Genealogy of the House of Fushimi-no-miya

In the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Prince Sadatsune (1425-1474), the brother of Emperor Go-Hanazono (r. 1429-1465), founded the House of Fushimi-no-miya. The entire modern Japanese Imperial Family descends from Prince Fushimi Kuniye, the twenty-first head of the Fushimi-no-miya house. By 1922, through dying off and branching out, there were twelve collateral branches of the Imperial Family: two shinnōke (the Fushimi and the revived Kan'in houses) and ten ōke (Yamashina, Kuni, Kaya, Nashimoto, Asaka, Higashikuni, Kitashirakawa, Takeda, Kacho, Higashi-Fushimi). All collateral branches, except the extinct Arisugawa, descended from Prince Kuniye. The younger sons of Prince Kuni Asahiko founded the princley houses of Kaya, Asaka, and Higashikuni; another son succeeded to the Nashimoto house. The Takeda house was an offshoot of the Kitashirakawa house. The house of Komatsu reverted to the original title of Higashi Fushimi after the death of Prince Komatsu Akihito in 1903. The names of the heads of the princely houses appear in bold.


  1. Prince Fushimi Kuniye, b. 1802, d. 1875; tweny-first head of Fushimi-no-miya house; had issue by various women: four daughters and seventeen sons, the most prominent of whom were:
    1. Prince Yamashina Akira (Yamashina no miya Akira Shinnō), first son, b. at Kyoto 22 Oct. 1816, d. at Tokyo 17 Feb. 1898; cr. Yamashina-no-miya and granted the rank of shinnō, 1864; m. Princess Katsura (Sumiko), a daughter of Emperor Ninko, and had issue:
      1. Prince Yamashina Kikumaro (Yamashina no miya Kikumaro Shinnō), b. at Kyoto 3 Jul. 1873, d. at Tokyo 2 May  1908; succeeded Prince Moriosa as the second Nashimoto no miya, 1885; relinquished title in favor of Prince Morimasa, 2 Dec. 1885; succeeded his father as second Yamashina-no-miya, 17 Feb. 1898; m. (1) at Tokyo 14  Sept. 1895 Yoshiko, (b. 4 Dec. 1878, d. at Tokyo 11 Nov.  1901), daughter of Marquis Daigo Tadyori, and had issue; m. (2) at Tokyo 2 Feb. 1902 Hisako, (b. 7 Feb. 1882, d. at Tokyo 26 Feb. 1938), eldest daughter of Prince Shimazu Tadayoshi [peer] and elder sister of Empress Teimei; and had issue:
        1. (by Daigo Yoshiko) Prince Yamashina Takehiko (Yamashina no miya Takehito ō), b. at Tokyo 13 Feb. 1898, d. at Tokyo 10 Aug.  1987; succeeded as third Yamashina-no-miya, 2 May 1908; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, Oct. 14 1947, and adopted the surname Yamashina; m. 1922 , Princess Sakiko (Sakiko Nyoō, b. 1903, d. at Tokyo 1 Sept. 1923 in Great Kanto Earthquake), the daughter of Prince Kaya Kuninori; no issue.
        2. (by Daigo Yoshiko) Prince Yoshimaro (Yoshimaro ō), b. at Tokyo 5 July 1900, d. at Kanagawa 29 Jan. 1989; renounced imperial title and cr. Marquis Yamashina, 1920; lost title with enforcement of present Japanese Constitution, 3 May 1947 and adopted the surname Yamashina; founder and president of the Yamashina Institute for Ornithology; m. Sakai Sugako, younger sister of Count Sakai Tadakatsu, and had issue.
        3. (by Daigo Yoshiko) Princess Yasuko (Yasuko Nyoō), b. 31 Oct. 1901, d.?, m. 1931, the Hon. Asano Nagatake, b.1895, d.?, eldest son of  Marquis Asano, former daimyo of Hiroshima; succeeded as second Marquis, 1940; had issue.
        4. (by Shimazu Hisako) Prince Fujimaro (Fujimaro ō) , b. 5 Feb. 1905, renounced imperial title and cr.  Marquis Tsukada, 1928; lost title with enforcement of present Japanese Constitution, 3 May 1947 and adopted the surname Tsukada; chief priest of the Yasukuni Shrine.
        5. (by Shimazu Hisako) Prince Higamaro (Higamaro ō), b. 21 Apr. 1906, d. Aug. 1932, renounced imperial title and cr. Count Kawashima, 1929.
        6. (by Shimazu Hisako) Prince Shigamaro (Shigamaro ō), b. 21 Apr. 1908, renounced imperial title and cr. Count Katsuragi, 1929; lost title with the enforcement of present Japanese Constitution, 3 May 1947 and adopted the surname Katsuragi.
    2. Prince Kuni Asahiko (Kuni no miya Asahiko Shinnō), Grand Custodian of the Ise Shrine, fourth son, b. at Kyoto 27 Feb. 1824, d. at Tokyo 29 Oct. 1891; adopted by Emperor Ninko, 1826 and shortly thereafter entered the priesthood under the title Sonyo Hoshinnō; returned to secular status, 1863, and cr. Nakagawa-no-miya; cr.  Kuni-no-miya and granted the rank of shinnō, 1871; served as grand custodian of the Ise Shrine, 1871-1891; had issue by five different women: (1) Izumitie Shizue (b. at Kyoto 25 May 1846, d. 14 Dec. 1914), second daughter of Isumitise Shun'eki, a priest in the Kamo Shrine, Kyoto, (2)  Izumi Makiko, (3) Harada Mitsue, (4) Tarao Utako, and (5) Tsunoda Sugako.
      1.  (by Izumitei Shizue) Princess Chita (Chita no miya), b.at Kyoto 10 Apr. 1864, d. there 14 Sept. 1866.
