The Sales Success The HF Symbol of Lancia Limited Editions
The Lancia Delta History
May 1986 - Birth of the Delta HF 4WD, a sports model with permanent four wheel drive: 1995 cc engine with turbocharger and overboost, delivering 165 Bhp. The transmission system featured an epicyclic center diff and torque splitter with a limited slip Fergusen viscous coupling and a Torsen rear diff.
November 1987 - Launch of the HF Integrale, a natural development
of the 4WD. The new model was given a more aggressive look to highlight it's sporting
personality. It retained the 1995 cc turbo engine with intercooler and overboost, twin
counter-rotating balancer shafts, integrated electronic ignition injection management
system with knock sensor. The power output rose to 185 Bhp-DIN and the performance to
unparalleled heights: 0-100 Km/h in 6.6 seconds, top speed 215 Klm/h.
May 1989 -Launch of an even more powerful and sophisticated version: the HF Integrale 16v and even better performance from the engine with its four valves per cylinder: 200 Bhp-DIN, 0-100 Km/h in 5.7 seconds, top speed 220 Km/h. Numerous changes to the mechanicals: hydraulic clutch, torque split mostly to the rear (for the first time), an upgrated braking system with ABS, wider tyres and wheels.
October 1991 -Debut of a new phase in the career of the HF
Evolution. Wider wheel arches because of the wider tracks. New front suspension and several improvements to the rear suspension as well. More robust braking system and steering box. The power output was up to 210 Bhp and performance achieved a major leap forward in terms of drivability, road holding and active safety.
January 1992 - To celebrate its victory in the 1991 World Rally Constructors' Championship, Lancia launched a special series of 400 Delta HF Integrale the '5' cars. The mechanicals were unchanged but the '5' was distinguished by personalized bodywork, white wheel rims, the Martini-Racing colours adorning the sides, the black bonnet grilles and the black spoiler on the back. Inside: special Recaro seats, black Alcantara upholstery with red stitching and red seat belts. Each car in this series was numbered on a silver plate on the transmission console.
November 1992 - Sixth consecutive World Rally title for the Delta W Integrale. To celebrate its 1992 victory, Lancia again launched a new special series of 310 cars. The Lancia Delta HF Integrale'6' featured white paintwork with a Martini-Racing strip along the sides. Inside, the seats were again Recaro but the red-stitched Alcantara upholstery was turquoise, with the HF logo on the head restraints. Here too, each car had a number which appeared on the aluminum plate on the transmission console.
June 1993 - Debut of the catalyzed Delta HF Integrale 16v (Evolution II) with power output raised to 215 Bhp. This was to be the last of the range with a number of Special Edition cars to celebrate the success of the vehicle; Gialla, Blue Lagos, Pearl White, Dealer Edition and the Final Edition. Production ceased in November 1994 and the series thus became finite.
The Sales Success Story
The Delta HF Integrale is as much a winner in world markets as it is on the rally circuit. Backed by the prestige of six world rally titles as well as the elite image of a make with Lancia's long tradition of excellence, the Integrale regularly topped the sales charts for performance 4X4 cars.
Sales volumes have always been impressive since the launch of the original Delta 4WD in 1986 which sold 1,566 units worldwide in that first year.
In 1987 the figure rose to 4,339 units with nearly half (2,035 units) being exported. And it didn't take the Delta 4WD long to crash through the 5,000 unit barrier required for Group A homologation.
In the next three seasons, 1988, 1989 and 1990, rallying was dominated by the two subsequent versions, the HF Integrale 8V and the HF Integrale 16V. Lancia had to build 10,000 units for homologation.
In the event, the company did very much better than that. In 1988 7,509 units were sold, over half of them(4,085) on the export market. The 16V appeared towards the end of 1989 and Lancia sold 7,967 Delta's, 4,785 of them in foreign markets. Again in 1990 sales topped the, 7,000 mark (7,054 units, 3,696 of them outside Italy). In all over 22,500 8 and 16 valve cars had been sold, many more than the 10,000 units required.
After a rather quieter 1991, 4,646 units sold, 2,576 of them in the home market, the Delta HF Integrale bounced back in 1992. With new engineering and an exciting new look that rocketed sales back to earlier levels: 6,992 units, including 4,952 sold in Italy. Yet again, it was more than enough for rally homologation, and it raised the total of units sold since the version was launched to 40,073. The final model of the car sold 1,996 in 1993 and a further 2,227 in 1994, of these 1,941 cars were sold on the home market of Italy. On the export side, the biggest Delta fans in all these years were Germany and Switzerland, followed by France, Spain, Britain and Japan.
Total sales of all versions of the Integrales came to 44,296.
Delta HF Integrale "5 World Rally Champion"
First limited edition was being sold in 27th Jan 1992 with intention to celebrate the 5th consecutive Lancia world rally championship win with Delta Models. Only 400 models were built with white body colour, grills on the bonnet a black rear spoiler, white wheels, and lateral Martini stripes, red belts, two Recaro seats in black Alcantara , and a numbered plaque near the gear lever, Clarion autoradio, Gemini alarm, air conditioned. ABS and Michelin 205/50 ZR 15 tyres.
