1st Glendale A "Crispus Attucks" Company 23/48
"Rebellion to tyrants is obedience to God."
Thomas Jefferson

Crispus Attucks  is recognized as the first Negro and the first American
to die at the beginning of the American Revolution in the Boston Massacre.
He is the true definition of a hero and this Company of the Arizona Militia
is formed in his honor and with an identical goal - LIBERTY for all.

Sic Semper Tyrannis

National Militia Mission, Standards And Code Of Conduct

The U.S. Flag is being displayed upside-down as a sign of distress and an acknowledgement
that the fundamental rule of law - the Constitution - is under attack from extremist, left-wing,
anti-American individuals and groups both within and outside the United States.

"If cowardly and dishonorable men sometimes shoot unarmed men
with army pistols or guns, the evil must be prevented by the penitentiary and gallows,
and not by a general deprivation of a constitutional privilege."
Wilson v. State, 33 Ark. 557, 560 (1878)

"The congress of the United States possesses no power to regulate, or interfere with the domestic concerns,
or police of any state: it belongs not to them to establish any rules respecting the rights of property;
nor will the constitution permit any prohibition of arms to the people."
Saint George Tucker, Blackstone's Commentaries (1803), Volume 1, Appendix, Note D

"Rightful liberty is unobstructed action according to our will within limits drawn around us by the equal
rights of others. I do not add 'within the limits of the law,' because law is often but the tyrant's will,
and always so when it violates the rights of the individual."
Thomas Jefferson

"I have sworn upon the altar of God, eternal hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind of man."
Thomas Jefferson

"The sacred rights of mankind are not to be rummaged for among old parchments, or musty records.
They are written, as with a sunbeam, in the whole volume of human nature by the
hand of the divinity itself; and can never be erased or obscured by mortal power."
Alexander Hamilton

"The Constitution is not an instrument for the government to restrain the people,
it is an instrument for the people to restrain the government - lest
it come to dominate our lives and interests."
Patrick Henry

"A Well-regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."
Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

"The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people."
Ninth Amendment, U.S. Constitution

"All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside.
No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive
any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws."
Fourteenth Amendment, Section One, U.S. Constitution

"A frequent recurrence to fundamental principles is essential to the security of individual rights and the perpetuity of free government."
Article 2, Section 1, Arizona Constitution

"The right of the individual citizen to bear arms in defense of himself or the State shall not be impaired . . . "
Article 2, Section 26, Arizona Constitution

"All political power is inherent in the people, and governments derive their just powers
from the consent of the governed, and are established to protect and maintain individual rights."
Article 2, Section 2, Arizona Constitution

"The provisions of this Constitution are mandatory, unless by express words they are declared to be otherwise."
Article 2, Section 32, Arizona Constitution

"The legislature finds that . . . the citizens of this state have the right, under the Second Amendment to the
United States Constitution and Article 2, Section 26 of the Arizona Constitution, to keep and bear arms."
Title 12, Section 714 (B) (1), Arizona Revised Statutes

"The militia of the State of Arizona shall consist of all capable citizens of the state [between the ages of eighteen and forty-five years],
and of those [between said ages] who shall have declared their intention to become citizens of the United States, residing therein,
subject to such exemptions as now exist, or as may hereafter be created, by the laws of the United States or of this state."
Article 16, Section 1, Arizona Constitution

"The prohibition is general. No clause in the Constitution could by any rule of construction be conceived to give to congress a power
to disarm the people. Such a flagitious attempt could only be made under some general pretence by a state legislature. But if in any blind
pursuit of inordinate power, either should attempt it, this amendment (Second Amendment) may be appealed to as a restraint on both."
William Rawle, A View of the Constitution of the United States of America 125-26 (2d ed. 1829)

L I N K S   O F   L I B E R T Y


The Declaration of Independence
The United States Constitution
The Bill Of Rights
Constitutional Amendments 11 thru 27
The Arizona Constitution
Arizona Revised Statutes

Liberty Organizations, Magazines, Etc..