      2. (by Izumitie Shizue) Prince Muchimaro (Muchimaro ō), b. at Kyoto, 25 Mar. 1965, d. there 10 Jan. 1866.
      3. (by Izumitei Shizue) Prince Kaya Kuninori (Kaya no miya Kuninori Shinnō), Grand Custodian of the Ise Shrine, b. at Kyoto 1 Sept. 1867, d. at Kyoto 8 Dec. 1909; originally titled Iwa- no-miya; called Iwaomaro from 15 Mar. 1874; changed his name to Kuninori 21 Jul. 1886; excluded from the succession to the house of Kuni no miya on the grounds of ill health, 7 Mar. 1887; served as grand custodian of the Ise Shrine, 1895-1909, succeeding Prince Arisugawa Taruhito; cr. Kaya-no-miya (ad personam) and granted the rank of shinnō, 17 Dec. 1892; authorized to form the princely house of Kaya-no-miya, 4 May 1900;  m. at  Kyoto 26 Nov. 1892 Yoshiko (b. at Kyoto 7 Dec. 1865, d. at Kyoto 21 Nov. 1941), elder daughter of Marquis Daigo Tadayori; had issue:
        1. Prince Kaya Tsuneyori (Kaya no miya Tsuneyori ō), b. at Kyoto 27 Jan. 1900, d. at Tokyo 3 Jan. 1978; succeeded as second Kaya-no-miya, 8 Dec. 1909; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947, and adopted the surname Kaya; m. at Tokyo 3 May 1921 Toshiko (b. 16 May 1903, d. at Tokyo 23 Mar.  1995), fifth daughter of Prince Kujo Michizane [peer]; had issue:
          1. Prince Kuninaga (Kuninago ō), b. 21 Apr. 1922, d. 19 Apr. 1986; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947; succeeded as 3rd head of the former Kaya-no-miya family, 3 Jan. 1978; m. Tsuneko (b. 26 Mar. 1930), second daughter of Takagi Sadaharu; marriage dissolved 1985; no issue.
          2. Princess Michiko (Michiko Nyoō), b. 29 July 1923; m. Tokudaiji Munesada (b. Jul. 1921, k. Mar. 1946), second son of Prince Tokudaiji Saneatsu [peer]; marriage dissolved Sept. 1945
          3. Prince Harunori (Harunori ō) b. 3 Jul. 1926; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947; director, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Training Institute; former ambassador to Israel (1981-83), to Denmark (1983-89), and to Brazil (1989-93); m. Tomoko (b. 28 Jul. 1935), elder daughter of Baron Matsuda Masaayuki; no issue.
          4. Prince Akinori (Akinori ō), b. 17 Aug. 1929; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947; director, Daiichi Kangyo Bank Management Centre; m. Yoshiko (b. 20 Feb. 1933), eldest daughter of Yamamoto Eizō; has issue:
            1. Kaya Akiko, b. 1956
            2. Kaya Masanori, b. 1959
          5. Prince Fuminori (Fuminori ō), b. 12 Jul. 1931
          6. Prince Munenori, b. 24 Nov. 1935; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947; m. Kazuko (b. 12 Jun. 1940, d. Dec. 1990), second daughter of Fujii Katsumasa.
        2. Princess Sachiko (Sachiko Nyoō), b. 1903, d. 1 Sept. 1923; m. Prince Yamashina (Takehito) (see above)
      4. (by Izumitei Shizue) Princess Akiko (Akiko Nyoō), b. at Kyoto 6 Jul. 1870, d. of influenza at Tokyo 19 Jan. 1920, m. at Tokyo 27 Dec. 1890 Marquis Ikeda Tadamasa, who resigned his title in favor of his son, 17 June 1908 (b. at Kyoto 10 Jan. 1866, d. at Tokyo 1 June 1909), had issue, 1 son and 2 daughters.
      5. (by Izumeitei Sizue) Princess Ayako (Ayako Nyoō), b. at Kyoto 31 May  1872, d. Tokyo 26 Jul. 1946; originally named Haruko, assumed the name Ayako, 18 Dec. 1888, m. at Tokyo 26 Dec.1892 Viscount Takenuchi Koritada (b. at Kyoto, 5 Dec. 1858; d. at Tokyo 26 Dec. 1907), had issue, 2 sons and one daughter.
      6. (by Izumeitie Sizue) Prince Kuni Taka (Kuni no miya Taka ō), Grand Custodian of the Ise Shrine; b. at Kyoto 17 Aug. 1875, d. at Kyoto 1 Oct. 1937; served as temporary grand custodian of the Ise Shrine, Sept. 1909, due to the illness of Prince Kaya Kuninori (Kuninori ō); appointed permament grand custodian of the Ise Shrine in 1909 and served until his death; m. in the Imperial Palace, Tokyo 9 Mar. 1907 Shizuko (b. 1 Sept. 1884, d. 27 Sept. 1959), the eldest daughter of Viscount Minase Tadasuki and had issue:
        1. Princess Hatsuko (Hatsuko Nyoō), b. 16 Apr. 1911, d. 26 June 1915
        2. Prince Yoshihiko (Yoshihiko ō), b. 29 May 1912, d. 18 June 1918
        3. Princess Kuniko (Kuniko Nyoō), b. at Kyoto 18 May 1917, d. 1996, m. 2 Apr. 1939 Prince Nijō Tanemoto [peer] (b. 10 June 1910, d. 28 Aug. 1985) and had issue
        4. Prince Iehiko (Iehiko ō), b. at Kyoto 17 Mar. 1920; renounced imperial title and cr. Count Uji, Oct. 1942; lost title with enforcement of current Japanese Constitution, 3 May 1947, and adopted the surname Uji; m. Kazuko (b. 26 June 1926), third daughter of Prince Takatsukasa Nubusuke [peer], by his wife Yasuko, second daughter of Prince Tokugawa Iesata [peer], and has issue:
          1. Uji Yoshihiko, b. 13 Aug. 1946
          2. Uji Iehiro, b. 15 Oct. 1948
        5. Prince Norihiko (Norihiko ō), b. 22 Nov. 1922, renounced imperial title and cr. Count Tatsuda, 7 June 1943; lost title with enforcement of current Japanese Constitution, 3 May 1947, and adopted the surname Tatsuda; m. 1945 Princess Masako (b. 8 Dec. 1926), eldest daughter of Prince Kuni Asaakira (and thus, his paternal first cousin once removed), marriage dissolved 1979; adopted by former Princess Nashimoto Itsuko, 28 Apr. 1966, made legal heir of the former Nashimoto no miya house; changed surname to Nashimoto, has issue:
          1. Nashimoto Norihisa, b. 20 Sept. 1946, m. Fumiko (b. 28 Jan 1952), eldest daughter of Murooka Hajime, and has issue:
            1. Yoshimitsu, b. 15 May 1980
          2. Nashimoto Toyoko, b.12  Feb. 1949, m. Nichizaka Toyonobu
          3. Nashimoto Kayoko, b. 20 Mar. 1952, m. Kichu
      7. (by Izumitei Shizue) Prince Nobu (Nobu-ō), b. at Kyoto 28 Dec. 1876, d. there 7 Aug. 1877.
