Author | Method | Value | Time of first publication |
CODATA-2002 | Experimental value | 1/a = 137.03599911(46) a = 0.007297352568(24) |
Constants Table txt |
Armand Wyler | a=(9/16p^{3})·(p/5!)^{1/4} | 1/a=137.0360824 a=0.007297348 |
C.R.Acad. Sci. , A269 , 743(1969) and A272, 186(1971) D. PALLE. On high-redshift quasar absorption spectra and the Riemannian geometry of the Universe. |
Anastass Anastassov | a_{0}^{-1}=8p^{2}3^{1/2} a^{-1}=a_{0}^{-1} + g; g^{-1 }= p+p^{1/2}/4 a^{-1}=a_{0}^{-1} + 4/(4p+p^{1/2}) - a_{0}/(p^{3}+p+p^{-3}) |
a_{0}^{-1}=136.75741 a^{-1}=137.03621 a^{-1}=137.03599915 |
The theory of relativity and quantum of action. The book In Bulgarian.
Sofia, 2003. |
Hans de Vries | a_{0}^{-1} =
G^{2} / exp(p^{2}/2). G = 1+a(2p)^{0}(1+a(2p)^{-1}(1+a(2p)^{-2}(1+... |
After term 0 0.0071918833558268 After term 1 0.0072972279174862 After term 2 0.0072973525456204 After term 3 0.0072973525686533 CODATA-2002: 0.007297352568(+/-24) |
October 4, 2004. An exact formula for the Electro Magnetic coupling constant. |
Dr. M. Geilhaupt | Unified force equation yielding mass and charge of the electron. a(t)=ln(f(t)) a =3/4*(1-a(t))^{2} |
a=ln(3) a=1/137.112 |
1984 (internal information university of bielefeld) 1998 (internet) |
Dr. M. Geilhaupt | Unified force equation. Fg/Fc=24/N_{M}^{2} New system of equations unites mass and charge of an electron, fine structure constant, quantum number N_{M} and other constants. All values in full correspondence with experimental ones. |
N_{M}=10^{22} a=1/137.03603 |
1984 (private information) 1998 (internet) 2000 relativistic elaboration of a |
M. Wales | a = m_{0}ce^{2}/(2h) every physics text book, but a is dimensionless and because h is an action therefore ha is an action ah = m_{0}ce^{2}/2 = w = Wales quantum of internal action of the electron = 4.8352812012D-36, i.e., if we use CODATA 1986 values e and h therefore a = w/h = 0.00729735301 (CODATA(1986) is 0.00729735308) i.e., alpha is the ratio of the quantum of action of the electron to the quantum of action for the Compton photon. And so on. For details look his home-page. | 1/a = 137.035989621263 = 1/0.007297353073... | Internet, Feb, 1998 www.fervor.demon.co.uk |
I. Gorelik | n+s=1/a n=137 s(n+s)=p^{2}/2 n - number of rotations in zt per one rotation in xy, s - shift per one rotation. Solution for this system gives: 1/a=137.036010988... Error: 0.000000157 |
1/a=137.036010988 Error: 0.000000157 |
Internet, June, 25,1999 The message "Alpha collection" to news-group "sci.physics" 7l0rt2$rf4$2@news.sovam.com |
Steven B. Harris | Development of upper method: From the form sn=p^{2}/2 to the form: 1/a = 137 (1 + k^{2}), where k = p/(sqr(2)·137). And further to form: 1/a = 137 [1 + k^{2} - k^{4} + k^{6} - k^{8} ....]. From the letter to news-group: ...It might be fun to fool around with some k terms which involve pi and 137, or p and 1/alpha, and see if you can get any that get closer to 1/alpha. Power series like this are found in QED, and alpha is a dimentionless number, so numberology here is not as crazy as in the rest of physics. We might even discover something empirical (like the Balmer formula) which later physics might "explain."... |
1/a= 137.036020454 for factor (1+k^2) 137.03472 for factor (1+k^2-k^4) 137.03477 for factor (1+k^2-k^4+k^6) |
Internet, June, 28, 1999 The message "Re: Alpha collection" to news-group "sci.physics" 7l6mhf$5ma@dfw-ixnews11.ix.netcom.com |
