Hole physics, teleportation and levitation, 1(2) 2002

Levitation in hole vacuum

Leshan C.Z. hol@nm.ru

The levitation is acceleration of bodies by help of vacuum holes. The spherical flying device able to levitate and move with enormous acceleration without inertia. There are examples of levitation.

There are two types of motion in nature, it is motion with acceleration and uniform rectilinear motion. These types of motions have in hole vacuum two superanalogues as levitation and teleportation. The teleportation repeats the main properties of uniform rectilinear motion, and levitation repeats the main properties of motion with acceleration.

If the levitation had till now the sense “soar over land”, then now for levitation is given a broader sense of the second after teleportation a non-mechanical method of motion. In this case the ability to soar is included in levitation as a particular case of motion with acceleration when the value of acceleration is equal to the acceleration of a free fall.
The theory of levitation is based on the hole theory of gravitation [1, 2, 3, 4]. By the principle of action the levitating device has the same construction as mobile teleportation device with external hole production except that the hole surface is not closed. In other words, if the hole surface round the body is closed then the vehicle is teleported and if not closed then it is levitating.
Let's consider the notion of inertia and mass in the hole theory. The mass is a parameter describing the ability of material particles to emit holes, the more holes emitted for the time unit the more is the mass of a particle. In such a way a particle at rest or uniform rectilinear motion continuously interacts with surrounding vacuum holes. It means that it is impossible to accelerate a material particle without expansion of vacuum holes with which it interacts. Therefore for acceleration of a particle it is necessary to apply outer force and spend energy for “expansion” of vacuum holes with which a particle is interacting at the moment. Actually a particle resists an outer accelerating force by that that it “expands” vacuum holes with which it interacts and it is received as a force of inertia. The bigger the mass of the body, the more its particles interact with vacuum holes and it is more difficult to take out this body from the rest or change its speed as the number of holes grows. Therefore, the inertia of a body is proportional to its mass.

What will happen if reverse actions are to be carried out to the notion inertia? For example, if near particle is constantly created the same hole which appears with its motion with acceleration, for example 10m\s2 under the action of the outer force.  Then it is obvious that by filling vacuum holes particle will move with acceleration 10 m\s 2 from the point of view of the outside observer. However, from the point of view of the internal observer moving together with a particle, it moves uniformly and rectilinearly.  In this case a particle itself fills vacuum holes which appear near it. The internal observer a particle continues to be at rest even in case when holes of various sizes appear from various sides of a particle. The internal observer will say that a particle moves with acceleration only in that case if a particle will spend energy on stretching of vacuum holes. In such a way only for an outside inertial observer a particle moves with acceleration.

A fine example of levitation is free fall in gravitational field. As it was described in [2,3] a fall of a testing body in gravitational field is a process of filling holes emitted by gravitational mass and a falling body is in the rest state. So if vacuum holes are created near a particle, it will move with acceleration without inertia. The forces of inertia may appear only in case when a particle under the action of outer forces “stretch” vacuum holes. The method of movement ’levitation’ can be used for creation of non-inertial flying vehicles which are capable of moving with enormous acceleration without overloading for pilots and particularly capable of soaring over land. For this purpose an artificial gravitation field must be created near the vehicle, i.e. a source of vacuum holes must be created. If a hole with the radius r is created near the vehicle then a gravitational field will appear. Acceleration of a free fall g on the distance R from the centre of a hole will be

g = k r 3 / 3R2 ,    where   k = 1/s 2                                                                                                                (1)

With a small value R acceleration will be significant even if small holes are to be created. For this the source of holes must be placed as closer to the flying vehicle as possible, it is better to create vacuum holes on the outer surface of the vehicle. Holes must be created on that side of the vehicle in the direction of flying.

The choice of hole surface should provide uniform attraction of all parts of the vehicle by gravitational field. It is better to choose spherical or ellipsoidal shape of the vehicle. In this case by moving hole layer on the surface of the sphere it is easily possible to change direction of movement at high speed. If the hole surface is closed then the vehicle is immediately teleported. In such a way this vehicle is capable to use both  nonmechanical methods of movement – teleportation and levitation. The choice of the method of movement depends on that if hole surface created on the vehicle is closed or not. Actually this is one of the best flying  vehicle known by mankind. It is capable to teleport instantly at the distance of billions of light years , to move with very high acceleration without any overloading for pilots, to change abruptly the direction of movement at high speed, to soar over the surface of massive bodies. Of course, people may create levitating vehicles not obligatory of spherical shape, but in this case:
1) The energy expenditure for creation of the closed hole surface for teleportation are increased, as the sphere has least area. It results in reduction of efficiency of the vehicle. 2. Aerodynamic streamlining of the vehicle gets worse. Traditional shapes of planes do not fit here as the vehicle can instantly change direction of movement whereas the shape of the plane is designed for flight in one direction. Fast change of the direction of movement on perpendicular will cause destruction of such vehicle by aerodynamic forces. 3. The control of the vehicle gets worsened as a hole layer can be easily replaced on the surface of the sphere only. 4. Overloading can appear in levitating vehicle of non-spherical shape (forces of inertia) because of that that gravitational field acts non-uniformly on different parts of the vehicle. At high  acceleration it may result in death of the crew and destruction of the vehicle.

Levitation can be observed experimentally on a great number of phenomena, first of all this is free fall of bodies in gravitational field.  The above described levitating vehicle differs from a falling body only by that that it can change both the value of acceleration of free falling and direction of falling. Actually a levitating vehicle ‘falls’ in direction chosen by the pilot. No overloading or forces of inertia can be here. In such a way free falling is levitation with constant acceleration and direction.
Other examples of levitation can be given from nuclear physics. For example, the process of evaporating of neutrons from excited nucleus.  As it was described [4] an excited nucleus is a group of nucleons among which holes are moving stretching off one after another.  Nucleons of a nucleus fluctuate on one side and holes move in the opposite direction. If a hole is reflected from “the edge” of a nucleus then a nucleus can be in the state of excitement for a long time.  Finally if a hole closes up before one less bound neutron, then it tears off from a nucleus, this is a process of evaporation of nucleons from the excited nucleus. Actually this process can be called levitation because neutron was accelerated by a hole.  Here a nucleon was moving with acceleration only from the point of view of an outside inertial observer and from the point of view of internal (from nucleon) observer it was at rest as energy was not spent for stretching of vacuum holes. If Culon forces can explain evaporation of protons, evaporation of neutrons is pure levitation and is performed by holes.

References

1. Leshan C. Z. – The combination of gravitational, strong and weak interaction in hole vacuum and matter, Tip. 31 August 22, Balti, 1994
2.  Leshan C.Z., – The combination of gravitational, strong and weak interaction in hole vacuum and matter, Conference proceedings, ICPS94 S. Petersburg, 1994, p.143
3. Conference proceedings, ICPS’95, Copenhagen, 1995
4.  Leshan C. Z. The hole theory of gravitation, Hole physics, teleportation and levitation, N1, 2001.