1914-1916
1914- Japanese cruisers help escort Australian troop transports.
1914 Sep 27- Australian expeditionary force succeeds in conquering German New Guinea (first Australian-New Zealand casualty).
1914 Nov 9- HMAS Sydney cripples German light cruiser Emden.
1915 April 25- ANZACs land on Gallipoli.
1915 Dec 20- Last ANZAC leaves Gallipoli.  The eight month campaign encompassed a series of defeats totalling 10,000 ANZAC dead and 20,000 wounded. 
1916 April 25- First commemorative ANZAC Day.
6
5
Depictions of ANZAC Cove
   In first few months of WWI Australia scored a few victories and this increased the fanfare and hawk lobby.  However, Gallipoli was the first large scale battle and the ANZACs were soundly defeated.  This defeat, along with its toll on Australian troops, was appalling and caused many citizens to shift their views.  This shift is best seen in the rapid decline in volunteers. 
     The bloodshed at Gallipoli was not in vain because it instilled a sense of national identity and pride in Australians by proving to England and the world that Australia will be there in the darkest hour, when her allies need assistance she will answer.  This cristening of Australian nationalism only occured after the horrendous bloodshed  at Gallipoli.  The battle galvanized a new Australianism, and is remembered annually during Australia's biggest holiday, ANZAC Day. 
      Another result of Gallipoli was a new mistrust in the way the British were handling the war.  This mistrust would eventually lead to a rift in the comming years which would cause Australia to increasingly lean towards the U.S. for assisstance rather than Great Britain.
home