      8. (by Izumitei Shizue) Princess Suzuko (Suzuko-Nyoō), b. at Kyoto 16 Oct. 1878, d. at Tokyo 3 Jan. 1947, m. at Tokyo 28 Oct. 1899 (as his second wife) Count Mibu Moto
      9. (by Isumi Makiko) Princess Sakako (Sakako-Nyoō), b. at Kyoto 18 Feb. 1868, d. 9 Jan. 1949; m. at Tokyo 26 Sept. 1889 Viscount Higashizono Motonaru (b. at Kyoto Jul 21, 1951, d. 9 Nov. 1920), no issue.
      10. (by Isume Makiko) Princess Hiroko (Hiroko-Nyoō), b. at Kyoto 19 Jun. 1871, d. there 22 Nov. 1889.
      11. (by Isume Makiko) Prince Kuni Kuniyoshi (Kuni no miya Kuniyoshi ō), Field Marshal, b. at Kyoto 23 Jul. 1873, d. in Atami 29 Jan. 1929; succeeded as second Kuni-no-miya, 29 Oct. 1891; m. in Imperial Palace, Tokyo 13 Dec. 1899 Chikako (b. in Kagoshima 19 Oct. 1879, d. at Tokyo 10 Sept. 1956), seventh daughter of Prince Shimazu Tadayoshi [peer], and had issue:
        1. Prince Kuni Asaakira (Kuni no miya Asaakira ō), b. at Tokyo 2 Feb. 1901, d. at Tokyo 7 Dec. 1959; succeeded as third Kuni-no-miya, 29 Jan. 1929; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947, and adopted the surname Kuni; m. 25 Jan. 1925, Princess Tomoko (Tomoko Nyoō, b. 18 May 1907, d. 30 Jun. 1947), third daughter of Prince Fushimi Hiroyasu, and had issue:
          1. Princess Masako (Masako Nyoō), b. 8 Dec. 1926; m. 1945 Count Tatsuda Norihiko (b. 22 Nov.  1922), third son of Prince Kuni Taka (see above) and adopted heir of former Princess Nashimoto Itsuko (from 28 Apr. 1966), marriage dissolved 1979, and has issue.
          2. Princess Asako (Asako Nyoō), b. 23 Oct. 1927, m. Shimazu Nirichika;
          3. Prince Kuniaki (Kuniaki ō), b. 25 Mar. 1929; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947; succeeded his father as fourth head of the former Kuni-no-miya family, 7 Dec. 1959; currently Chief Priest of the Grand Ise Shrine; m. Hirose Masako (b. 1934) and has issue:
            1. Kuni Asatake, b. 1958
            2. Kuni Kuniharu, b. 1962
            3. Kuni Akiko, b. 1964
          4. Princess Michiko (Michiko Nyoō), b. 4 Sept. 1933; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947
          5. Prince Asatake (Asatake ō), b. 11 May 1940; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947;  m. Nashimura Akiko
          6. Princess Noriko (Noriko Nyoō), b. 18 Sept. 1941; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947;  m. former Baron Furakawa Junnosuke
        2. Prince Kunihisa (Kunihisa ō), b. 10 Mar.  1901; d. 1 Apr. 1936; rennounced imperial title and cr. Marquis Kuni, 1923.
          1. (adopted) Saneyoshi, b. 5 Aug. 1931, second son of Count and Countess Sanjōnishi Kinosa; nephew and adopted son of Marquis Kuni Kunihisa; succeed his uncle as second Marquis Kuni, 1 Apr. 1936; lost his title with enforcement of the current Japanese Constitution 3 May 1947, and adopted surname Kuni; m. Misao, b. 29 Dec. 1929, eldest daughter of Taguchi Shigeru, and has issue: two sons
        3. Princess Nagako (Nagako Nyoō), b. at Tokyo 6 Mar. 1903; d. at Fukiage Omiya Residence, Imperial Palace, Tokyo 16 Jun. 2000; m. in the Imperial Palace, Tokyo 26 Jan. 1924 Emperor Shōwa (as Prince Regent Hirohito), (b. at Aoyama Palace, Tokyo 29 Apr. 1901, d. Jan. 7, 1989, eldest son of Emperor Taisho and Empress Teimei;  heir apparent upon the ascension of Emperor Taisho, 30 Jul. 1912; invested as Crown Prince, 2 Nov.  1916; Prince Regent from 25 Nov. 1921; reigned 25 Dec. 1926 to 7 Jan. 1989); Crown Princess from 26 Jan. 1924 to 25 Dec. 1926; Empress from 26 Dec. 1926 to 7 Jan. 1989; Empress Dowager from 7 Jan. 1989 to 16 Jun. 2000; posthumously titled Empress Kojun; and had issue  (see Geneology of the Imperial Line II)
        4. Princess Nobuko (Nobuko Nyoō), b. at Tokyo 30 Mar. 1904, d. 8 Nov. 1945; m. 1924 (as his first wife) Count Sanjōnishi Kinosa (b. 8 Jan. 1901, d. 25 Jan. 1984), elder son of  Count Sanjōnishi Saneyoshi, and had issue:
          1. Sanjōnishi Hatsuko, b. 22 Apr. 1926, m. Shijō Takasada, (b. 14 Oct. 1918, d. 21 Feb. 1983), fourth son of Baron Shijō Takafusa, and has issue: three sons.