Delta Verde York
In 10th July 1992 after the commercial success of Martini 5, a new version with a special York Green body was released. With Recaro seats and beige colour leather interiors with green sewns, HF logo at the headlyers, numbered plaque near the gear lever, and very well equipped. 200 of these cars were produced
Delta HF Integrale "6 World Rally Champion"
When Lancia won its 6th World Rally Championship released this commemorative version. White body and white wheels, lateral badges the same as the race car, and many other badges with "HF" logo, "Martini Racing", "Lancia", "integrale", air conditioned, ABS, Recaro blue alcantara seats, red seat belts, carbon fibre near the gear lever, Momo leather stearing wheel, racing gearshift, Teflon bushes, autoradio Clarion & Michelin 205/50ZR15 tyres. 310 of these cars were produced between 1992-1993.
Delta HF Integrale "Club Italia"
In 1993 Club Italia had specially made for them a special series of 15 Deltas with dark blue colour (Lord Blue). They were Evolution I cars. It had the Club's Logo badges on the rear spoiler and on the bonnet front edge and in both front wings. Had push button starting. Red leather Recaro seats, race-type petrol-feeder , cam cover painted in yellow with a blue center stripe. A limited edition badge near the gear lever and an engraved plaque with the name of the original owner.
Delta "Bianco Perlato"
In 1993-1994 were built 365 Evolution II cars with body in Pearl White and a Grey coachline. With an edition plaque below the gear lever and Blue leather interior.
Delta "Blue Lagos"
In 1993-1994 were built 215 Evolution II cars with body in metallic Lagos Blue and a Yellow coachline. With an edition plaque below the gear lever and Creme leather interior.
A special serie of 220 cars, 150 of which were for Italian domestic market, an another 20 went to France. This serie was released on November 1993. Has Black Recaro seats in alcantara yellow sewn, 6 captor ABS, air conditioned, 16" wheels and 205/45ZR16 tyres.
Delta "Dealer's Collection"
This was a serie served only by orders done. Only 177 cars produced, 143 for Italian dealers and 34 for foreign dealers. The card near the gearshift not only has the consecutive number but also the name of the buyer. Candy Red colour. Beige leather Recaro seats, instrumentation with white background . Aluminium racing pedals. Engine pushbutton starter in a middle of an aluminum plate. Navigator foot rest in aluminium.
Delta "Edizione Finale"
At the same time of Dealer's was this series released to the Japanese market. Candy Red body with a dorsal yellow/blue line like the one of the 60īs/70īs Fulvia HF. Only 250 cars were produced. The near gearshift plate had the number and "Edizione Finale" written on it.
Delta Evoluzione "Cabrio"
There were only 2 exemplars of these (one for Fiat boss Giovanni Agnelli) with a more powered motor (near 250HP)
Records show the following production totals for the "Limited Edition" models:
|HF Integrale||16V with 8V Catalytic engine||2700|
|HF Integrale Evolution I||with 8V Catalytic Engine||4650|
|HF Integrale Evolution I||"5 World Rally Champion"||400|
|HF Integrale Evolution I||-VERDE YORK||200|
|HF Integrale Evolution I||-CLUB "HF"||44|
|HF Integrale Evolution I||-CLUB ITALIA||15|
|HF Integrale Evolution I||"6 World Rally Champion"||310|
|HF Integrale Evolution II||"GIALLA"||220|
|HF Integrale Evolution II||"PEARL WHITE"||365|
|HF Integrale Evolution II||"BLUE LAGOS"||215|
|HF Integrale Evolution II||"EDIZIONE FINALE"||250|
|HF Integrale Evolution II||"DEALER COLLECTION"||177|
The Sales Success The Delta
The HF Symbol of Lancia Competition Cars
The HF symbol, the contraction of High Fidelity, owes its origin to the Lancia Hi. Fi. Club, which draws its members from loyal Lancia clients according to strict rules of eligibility which govern membership. The Club was founded in 1960 and the HF was taken as its logo.
The transposition of the Initials H and F on certain sports cars followed in 1961, when customers started to race Flaminia Pinina Farina in Grand Tourism events.
The "consecration" came with the launch of the legendary Fulvia coupe, and it became the official logo of the Company's sports cars, starting with the 1966 Fulvia HF coupe which remained almost unbeatable on the world rallies, until the mythical Stratos appeared on the scene to dominate rallying from 1974 - 1978.
In the mean time the HF Racing Team had been founded in 1963, initially as a simple association of amateur drivers unofficially backed by Lancia, but becoming the official sporting branch of the Company in 1965.
The HF symbol was adopted again in 1983 for the Delta turbo and thereafter on the Delta 4WD and the Integrale. With the introduction of the Evolution model of the Integrale, the letters were combined with the galloping red elephant. The elephants had been on the original badges for the Fulvia HF and the Stratos, at that time there were four elephants displayed.
There are contrasting stories and legends regarding the origin of this elephant, including the simple "the elephant never forgets". We do know that in 1953 the then Managing Director of Lancia, Gianni Lancia, chose it as a good luck token for the Company's first racing appearances. The symbol of the galloping elephant apparently originates in Eastern mythology as an auspicious emblem or symbol of victory, providing the trunk is stretched forward. This is how the elephant chosen by Gianni Lancia was drawn, first in light blue and later as now in bright red.
The Sales Success The Delta Integrale History Limited Editions