University of Franeker, 1731.
Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Groningen, Drenthe and Gelderland, September 1st, 1729. Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Friesland, September 1st, 1731. Commander-in-Chief of the Army and the Navy of Zeeland, April 28th, 1747. Commander-in-Chief of the Army and the Navy of Holland, May 3rd, 1747. Commander-in-Chief of the Army and the Navy of the Republic of the United Netherlands, May 4th, 1747. Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Overijssel, May 10th, 1747. Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Utrecht, May 18th, 1747. The military commissions were declared hereditary in both male and female lineage, 1747.
Knight of the Garter, July 22nd, 1733.

HRH Princess Anne of Orange née Princess of Great Britain and IrelandMarried:

Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace, London, March 25th n.s., 1734:
HSH Princess
Anne of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
Since August 1st, 1714: HRH Princess Anne of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
Since August 30th, 1727: HRH Princess Anne of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Princess Royal
* Schloß Herrenhausen near Hanover, November 2nd n.s., 1709
† The Hague, January 12th, 1759
Created Princess Royal, August 30th, 1727.
Princess-Regent, 1751-1759 (for her son).

Children from this marriage:

  1. Miscarriage
    Before June 30th, 1735
  2. Daughter
    * The Hague, December 19th, 1736
    † The Hague, December 19th, 1736
  3. Miscarriage
    1738
  4. Daughter
    * Leeuwarden, December 21st or 22nd, 1739
    † Leeuwarden, December 22nd, 1739
  5. HSH Fürstin Carolina of Nassau-Weilburg née Princess of Orange-NassauHSH Carolina Princess of Orange-Nassau
    * Stadhouderlijk Hof, Leeuwarden, February 28th, 1743
    † Kirchheimbolanden, May 6th, 1787
    Princess-Regent of Friesland, 1765-1766 (for her brother).

    Married:

    The Hague, March 5th, 1760:
    HSH Fürst Karl Christian of Nassau, Count of Saarbrücken und Saarwerden, Lord of Lahr and Mahlberg, Wiesbaden and Idstein
    * Weilburg, January 16th, 1735
    † Munsterdreysen near Kirchheim, November 28th, 1788
    Fürst of Nassau-Weilburg, November 9th, 1753.
    Governor of Bergen op Zoom, 1760-1765. Governor of Sluis, 1765-1772. Governor of Maastricht, 1772-1784.
    Colonel of the Infantry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1758 (resigned his commission: 1770). General of the Infantry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1760. Colonel of the Cavalry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1765 (resigned his commissions: 1784). Fieldmarshal of the Imperial Army.
    Knight of the Order of the Elephant.

  6. HSH Anna Princess of Orange-Nassau
    * Leeuwarden, November 15th, 1746
    † Leeuwarden, December 29th, 1746
  7. HH Prince Willem V of OrangeHH Prince Willem V Batavus of Orange and Fürst of Nassau, Count of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez, Spiegelberg, Buren, Leerdam and Culemborg
    (Born as: HSH Prince Willem of Orange-Nassau, Count of Buren)
    * The Hague, March 8th, 1748
    † Brunswick, April 9th, 1806
    Fürst of Nassau-Dillenburg, October 22nd, 1751. Lord of Borculo and Lichtenvoorde, 1777. Lost his territories in the Netherlands when he went into exile following the French invasion of the Netherlands, January 18th, 1795. Abdicated as stadtholder and renounced his territories in the Netherlands in 1802 and received in return the principality Fulda, the county Corvey, the city Dortmund and the abbeys Weingarten, Hofen, Sankt-Gerold, Dietkirchen and Bendern which he immediately ceded to his son.
    Hereditary Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland, Overijssel, Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe, October 22nd, 1751. Member of the Council of State, March 8th, 1766. Deprived of his commissions when he went into exile following the French invasion of the Netherlands, January 18th, 1795.
    Curator Magnificentissimus Primarius et Honorarius of the University at Franeker, 1766.
    Hereditary Commander-in-Chief of the Army and the Navy of the Republic of the United Netherlands, Hereditary Commander-in-Chief of the Army and the Navy of Holland and Zeeland, Hereditary Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Utrecht, Gelderland, Overijssel, Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe, October 22nd, 1751. Deprived of his commissions when he went into exile following the French invasion of the Netherlands: January 18th, 1795.
    Knight of the Order of the Garter, January 5th, 1752.

    HRH Princess Wilhelmine of Orange née Princess of PrussiaMarried:

    Royal Palace, Berlin, October 4th, 1767:
    HRH Princess
    Friederike Sofia Wilhelmine of Prussia
    * Palais des Prinzen, Berlin, August 7th, 1751
    † Paleis Het Loo near Apeldoorn, June 9th, 1820

    HSH Duchess Louise of Brunswick-Wolffenbüttel née Princess of Orange-NassauChildren from this marriage:

    1. Son
      * The Hague, March 23rd, 1769
      † The Hague, March 24th, 1769
    2. HSH Princess Frederica Louise Wilhelmina of Orange-Nassau ("Loulou")
      * The Hague, November 28th, 1770
      † The Hague, October 15th, 1819

      Married:

      The Hague, October 14th, 1790:
      HSH Duke Karl Georg August of Brunswick-Wolffenbüttel
      * London, February 8th, 1766
      † Antoinettenruh, September 20th, 1806

    3. Stillborn child
      * August 6th, 1771
    4. HM King Willem I Frederik of the Netherlands, Prince of Orange-Nassau, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
    5. HSH Prince Frederik of Orange-NassauHSH Willem George Frederik Prince of Orange-Nassau ("Frits")
      * The Hague, February 15th, 1774
      † Padova, January 6th, 1799
      Colonel of the Infantry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1775. Colonel of the Cavalry of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1784. Grandmaster of the Artillery of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1792. General of the Artillery of the Republic of the United Netherlands, 1794. Deprived of his commissions when he went into exile following the French invasion of the Netherlands, January 18th, 1795. Colonel of the Artillery of Austria, 1796. General of the Austrian Army in Italy, 1798.
      Knight of the Order of the Black Eagle. Knight of the Military Order of Maria Theresia, 1796.

Footnotes:

  1. Sources: l'Allemagne Dynastique Tome III by Michel Huberty, Alain Giraud and F. & B. Magdelaine and Genealogie van het Vorstenhuis Nassau by A.W.E. Dek. With special thanks to Brigitte Gastel Lloyd and Netty Leistra.

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Last updated: May 18th, 2008.

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