Indus Kohistan District on the western bank of the Indus River. Indo-European,
Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Northwestern zone, Dardic, Kohistani. Dialects: INDUS
(MANI, SEO, PATTAN, JIJAL), DUBER-KANDIA (MANZARI, KHILI). A separate language
from nearby varieties (Bateri, Chilisso, Gowro, Shina, Torwali, Kalami). Lexical
similarity among dialects is 90%. The names ‘Mani’ and ‘Manzari’ are not used by
speakers for the dialects, but refer to legendary brothers whose descendants
settled in the two dialect areas. 70% lexical similarity with Chilisso, 61% with
Gowro, 58% with Bateri, 49% with Shina, 28% with Kalami and Torwali.