          2. Sanjōnishi Takako, b. 5 Sept. 1927, m. Viscount Kinoshita Tashitomi (b. Feb. 21, 1922, d. Jan. 6, 1974), only son of Viscount Kinoshita Toshiharu, and has issue: two daughters.
          3. Sanjōnishi Sanenori, b. 20 Sept. 1929; m.  Koto (b. 23 Feb. 1927), fourth daughter of Saitō Kakuzō, and has issue: three sons.
          4. Sanjōnishi Saneyoshi, b. 5 Aug. 1931, adopted by his uncle, Marquis Kuni Kunihisa, succeed as second Marquis Kuni, 1 Apr. 1936; lost title with enforcement of the current Japanese Constitution, 3 May 1947, and assumed the surname Kuni; m. Misao, (b. 29 Dec. 1929) eldest daughter of Taguchi Shigeru, and has issue: two sons.
          5. Sanjōnishi Hiroko, b. 8 Jan. 1933. d. 29 Nov. 2000 at Izumo, Shimane Prefecture; m. Kitajima Fusanori (b. 16 Apr. 1925), only son of Baron Kitajima Yoshinori, and has issue: one son and one daughter.
        5. Princess Satoko (Satoko Nyoō), b. 1 Sept. 1906, d. 15 Nov.1989, m. 1924 Count Ōtani Kocho (b. 1 Oct. 1903, d. 12 Apr. 1993), fourth leader of Highasi Hongangi Temple, Kyoto and head of the Shinshū Ōtani Sect (1925-1969), and had issue:
          1. Ōtani Kōshō, b. 8 Mar.1925, head of the Tokyo Honganzi, m. Kiyoko, b.25 Dec. 1940, eldest daughter of Nijō Hideastsu, and has issue: two sons and two daughters.
          2. Ōtani Mitsuko, b. 18 Mar. 1928, m. Ōga Hirohsi.
        6. Prince Kunihide (Kunihide ō), b. 10 May 1910; renounced imperial title and cr. Count Higashi-Fushimi, 4 Apr. 1931; entered holy orders and assumed the religious name Jigō, 1945; lost title with enforcement of new Constitution, 3 May 1947 and adopted the surname Higashi-Fushimi; became zasu (chief priest) of Soren-in, 1953 [a post his grandfather Prince Kuni Asahiko held before laicization]; elected chairman, Kyoto Buddhist Association, 1983; m. 1938 Yasuko (b. 12 May 1918), second daughter of Count Kamei Koretsune, and has issue:
          1. Higashi-Fushimi Kuniko, b. 29 Apr. 1939, m. Nishikawa Noboru
          2. Higashi-Fushimi Akiyoshi, b. 10 Oct. 1940, m. Reiko (b. 14 Jan. 1944), eldest daughter of Tahimi Kazuo, and has issue:
            1. Higashi-Fushimi Yukio, b. 10 Jul. 1969
            2. Higashi-Fushimi Momoko, 6 Aug. 1974
          3. Higashi-Fushimi Jikō, originally named Moriyoshi, b. 21 June 1942; m. Tomoko (b. 1 Apr. 1951), eldest daughter of Tani Ryūtarō.
          4. Higashi-Fushimi Toshiyoshi, b. Oct
      12. (by Izumi Makiko) Princess Motoko (Motoko-Nyoō), b. at Tokyo 27 Mar. 1876, d. at Tokyo 21 Jan. 1918;  m. at Tokyo 15 Nov. 1893 Viscount. Sengoku Masayuki (b. 26 May 1872, d. 16 Sept. 1935), eldest son of Viscount Sengoku Masakata, and had issue: 4 sons and 3 daughters.
      13. (by Izumi Makiko) Princess Yasuko (Yasuko-Nyoō), b. at Kyoto 21 Jun. 1878, d. there 16 Jul. 1879.
      14. (by Izumi Makiko) Prince Tarashihiko (Hitokoto Tarashihiko no Mikoto), b. and d. at Kyoto 24 Sept. 1881.
