Algebraic Procedures
Trigonometry

Basic Integration Formulas



The secant and cosecant integrals




Algebraic Procedures
Using a variety of algebraic methods and trigonometry, and the above tables,
we can solve many integration problems.
Algebraic methods include
     making a simplifying substitution
     completing the square
     expanding a power
     eliminating a square root
     reducing an improper fraction
     separating a fraction
     multiplying by a form of 1


Trigonometry
We need to know basic trigonometric identities like






See Examples 1 - 7, pages 540 - 544.

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