I. Gorelik, Steven B. Harris | Development of two upper methods s(n+ms) = p^{2}/2 From the letter to news-group: ...our result: s(n+ps) = p^{2}/2 with 1/Alpha = 137.035990750 is very interesting, and is deep inside of experimental values. It is very possible that expression s(n+ps) = p^{2}/2 can be explained geometrically. This is very near to surface of 4-d cylinder made by rotating electron in atom. pi/sqr(2) corresponds to base of cylinder in xy, and the same pi/sqr(2) corresponds to "height" of cylinder in zt. Cylinder is inclined to all axes x, y, z, t, so the exact expression for the left side of equation s(n+?*s) we'll find and prove something further, after studding 4-d pictures... |
m=0, 1/a=137.036020454 m=1, 1/a=137.036010988 m=2, 1/a=137.036001533 m=3, 1/a=137.035992087 m=p, 1/a=137.035990750 |
Internet, June, 29, 1999 The message "Re: Alpha collection" to news-group "sci.physics" |
Ivan Makarchenko | 1/a^{2} = 137^{2} + p^{2} | 1/a = 137.0360157 | Newsgroup fido7.su.science, 2000, in Russian. |
Jerry Iuliano | He gives a lot of unperceivable numerology http://saturn.vcu.edu/~chenry/Jerry%20Iuliano.htm or http://www.people.vcu.edu/~chenry/Jerry%20Iuliano.htm | ??? | I didn't study these pages yet. |
James G. Gilson | a(n_{1}, n_{2}) =
a(n_{1}, infinity)p(n_{1}n_{2})/p Feynman's conjecture of a relation between a, the fine structure constant, and p. |
a =a(137,29)= 0.0072973525318... |
http://www.btinternet.com/~ugah174/ or http://www.fine-structure-constant.org/ |
Ivan Gorelik | Gravity fine structure constant, or gravity constant in Normalized Units. | G' = 1/Exp(a+1/a) or 2G' = 1/sh(a+1/a) |
November 1999. Look: Normalized Units, and page: The Earth's Core Is Overheated Emptiness |
Here is my letter Golden Section and Alpha numbers send to the newsgroup sci.physics 01.16.2001.
Hi!
Several days ago I tried to find the fine structure constant, which is ~ 1/137.036, but suddenly received the value of Golden Section, exactly. Does anybody know the relation between these numbers, as much as precise? If the relation would be simple and the precision is great, then we could find the precise value of fine structure constant.
Here is the way of my erroneous search of Alpha.
Alpha is the velocity of an electron in the hydrogen atom; let's denote it "a".
Velocity of light is 1.
When light made one revolve around the nucleus, the electron will cover only "a" fraction of circumference.
But modern physics must be a little modified. :)
Accordingly to Space Genetics particles do not exist constantly, but periodically flash in a set of dots, drawing so the trajectory of a particle.
Consequently, we don't know; is the electron rotated clockwise or vise versa?
Consequently, it can cover the "a" fraction of circumference or the "1-a" fraction of circumference.
If we take into account the SR!!!, we'll receive the equation:
2a^3 - 3a^2 - a + 1=0
which gives no Alpha, but generally known Golden Section number:
(sqr(5) +/- 1) / 2.
It is quite strange that in order to receive it I took into account the SR.
-------------------
Paul Lutus wrote:
...
>The fine-structure constant is empirical, Phi is not (it is exactly
>(sqrt(5)-1)/2 ). There might be a relation, but it is very doubtful.
Me: I hope it exists.
> * Actually, and not surprising given its degree,
>2a^3 - 3a^2 - a + 1 = 0 has three solutions:
...
> a = 1/2
> a = (1+sqrt(5))/2 (-0.618034...)
> a = (1-sqrt(5))/2 (1.618034...)
Me: I would take:
- a_1 = c/2, as clockwise.
- a_2 = -0.618034...*c, as visa versa.
- And I would though out a_3 = 1.618034...*c, as speculative tachion result.
Thank you and regards.
Helge Kragh. The fine-structure constant before quantum mechanics. Eur. J. Phys. 24 (2003) 169–173. Online at stacks.iop.org/EJP/24/169, abstract, pdf. Excellent historical review of fine structure constant and large list of numerology results.
M. J. Duff, L. B. Okun and G. Veneziano. Trialogue on the number of fundamental constants.
N.V. Makhaldiani and Z.K. Silagadze. Do Maxicharged particles exist?
