Junkers Production and Developement Overview
- Production Summaries -
The following overview disregards the developement projects (EFxxx, etc.)
It only mentions the major Junkers aircraft designs between 1915 and 1945.
According to our Junkers Aircraft Production Lists there are
82 different Junkers aircraft types and
29.775 Junkers built aircraft plus license built aircraft (Casa, Amiot)
13.731 aircraft built by Junkers Flugzeugwerke
while the remaining aircraft were built by other aircraft companies.
Aircraft Classes are broken down into the following categories:
Fighter Aircraft Designs 10 types 59 built
Combat Aircraft Designs 4 types 275 built
Surveyer Aircraft Designs 5 types 123 built
Bomber Aircraft Designs 20 types 23586+ built
Training Aircraft Designs 7 types 359 built
Postal Aircraft Designs 8 types 96 built
Transport Aircraft Designs 26 types 5277 built
Experimental Aircraft Designs 2 types 3 built
More than 78% of the total Junkers aircraft production were bomber designed aircraft.
A further 19% of the Junkers production were dedicated passenger, but mostly cargo transport aircraft.
All other utilization classes are untypical Junkers developement classes.
Additional aircraft were built for other aircraft producers during WWII:
40 x Heinkel He111, 14 x Heinkel He 162, 308 x Messerschmitt Me 163
About 25.600 aircraft were built during the war years from 1939 to 1945. That means, 86% of all Junkers
aircraft were built for WWII usage. Just 1300 aircraft, that is 4% of the total production, were built between
1915 and the beginning of the Nazi industrialization in 1933.
A detailled production list by types and serial no. and further information about Junkers production rates
are also available on the Hugo Junkers Homepage at Junkers Production Lists.
Interesting might also be the approach for an annual production table of Junkers Flugzeugwerke, which you might find here.
|Junkers Fighter Aircraft Designs
Initial Junkers aircraft designs were fighter aircraft.
A total of 10 fighter types were developed, most of them during WWI.
About 60 fighter aircraft had been built until 1945, most of them D-1s of WWI.
J1 (E-1) f/f: 12.12.1915 1 built first Junkers aircraft,
J2 (E-2) f/f: 11.07.1916 6 built experimental design
J3 f/f: --.--.---- 1 built experimental design 1916,
J5 f/f: --.--.---- 0 built designed 1916, not built
J6 f/f: --.--.---- 1 built designed 1916 to 1919,
J7 f/f: 17.09.1917 1 built experimental design
J9 (D-1) f/f: xx.04.1917 47 built serial produced fighter
J22 f/f: 30.11.1923 2 built designed for Russian AF
J28 f/f: --.--.---- 0 built desig. for Russian AF in 1925
Ju248 f/f: 31.12.1944 1 built improved Me263
Other aircraft types, also used as fighters:
J21 surveyer, Ju388 bomber, A20/25/35 postal aircraft
|Junkers Combat Aircraft Designs
Initial Junkers all-metal aircraft designs were most successfull as combat aircraft
During WWI a total of 4 combat aircraft types were designed.
About 278 combat aircraft were built, most of them J-1s of WWI.
J4 (J-1) f/f: 17.01.1917 227 built first serial produced
J8 (CL) f/f: 10.12.1917 4 built experimental design
J10 (CL-1) f/f: 04.05.1918 44 built
J11 (CLS-1) f/f: 23.10.1918 3 built J10 seaplane version
Several other Junkers types also used as combat aircraft:
J21 surveyer, Ju87 dive bomber, A20/25/35 and A48 dive bomber
|Junkers Reconaissance Aircraft Designs
During WWI most combat aircraft were also used as surveyer aircraft
After WWI a total of 5 dedicated surveyer aircraft were developed.
A total of 120 dedicated surveyer aircraft were built, all of them J21 for Russia.
J18 f/f: --.--.---- 0 built design 1921
J21 f/f: 12.06.1923 120 built built at Fili
K39 f/f: xx.xx.1926 0 built 1 converted from A32
R41 f/f: --.--.---- 0 built converted from A20
Ju635 f/f: --.--.---- 0 built improved Do335
Other Junkers surveyer aircraft:
all WWI combat aircraft types,
|Junkers Bomber Aircraft Designs
Junkers was famous for its bomber aircraft designs.
About 20 bomber aircraft designs were developed betweeen WWI and 1945
of which 11 designs reached the prototype stage and 8 were produced in series.
A total of about 22938 (plus Ju86 figures) bombers were built by Junkers until 1945.
The Ju287 bomber design of 1944 was the sole jet powered Junkers aircraft.
