Juggler0.Pas Program Listing




{ Start of file Juggler0.PAS ***********************************************}

{$A+,B-,D+,E+,F-,I+,L+,N+,O-,R-,S+,V+}  { Turbo Pascal Default options }

{$I+} {System i/o error checks}
{$N+} {Uses numeric coprocessor}
{$R+} {index Range checking}
{$V-} {no string length checking}
{$M 65520, 0, 655360} {16384, 0, 655360 are defaults; $M 65520 max stack}

program Juggler0; { Repeat Pickover's origional results on x <= 200 }

{ Juggler Sequence defined in Nov 1990 issue of Algorithm in PERSONAL
  PROGRAMS by Clifford A. Pickover. }

uses
  Crt,     { Turbo Pascal 5.5 interface }
  MultiID; { Multiple-precision integer decimal algorithms unit }

const
  Name    =
      'Juggler0 - Investigates all Juggler Sequences with starting x <= 200';
  Version = 'Version 1.00, last revised: 90/12/27, 0700 hours';
  Author  = 'Copyright (c) 1981-1990 by author: Harry J. Smith,';
  Address = '19628 Via Monte Dr., Saratoga, CA 95070.  All rights reserved.';

{***************************************************************************}

{ Developed in TURBO Pascal 5.5 }

{ Pickover's definition of a juggler sequence:

  input positive integer, x
  repeat
    if x is even
      then x <-- [x^(1/2)]
      else x <-- [x^(3/2)]
  until x=1

  This program by Harry Smith outputs each sequence starting from 1 through
  200.  It also outputs the sequence length, and the number of digits in max
  x for each sequence.  Format of output to disk:
  9 -> 27 -> 140 -> 11 -> 36 -> 6 -> 2 -> 1; L=8, DM=3, New max L, New max DM
  Format of output to screen:
  n=9 UUDUDDD L=8 DM=3, New max L, New max DM
}
const
  Limit = 200;        { Limit of run }

var
  Ch    : Char;       { Character input by ReadKey }
  FileSt: String[12]; { Output file name }
  Disk  : Text;       { Text file }
  Size  : LongInt;    { Size of max x in MultiID super digits }
  Up    : LongInt;    { Number of times x was odd }
  Down  : LongInt;    { Number of times x was even }
  n     : ^MultiSI;   { Starting x, x zero }
  x     : ^MultiSI;   { Current value of x }
  x2    : ^MultiSI;   { Current x squared }
  x3    : ^MultiSI;   { Current x cubed }
  One   : ^MultiSI;   { One in MultiSI format }
  Lim   : ^MultiSI;   { Limit of run, set to Limit }
  LSD   : LongInt;    { Least significant super digit }
  Di    : LongInt;    { Decimal digits in x }
  DM    : LongInt;    { Number of decimal digits in max x for this x zero }
  MDM   : LongInt;    { Number of decimal digits in max x so far }
  L     : LongInt;    { Length of sequence }
  ML    : LongInt;    { Max length of sequence so far }
  NewMDM: Boolean;    { True if new max DM this time }
  NewML : Boolean;    { True if new max L this time }

{--------------------------------------}
procedure Init; { Initialize program }
begin
  TextBackground( Blue);
  TextColor( Yellow);
  ClrScr;
  WriteLn;
  WriteLn( Name);
  WriteLn( Version);
  WriteLn( Author);
  WriteLn( Address);
  WriteLn;
  FileSt:= 'Juggler0.Out';
  WriteLn( 'Will write file: ', FileSt, ' to show results');
  MultiIDV.Init( 1);  { Init Multiple-precision integer decimal algorithms }
  MuLenD:= 21;  MuErrRep:= True;
  New( One, Init(1));  One^.SetTo1( 1); { Create new objects }
  New( Lim, Init(1));  Lim^.SetTo1( Limit);
  Size:= 1 + (271 div MuDMax); { Allow up to 271 decimal digit numbers }
  New( n, Init( 2 * Size div 3));  n^.SetTo1(1);
  New( x,  Init( Size));
  New( x2, Init( 4 * Size div 3));
  New( x3, Init( 2 * Size));
  WriteLn;
  WriteLn( 'MemAvail=', MemAvail);
  WriteLn( 'Type any key to continue...  (or Esc to quit)');
  Ch:= ReadKey;
  if Ord( Ch) = 27 then  Halt(0);
end; { Init }

{--------------------------------------}
function Digits(x : MultiUI) : LongInt; { Compute number of digits in x }
var
  Q : LongInt;
  I : Integer;
begin
  Q:= Round( x.V^[ x.N - 1]);  I:= 0;
  repeat
    Q:= Q div 10;  Inc(I);
  until Q = 0;
  Digits:= I + MuDMax * LongInt( x.N - 1);
end; { Digits }

{--------------------------------------}
begin { Main program, Juggler0 }
  Init;
  Assign( Disk, FileSt);
  Rewrite( Disk);
  WriteLn;
  WriteLn( Disk,
    'Juggler Sequences with initial x <= ', Limit, ' (Juggler0)');
  WriteLn( Disk,
    '(L=Sequence length, DM=Number of digits in max x for this sequence)');
  WriteLn( Disk);
  MDM:= 0;  ML:= 0;
  n^.RAdd1( -1);
  repeat
    n^.RAdd1( 1);  x^.SetTo( n^);  Up:= 0;  Down:= 0;
    DM:= Digits(x^);  NewMDM:= False;  NewML:= False;
    n^.Writ( Disk);
    Write('n=');  n^.Writ( Output);  Write(' ');
    repeat
      LSD:= Round( x^.V^[0]);
      if (LSD mod 2) = 1 then begin
        Inc( Up);  Write('U');
        Tracn:= Down;  Trace:= Up;
	x2^.Sq( x^);  x3^.Mul( x^, x2^);  x^.SqRtRem( x3^, x3^);
	Di:= Digits(x^);
	if Di > DM then begin
	  DM:= Di;
	end;
      end
      else begin
        Inc( Down);  Write('D');
        Tracn:= Down;  Trace:= Up;
        x^.SqRtRem( x^, x3^);
      end;
      Write(Disk, ' -> ');  x^.Writ(Disk);
    until (x^.Comp( One^) = 0) or MuErr or MuAbort;
    Write(Disk, '; ');
    L:= Up + Down + 1;
    if (x^.Comp( n^) = 0) then  L:= 1;
    if L > ML then begin
      ML:= L;  NewML:= True;
    end;
    if DM > MDM then begin
      MDM:= DM;  NewMDM:= True;
    end;
    Write( Disk, 'L=', L, ', DM=', DM);
    Write(' L=', L, ' DM=', DM);
    if NewML  then  Write( Disk, ', New max L');
    if NewML  then  Write(       ', New max L');
    if NewMDM then  Write( Disk, ', New max DM');
    if NewMDM then  Write(       ', New max DM');
    WriteLn( Disk);  WriteLn;
  until (n^.Comp(Lim^) >= 0) or MuErr or MuAbort;
  if MuErr then  WriteLn( Disk, 'Numbers got too big for memory')
  else  if MuAbort then  WriteLn( Disk, 'Run aborted by operator');
  Close( Disk);
  Ch:= ReadKey;
end. { Juggler0 }

{ End of file Juggler0.PAS *************************************************}

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This page accessed times since October 20, 2004.
Page created by: hjsmithh@sbcglobal.net
Changes last made on Saturday, 14-May-05 12:49:21 PDT

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