D. PALLE. On high-redshift quasar absorption spectra and the Riemannian geometry of the Universe.
Jacob D. Bekenstein. Fine-structure constant variability: surprises for laboratory atomic spectroscopy and cosmological evolution of quasar spectra.
E. E. Krieckhaus. DIMENSIONS OF a: A GLITCH IN ATOMIC CONSTANTS.
To the page Alpha method.
To index of Space Genetics.
Extremely urgent note, 2009. Attention! Magnetic trap of Devil!There is a very big probability that magnetic trap will kill us all, if we will not stop powerful colliders.Magnetic trap is an object, unifying hypothetical objects, connected primarily by magnetic forces: neutron drop / liquid; neutron hole; magnetic hole ... It is probable that the microscopic magnetic trap can be created at the collider. Magnetic trap will grow capturing the normal substance. As a result, magnetic trap can destroy the Earth. Magnetic hole is a magnetic analog of the black hole. The black hole is bounded by gravitational forces, and the magnetic hole is bounded by magnetic forces, which are many-many times stronger than gravity forces. Magnetic hole is a magnetic dipole, in the form of a circle, where there is the critical magnetic field. The lines of magnetic induction are directed perpendicular to the plane of the circle. Nucleons are microscopic magnets, and they can be easily captured by the critical field of the hole. As a result the hole is growing. The approximate computation shows that the minimal possible magnetic hole, which can capture a nucleon, has a mass slightly more than one thousand masses of nucleons. The Tevatron collider is now working near this region (1 TeV). The Large Hadron Collider will be able to create the particles with the rest mass, which are seven times more that the minimal possible mass of magnetic hole. According to publications, LHC will create microscopic black holes. Most theorists suggest that these black holes will disappear, because of the Hawking evaporation. However, we know that there are several theories of gravity. Some theories did not even admit the existence of black holes. In addition, there are several theories of black holes. Therefore, confidence in the classical theory of black holes and in a process of evaporation of black holes is very poor. For several years, some scientists argue and demand to ban the construction of powerful colliders. Among the known dangerous objects that may lead to global catastrophe are the following: microscopic black holes, strangelets, magnetic monopoles, vacuum bubbles. I learned about these disputes and concerns only in early September 2008. And then I immediately noticed that the objects, bounded by magnetic forces, were almost not analyzed. In early September, I assumed that the probability of a global catastrophe is less than 0.000001. However, after three months of analysis of the objects, bounded by magnetic forces, and after the analysis of space observations, my assessment of the global disaster has surpassed dozens of percents. Some theorists suggest that the Higgs bosons will be registered at the LHC. And, if these particles will not been found, the theorists would be very surprised; - this would prove that the Standard Model is wrong. Higgs boson had received a new name, "the God particle". We know that the most of particles have their corresponding antiparticles. So, if there is a particle of God, then there is a particle of Devil. Two colliding particles can give two more massive particles, - the particle and its antiparticle, for example, an electron and positron. By adding the colliding energy, we can get the the God particle and its anti-particle, the magnetic trap of Devil. Particles and antiparticles have diametrically opposed properties. Indeed, the Higgs boson causes the ordinary matter to have a mass. But the magnetic hole captures the substance and transforms its rest mass-energy into another form of matter, the magnetic field of the Devil's trap. Say me now, are we have the right to touch the particle of God? Microscopic magnetic holes created at the collider, will move to the center of the Earth, absorbing the matter in their path. Eventually they will merge together into a single and much stronger magnetic hole. The thin shell of the Earth, together with us, will be ejected into cosmic space, but the rest of the Earth will turn into an electric current loop of several meters radius. For comparison, the radius of a black hole of the same mass is 9 millimeters. Half of Earth’s mass will be transformed into magnetic field of neutron hole, and another half will be transformed into radiation and kinetic energy of the released shell. Magnetic hole will not decay if it was born in such cold place, as the collider, where the temperature is close to 0 K. If the magnetic hole is born in a collision of space particle with atmospheric particle, it has a speed, which is close to the speed of light. As a result, such magnetic hole will evaporate almost immediately after the capture of new atmospheric particles. Such decaying magnetic hole will form a cosmic-ray particle shower. Such showers are observable. Huge magnetic holes are also observable is cosmos.