      15. (by Harada Mitsue) Prince Nashimoto Morimasa (Nashimoto no miya Morimasa ō), Field Marshal and Grand Custodian of the Ise Shrine, b. at Kyoto 9 Mar. 1874, d. at Tokyo 2 Jan. 1951; originally named Prince Tada (Tada-ō), succeeded as 3rd  Nashimoto-no-miya upon the resignation of his cousin Prince Kikumaro (Kikumaro ō), 2 Dec. 1885; assumed the name Morimasa, 8 Jun. 1886; succeeded his late half-brother, Prince Kuni Taka (Taka ō), as chief priest of the Grand Ise Shrine, Oct. 1937, and served until 1946; arrested as a Class "A" war criminal, 2 Dec. 1945 and imprisoned in Sugamo Prison; released Apr. 13, 1946; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947, and adopted the surname Nashimoto; m. at the Imperial Palace, Tokyo 28 Nov. 1900 Itsuko (b. 2 Feb. 1882, d. 18 Aug. 1976), second daughter of Marquis Nabeshima Naohiro, sometime Japanese ambassador to Italy, and had issue:
        1. Princess Masako (Masako Nyoō), titled Princess Yi Pangja after marriage; b. at Tokyo 10 Nov. 1900, d. at Seoul 30 Aug. 1989; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947;  m. at Tokyo 28  Apr.  1921 Crown Prince Yi Un (or Ri Gin) of Korea (b. at Seoul 20 Oct. 1897, d. in Seoul 1 May 1970), seventh son of the Emperor Kojong (Yi Hyong) of Korea (b. 8 Sept. 1852, d. at Seoul 21 Jan. 1919) by his fifth wife, Emily Brown alias Lady Om Kwibi (b. 5 Nov. 1854; d. 20 Jul. 1911); succeeded his older half-brother, the former Emperor Sunjong (Prince Yi Chak or Ri Seki), as head of the former Korean royal house, 26 Apr. 1926; had issue:
          1. Prince Yi Chin (Ri Shin) of Korea, b. at Seoul 18 Aug. 1921, d. at Seoul 11 May 1922
          2. Prince Yi Kyu (or Ri Kyu) of Korea, pretender to the Korean throne, b. at Tokyo 29 Dec. 1931; renounced title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947; succeeded his father as governor of the Yi Royal Family Association, 1 May 1970; m. at Tokyo 25 Oct. 1959 Julia Lee, nee Mullock (b. 18 Mar. 1928); marriage dissolved, 1982; no issue
        2. Princess Noriko (Noriko Nyoō), b. 27 Apr. 1907; d. 1992; m. 1926, Count Hirohashi Tadamitsu.
        3. (Adopted by Nashimoto Itsuko, 28 Apr. 1966) Norihiko, b. 19 Nov. 1922, third son of Prince Kuni Taka, renounced imperial title and cr. Count Tatsuda, 7 Jun. 1943; lost title with enforcement of the present Japanese Constitution, 3 May 1947 (see above).
      16. (by Tsunoda Sugako) Prince Asaka Yasuhiko (Asaka no miya Yasuhiko-ō), b. at Kyoto 2 Oct. 1887, d. at Atami 13 Apr. 1981; cr. Asaka-no-miya, 30 Mar. 1906; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947, and adopted the surname Asaka; m. in the Imperial Palace Tokyo, 6 May 1909 Princess Fami (Fami no miya Nobuko Naishinnō ), ( b. at the Aoyama Palance, Tokyo 7 Aug. 1891,  d. at Tokyo 3 Nov. 1933) eighth daughter of Emperor Meiji; and had issue:
        1. Prince Takahiko (Takahiko ō), b. at Tokyo 8 Oct. 1912, d. at Tokyo 5 May 1994; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947 and adopted the surname Asaka; succeeded his father as second head of the former Asaka no miya house, 13 Apr. 1981; m. at Tokyo 16 Dec. 1935 Chikako (b. 5 May 1921), the fifth daughter of Count Todo Takatsugu; had issue:
          1. Princess Fukuko (Fukuko Nyoō), b. 11 Dec. 1941; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947.
          2. Prince Tomohiko (Tomohiko ō), b. 1944; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947; succeeded his father as third head of the former Asaka no miya house, 5 May 1994
            1. Asaka Haruhiko, b. 1972
          3. Princess Minoko (Minoko Nyoō), b. 1946; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947.
        2. Prince Tadahito (Tadahito ō), b. at Tokyo 4 Jan. 1914, d. 1944?; renounced imperial title and cr. Marquis Otowa, 1936.
        3. Princess Kikuko (Kikuko Nyoō), b. at Tokyo 1911, d. 1989 m. Marquis Nabeshima Naoyasu
        4. Princess Kiyoko (Kiyoko Nyoō), b. at Tokyo 2 Aug. 1919, m. Count Ogyu Yoshiatsu
      17. (by Terao Utako) Princess Atsuko (Atasuko Nyoō), b. at Kyoto 8 Mar. 1884, d. at Tokyo 13 Jun. 1911; m. at Tokyo 21 Nov. 1901 Viscount Oda Hidezane (b. 11 Jun. 1875, d. at Tokyo 1 Apr. 1907), having had issue, 3 sons and 1 daughter.
      18. (by Terao Utako) Prince Higashikuni Naruhiko (Higashikuni no miya Naruhiko ō), b. in the Nashimoto no miya Bette, Kawaramachi, Kyoto 3 Dec. 1887, d. at Tokyo 20 Jan. 1990; cr. Higashikuni-no-miya, 3 Nov. 1906; appointed prime minister 14 Aug. 1945 and resigned 9 Oct. 1945; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947, and adopted the surname Higashikuni; m. at the Imperial Palace, Tokyo 18 May 1915 Princess Yasu (Yasu no miya Toshiko-Naishinnō), (b. in Aoyama Palace, Tokyo 11 May 1896, d. at Tokyo 5 Mar. 1978), ninth daughter of Emperor Meiji; had issue:
        1. Prince Morihiro (Morihiro ō), b. at Tokyo 6 May 1916, d. at Tokyo 1 Feb. 1969; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947 and adopted the surname Higashikuni;  m. (1) 10 Oct. 1943, Princess Teru (Shigeko), b. 9 Dec. 1925, d. 23 Jul. 1961, eldest daughter of Emperor Shōwa and Empress Nagako; had issue; m. (2) 1964 Terao Yoshiko, and had issue
          1. Prince Nobuhiko (Nobuhiko ō), b. at Tokyo 9 Mar. 1944; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947; m. 1973 Miss Shimada Yoshiko; has issue:
            1. Masahiko, b. 1974
          2. Princess Fumiko (Fumiko Nyoō), b. at Tokyo 23 Dec. 1945; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct 1947;  m. at Tokyo 23  Mar. 1968 Mr. Omura Kazutoshi (b. 1940)
