THE ARIZONA MILITIA
1st Glendale A "Crispus Attucks"
"Rebellion to tyrants is obedience to God."
is recognized as the first Negro and the first American
to die at the beginning of the
American Revolution in the Boston Massacre.
He is the true definition of
a hero and this Company of the Arizona Militia
is formed in his honor and with
an identical goal - LIBERTY for all.
Sic Semper Tyrannis
Militia Mission, Standards And Code Of Conduct
The U.S. Flag is being displayed
upside-down as a sign of distress and an acknowledgement
that the fundamental rule of
law - the Constitution - is under attack from extremist, left-wing,
anti-American individuals and
groups both within and outside the United States.
"If cowardly and dishonorable men sometimes
shoot unarmed men
with army pistols or guns, the evil must be
prevented by the penitentiary and gallows,
and not by a general deprivation of a constitutional
Wilson v. State, 33 Ark. 557, 560 (1878)
"The congress of the United States possesses
no power to regulate, or interfere with the domestic concerns,
or police of any state: it belongs not to
them to establish any rules respecting the rights of property;
nor will the constitution permit any prohibition
of arms to the people."
Saint George Tucker, Blackstone's Commentaries
(1803), Volume 1, Appendix, Note D
"Rightful liberty is unobstructed action according
to our will within limits drawn around us by the equal
rights of others. I do not add 'within the
limits of the law,' because law is often but the tyrant's will,
and always so when it violates the rights
of the individual."
"I have sworn upon the altar of God, eternal
hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind of man."
"The sacred rights of mankind are not to be
rummaged for among old parchments, or musty records.
They are written, as with a sunbeam, in the
whole volume of human nature by the
hand of the divinity itself; and can never
be erased or obscured by mortal power."
"The Constitution is not an instrument for
the government to restrain the people,
it is an instrument for the people to restrain
the government - lest
it come to dominate our lives and interests."
"A Well-regulated Militia, being
necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to
keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."
Second Amendment to the U.S.
"The enumeration in the Constitution,
of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained
by the people."
Ninth Amendment, U.S. Constitution
"All persons born or naturalized
in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens
of the United States and of the state wherein they reside.
No state shall make or enforce
any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of
the United States; nor shall any state deprive
any person of life, liberty,
or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within
its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws."
Fourteenth Amendment, Section
One, U.S. Constitution
"A frequent recurrence to fundamental
principles is essential to the security of individual rights and the perpetuity
of free government."
Article 2, Section 1, Arizona
"The right of the individual
citizen to bear arms in defense of himself or the State shall not be impaired
. . . "
Article 2, Section 26, Arizona
"All political power is inherent
in the people, and governments derive their just powers
from the consent of the governed,
are established to protect and maintain individual rights."
Article 2, Section 2, Arizona
"The provisions of this Constitution
are mandatory, unless by express words they are declared to be otherwise."
Article 2, Section 32, Arizona
"The legislature finds that
. . . the citizens of this state have the right, under the Second Amendment
United States Constitution and
Article 2, Section 26 of the Arizona Constitution, to keep and bear arms."
Title 12, Section 714 (B) (1),
Arizona Revised Statutes
"The militia of the State of
Arizona shall consist of all capable citizens of the state [between the
ages of eighteen and forty-five years],
and of those [between said ages]
who shall have declared their intention to become citizens of the United
States, residing therein,
subject to such exemptions as
now exist, or as may hereafter be created, by the laws of the United States
or of this state."
Article 16, Section 1, Arizona
"The prohibition is general. No clause in
the Constitution could by any rule of construction be conceived to give
to congress a power
to disarm the people. Such a flagitious attempt
could only be made under some general pretence by a state legislature.
