|EUGENIO CARBONELL MIR||El Ricón de Jordi|
Eugenio Carbonell Mir was born in Valencia on the 12th February 1871. He was son of Tomás Carbonell Valls and Magdalena Mir Gimeno. He studied in "La Academia de Bellas Artes de San Carlos" in the years 1887-1888. He is inscribed with number 22; he takes classes of pictorical anatomy, History and theory of fine arts, and also of perspective and landscape. In 1888-1889, he inscribes with number 39, and he dedicates to sculpture. His most famous teachers were José Elias y Gil, Salustino Asenjo, Gonzaló Salvá, Ricardo Franch and Felipe Farinós y Tortosa. In 1890 he goes to Rome and he meets famous artists like Benlliure, Vivó, Garnelo or Villegas. There he formed the group of precious sculptures "Ya te lo devolveré". In 1892 and 1895 he went to the National Exposition and obtained the honorific mention. He married Genoveva Marzal Suay on the 4th February 1898 in the church of "Santos Juanes". She had four daughters: Rosario, Concha, Carmen and Luisa. Luisa was my grandmother; Concha and Carmen died when they were very young; and Rosario, the oldest sister, had 4 children.
His four daughters; the one of the center is my grandmother.
After his period in Rome he establishes with Aurelio Ureña, he made religious wooden sculptures. In this period of time he makes a sculpture of the "Inmaculada" for "la Seo de Urgell", one of the most famous cathedrals of Spain; he also repaired some other things in the cathedral. He had a very strong relationship with the Church. He also made a wooden sculpture that I have at home. This sculpture represents Jesus Christ, as we can see in the photograph. It is a figure that has a lot of light. I find incredible this sculpture, not only for it's incredible expression that gives the figure personality, but also for the details we can observe in the dress. We can see a very nice pattern of flowers in his tunic, the folds are also very well done. I find also very interesting how little weight this figure has. Another figure I liked was the "Inmaculada" which is also made of wood. I like the way he has done the dress, all those patterns and the folds, which makes us think that it is real. I also like the base of the wooden sculpture, which is made of small angels in a very curious cloud. In this two examples we can see that he dominated the technique of wooden sculptures.
Wooden Jesus Christ (left). Inmaculada in the "Seu de Urgell" (right).
In 1902 he wins the prize of a very important event in Valencia "La Batalla de Flores" (it is a feast where there is a cart show); he makes an incredible cart made of wood and very curved. After, he leaves his association with sculptor Ureña because there is not enough work for the two of them. He establishes in Spartero street 4, where he works with stone. Here he will make sculptures for the Regional Exposition of 1909. He will also work in funeral sculptures, If you go to the cemetery you will be able to see a lot of sculptures.
Familiar Pantheon of Gómez-Reig (left). Familiar Pantheon of Tarín (right).
Comparation of Rosario and the angel.
A modernist bench very similar to Gaudi's style.
The house with an arabic style.
After the exposition of 1909, he was called by the bishop D. Juan José Lopez Fenollera from "la Seo de Urgell", and he made good works of art like the sketches of "La Custodia", "Barca de San Pedro", and the images of "la Purísima" (which are in the particular chapel in the Church of Barcelona). In 1916, he moves to Jesus street. It is at this time when he has more petitions and he becomes very prosperous. He makes a lot of pantheons for the cemetery and sculptures for modernist architects of the period. It is in this period when he makes his best funeral sculptures, most of them are angels, and it is very common in this time for him to include a small cave which makes the tomb very mysterious, we can appreciate this detail in the pantheons of Doménech, Gómez-Reig (described above), or Gonzalez Ferrer. It is in this period when his sculptures have many modernist characteristics; he used many beautiful flowers in his pantheons like in Fabregats pantheon (below in the photograph), Miralles-Cuñat, Pascual-Lluesma or Lorenzo.
Fabregats Pantheon with the detail of the flowers.
Document of acceptation in Fine Arts Academy.
His masterpiece: a sculpture of my grandmother.
In 1936, the Spanish Civil War destroys many of his pieces of art. This fact affects him a lot. In 1944 he dies in his house and with his family.
This has been a very important project for me. When I decided to do this project about my grandgrandfather I thought I would not be able to join enough information. So I would like to start this conclusion by thanking my family, for giving me all the information I needed. Without this sources, I wouldn't be able to do this project. I also would like to say that it has been a fantastic experience to do this project, not only because I know more about family matters, but because I have studied an artist who I feel very near. I remember other projects which I did about Donatello or Lichtenstein; I can open a book and start talking about them, but doing this project about my grandgrandfather is much more than just opening a book; in those projects I just cared of writing about the artists pieces of art, but in this project I have given also a lot of importance to his personal life. It has been the most personal project I have ever done. Now that I have studied in detail this artist, I can see that he was a really good artist who should have been much more famous, just look at the sculpture of my grandmother, but unfortunately he was eclipsed by another fantastic artist of the Valencian Community: Mariano Benlliure. I am also very unhappy for the things that have happened to my grandgrandfather sculptures and pieces of arts. What about that incredible house in Benimamet? It is a shame that it was destroyed. I'm sure that nowadays it would be a Valencian Patrimony. Although many of his pieces of art have been destroyed, my family still has many of this precious sculptures, and you can find also some good sculpture in the cemetery. I also liked that he was very united to his family, as we know, many of his models were of his family, and his most famous sculpture was from my grandmother. I would like to end this project saying I have enjoyed doing this project of a person who before I knew almost nothing and now I feel familiar with him.
Rodrigo, C. (1997) "El Escultor Valenciano Eugenio Carbonell Mir", Departamentos de Historia del Arte Universitat de Valencia.
Giner, S. (mimeo) "Eugenio Carbonell Mir"