Italian Colonial History

This is an introductory review of Italy's invasion of Libya in 1911 and the subsequent resistance it met. It takes a look at the background of Italy's then prime minister Giovanni Giolitti, and his decision to launch the Italo-Turkish War.

There is a general
review of Edward Evans-Pritchard's work entitled The Sanusi of Cyrenaica. The author examines the unique circumstances which transformed a local religious order, the Sanusiya, into a formidable political force.This transformation was orchestrated by its spiritual leader Sayyid Muhammad Idris Al-Sanusi.

I am particularly interested to learn more about the events that ultimately led to the future King Idris taking over from his cousin Sayyid Ahmad Al-Sharif Al-Sanusi the leadership of the Sanusiya. The issue of succession,shrouded in mystery, has never been satisfactorily explained.

There is a preliminary
bibliography and a brief chronology of events. If however you have comments or additional reading recommendations, do not hesitate to email me.


Review of The Sanusi of Cyrenaica

The Italo-Turkish War

Giovanni Giolitti

Recommended Reading

Significant Dates


map of Libya

Portrait of Idris Al-Sanusi

Sayyid Muhammad Idris Al-Sanusi

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