In the remnants of supernova SN 1987A we can see a system of rings, which remind us the magnetic hole. It is possible that this magnetic hole is decaying now. It seems as if these rings embrace a hyperboloid. And now look at the electron, moving along two hyperboles in coordinates x, ict, in my electron model program. Each electron crosses the entire Universe in a period of time, which is equal to the classical period of the electron. This paradoxical conclusion is the consequence of the Special Relativity Theory. The ring structure of SN 1987A and our electron model have common visible properties. The Earth and the Sun can be turned into the same ring structure. Magnetic collapse is much more rapid than the gravity collapse. At the process of magnetic collapse the nucleon turns such, that its magnetic dipole moment becomes parallel to magnetic dipole moment of a trap. Gravity collapse needs displacing of a matter inside the Schwarzschild radius. The time interval of neutrino registration at neutrino observatories had proved the reality of magnetic collapse of dying stars. Particle's collision energies and bombs: Several eV - chemical bomb; Chemical bomb is accompanied by the change of chemical
structure of matter. Only crazy people can try to create the particles with the rest mass, more then 1000 nucleon masses. It is very possible that in the region from 1000 to 7000 aum, hundreds types of particles and resonances can be created. It is clear, that the most of them will decay. But some of them will grow, capturing the ordinary matter. Academician Migdal wrote 30 years ago about pion condensation in the strong fields. As a result he had come to conclusion that neutron stars can have any masses. My approximate computation also shows that the minimal possible neutron star can have a mass, about one thousand of nucleon masses. Such embryo of neutron star can by made in collider. Not long ago the new strange unexpected particle was discovered at the Tevatron collider. It decays at several muons, up to eight units. Somebody had already named it the Halloween particle. I named it the muon hole. What will be made the next? The magnetic trap of Devil? It will not decay, but it will transform us into its magnetic field. Majority of contemporary physicists imagine quark-gluon plasma as a suck with peas. That is a very dangerous imagination. Particles are not points with labels, where their quantum properties were written. Particles are complex elements of space-time. Particles are not material essences, independent of space-time; they are just space-time strings. Dear reader, the situation is extremely serious. The physics now is in the deep crisis. Theorists, in order to save their religious Big Bang theory, invented “the dark energy" as a new either. They want now to test their wretched theories at the powerful collider LHC. One of the authors of such fairy tales, V.A. Rubakov, at the page The safety of the LHC wrote: "We can be sure that particle collisions at the LHC cannot lead to a catastrophic consequences". And at the page V.A.Rubakov we can read: "Thus already in his first famous work on proton decay monopole catalysis (1981) he theoretically predicted a qualitative physical effect (decay of baryon matter!) and made a thorough quantitative conclusion about the possibility and ways how it can be tested experimentally". But that is the magnetic hole, or magnetic dipole, made of two coupled monopoles. Those persons, with high ranks and high scientific degrees, who cry about the safety of LHC, had already made a crime now. The LHC was launched despite the fact that there were court trials. The Earth could be exploded the 21 of September 2008, but the accident, which had happened two days earlier, had saved us. Scientists-criminals must be punished. But they continue to lie about the safety of the LHC, and are preparing the global terrorist crime now. Dear reader! Big Bang adherents can lead the Earth to the utter destruction. Particle collisions with the energy more then 1 TeV must be prohibited by international law. The science must be cleared from the Big Bang delusion. Big-bangers want to touch the particle of God, but thus, they lead us into the magnetic trap of Devil. People, will you silently endure the massacre? Some documents and links. 1. In November 2008, I arrived to Moscow in order to file a lawsuit against
the Russian Academy of Sciences and against the most active propagandists
of the LHC launch. Unfortunately, for lack of funds, I still (February 2009)
can not to do it. Reproduction of biospheres and civilizations. Who are you, dear reader: "a cell of good reason", "a curiosity cell", or "thoughtless muscular cell"? Magnetic trap of Devil. Recent calculations show that it is not excluded that microscopic magnetic traps were already created, and they are growing now somewhere inside the Earth. Arguments, proving that "The LHC will lead to global catastrophe"; "Magnetic holes exist"; "We will not be able to prevent the LHC launch and the following global catastrophe". Religious and mystic arguments. Read the frequently updated page The Business Offer for more news, links and developments of this topic. The end of Extremely urgent note, 2009. |