K30 f/f: xx.xx.1925 30 built built at Limhamn as R42,
at Fili as JuG-1
Ju25 f/f: --.--.---- 0 built designed for Russia in 1924,
K37 f/f: 05.09.1927 0 built one converted from S36
K51 f/f: --.--.---- 0 built bomber version of G38,
5 built as Ki20 in Japan
K43 f/f: --.--.---- 0 built bomber/cargo aircraft from W34
K45 f/f: --.--.---- 0 built bomber/cargo aircraft from Ju52
K47 f/f: 15.09.1929 25 built dive bomber converted from A48
Ju86 f/f: 04.11.1934 ??? built medium bomber,
also airliner versions available
Ju186 f/f: --.--.---- 0 built not built, high altitude bomber
version of Ju86
Ju286 f/f: --.--.---- 0 built not built, high altitude bomber
version of Ju86
Ju87 f/f: 17.09.1935 6513 built dive bomber
Ju187 f/f: --.--.---- 0 built not built,
further Ju87 developement
Ju88 f/f: 21.12.1936 15183 built horizontal/dive bomber,
Ju188 f/f: 24.06.1942 1036 built further Ju88 developement
Ju388 f/f: xx.xx.1943 103 built further Ju88 fighter developement
Ju488 f/f: --.--.---- 2 built destroyed before f/f,
improved Ju88 with four engines
Ju89 f/f: 11.04.1937 2 built strategic bomber
Ju268 f/f: --.--.---- 0 built Mistel bomber design of 1944
Ju287 f/f: 16.08.1944 2 built jet bomber design
Ju288 f/f: 29.11.1940 22 built further developed Ju88
Other Junkers bomber designs:
all combat aircraft of WWI,
some A20 postal aircraft,
W34 and Ju52 passenger airliner
|Junkers Training/Sports Aircraft Designs
A total of 7 trainer types were designed during the twenties, most for experimental use.
About 108 training and sports aircraft were built during the years.
The most successfull sports aircraft design was the A50 of 1929.
T19 f/f: 14.07.1922 3 built experimental
T23 f/f: 04.09.1923 4 built
T26 f/f: 23.10.1923 4 built
T27 f/f: xx.xx.1925 1 built converted T26
T29 f/f: 22.04.1925 2 built
A48 f/f: 15.09.1929 25 built
A50 f/f: 13.02.1929 69 built
Other training/sport aircraft:
A20/25/35 postal aircraft,
A32 postal aircraft
|Junkers Postal Aircraft Designs
During the twenties several dedicated postal aircraft designs were developed by Junkers
A total of 8 postal aircraft types were designed.
About 196 postal aircraft were built, most of them A20/25/35.
A20 f/f: xx.03.1920 63 built built at Dessau,Fili,Tomtasch,
also military used
A25 f/f: xx.xx.xxxx 0 built all converted from A20
A35 f/f: xx.xx.1925 123 built built at Dessau, Fili,
also military used
A32 f/f: xx.xx.1926 2 built also used as surveyer aircraft
S36 f/f: 05.09.1927 2 built also used as surveyer aircraft
and bomber (K37)
Ju46 f/f: xx.03.1932 5 built used as psotal aircraft
from bord NDL steamers
W41 f/f: xx.08.1929 1 built converted from F24
J54 f/f: --.--.---- 0 built not built,
further A35 developement of 1930
|Junkers Airliner, Cargo and Transporter Designs
Following WWI Junkers started his carreer as the father of Germany's air transport.
A total of 26 passenger-, cargo- and military transport aircraft were designed until 1945
of which 19 reached the prototype stage and 12 were built in series.
About 5745 transport aircraft (military+civil) were built until the end of WWII
Most of them were Ju52s, which were also used as bombers.
J12 f/f: --.--.---- 0 built not built, continued as F13
F13 f/f: 25.06.1919 322 built first Junkers airliner,
also cargo aircraft
JG1 f/f: --.--.---- 1 built wide body aircraft,
not finished in 1921
J15 f/f: 04.09.1920 1 built experimental design,
continued as K16
K16 f/f: xx.xx.1921 15 built small passenger airliner
J17 f/f: --.--.---- 0 built not built, improved K16
G23/G24 f/f: 18.09.1924 50 built built at Dessau and Limhamn,
also military use
F24 f/f: xx.xx.1928 0 built 11 aircraft converted from G24
G31 f/f: 07.09.1926 13 built also used as cargo aircraft
W33 f/f: 17.06.1926 199 built cargo/passenger airliner
W34 f/f: 07.07.1926 100 built cargo/passenger airliner,
also military used
G38 f/f: 06.11.1928 2 built wide body passenger aircraft
J40 f/f: --.--.---- 0 built not built, G38 seaplane design
Ju52 f/f: 03.09.1930 4835 built also used as bomber/transporter
J56 f/f: --.--.----- 0 built not built,
K16 replacement of 1930
J58 f/f: --.--.----- 0 built not built,
W33 replacement of 1930
Ju60 f/f: 08.11.1932 2 built quick passenger airliner
Ju160 f/f: 30.01.1934 18 built further Ju60 developement
EF77 f/f: --.--.---- 0 built not built, improved Ju52
Ju86 f/f: 04.11.1934 60 built passenger airliner,
also bomber versions available
Ju90 f/f: 28.08.1937 17 built wide body passenger airliner
Ju290 f/f: 16.07.1942 48 built improved Ju90
Ju390 f/f: 20.10.1943 1 built improved six engined Ju90
Ju252 f/f: 05.06.1942 15 built improved Ju52
Ju352 f/f: 18.08.1943 44 built improved Ju252
Ju322 f/f: xx.04.1941 2 built military transport glider
|Experimental Junkers Designs
A lot of experimental designs were developed at Junkers throughout the years.
But just two aircraft are dedicated experimental aircraft:
Ju49 f/f: 02.10.1931 1 built high altitude test aircraft
EF61 f/f: 04.03.1937 2 built high altitude test aircraft
Other major experimental designs:
Ju287 bomber, J1 fighter, etc.
3rd January 2004
The Hugo Junkers Homepage
© Horst Zoeller, Germany, July 1996
visitors since October 2000
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