          3. Higashikuni Naohiko, b. 1948, m. at Tokyo 27 Feb. 1978 Miss Sato Kazuko (b.1957)
          4. Higashikuni Hidehiko, b. 30 Jun. 1949 (later adopted by the Mibu family)
          5. Higashikuni Yuko, b. 1950
        2. Prince Moromasa (Moromasa ō), b. at Tokyo 1917, d. at Tokyo 1 Sept. 1923 in Great Kanto Earthquake.
        3. Prince Akitsune (Akitsune ō), b. at Tokyo 13 May 1920, renounced imperial title and cr. Marquis Awata, 1940; lost title with enforcement of current Japanese Constitution; 3 May 1947 and adopted the surname Awata.
        4. Prince Toshihiko (Toshihiko ō), b. at Tokyo 24 Mar. 1929, renounced imperial title and cr. Count Tarama, 1943; lost title with enforcement of current Japanese Constitution; 3 May 1947 and adopted the surname Tarama. 
    3. Princess Hisasko (Hisako Nyoō), b. 26 Feb. 1826, m. 7 Nov. 1868 Lord Nijo Noriyuki.
    4. Prince Kacho Hirostune (Kacho no miya Hirostune ō), fifth son, b. 1840, d. 1894, cr.  Kachô-no-miya, 1868.
    5. Prince Komatsu Akihito (Komatsu no miya Akihito Shinnō), Field Marshal, seventh son, b. at Kyoto 11 Feb. 1846, d. at Tokyo 18 Feb. 1903; originally named Yoshiaki; cr. Higashi-Fushimi-no-miya and elevated to the rank of shinnō, 1867; changed title to Komatsu-no-miya and his personal name to Akihito, 1872; m. at Kyoto 6 Nov. 1869 Yoriko (b. 18 Jun. 1852, d. at Tokyo 26 Jun. 1914), daughter of Lord Arima Yorishige, no issue.
    6. Princess Bunshu, b. 17 Mar. 1844
    7. Prince Kitashirakawa Toshinari (Kitashirakawa no miya Toshinari Shinnō), eighth son, b. 1844, d. 1872; entered Buddhist monastery under the title Shôgoin-no-miya; recalled to secular status; cr. first Kitashirakawa-no-miya and elevated to the rank of shinnō, 1872.
    8. Prince Kitashirakawa Yoshihisa (Kitashirakawa no miya Yoshihisa Shinnō), ninth son, b. at Kyoto 1 Apr. 1847, d. at Formosa (now Taiwan) 5 Nov. 1895; succeeded his brother as second Kitashirakawa-no-miya and elevated to the rank of shinnō , 1872; m. Apr. 1886, Tomoko (b. 1 Oct. 1862, d. 1935), adopted daughter of Prince Shimazu Hisamitsu [peer], and had issue:
      1. Prince Kitashirakawa Naruhisa (Kitashirakawa no miya Naruhisa ō), b. at Tokyo 1 Apr. 1887, d. at Farrière-al-Champaigne, France 2 Apr.1923 in an automobile accident; succeeded as 3rd Kitashirakawa-no-miya, 5 Nov. 1895; m. at Imperial Palace, Tokyo 29 Apr. 1909 Princess Kane (Kane no miya Fusako-Naishinnō), (b. at Aoyama Palace, Tokyo 28 Jan. 1890, d. at Tokyo 11 Aug. 1974), seventh daughter of Emperor Meiji; appointed grand custodian of the Ise Shrine, Apr. 1947, and served until her death, Aug. 1974; renounced imperial title and became commoner, 14 Oct. 1947, and adopted the surname, Kitashirakawa; had issue:
        1. Prince Kitashirakawa Nagahisa (Kitashirakawa no miya Nagahisa ō), b. 10 Feb. 1910, d. 14 Sept. 1940 on active duty in Mongolia; succeeded as fourth Kitashirakawa-no-miya, Apr. 21, 1923; m. Apr. 25, 1935 Sachiko (b. at Tokyo 26 Apr. 1916), the second daughter of the late Baron Tokugawa Yoshinori, divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947, and assumed the surname Kitashirakawa; chief lady-in-waiting to the Empress Kojun (Nagako) from 14 Oct. 1947 to 16 Jun. 2000, and had issue:
          1. Prince Kitashirakawa Michihisa (Kitashirakawa no miya Michihisa ō) b. at Tokyo 5 Feb. 1937, succeeded as fifth Kitashirakawa-no-miya, 14 Sept. 1940; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947, and adopted the surname Kitashirakawa; m. 1967, Shimazu Kieko, and has issue:
            1. Kitashirakawa Naoko, b. 1969
            2. Kitashirakawa Nobuko, b. 1971
            3. Kitashirakawa Akiko, b. 1973
          2. Princess Hatsuko (Hatsuko Nyoō), b. 1939; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947; m. Shimazu Tadahiro, and has issue
