compounds formed by aluminium

ore of Al

uses of aluminium

history of aluminium


3B Project



About Aluminium

Name: Aluminium
Symbol: Al
Atomic Number: 13

electronic configuration of Al


Atomic Mass: 26.981539 amu
Melting Point: 660.37 'C (933.52 'K, 1220.666 'F)
Boiling Point: 2467.0 'C (2740.15 'K, 4472.6 'F)
Number of Protons/Electrons: 13
Number of Neutrons: 14
Classification: Metals
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 2.702 g/cm3
Colour: Silver


Pure aluminium is a silvery-white metal with many desirable characteristics. It is light, non-toxic (as the metal), non-magnetic and non-sparking. It can use to be decoration. It is easily formed, machined, and cast. Pure aluminium is soft and lacks strength, but alloys with small amounts of copper, magnesium, silicon, manganese, and other elements have very useful properties. Aluminium is an abundant element in the earth's crust, but it is not found free in nature. The Bayer process is used to refine aluminium from bauxite, an aluminium ore.