Steinbeck Bibliography
Nonfiction Criticism
Browne, Neil.  “‘The Form of the New’: Pragmatist Literary Ecology and The Log
          from the Sea of Cortez.” 
Steinbeck Newsletter 12.1 (1998): 10-13.
          Explores the interdependence of self and world in
The Log from the Sea of Cortez and
          the writings of philosopher John Dewey.  Finds that both “erect methods or structures
          suited to an environment in which all things, all truths, all knowledge is contingent.”

Fensch, Thomas.  “John Steinbeck: The Journalistic Background of The Grapes of Wrath.”
          The Eye of the Reporter: Literature’s Heritage in the Press. Knight, Bill, and
           Deckle McLean, ed.  Essays in Lit. Books.  Macomb, IL: Western IL UP, 1996.

          Examines the seven-part series of articles, “The Harvest Gypsies,” that Steinbeck wrote
          on the Dust Bowl migrants for the
San Francisco Review in 1936.  Comments on his spare
          use of quotes and individuals, stating that it is risky for journalists to rely on composite
          characters.  Concludes that his writing was true investigative reporting, the series was
          well conceived and planned, Steinbeck had a full understanding of the subject, he
          contacted the right people, and he was able to remain a neutral reporter.

French, Warren G.  John Steinbeck’s Nonfiction Revisited.  New York: Twayne, 1996.
          Intended as a companion to French’s
John Steinbeck’s Fiction Revisited (1994). 
          Examines the nonfiction works “principally to advance the thesis that there was an
          undeniable decline in the effective power of Steinbeck’s work after World War II, but
          that the decline was attributable not so much to changes in his views and expressive
          powers as in the times.”  Organizes the discussion of works in the order in which they
          were written.  Analyzes “Harvest Gypsies,”
The Sea of Cortez, WWII reporting,
  The Russian Journal, the research for Zapata!, Journal of a Novel, the uncollected articles
          written from 1953-56,
Travels with Charley, America and Americans, and articles written
Newsday’s “Letters to Alicia.”

Harmon, Robert.  John Steinbeck and Newsday, with a Focus on “Letters to Alicia”:
           An Annotated and Documented Reference Guide
.  San Jose: n. p., 1999.
           Not available for annotation.

- - -.  John Steinbeck: World War II Correspondent: An Annotated Reference Guide.
           San Jose: Dibco, 1997.

           Compiles Steinbeck’s 86 dispatches to the
New York Herald Tribune for the first time
           in one volume
(Once There Was a War includes only 66).  Section I offers an overview
          of Steinbeck’s work during the war.  Section II lists, annotates, and classifies sources of
          and about his reports, including newspapers, periodicals, book collections, and reviews of
Once There Was a War.  Section III is the collection of dispatches.  There are only ten
          copies of this valuable tool for Steinbeck researchers, which Harmon has published himself. 

Sullivan, Christopher C.  “John Steinbeck, War Reporter: Fiction, Journalism and
          Types of Truth.”
Journalism History 23.1 (1997): 16-23.
           Examines Steinbeck’s World War II reporting,
Bombs Away, and The Moon is Down,
           and determines that all are valid forms of truth.  Reveals that his journalism is sometimes
           fictionalized, but contends that this makes the reporting more focused, memorable, and
           true.  Admits that Bombs Away is pure propaganda, but feels that the story is not faked.
           Demonstrates that Moon provides background truths to his journalism.
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