This page was written during my days at the University of Chicago. I move it here to keep it alive because it means something to me. This page is intended to give you a glimpse of Chinese culture from my perspective (born and educated in China, but polished in USA).
►The essence of Confucianism
Li (Courtesy and etiquette) Yi (Justice, righteousness, and loyalty) Lian (Honesty) Chi (Sense of shame)
These four words of Confucius are kinds of equivalent to the ten commandments in the bible.
The influence of Confucius ()
on the Chinese culture is equivalent to that of Plato on the Western culture.
In my very own word, Qi is thought to be the materialized form of energy and spirit.
There are numerous styles of Chinese martial arts. Two well-known
styles are Shao-lin and Tai-chi.
To express more complicated concepts, such as morning, the ancient Chinese use the symbol of sun-rise , and from which comes the character of morning .
My experience tells me that Chinese dialects are often misunderstood by many Americans. The so-called Mandarin is the official spoken language of the mainland China, largely developed based on the dialect of the capital city, Beijing. Cantonese is a major dialect of the Chinese living in the USA mainly because of the early immigrants came from Canto area.
In my home town, people living at opposite side a river speak different dialects. My intuition is that geographic separation partially contributed to the evolution of many Chinese dialects. Today, there are probably hundreds of Chinese dialects. Although the written Chinese characters are used by every dialect, their pronunciations can differ to such extent that people from different dialects can hardly understand each other. In my opinion, the difference between Chinese dialects is very much equivalent to the difference between different European languages.
The Chinese cuisine is certainly as diverse as the Chinese dialects. The recipes of each style often reflect its local geography, climate, and resource. The Chinese cuisine best-known in the USA are Szechwan and Canton.
Hong Qin, First written August, 1998. Revised May, 2004.
See also: Hong's Research page.
Hong's home town.