Recovery Console in Windows XP (Part III)
Topics on this page (continued from Part II):
Disc management commands (continued): format, map
Replace files: copy and expand
Enable or disable services and drivers: enable and disable
A familiar command dating from MS-DOS, this command
includes the ability to format NTFS volumes (fig. 6). Quote from KB:
format drive: /Q /FS:file-system
Use this command to format the specified drive to the specified file
system. In the command syntax, /Q performs a quick format of
the drive, drive is the drive letter of the partition to
format, and /FS:file-system specifies the type of file system
to use [FAT, FAT32, or NTFS]. If you do not specify a file system, the
existing file system format is used, if it is available.
Fig. 6. Format command.
This commands displays information only. Quote from
Use this command to list drive letters, file system types, partition
sizes, and mappings to physical devices. In the command syntax, arc
parameter tells the map command to use ARC paths instead
of Windows Device paths.
Fig. 7. Map command
Copy and Expand
The expand command uncompresses a file, such as a cab file
from the Windows XP CD to replace a damaged system file (fig. 8). The
be in the i386 folder on the CD. You don't need to use "expand" if it's
not a cab file but a compressed file with DL_ or EX_ extensions: just use the
copy command and the file will be uncompressed automatically.
Contrary to some users' believe, you don't need to use WinZip or WinRar
Quote from KB article:
expand source [/F:filespec] [destination]
expand source [/F:filespec] /D
Use this command to expand a file. In the command syntax, source
specifies the name of the file to be expanded and destination
specifies the folder for the new file. If you do not specify a
destination, the command defaults to the current folder. You cannot
include wildcard characters.
You can use the following options:
/y : Do not prompt before overwriting an existing file.
/f : filespec : Identifies the files to be expanded.
/d : Do not expand; display only a directory of the files in the source.
If the source contains more than one file, the /f:filespec parameter is
required to identify the specific files to be expanded. You can include
The destination can be any folder in the system folders of the current
Windows installation, in the root of the drive, in the local installation
sources, or in the Cmdcons folder. The destination cannot be removable
media, and the destination file cannot be read-only. Use the
attrib command to remove the read-only attribute.
Unless you use the /y option, the expand
command prompts you if the destination file already exists.
Fig. 8. Expand command options.
These include: Listsvc, Enable (fig. 9) and Disable (fig. 10).
Quote from KB article:
The listsvc command lists all available
services, drivers, and their start types for the current Windows
installation. This command is useful in conjunction with the
disable and enable commands.
Note that the list is extracted from the %SystemRoot%\System32\Config\System
hive. If the System hive is damaged or missing, results are
enable servicename start_type
You can use the enable command (where servicename
is the name of the service or driver to be enabled) to enable a Windows
system service or driver.
Use the listsvc command to display all eligible
services or drivers to enable. The enable command
prints the old start type of the service before resetting it to the new
value. You should note the old value, in case it is necessary to restore
the start type of the service.
Valid options for start_type are:
Note that if you do not specify a new start type, the enable
command prints the old start type for you.
Fig. 9. Enable command.
The Disable command does the opposite to a system service or driver.
Fig. 10. Disable command.
Quote from KB article:
Although the Help file states otherwise, the NET command is not
usable from the Recovery Console. The protocols stack is not loaded for
the Recovery Console, so there is no networking function available.
Go to TOP
Go back to Part 2.
KB 314058 Description of the Windows XP Recovery
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Created 5 Mar 2004; last updated 2 Jul 2004