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Torwali (Turvali)

60,000 (1987). Swat Kohistan, on both sides of Swat River from just beyond Madyan north to Asrit (between Mankial and Peshmal), and in Chail Valley east of Madyan, Bahrain and Chail are centers. Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Northwestern zone, Dardic, Kohistani. Dialects: BAHRAIN, CHAIL. 44% lexical similarity with Kalkoti and Kalami, 89% between Bahrain and Chail. Men are fairly bilingual in Pashto, more limited in Urdu. Women are limited in use of Pashto, and know almost no Urdu. Sunni Muslim.

Source: www.ethnologue.com

© 2002 Muhammad Zaman Sagar
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Last updated September 13, 2002

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