        2. Princess Mineko (Mineko Nyoō), b. 1910, m. 1933, Viscount Tachibana Tanekatsu, b. 1912
        3. Princess Sawako (Sawako Nyoō), b. 1913, m. Viscount Higashizano Motobuni, b. 1919
        4. Princess Taeko (Taeko Nyoō), b. Apr. 12, 1920, m. Count Tokugawa Yoshihisa, b. 1918.
      2. Prince Takeda Tsunehisa (Takeda no miya Tsunehisa ō), b. 22 Sept. 1882, d. 23 Apr. 1919; son of Prince Kitashirakawa (Yoshihisa); cr. Takeda-no-miya, 30 Mar. 1906; m. 30 Apr. 1908 Princess Tsune (Tsune no miya Masako Naishinnō), (b. in the Aoyama Palace, 30 Sept. 1888; d. at Tokyo 8 Mar. 1940), sixth daughter of Emperor Meiji; and had issue:
        1. Prince Takeda Tsuneyoshi (Takeda no miya Tsuneyoshi ō), b. at Tokyo Mar. 3, 1909, d. at Tokyo May 12, 1992, succeeded as second Takeda-no-miya, Apr. 23, 1919; renounced imperial title and became commoner, 14 Oct. 1947, and adopted the surname Takeda; m. in the Imperial Palace, Tokyo 12 May 1934, Sanjo Mitsuko (b. 6 Nov. 1915), the youngest daughter of Prince Sanjo Kiteru [peer] and had issue:
          1. Prince Tsunetada (Tsunetada ō), b. 1940; renounced imperial title and became commoner , 14 Oct. 1947; succeeded his father as third head of the former Takeda-no-miya family, 12 May 1992; m. Nezu Kyoko, daughter of Nezu Kaichiro, president of Tobu Railways, and has issue:
            1. Takeda Tsunetaka, b. 1967
            2. Takeda Hiroko, b. 1971
          2. Princess Motoko (Motoko Nyoō), b. 1942; renounced imperial title and became commoner, 14 Oct. 1947
          3. Princess Noriko (Noriko Nyoō) b. 1943; renounced imperial title and became commoner, 14 Oct. 1947
          4. Prince Tsunekazu (Tsunekazu ō), b. 1944 ; renounced imperial title and became commoner, 14 Oct. 1947
          5. Prince Tsuneharu (Tsuneharu ō), b. 1945; renounced imperial title and became commoner, 14 Oct. 1947; m.  Kimiko, daughter of Okada Shigeru, former president of Mitsukoshi.
        2. Princess Ayako (Ayako Nyoō), b. 1912, m. Count Sano Tsunemitsu, b. 1910, and had issue.
      3. Princess Hiroko (Hiroko Nyoō), b. 21 May 1885; m. 1915, Count Futaara Yoshinori
      4. Prince Yoshiyaki (Yoshiyaki ō), b. 26 Oct. 1886, d. 18 Aug. 1909;  renounced imperial title and cr.  Count Futara, 1 Jul. 1897
      5. Princess Sadako (Sadako Nyoō), b. 6 Aug. 1887; m. Count Arima Yoriyasu
      6. Prince Teruhisa (Teruhisa ō), b. 2 Aug. 1888; cr.  Marquis Komatsu, 1911
      7. Princess Takeko (Takeko ō), b. 28 Mar. 1890; m. 1911, Viscount Hoshina Massaki
    9. Princess Nichiyei (Nichiyei Nyoō), b. 3 Apr. 1855; became a Buddhist nun under the style Abbess Nichiyei Murakumo.
    10. Princess Takeko (Takeko Nyoō), b. 4 Jan. 1858, m. 19 Dec. 1877, Viscount Matsudaira Tadayuki.
    11. Prince Ienori (Ienori ō), b. 19 Jun. 1862, d. 13 Jul. 1923; renounced imperial title and cr. Count Kiyoso, 29 Jun. 1888; m. Masako (b. 14 Jan. 1861), aunt of Viscount Kurohashi; no issue
    12. Prince Fushimi Sadanaru (Fushimi no miya Sadanaru Shinnō), Field Marshal, fourteenth son, b. at Kyoto 28 Apr. 1858, d. at Tokyo 5 Feb.1923; succeeded his father as the twenty-second Fushimi-no-miya, 1875; m. at Tokyo 9 Oct. 1876 Princess Toshiko (Toshiko Nyoō, b. at Kyoto 21 May 1858, d. at Tokyo 3 Jan. 1930), daughter of Prince Arisugawa (Taruhito), and had issue:
      1. Prince Fushimi Hiroyasu (Fushimi no miya Hiroyasu Shinnō), Admiral of the Fleet, Chief of the Naval General Staff (1932-1941), b. at Tokyo 16 Oct. 1875, d. at Tokyo 16 Aug. 1946; succeeded as second Kwacho-no-miya, 1895; returned to Fushimi-no-miya house, July 1905; succeeded as the twenty-third Fushimi-no-miya, 5 Feb. 1923; m. at Imperial Palace, Tokyo 9 Jan. 1897 Tsuneko (b. 23 Sept. 1882, d. at Tokyo 18 Aug. 1939), ninth daughter of Prince Tokugawa Yoshinobu (Keki) [peer], Japan's last shōgun; had issue:
        1. Princess Yasuko (Yasuko Nyoō), b. 14 Nov. 1898
        2. Princess Atsuko (Atsuko Nyoō), b. at Tokyo 18 May 1907; m. 1926, Count Kiyozumi Yukiyasu
        3. Princess Tomoko (Tomoko Nyoō), b. at Tokyo 18 May 1907, d. at Tokyo 30 Jun. 1947; m. at Imperial Palace, Tokyo 25 Jan. 1925, Prince Kuni Asaakira (Kuni no miya Asaakira ō) (b. at Tokyo 2 Feb. 1901, d. at Tokyo 3 Dec. 1959), eldest son of Field Marshal Prince Kuni Kuniyoshi; had issue (see above).