Ranch Rescue Arizona Chapter
The Tombstone Tumbleweed Newspaper
The Constitution Society
The National Rifle Association
National Review Online
Reason Online
The Declaration Foundation
The Federalist Journal
The Heritage Foundation
The Federalist Society
Jews For The Preservation Of Firearms Ownership
The Second Amendment Foundation
Gun Owners Of America
National Concealed Carry
Citizens Committee For The Right To Keep And Bear Arms
Arizona State Rifle And Pistol Association
The Second Amendment Police Department

Required Reading - Select Legal Articles
May Require Adobe Acrobat Reader

U.S. Court Of Appeals Fifth Circuit Decision In U.S. v. Emerson
Released October 16, 2001
Reaffirms That Second Amendment Protects Individual Right
(text file format)

A Primer On The Constitutional Right To Keep And Bear Arms
Professor Nelson Lund, J.D., Ph.D.
Virginia Institute for Public Policy, Potomac Falls, Virginia, No. 7, June 2002

The Second Amendment In The Nineteenth Century
David B. Kopel
BYU Law Review, p. 1359 (1998)

Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition
David B. Kopel
20 J. of Contemp. L. 381-417 (1994)

The Right to Arms: Does the Constitution or the Predilection of Judges Reign?
Robert Dowlut
36 Okla. L. Rev. 65-105 (1983)

To Preserve Liberty - A Look At The Right To Keep And Bear Arms
Richard E. Gardiner
10 N. Ky. L. Rev. 63-96 (1982)

The Right of the People or the Power of the State
Bearing Arms, Arming Militias and the Second Amendment
Professor Stephen P. Halbrook
Valparaiso Law Review, Vol. 26, Number 1, Page 131 (1991)

The Embarrassing Second Amendment
Sanford Levinson
Yale Law Journal, Volume 99, pp. 637-659

A Right of the People
Professor Eugene Volokh
California Political Review Nov/Dec 1998, p. 23 (1998)

Recommended Second Amendment Legal Articles

Debunking The "Collective" View Myth

Second Class Citizenship And The Second Amendment In The District Of Columbia

A Right of the People, California Political Review, Nov / Dec 1998, p. 23

Academics For The Second Amendment (Amicus Brief In US v. Emerson)

The Right To Keep And Bear Arms: A Right To Self-Defense Against Criminals And Despots

The Jurisprudence Of The Second And Fourteenth Amendments

What The Framers Intended: A Linguistic Analysis Of The Right To Bear Arms

Historical Basis Of The Right To Keep And Bear Arms

The Founders Constitution (University of Chicago)

The Federalist Papers
"The "Federalist" may fairly enough be regarded as the most authentic exposition of the text of the
federal Constitution, as understood by the Body which prepared & the Authority which accepted it. Yet it
did not foresee all the misconstructions which have occurred; nor prevent some that it did foresee."
James Madison to Thomas Jefferson,  8 Feb. 1825, Writings 9:218--20

"The complete independence of the courts of justice is peculiarly essential in a limited Constitution.
By a limited Constitution, I understand one which contains certain specified exceptions to the legislative authority;
such, for instance, as that it shall pass no bills of attainder, no ex-post-facto laws, and the like.
Limitations of this kind can be preserved in practice no other way than through the medium of courts of justice,
whose duty it must be to declare all acts contrary to the manifest tenor of the Constitution void.
Without this, all the reservations of particular rights or privileges would amount to nothing."
Alexander Hamilton, Federalist No. 78

"The right of the citizens to keep and bear arms has justly been considered, as the palladium of the liberties of a republic;
since it offers a strong moral check against the usurpation and arbitrary power of rulers; and will generally, even if
these are successful in the first instance, enable the people to resist and triumph over them."
(Justice) Joseph Story, Dane Professor of Law in Harvard University
Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States (1833), Book III at 746, § 1858

"The general rule is that an unconstitutional statute, though having the form and name of law, is in reality no
law, but is wholly void, and ineffective for any purpose; since unconstitutionality dates from the time of it's
enactment, and not merely from the date of the decision so branding it. No one is bound to obey an
unconstitutional law, and no courts are bound to enforce it."
16 Am Jur 2d, Sec 177 late 2d, Sec 256

Last Updated:
April 19, 2004

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