But if in any blind
pursuit of inordinate power, either should
attempt it, this amendment (Second Amendment) may be appealed to as a restraint
William Rawle, A View of the Constitution
of the United States of America 125-26 (2d ed. 1829)
L I N K S O F
L I B E R T Y
YOUR COPY OF "SUPREME COURT GUN CASES" HERE
AUTHORED BY DR. STEPHEN HALBROOK, ATTORNEY
AND FELLOW ARIZONAN AND DEAR FRIEND ALAN KORWIN
Declaration of Independence
United States Constitution
Bill Of Rights
Amendments 11 thru 27
Liberty Organizations, Magazines,
Rescue Arizona Chapter
Tombstone Tumbleweed Newspaper
Jews For The
Preservation Of Firearms Ownership
The Second Amendment
Gun Owners Of
Committee For The Right To Keep And Bear Arms
Rifle And Pistol Association
Amendment Police Department
Required Reading - Select
May Require Adobe
Court Of Appeals Fifth Circuit Decision In U.S. v. Emerson
Released October 16, 2001
Reaffirms That Second Amendment Protects
(text file format)
Primer On The Constitutional Right To Keep And Bear Arms
Professor Nelson Lund, J.D., Ph.D.
Virginia Institute for Public Policy, Potomac
Falls, Virginia, No. 7, June 2002
Second Amendment In The Nineteenth Century
David B. Kopel
BYU Law Review, p. 1359 (1998)
Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition
David B. Kopel
20 J. of Contemp. L. 381-417 (1994)
Right to Arms: Does the Constitution or the Predilection of Judges Reign?
36 Okla. L. Rev. 65-105 (1983)
Preserve Liberty - A Look At The Right To Keep And Bear Arms
Richard E. Gardiner
10 N. Ky. L. Rev. 63-96 (1982)
Right of the People or the Power of the State
Arms, Arming Militias and the Second Amendment
Professor Stephen P. Halbrook
Valparaiso Law Review, Vol. 26, Number 1,
Page 131 (1991)
Embarrassing Second Amendment
Yale Law Journal, Volume 99, pp. 637-659
Right of the People
Professor Eugene Volokh
California Political Review Nov/Dec 1998,
p. 23 (1998)
Second Amendment Legal Articles
The "Collective" View Myth
Class Citizenship And The Second Amendment In The District Of Columbia
Right of the People, California Political Review, Nov / Dec 1998, p. 23
For The Second Amendment (Amicus Brief In US v. Emerson)
Right To Keep And Bear Arms: A Right To Self-Defense Against Criminals
Jurisprudence Of The Second And Fourteenth Amendments
The Framers Intended: A Linguistic Analysis Of The Right To Bear Arms
Basis Of The Right To Keep And Bear Arms
Founders Constitution (University of Chicago)
"The "Federalist" may fairly
enough be regarded as the most authentic exposition of the text of the
federal Constitution, as understood
by the Body which prepared & the Authority which accepted it. Yet it
did not foresee all the misconstructions
which have occurred; nor prevent some that it did foresee."
Madison to Thomas Jefferson, 8 Feb. 1825, Writings 9:218--20
"The complete independence of the courts
of justice is peculiarly essential in a limited Constitution.
By a limited Constitution, I understand
one which contains certain specified exceptions to the legislative authority;
such, for instance, as that it shall
pass no bills of attainder, no ex-post-facto laws, and the like.
Limitations of this kind can be preserved
in practice no other way than through the medium of courts of justice,
whose duty it must be to declare all
acts contrary to the manifest tenor of the Constitution void.
Without this, all the reservations of
particular rights or privileges would amount to nothing."
Alexander Hamilton, Federalist No. 78
"The right of the citizens to
keep and bear arms has justly been considered, as the palladium of the
liberties of a republic;
since it offers a strong moral check against
the usurpation and arbitrary power of rulers; and will generally, even
these are successful in the first instance,
enable the people to resist and triumph over them."
(Justice) Joseph Story, Dane Professor of
Law in Harvard University
Commentaries on the Constitution of the United
States (1833), Book III at 746, § 1858
"The general rule is that an unconstitutional
statute, though having the form and name of law, is in reality no
law, but is wholly void, and ineffective for
any purpose; since unconstitutionality dates from the time of it's
enactment, and not merely from the date of
the decision so branding it. No one is bound to obey an
unconstitutional law, and no courts are bound
to enforce it."
16 Am Jur 2d, Sec 177 late 2d, Sec 256
April 19, 2004
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