        4. Prince Hiroyoshi (Hiroyoshi ō), b. at Tokyo 8 Dec. 1898, d. on active duty  1 Oct. 1937 as a result of wounds sustained on active duty in China Incident; m. at Imperial Palace, Tokyo 23 Dec. 1919 Tokiko (b. 30 Jun. 1902), daughter of Prince Ichijo Saneteru [peer]; had issue:
          1. Princess Mitsuko (Mitsuko Nyoō), b. at Tokyo 28 Jul. 1929
          2. Prince Fushimi Hiroaki (Fushimi no miya Hiroaki Shinnō), b. at Tokyo 29 Jan. 1932; succeeded his grandfather as the twenty-fourth Fushimi-no-miya, 14 Aug. 1946; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947, and adopted the surname Fushimi; m. Yoshikawa Tokiko (d. 10 Apr. 1997), the daughter of the president of Yoshikawa Optical Instruments.
            1. Fushimi Akiko, b. 1959
            2. Fushimi Masako, b. 1964
            3. Fushimi Nobuko b. 1961
          3. Princess Ayako, b. 11 Feb. 1934; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947, and adopted the surname Fushimi
        5. Prince Kacho Hirotada (Kacho no miya Hirotado ō), b. at Tokyo 26 Jan. 1902, d. at Tokyo 19 July 1924, succeeded as 3rd Kacho-no-miya, 1905.
        6. Prince Hirohide (Hirohide ō), b. 4 Oct. 1912, d. 26 Aug. 1943 on active duty in the Southwest Pacific; renounced imperial title and cr. Count Fushimi, 4 Apr. 1931; m. (1) 1936 Tomiko (b. 29 Oct. 1917, d. 14 Nov. 1939), younger daughter of Count Yaagisawa Yasutsugu by his wife Hisako, sixth dauther of Marquis Nabeshima Naohiro (Hisako was thus a sister of Princess Nashimoto Itsuko), and had issue; (2) 1942 Sadako (b. 1 Jun. 1915), only daughter of Baron Kuroda Nagatoshi, by  his wife Hisako, daughter of Viscount Mori Takanori, and had futher issue:
          1. (by Hisako) Fushimi Mōtoko, b. 11 Aug. 1937; m. Dōmoto Taizō
          2. (by Hisako) Fushimi Kazuko, b. 1 Dec. 1938; entered holy orders and assumed the name Seikan, 1952; head of Tokujōmyōin, Kyoto; styled Abbess Fushimi Seikan.
          3. (by Sadako) Yoshiko, b. 7 Jun. 1943; m. Ino Kazou (b. 1 Jan. 1941), who assumed the surname of Fushimi upon marriage, eldest son of Ino Noburo; and has issue:
            1. Fushimi Hitoshi, b. 4 Dec. 1967.
            2. Fushimi Fumitaka, b. 28 Mar. 1971; adopted son of his maternal great uncle, former Viscount Mori Takamune.
            3. Fushimi Yūko, b. 2 Feb. 1973.
        7. Prince Hironobu (Hironobu ō), b. 1905; renounced imperial title and cr. Marquis Kacho, 1926; lost title with enforcement of current Japanese Constitution; 3 May 1947 and adopted the surname Kacho; m. 1926, Princess Kan'in Hanako, b. 1909; marriage dissolved, 1951; had issue.
      2. Prince Kunika (Kunika ō), b. 18 Mar. 1880
      3. Princess Sachiko (Sachiko Nyoō), b. 27 Jun. 1885, m. 6 Apr. 1901, Marquis Yamonouchi Tokakugi.
    13. Prince Kan'in Kotohito (Kan'in no miya Kotohito Shinnō), Field Marshal, Chief of the Army General Staff (1931-1940), sixteenth son, b. at Kyoto 10 Nov. 1865, d. at Tokyo 21 May 1945; adopted by Emperor Komei, 1867; succeeded as sixth Kan-in-no-miya and granted rank of shinnō, Jan. 1872; m. at Tokyo 19 Dec. 1891 Chieko (b. 30 Jan. 1872, d. at Tokyo 19 Mar. 1947), daughter of Prince Sanjo Santetomi [peer], and had issue:
      1. Princess Yukiko (Yukiko Nyoō), b. at Tokyo 13 May 1896, m. Viscount Ando Nobiaki
      2. Princess Sugeko (Sugeko Nyoō), b. at Tokyo 2 Nov. 1898, d. at Tokyo 17 Jul. 1914
      3. Princess Shigeko (Shigeko Nyoō), b. at Tokyo 29 May 1897, m. Marquis Kuroda Nagamichi
      4. Prince Kan’in Haruhito (Kan'in no miya Haruhito Shinnō), b. at Tokyo 3 Aug. 1902, d. 18 Jun.1988; succeeded as the seventh head of the Kan'in-no-miya house, May 21, 1945; divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947, and adopted the surname Kan'in; changed personal name to Sumihito, 1951; m. at Imperial Palace, Tokyo 14 Jul. 1926 Naoko (b. 7 Nov. 1908, d. 17 Jun. 1991), the fourth daughter of Prince Ichijo Saneteru [peer]; marriage dissolved, 1951, no issue.
      5. Princess Hiroko (Hiroko Nyoō), b. at Tokyo 21 Feb. 1906, d. at Odawara 1 Sept. 1923 in Great Kanto Earthquake
      6. Princess Hanako (Hanako Nyoō), b. 30 June 1909, m. Marquis Kacho Hironobu, third son of Prince Fushimi Hiroyasu (23rd of the line), Admiral of the Fleet
    14. Prince Higashi-Fushimi Yorihito (Higashi Fushimi Yorihito ō), seventeenth son, b. at Kyoto 19 Sept. 1867, d. at Tokyo 27 Jun. 1922, succeeded as second head of the Higashi-Fushimi-no-miya, 18 Feb.1903, m. at Imperial Palace, Tokyo 10 Feb. 1893 Kaneko (b. 26 Aug. 1876, d. 4 March 1955), the eldest daughter of Prince Tomosada Iwakura [peer], divested of imperial title and became a commoner, 14 Oct. 1947, and adopted the surname Higashi-Fushimi; no issue.

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